Gojo, Japan

Japan University of Economics , abbreviated as Nikkeidai , is a private university in Dazaifu, Fukuoka, Japan. The school was established in 1968 and adopted the present name in 2007, to reflect its nationwide character following the successful establishment of campuses in both Kobe and Tokyo . It is officially the Fukuoka campus of the Japan University of Economics which is run by the Tsuzuki Integrated Educational Corporation, a major supplier of higher education in Japan. Students live in one of two dormitories, called Oxford House and Cambridge House, to in honor of the famous Oxford and Cambridge universities. The current chancellor of the university is the daughter of Yasuhisa Tsuzuki, who had resigned to pursue private interests following allegations of molesting staff that were ultimately unproven in court but damaging nonetheless to the image of the institution.The university under the leadership of the new Chancellor, has gone on to become one of the three largest providers in Japan of education to overseas students. Wikipedia.

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Uchihira N.,Japan Advanced Institute of Science and Technology | Ishimatsu H.,Japan University of Economics
Portland International Conference on Management of Engineering and Technology | Year: 2015

With the popularization of high-speed and high-capacity communication networks, machine-to-machine (M2M) communication has received significant attention. However, although the related technologies have been actively investigated, creating new businesses based on M2M communication is difficult. The information and communication technology community should take not only system modeling but also business modeling into account for monetization. This study proposes a service design and modeling method of M2M businesses based on the SCAI (Share-Connect-Analyze-Identify) model, which was proposed in PICMET 2014 [10]. The proposed method is explained using a trial application to smart home M2M services. © 2014 Portland International Conference on Management of Engineering and Technology.

Hasegawa Y.,Saitama University | Katsukawa K.,MItsubishi Electric | Suzuki H.,Japan University of Economics
Proceedings of the 2015 ICOHTEC/IEEE International History of High-Technologies and their Socio-Cultural Contexts Conference, HISTELCON 2015: The 4th IEEE Region 8 Conference on the History of Electrotechnologies | Year: 2015

The Institute of Electrical Engineers of Japan (IEEJ), which in 2008 celebrated its 120th anniversary since being founded, established the honor of One Step on Electro-Technology - Look Back to the Future -." This system unveils and respects electrical technologies in Japan that are not well known to society, but which have contributed greatly to social life. The Institute has already made honorable recognition of 52 technologies through March 2015. The honor of the "One Step on Electro-Technology," of course, contributes to wider notification of the history of Japan's electric technology development and the societal background to the general public. It is also extremely important to create the goals of new science and technology from ideas of the past. As described in this paper, summarizing "One Step on Electro-Technology" of all 52 technologies that have been honored in the past, the authors will discuss upcoming features of Japan's innovation. © 2015 IEEE.

Resnick D.,Japan University of Economics | Resnick D.,International Food Policy Research Institute
Development Policy Review | Year: 2014

Focusing on the case of Senegal under the former President, Abdoulaye Wade, this article examines the impact party politics has on service delivery in urban areas controlled by opposition parties. Senegal's decentralisation process provided opportunities for the central government to deliberately reduce the autonomy of local government under conditions in which the latter could be held accountable for good service delivery and increase autonomy when local government could be targeted for poor performance - actions manifested through backtracking on political decentralisation, undermining fiscal decentralisation, and augmenting administrative ambiguity. The case offers useful implications for donors involved in decentralisation and urban service-delivery projects in opposition-controlled cities. © 2014 Overseas Development Institute.

Yoshikawa T.,Japan University of Economics
Studies in Regional Science | Year: 2016

This paper measures the technical efficiency of joint public-private venture railways and private railways in Japan using the Stochastic Frontier Analysis. We compare the following four groups using student’s t-tests : Group 1 is composed of rural railways operated by joint public-private ventures, Group 2 is composed of rural railways operated by the private sector, Group 3 is composed of urban rapid transit railways operated by joint publicprivate ventures, and Group 4 is composed of urban rapid transit railways operated by the private sector. The null hypothesis that there is no difference between Group 3 and Group 4 on mean efficiency is not rejected. © 2015, Japan Section of the Regional Science Association International. All rights reserved.

Iimura Y.,University of Tsukuba | Agata U.,University of Tsukuba | Takeda S.,University of Tsukuba | Kobayashi Y.,University of Tsukuba | And 3 more authors.
Journal of Bone and Mineral Metabolism | Year: 2015

Antioxidant lycopene supplementation has been shown to decrease oxidative stress and have beneficial effects on bone health. However, it remains unclear whether lycopene exerts its beneficial effect on bone metabolism through mitigation of oxidative stress in vivo. The aim of this study was to investigate whether lycopene intake protects against bone loss by reducing oxidative stress in ovariectomized rats. Female Sprague–Dawley 6-week-old rats were ovariectomized and randomly divided into four groups according to the lycopene content of their diet: 0, 50, 100, and 200 ppm. The tibial bone mineral density (BMD) in the 50, 100, and 200 ppm groups was significantly higher than that in the 0 ppm group. Serum and urinary bone resorption marker levels were significantly lower in the 50, 100, and 200 ppm groups than in the 0 ppm group. There was no significant difference in systemic oxidative stress markers among all groups. However, systemic oxidative stress levels were inversely correlated with the tibial BMD. Our findings suggest that lycopene intake significantly inhibits bone loss by suppressing bone resorption in ovariectomized rats. Further studies are necessary to clarify the effect of lycopene on oxidative stress in local tissues such as bone tissue. © 2014, The Japanese Society for Bone and Mineral Research and Springer Japan.

