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Jizan, Saudi Arabia

Jazan University is a public research university based in the city of Jazan . Founded in 2006, It is the province's only university and one of the largest public, nonprofit institutions of higher education in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. JazanU has a main central campus that rests by the Red Sea on the southwest coast of Saudi Arabia and also has satellite campuses in Sabya, Abu Arish, Farasan, Ad-darb, Samtah, Al-Daer and Al-Ardah.JazanU offers a broad range of academic departments, an extensive research enterprise and a number of community outreach and public service programs. It is particularly well known for its medical school, dental school, school of business, its social science and humanities programs, as well as its biomedical teaching and research capabilities. Wikipedia.

Nasreen A.,Jazan University
Tetrahedron Letters | Year: 2013

l-Proline (20 mol %) was found to be an efficient organocatalyst for one pot synthesis of a variety of α-aminonitriles from aldehydes, amines, and trimethylsilyl cyanide (TMSCN) in acetonitrile at ambient temperature giving good to excellent yields (72-95%). © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Kamel R.M.,Jazan University
International Journal of Women's Health | Year: 2013

Background: Chlamydia trachomatis infection is a worldwide-distributed sexually transmitted infection that may lead to infertility. Objectives: This study aims to report the prevalence of Chlamydia trachomatis infection among infertile women in Saudi Arabia. Patients and methods: A community-based study carried out at the obstetrics and gynecology clinic at Jazan General Hospital, Saudi Arabia. The study group included 640 Saudi infertile women who were aged between 18 and 40 years and who attended the gynecology clinic for infertility examination throughout 1 year of study (from July 1, 2011 to June 30, 2012). The randomized control group included 100 Saudi fertile women who attended the obstetrics clinic for routine antenatal care. All recruited women were screened for chlamydia infection by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for detection of serum-specific antibodies and then retested by the McCoy cell culture technique. Results: The prevalence of Chlamydia trachomatis infection among infertile women was high, at 15.0%. The rate of chlamydia infection detected by ELISA was 9.84%, and it was 12.03% by the culture method (P = 0.2443). Conclusion: The high prevalence of Chlamydia trachomatis infection among Saudi infertile women demands a national screening program for early detection among infertile couples. ELISA is available as a simple screening test alternative to the culture method. © 2013 Kamel, publisher and licensee Dove Medical Press Ltd.

Some phytochemicals demonstrate gastroprotective effects by inhibiting gastric acid secretion or through antioxidant action. One of these antioxidant phytochemicals which have been studied is gallic acid. However, its mechanism in the treatment and prevention of gastric ulcer remains unclear. This study evaluated the anti-ulcerogenic mechanism(s) of gallic acid (GA) and its novel synthetic derivative (GD). Adult male Sprague Dawley rats were orally pretreated with GA and GD and 30 min later exposed to acute gastric ulcerogenesis induced by 95% ethanol (5 ml/kg). Potential gastric chemoprevention of GA and GD were assessed using qualitative and quantitative evaluation of gastric lesions, gastric juice acidity, mucus production, histolopathology, PAS histochemistry, immunostaining of Hsp70 and Bax, nitric oxide, prostaglandin E2, TNF-α and thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) assay. Oral administration of GA and GD (25 and 50 mg/kg) inhibited significantly (P < 0.05) ethanol-induced gastric lesions. Treatment with the compounds protected rat's stomach and modulated remarkably the levels of PAS-reactive substances, gastric pH, TBARS, immunological and apoptosis marker. The in vivo antioxidant properties, immunomodulator proteins and inhibition of mitochondrial apoptosis may contribute to the gastroprotective activity of gallic acid (GA) and its novel derivative (GD). © 2013 Elsevier B.V.

Abdullah S.M.,Jazan University
Blood Transfusion | Year: 2011

Background. Regular blood donation can lead to iron deficiency. Screening donors' serum ferritin levels at the time of first donation and subsequently once every year is a very rational way to pick up iron deficiency in a voluntary blood donor population. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of blood donation and the prevalence of erythropoiesis with iron deficiency (sideropenia) in Saudi male blood donors. Materials and methods. The study was prospectively conducted, between December 2008 and March 2009, on 182 male native Saudi blood donors at King Fahd Central Hospital in Jazan region, Saudi Arabia. Each donor gave 450±50 mL of whole blood. Following the donation, samples were removed into 2.5 mL EDTA tubes for measurement of mean cell volume (MCV) and mean corpuscular haemoglobin (MCH) and into 7.5 mL plain tubes for estimation of iron and serum ferritin concentrations. The blood donors were divided into five groups, according to the number of donations they had given in the preceding 3 years. The blood donors in group I were first-time donors, with no previous history of blood donation. Group II donors had donated once in the last 3 years. Subjects in groups III, IV and V had donated more than once in the preceding 3 years and were considered regular donors. Results.The mean serum iron was significantly higher among subjects with no previous history of blood donation (group I) than among regular donors who had donated twice or more. The difference in serum ferritin concentration was statistically significant (p<0.05) when comparing regular donors in group III (72.4 μg/L), group IV (67.4 μg/L) and group V (26.2 μg/L) with first-time blood donors (131.4 μg/L). In contrast, the difference in the concentration of serum ferritin between subjects in group II (98.9 μg/L), who had donated once in the last 3 years, and in first-time blood donors (131.4 μg/L) was not statistically significant (p<0.131). None of the group I donors suffered from iron deficiency, whereas 2.8% of the donors who had donated between two to five times had iron deficiency. The prevalence of erythropoiesis with iron deficiency in regular blood donors was 4.3%. Conclusion. The results of this study show that an increase in the number of donations results in an increase in the frequency of depleted iron stores and subsequently in erythropoiesis with iron deficiency, although the level of haemoglobin remained acceptable for blood donation. This result may indicate the need to review the guidelines on acceptance of donors. © SIMTI Servizi Srl.

Ansari S.A.,Aligarh Muslim University | Husain Q.,Jazan University
Biotechnology Advances | Year: 2012

Several new types of carriers and technologies have been implemented in the recent past to improve traditional enzyme immobilization which aimed to enhance enzyme loading, activity and stability to decrease the enzyme biocatalyst cost in industrial biotechnology. These include cross-linked enzyme aggregates, microwave-assisted immobilization, click chemistry technology, mesoporous supports and most recently nanoparticle-based immobilization of enzymes. The union of the specific physical, chemical, optical and electrical properties of nanoparticles with the specific recognition or catalytic properties of biomolecules has led to their appearance in myriad novel biotechnological applications. They have been applied time and again for immobilization of industrially important enzymes with improved characteristics. The high surface-to-volume ratio offered by nanoparticles resulted in the concentration of the immobilized entity being considerably higher than that afforded by experimental protocols based on immobilization on planar 2-D surfaces. Enzymes immobilized on nanoparticles showed a broader working pH and temperature range and higher thermal stability than the native enzymes. Compared with the conventional immobilization methods, nanoparticle based immobilization served three important features; (i) nano-enzyme particles are easy to synthesize in high solid content without using surfactants and toxic reagents, (ii) homogeneous and well defined core-shell nanoparticles with a thick enzyme shell can be obtained, and (iii) particle size can be conveniently tailored within utility limits. In addition, with the growing attention paid to cascade enzymatic reaction and in vitro synthetic biology, it is possible that co-immobilization of multi-enzymes could be achieved on these nanoparticles. © 2011 Elsevier Inc.

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