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Nishi-Tokyo-shi, Japan

Uemura Y.,University of Tokyo | Miyakawa N.,Public Health Research Foundation | Orimo H.,Japan Osteoporosis Foundation | Shiraki M.,Research Institute and Practice for Involutional Diseases | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Bone and Mineral Metabolism | Year: 2015

Assessment of vertebral fracture is critically important for the diagnosis and treatment of osteoporosis. This study aimed to clarify the effectiveness of the semiquantitative (SQ) method in the assessment of vertebral fractures in Japanese clinical practice. Forty-four physicians (seven experts and 37 nonexperts) assessed the spinal radiographs of 40 patients participating in the Adequate Treatment of Osteoporosis (A-TOP) Japanese Osteoporosis Intervention Trial (JOINT)-02 at the baseline, 12 months, and 24 months using the SQ method. The proportion of diagnosed fracture cases per spine was higher in the nonexpert group than in the expert group at each time point, and was especially high in the upper thoracic spine (T4–T6). The least mean squares spinal fracture index was significantly higher in the nonexpert group than in the expert group for all time points. The kappa statistics were also higher in the expert group than in the nonexpert group for all vertebral levels at all time points. Assessment of vertebral fractures using the SQ method tended to be overestimated by nonexpert physicians compared with the experts, with poor nonexpert interobserver reliability and well-matched expert interobserver reliability. Conscious efforts to avoid overestimation and to obtain higher reliability with the SQ method should be made to achieve more precise diagnoses and treatment of osteoporosis in Japanese clinical practice. © 2014, The Japanese Society for Bone and Mineral Research and Springer Japan.

Ohta H.,International University of Health and Welfare | Uemura Y.,University of Tokyo | Nakamura T.,National Center for Global Health and Medicine | Fukunaga M.,Kawasaki Medical School | And 7 more authors.
Clinical Therapeutics | Year: 2014

Background Deteriorated quality of life (QOL) is a major problem in osteoporotic women. However, little is known regarding the determinants of QOL in patients with osteoporosis. Objective Our aim was to explore the role of vitamin D status on QOL score in osteoporosis with high fracture risk. Methods Patients were osteoporotic women aged ≥70 years and with ≥1 risk factor for incident fracture, namely prevalent osteoporotic fracture, bone mineral density (BMD) >-3.0 SD of young adult mean, or high bone turnover marker. Health-related QOL was assessed using the Japanese Osteoporosis Quality of Life Questionnaire (JOQOL). When patients were classified into quartiles by total QOL score). Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25[OH]D) level was measured by immunoassay. Results A total of 1585 osteoporotic women were included in the study (age range, 70-95 years). Age, body mass index, serum 25(OH)D status (low, normal, or high), bone mineral density, number of prevalent vertebral fractures, presence of hypertension, presence of osteoarthritis, and history of falls were significantly correlated with QOL quartile. Multivariate liner regression analysis indicated that low serum 25(OH)D level (<20 ng/mL) was an independent determinant of total QOL score quartile (P = 0.0055). The conventional determinants of QOL - age (P < 0.0001), body mass index (P = 0.0060), number of prevalent vertebral fractures (P < 0.0001), presence of osteoarthritis (P = 0.0074), and history of fall (P = 0.0098) - were also independent determinants of total QOL score. Conclusions These results strongly suggest that low serum 25(OH)D level was a significant determinant of QOL in these osteoporotic women, independently of the conventional factors that reduce QOL. Maintenance of serum 25(OH)D levels >20 ng/mL may be required to maintain patients' QOL in osteoporosis. © 2014 The Authors.

Taguchi A.,Matsumoto Dental University | Shiraki M.,Research Institute and Practice for Involutional Diseases | Tsukiyama M.,Public Health Research Foundation | Miyazaki T.,Public Health Research Foundation | And 4 more authors.
Calcified Tissue International | Year: 2015