Fujiwara K.,Japan University of Economics
Journal of International Trade and Economic Development | Year: 2012

Recent empirics report that transport cost reductions significantly contribute to rapidly growing world trade. This article develops a reciprocal market model of intra-industry trade with transboundary pollution from consumption to consider how market integration in the form of transport cost reductions affects the noncooperative choice of an environmental policy and the equilibrium welfare. I show that market integration can improve welfare locally, but that welfare under any non-prohibitive trade cost can not be higher than welfare under autarky. This possibility of trade losses exhibits a sharp contrast to the case of production-generated pollution. © 2012 Copyright Taylor and Francis Group, LLC.

Shiromura M.,Japan University of Economics | Suzuki H.,Japan University of Economics
Portland International Conference on Management of Engineering and Technology | Year: 2015

There exist a lot of incremental innovations to solve superficial problems. Breakthrough type innovation, however, is expected to solve latent problems. Consequently it realizes safe and wealthy society and competitive economy. Incremental innovation is realized by summation of several solutions in a conventional fixed dimension. The authors think that breakthrough type innovation is realized by expanding this dimension to missing dimension. © 2014 Portland International Conference on Management of Engineering and Technology.

Baba Y.,Japan University of Economics
Peace Economics, Peace Science and Public Policy | Year: 2012

Clark and Konrad (2007) introduce the weakest link against the best shot property to the Colonel Blotto game where the defendant has to win all the battle fields while the attacker only needs to win at least one battlefield. They characterize the Nash equilibrium assuming that the attacker attacks all the battlefields simultaneously. We construct a two stage model and endogenize the attacker's attack pattern. We show that the attacker chooses a sequential attack pattern in the subgame perfect Nash equilibrium. Therefore, the game analyzed by Clark and Konrad (2007) is never realized. We also conducted experiments and found that the subjects' behavior was inconsistent to theoretical predictions. Both players overinvested and the variances were large. In the simultaneous game, the attackers took a guerrira strategy at 30% of the time in which they invested only in one battlefield and the defenders took a surrender strategy at 11% of the time in which they invested nothing in the simultaneous game. Both players invested more in period 1 than in period 2 in the sequential game. Although all of these are inconsistent to the theoretical predictions, the winning probability of a game was consistent to the theoretical prediction in the simultaneous games, but it was lower than the theoretical prediction in the sequential games. We conclude that the subjects' irrational behavior is mainly a rational response to his/her opponent's irrational behavior. Our model can explain terrorism, cyber terrorism, lobbying, and patent trolls and the huge gap between the theory and the experiments are important considering the significance of the problems.

Suzuki H.,Japan University of Economics
IEEJ Transactions on Fundamentals and Materials | Year: 2016

The main objective of HEE is to examine the direction in which electrical engineering should move in the years ahead by studying the past. Electrical engineering history constitutes the basis of technologies that we should develop. It is the starting point from which we should approach the future. This paper introduces recent activities of the committee.

Shiromura M.,Japan University of Economics | Suzuki H.,Japan University of Economics
2013 Proceedings of PICMET 2013: Technology Management in the IT-Driven Services | Year: 2013

Economic growth is stalling globally. New business schemes and/or new industrial architectures must be created to resolve this situation; innovation is necessary. Conventional innovation has been created mainly by technologies. Future innovation or new industries, however, will be born through non-technology fields. The authors propose a cultural study approach to create new industrial architectures. Recently almost all Otaku-based anime characters and games are actually combinations of earlier characters and plots, which constitute a database. This kind of sub-culture, postmodern culture, is a world of reference and remixes. Neither grand narratives nor objectives are necessary. What comes from the database, grand non-narrative, is designated as a "simulacre" or secondary creation from originals. The authors applied this "simulacre" model to industrial architecture. More than 30 years ago, industry sought and achieved vertical integration. Large computer companies served all sectors of computer production and merchant such as IC chips, OS, and applications. Modern architecture has become horizontal integrated, where IC chip OEMs provide only chips, and OS suppliers serve the OS business. The postmodern culture suggests that the new industrial architecture is based on a "simulacre" of these conventional sectors. This model is verified to explain recent innovations such as i-Phones and cloud computing businesses. © 2013 PICMET.

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