Ibaraki, Japan

The National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology , or AIST, is a Japanese research facility headquartered in Tokyo, and most of the workforce is located in Tsukuba Science City, Ibaraki, and in several cities throughout Japan. The institute is managed to integrate scientific and engineering knowledge to address socio-economic needs. It became a newly designed legal body of independent administrative institution in 2001, remaining under the Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry. Wikipedia.


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Patent
Japan National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science, Technology and TMRC Co. | Date: 2015-05-20

The present invention aims to provide a growth inhibitor for cancer stem cells resistant to existing anticancer drug therapies, which growth inhibitor acts on the cells through growth inhibition and apoptosis. The growth inhibitor for cancer stem cells contains a retinoid agonist, preferably tamibarotene, alone or in combination with a rexinoid agonist, preferably bexarotene, as an effective component(s). The growth inhibitor for cancer stem cells enhances the effects of various anticancer drugs when the growth inhibitor is used in combination with the anticancer drugs.


Patent
Sharp Kabushiki Kaisha, Japan National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology | Date: 2015-03-23

A light detecting device includes: an optical filter (2) that transmits a first wavelength light having a wavelength in a first wavelength range, a second wavelength light having a wavelength in a second wavelength range, . . . , and an n-th wavelength light having a wavelength in an n-th wavelength range (n is an integer); an optical sensor (3) that detects at least one of a first wavelength light intensity of the first wavelength light, a second wavelength light intensity of the second wavelength light, . . . , and an n-th wavelength light intensity of the n-th wavelength light; and an analysis unit (4) that estimates a light intensity of light having a wavelength in a wavelength range other than at least one of the first wavelength range, the second wavelength range, . . . , and the n-th wavelength range based on at least one of the first wavelength light intensity, the second wavelength light intensity, . . . , and the n-th wavelength light intensity. A correlative relationship exists between a light intensity of light having a wavelength in the at least one wavelength range and the light intensity of the light having the wavelength in the wavelength range other than the at least one wavelength range.


Patent
Japan National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology | Date: 2015-02-09

In a signal regeneration device in which recovery of a signal quality which has been degraded during transmission in optical communication and extension of a transmission distance are achieved, the most representative method of quantizing an optical phase is a phase sensitive amplifier (PSA) and a technique that utilizes an optical parametric process through use of a highly nonlinear optical medium, but there is a demand for a technique of quantizing an optical phase which is not accompanied with an optical parametric gain, has small-sized elements, is easily integrated, and does not require high power pump light. By a technique of a hybrid optical phase squeezer (HOPS), when a phase of input light is quantized to M levels (M>2), phase conjugate light of the input light and (M1)th phase harmonic light of the input light are subjected to power modulation to be coherently added, so that quantization of the optical phase is performed through use of a simple four-wave mixing (FWM) that is not accompanied with the optical parametric gain and a general optical amplifier by using a general nonlinear optical medium such as silicon, and accordingly, a GER of equal to or higher than 30 dB can be obtained, even if a nonlinear optical element having a low nonlinearity is used.


Patent
Japan National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology | Date: 2016-11-11

A crystal orientation layer laminated structure capable of widely selecting materials for a base substrate and an electrode substrate, an electronic memory using the crystal orientation layer laminated structure and a method for manufacturing the crystal orientation layer laminated structure are provided. The crystal orientation layer laminated structure according to the present invention has such a feature as including a substrate, including an orientation control layer which is laminated on the substrate, which is made of any of germanium, silicon, tungsten, germanium-silicon, germanium-tungsten and silicon-tungsten, and whose thickness is at least 1 nm or more, and including a first crystal orientation layer which is laminated on the orientation control layer, which is made of any of SbTe, Sb_(2)Te_(3), BiTe, Bi_(2)Te_(3), BiSe and Bi_(2)Se_(3 )as a main component, and which is oriented in a certain crystal orientation


Patent
Sumitomo Rubber Industries Ltd., Japan National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology | Date: 2016-08-03

An object of the present invention is to provide a novel sulfur-based positive-electrode active material which can largely improve cyclability of a lithium-ion secondary battery, a positive electrode comprising the positive-electrode active material and a lithium-ion secondary battery comprising the positive electrode. The sulfur-based positive-electrode active material is one comprising: a carbon skeleton derived from a polymer composed of a monomer unit having at least one hetero atom-containing moiety, and sulfur incorporated into the carbon skeleton as the carbon skeleton is formed from the polymer by heat treatment.


