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Firdaus F.E.,Jayabaya University
Journal of Physics: Conference Series | Year: 2016

The polyurethanes (PUs) foam were made from vegetable oil; a soybean based polyol. The foams were categorized into flexible and semi rigid. This research is manufacturally designed polyurethane foams by a process requiring the reaction of mixture of 2, 4- and 2, 6-Toluene di Isocyanate isomers, soy polyol in the presence of other ingredients. The objective of this work was to functionalized soy-polyol using phosporic acid catalyst and chain extender, study their collaborative reaction in producing ultimate property of PU foam. Correlates the foam morphology images in accordance to mechanical properties of foams.


Firdaus F.E.,Jayabaya University
ARPN Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences | Year: 2015

The tryglyceride of vegetable oils should have at least one of unsaturated fatty acid moiety to be modified with sulfur acid catalyst in peracetic acid co-reagent, to be introduced to the desired hydroxyl functional groups in soy-polyol structure. A series of screening reactions have indicated the ratio of acetic/peroxide acid 1:7.25 (mol/mol) with temperature 60°C is the best condition for soy-epoxide to be up-scaled to 10 and 20 folds from initials. A 90 minutes is the best lenght of reaction for polyol to be synthesized where the oxirane value and acid value occured are quite preferable for the proceed reactions. The recommended reactor volume is multiple of 400 mL. There are tendency of increasing the acid number if the volume enlarged 10 times, so it needs repeated netralizations. New methods are need for the cost efficient. © 2006-2015 Asian Research Publishing Network (ARPN).


Firdaus F.E.,Jayabaya University
International Journal of Applied Engineering Research | Year: 2015

Polyurethane foam are obtained by using soy-polyols, TDI: MDI (80:20), and surfactant. Soy-polyol is made using a low molecular weight of alcohol; methanol and ethylene glycol. The responses of ethylene glycol and methanol to silicon surfactant has produces a unique polyurethane. With the ability minimized water absorbency. The goals of this study is to determine the optimal conditions of using of methanol and ethylene glycol in soy-polyol synthesis as based substance for polyurethane formula. From this work we found a relation between foam reduction absorption to its morphology and the voids occured, the shape of the surface of the foam, and the curing time of foaming. Optimal conditions of polyol synthesis is found at the ratio of epoxide/methanol is 1: 6 (mol/mol), and epoxide/Ethylene Glycol 1: 3 (mol/mol). © Research India Publications.


Firdaus F.E.,Jayabaya University
Advanced Science Letters | Year: 2014

Flexible polyurethane foams are obtained from reaction of soy-based polyol with mixtures of TDI:MDI (80:20), crosslinkers, and surfactant. The research was conducted to determined the synergization of silicone with crosslinkers; two low molecular type of alcohols, methanol and ethylene glycol (EG) in soy-polyurethane’s formula on holding moistures to foam density, foam solutions capacity, and cellular morphology. The optimized of polyol was occurred by ratio of epoxide(epx)/methanol 1:6 (mol/mol), and epoxide (epx)/EG 1:3 (mol/mol). It was found silicone surfactant can minimized solutions absorbency in polyurethane foam matrix. © 2014 American Scientific Publishers All rights reserved.


Firdaus F.E.,Jayabaya University
Journal of Physics: Conference Series | Year: 2014

Hydroxylation reaction of soy-epoxide has resulted soy-polyol; a prepolymeric material for polyurethane. The conversion and selectivity of soy-epoxide butanol based to hydroxylation was found higher than soy-ethylene glycol (EG) based. These reactions were performed by sulfur acid which commonly known as homogeneous catalyst. Conversion and selectivity of homogeneous catalyst compared to bentonite; a heteregeneous catalyst was lower as in fact the mixtures were more viscous. The catalysis were significantly effected to cell morphology. Foams were conducted by heterogeneous catalyst resulted an irregular form of windows while homogeneous catalyst are more ordered.


Firdaus F.E.,Jayabaya University
International Journal of Applied Engineering Research | Year: 2016

The growing interest in reducing environmental impact of polymers or composites due to increased awareness to eco-friendliness. The finite petroleum resources has impacted to decreased pressures for the dependence onpetroleum products which has increased in maximizing the use of renewables material. Bamboo are used for principal constituent of reinforced composite which incorporated to epoxide based resin from vegetables oil; canola, soybean, corn, and sunflower. The products obtained resulted the promising composites material for green environmental and also acceptable mechanical property. © Research India Publications.


Firdaus F.E.,Jayabaya University
World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology | Year: 2011

Polyurethane foams (PUF) has been prepared from vegetable; soybean based polyols. They were characterized into flexible and semi rigid polyurethane foam. This work is directed to production of flexible polyurethane foams by a process involving the reaction of mixture of 2,4- and 2,6-Toluene di Isocyanate isomers, with portion of to blends of soy polyols with petroleum polyol in the presence of other ingredients such as blowing agents, silicone surfactants and accelerating agents. Additon of chain extender improves the property then further decreases the properties on further addition of the same. The objective of this work was to study the effect of chain extender and role of phosphoric acid catalyst to the final properties and correlate the morphology image with mechanical properties of these foams.


Firdaus F.E.,Jayabaya University
World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology | Year: 2011

Polyurethane foam (PUF) were prepared by reacting polyols synthesized from soy-oil into mixture of 2,4- Toluene diisocyanate (TDI) with 4,4'-Methylene Diamine Isocyanate (MDI) with ratio of 70:30. The polyols obtained via esterification reaction were categorize into different temperature of reaction and by used of varied concentration of phosphoric acid catalyst. The purpose of catalysts is to shifting selectivity to a desired and value added of product. The effect of stoichiometric balance (molar ratio of epoxide/ethylene glycol) to the concentration of the catalyst on the final properties was evaluated.


Firdaus F.E.,Jayabaya University
World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology | Year: 2011

Polyurethane foams (PUF) were formed by a chemical reaction of polyol and isocyanate. The polyol was manufactured by ring-opening hydrolysis of epoxidized soybean oil in the presence of phosphoric acid under varying experimental conditions. Other factors in the foam formulation such as water content and surfactant were kept constant. The effect of the amount of solvents, phosphoric acid, and their derivates in the foam formulation on the properties of polyurethane foams were studied. The properties of the material were measured via a number of parameters, which are water content of prepared polyol, polymer density and cellular structures.


Firdaus F.E.,Jayabaya University
IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering | Year: 2014

Flexible polyurethane foam obtained from reaction of soybased polyol with TDI:MDI (80:20), and surfactant. The goal of this research is to determine the synergization effect of silicone with low molecular alcohols; methanol and ethylene glycol (EG) in soy-polyurethane formula on holding moisture of foams to density, foam solutions capacity, and cellular morphology. The optimized of polyol was achieved by ratio of epoxide/methanol 1:6 (mol/mol), and epoxide/EG 1:3 (mol/mol). It was found silicone surfactant can minimize solution absorbency in polyurethane foam matrix. © Published under licence by IOP Publishing Ltd.

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