Dentists request a discontinuation of antiresorptive agents, such as bisphosphonate, before and after tooth extractions to prevent osteonecrosis of the jaw (ONJ). However, little is known about how this affects ONJ and osteoporosis treatment and how medical professionals and dentists cooperate to treat ONJ in patients with osteoporosis. This study aimed to clarify the impact of ONJ on osteoporosis treatment in Japan. A structured questionnaire including 14 key clinical queries was sent to 488 medical professionals as part of the Japanese Osteoporosis Intervention Trial (JOINT)-04, and 206 responses were received. A total of 173 respondents had received discontinuation requests from dentists. Of these, 28 respondents experienced 30 adverse events including ten fractures and one incidence of ONJ. The respondents who refused discontinuation requests observed no cases of ONJ. Approximately 16 % of respondents had patients who discontinued osteoporosis treatment, following a requested drug discontinuation, after tooth extraction. Dentists requested discontinuations for many medications that were not associated with the incidence of ONJ. Approximately 76 % of respondents had never requested oral health care from dentists before osteoporosis treatment and 72 % reported no cooperation between dentists and medical professionals in their region. Our results suggest that drug discontinuation may increase adverse events and disturb osteoporosis treatment without completely preventing ONJ. Currently, both medical professionals and dentists in Japan still continue to recommend their own treatment position. A forum to share information about ONJ among medical professionals, dentists, and patients is required. © 2015, Springer Science+Business Media New York.

Ohta H.,International University of Health and Welfare | Mouri M.,Kanagawa Academy Of Science And Technology | Mouri M.,Waseda University | Kuroda T.,Public Health Research Foundation | And 3 more authors.
Journal of Bone and Mineral Metabolism | Year: 2016

The frequency of hip fractures associated with aging of the population is declining in many countries. Even in Japan, where this frequency has been increasing continually, a shift to decreasing frequency has been noted in recent reports. The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of this decrease and to estimate the number of hip fracture patients and the resulting reduction in national medical care expenditures. The differences in the number of patients were estimated by multiplying the population for each sex and each age group by the fracture rates before the decrease (2007) and after the decrease (2012). Total reduced cost was calculated by multiplying the treatment cost required for hip fracture and the annual medical cost of nursing care. The estimated number of hip fracture patients decreased by approximately 4000 in the elderly female population, and the resulting reduction in medical costs was approximately US$280 million. The number of patients with hip fractures has decreased in elderly Japanese women; as a result, the medical costs for treatment and nursing care might decrease. © 2016 The Japanese Society for Bone and Mineral Research and Springer Japan

Tanaka S.,Kyoto University | Miyazaki T.,Public Health Research Foundation | Uemura Y.,University of Tokyo | Kuroda T.,Public Health Research Foundation | And 12 more authors.
Journal of Bone and Mineral Metabolism | Year: 2014

Concurrent treatments with bisphosphonates and vitamin K are promising given that bisphosphonates possibly interfere with vitamin K activation. This is a prospective, multi-center, open-labeled, randomized trial of the efficacy of concurrent treatment with vitamin K2 and risedronate compared with risedronate alone and to explore subsets of patients for which concurrent treatment is particularly efficacious (trial identification number UMIN000000991). Inclusion criteria are women who meet the criteria for pharmacological therapy for osteoporosis, aged ≥65 years, have any of pre-specified risk factors, can walk unassisted, and are able to answer questionnaires. Exclusion criteria are prior warfarin use, secondary osteoporosis or non-osteoporotic metabolic bone diseases, contraindication for vitamin K2 and risedronate, hyper- or hypoparathyroidism, mental disorders, prevalent vertebral fracture at ≥6 sites, severe degenerative spinal deformation between T4 and L4, serious heart, liver, or kidney disease, or bisphosphonate use within the previous 6 months. Patients were recruited from 123 institutes between January 2008 and February 2010, and allocated to vitamin K2 (45 mg/day) and risedronate (2.5 mg/day or 17.5 mg/week) or risedronate alone (2.5 mg/day or 17.5 mg/week) groups. Primary endpoint is a vertebral or non-vertebral fracture. Secondary endpoints are bone mineral density, height, undercarboxylated osteocalcin, JOQOL, EQ-5D and safety. A sample size of 910 subjects per group and 2-year follow-up will provide 80% power to detect 35% risk reduction for fracture, with a two-sided significance level of 5%. Subgroup analysis stratified to adjustment factors for random allocation, body mass index, 25-hydroxyvitamin D, estimated glomerular filtration rate, grade of vertebral fracture, JOQOL, EQ-5D, and co-morbidity is pre-specified. © The Japanese Society for Bone and Mineral Research and Springer 2013.

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