Patent
Japan National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science, Technology and Komatsuseiki Kosakusho Co. | Date: 2016-11-22

A method for bonding stainless steel members includes: contacting a first stainless steel member with a second stainless steel member that has a strain exceeding 50% reduction; and heating the first and second stainless steel members to a re-crystallization initiation temperature or higher, after the contacting.


Patent
Japan National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science, Technology, LITHO Technology JAPAN CORPORATION and Oriental Motor Co. | Date: 2016-09-09

A columnar laminar flow generation device includes: a placement part on which to place a processing target; a gas blow-out part having an opening; and a gas suction path; wherein the placement part is positioned in a space whose outer periphery surface is constituted by extending the interior wall of the opening in the direction vertical to the opening; the opening has, in its interior wall, a gas blow-out port through which a gas is blown out in one direction vertical to the opening; and the gas suction path is formed in such a way that it suctions the gas in the direction opposite to the one in which the gas is blown out. The columnar laminar generation device is capable of generating columnar laminar flows.


Patent
Japan National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science, Technology and Atsuden Co. | Date: 2016-11-16

An ultrasonic flowmeter capable of increasing the amplitude of, and the receiving sensitivity for, an excited signal is provided. The ultrasonic flowmeter according to the present invention includes two or more ultrasonic transducers on a transmission side and two or more ultrasonic transducers on a receiving side, located as being away from each other on an outer surface of a tube having a fluid flowing therein. The two or more ultrasonic transducers located on the transmission side are driven so as to press the tube at substantially the same pressure to increase an amplitude of an ultrasonic wave. The ultrasonic flowmeter according to the present invention includes adjustment members converting an ultrasonic signal into an ultrasonic signal suitable to measurement between the tube and the ultrasonic transducers. The adjustment members each have a curved surface or a groove at a surface thereof contacting the tube.


Patent
Japan National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology | Date: 2016-10-18

A subject of present invention is to enable reducing, even in growth at a high C/Si ratio, contamination by different polytypes with respect to a silicon carbide epitaxial wafer having a low off-angle, and to provide the silicon carbide epitaxial wafer which enables forming a reliable high voltage silicon carbide semiconductor element. The silicon carbide epitaxial wafer of the present invention is a silicon carbide epitaxial wafer comprising an epitaxially grown layer disposed on a silicon carbide substrate having an -type crystal structure and an off-angle tilted at an angle of more than 0 and less than 4 from a (0001) Si plane or a (000-1) C plane, wherein a region of a step bunching including five to ten bunched steps of 1 nm in height occupies 90% or more of the surface of the silicon carbide substrate.


Patent
Japan National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology | Date: 2015-01-29

The present invention provides a method for detecting the presence or absence of a guanine-abasic site, the method being a process for detecting guanine opposite at least one abasic sites generated in a double-stranded DNA, comprising:


Patent
Japan National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science, Technology and MIRAISENS Inc. | Date: 2016-10-14

A system and method are disclosed in which in a conventional non-grounding man-machine interface having no reaction base on the human body and for giving the existence of a virtual object and the impact force of a collision to a person, a haptic sensation of a torque, a force and the like can be continuously presented in the same direction, which cannot be presented by only the physical characteristic of a haptic sensation presentation device. In a haptic presentation device, the rotation velocity of at least one rotator in the haptic presentation device is controlled by a control device, and a vibration, a force or a torque as the physical characteristic is controlled, so that the user is made to conceive various haptic information of the vibration, force, torque or the like.


Patent
Sumitomo Seika Chemicals Co., Japan National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science, Technology and Ceramission Co. | Date: 2014-04-16

The present invention provides a heat dissipation film having high mechanical strength and flexibility, which is obtained by laminating a heat emission layer excellent in heat dissipation by infrared radiation, electrical insulation, and heat resistance on a metal film having excellent heat transfer efficiency. The present invention also provides a dispersion for heat emission layers for use in the production of the heat dissipation film, a method for producing a heat dissipation film using the dispersion for heat emission layers, and a solar cell including the heat dissipation film. The present invention provides a heat dissipation film including a heat transfer layer; and a flexible heat emission layer laminated on the heat transfer layer, the heat transfer layer being a metal film, the heat emission layer containing a water-insoluble inorganic compound and a heat-resistant synthetic resin, the amount of the water-insoluble inorganic compound in the heat emission layer being 30 to 90% by weight relative to the total weight of the heat emission layer, the heat emission layer having a thermal emissivity of at least 0.8 and a dielectric breakdown strength of at least 10 kV/mm.


Patent
Japan National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology | Date: 2015-02-20

The present invention provides an integrated circuit formed of tunneling field-effect transistors that includes a first tunneling field-effect transistor in which one of a first P-type region and a first N-type region operates as a source region and the other one operates as a drain region; and a second tunneling field-effect transistor in which one of a second P-type region and a second N-type region operates as a source region and the other one operates as a drain region, the first and second tunneling field-effect transistors being formed in one active region to have the same polarity, the first P-type region and the second N-type region being formed adjacently, the adjacent first P-type region and second N-type region being electrically connected through metal semiconductor alloy film.


Patent
Japan National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology | Date: 2014-08-15

A system for multifaceted singing analysis for retrieval of songs or music including singing voices having some relationship in latent semantics with a singing voice included in one particular song or music. A topic analyzing processor uses a topic model to analyze a plurality of vocal symbolic time series obtained for a plurality of musical audio signals. The topic analyzing processor generates a vocal topic distribution for each of the musical audio signals whereby the vocal topic distribution is composed of a plurality of vocal topics each indicating a relationship of one of the musical audio signals with the other musical audio signals. The topic analyzing processor generates a vocal symbol distribution for each of the vocal topics whereby the vocal symbol distribution indicates occurrence probabilities for the vocal symbols. A multifaceted singing analyzing processor performs analysis of singing voices included in musical audio signals, in the multifaceted viewpoint.


Funahashi M.,Kagawa University | Sonoda A.,Japan National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology
Journal of Materials Chemistry | Year: 2012

A liquid-crystalline (LC) semiconductor based on perylene tetracarboxylic bisimide (PTCBI) bearing four 1,1,1,3,3-pentamethyldisiloxane chains was synthesized. This LC PTCBI derivative exhibits ordered columnar phases and the low temperature columnar phase is retained below room temperature. The electron mobility in the ordered columnar phase of this compound at room temperature exceeds 0.1 cm2 V-1 s-1. Moreover, this compound is soluble in various organic solvents, except alcohols, and thin films in which the columnar aggregates are aligned parallel to the substrates are produced by spin-coating. In particular, LC thin films in which the columnar stacks are uniaxially oriented can be produced by a friction transfer method. © 2012 The Royal Society of Chemistry.


Patent
Japan National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science, Technology, Sumitomo Electric Industries and Sumitomo Electric | Date: 2011-01-12

There is provided a joined product suitable as a cutting tool that is fit for high-speed cutting, CVD coating process and the like, and does not cause a reduction in joint strength of a joining layer even if a high temperature exceeding a temperature at which a brazing filler forms the liquid phase is reached during cutting. Specifically, the joined product includes a cemented carbide sintered compact serving as a first material (1) to be joined and a cBN sintered compact or a diamond sintered compact serving as a second material (3) to be joined. The first material (1) to be joined and the second material (3) to be joined are joined by a joining material (2) that does not form a liquid phase at a temperature lower than 1000C and that is placed between the first material (1) to be joined and the second material (3) to be joined. The joining is performed by resistance heating and pressing at a pressure of 0.1 to 200 MPa.


Patent
Sumitomo Electric Industries, Sumitomo Electric, Japan National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology | Date: 2013-10-02

The present joined product is a joined product with a cemented carbide sintered compact serving as a first material to be joined (1) and a cBN sintered compact serving as a second material to be joined (2), wherein: the first material to be joined (1) and the second material to be joined (2) are joined together via a joining material (3) disposed therebetween and containing titanium (Ti); and a titanium nitride (TiN) compound layer having a thickness of 10-300 nm is produced at an interface between the second material to be joined (2) and the joining material (3).


Patent
Japan National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science, Technology, Sumitomo Electric Industries and Sumitomo Electric | Date: 2011-12-21

A joined product according to the present invention is a joined product including a cemented carbide sintered compact serving as a first material (1) to be joined and a cBN sintered compact or a diamond sintered compact serving as a second material (3) to be joined. The first material (1) to be joined and the second material (3) to be joined are joined by a joining material (2) that forms a liquid phase at a temperature exceeding 800C and lower than 1000C and that is placed between the first material (1) to be joined and the second material (3) to be joined. The first material (1) to be joined and the second material (3) to be joined are joined by resistance heating and pressing at a pressure of 0.1 to 200 MPa.


Patent
Japan National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science, Technology, NEC Corp and Fujitsu Limited | Date: 2013-02-27

A light source circuit transmits light incident from a semiconductor laser source to a plurality of optical devices. At least one optical branch section is formed to branch one input-side optical waveguide at least into a first output-side optical waveguide terminal and a second output-side optical waveguide terminal. A light path length (L1) between the optical branch section and a next-stage optical branch section or the optical device is connected to the first output-side optical waveguide extending from the optical branch section and a light path length (L2) between the optical branch section and the next-stage optical branch section selected such that the absolute value of a difference between (L1) and (L2) is (+i/2) times (i is zero or a positive integer) the wavelength of the light transmitted through the light source circuit.


Patent
Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, Japan National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science, Technology and Yamanashi University | Date: 2012-09-25

Provided is a piezoelectric material having good piezoelectric properties and a Curie temperature (Tc) of 150 C. or higher, and a piezoelectric device using the piezoelectric material. The piezoelectric material includes a sintered body made of a perovskite-type metal oxide represented by the following general formula (1): xBi(Mg_(1/2)Ti_(1/2))O_(3)-(1-x)BaTiO_(3 )(1), where x satisfies 0.17x0.8, in which an average grain size of grains contained in the sintered body is 0.5 m or larger to 10 m or smaller, and the sintered body is polycrystalline. In addition, the piezoelectric device includes a piezoelectric material and a pair of electrodes disposed in contact with the piezoelectric material, in which the piezoelectric material is the above-mentioned piezoelectric material.


Patent
Japan National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science, Technology, Opto Research Corporation, OK Laboratory Co., Nisshinbo Holdings Inc. and Denso Corporation | Date: 2011-11-30

Provided is a standard spectroradiometer which accurately measures the spectral radiation characteristic of a solar simulator and has a function of diagnosing a light source lamp and a lighting circuit thereof. The standard spectroradiometer including first light detection means (91) to (95) for respectively detecting spectral lights obtained by dispersion, the spectral lights being made by splitting and conducting a flashlight emitted from a pulse-lighting type solar simulator (2) by a plurality of optical fibers (71) to (75) and dispersing the conducted flashlights by respective spectroscopes (81) to (85), includes: a second light detection means (10) for detecting the flashlight emitted from the solar simulator (2); a threshold determination circuit (13) comparing a detection voltage detected by the second light detection means (10) and a threshold reference voltage and outputting a determination signal when the detection voltage becomes equal to or higher than the threshold reference voltage; and a delay time generation circuit (14) receiving input of the determination signal and outputting a measurement start signal, wherein each of the first light detection means (91) to (95) starts detection upon receiving input of the measurement start signal.


Patent
Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, Kyoto University, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Tokyo University of Science, Yamanashi University, Japan National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science, Technology and Sophia University | Date: 2013-08-05

Provided is a piezoelectric material excellent in piezoelectricity. The piezoelectric material includes a perovskite-type complex oxide represented by the following General Formula (1). A(Zn_(x)Ti_((1-x)))_(y)M_((1-y))O_(3)(1) wherein A represents at least one kind of element containing at least a Bi element and selected from a trivalent metal element; M represents at least one kind of element of Fe, Al, Sc, Mn, Y, Ga, and Yb; x represents a numerical value satisfying 0.4x0.6; and y represents a numerical value satisfying 0.1y0.9.


Patent
Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, Yamanashi University, Japan National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology | Date: 2010-03-10

Provided is a piezoelectric material having a good piezoelectric property and Curie temperature (Tc) of 150 C. or higher, and a piezoelectric device using the piezoelectric material. The piezoelectric material includes a sintered body made of a perovskite-type metal oxide represented by the following general formula (1): xBi(Mg_(1/2)Ti_(1/2))O_(3)(1x)BaTiO_(3 )(1), where x satisfies 0.17x0.8, in which an average grain size of grains contained in the sintered body is 0.5 m or larger to 10 m or smaller, and the sintered body is polycrystal. In addition, the piezoelectric device includes a piezoelectric material and a pair of electrodes disposed in contact with the piezoelectric material, in which the piezoelectric material is the above-mentioned piezoelectric material.


Patent
Sumitomo Electric Industries, Japan National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science, Technology and Sumitomo Electric | Date: 2011-11-22

The present joined product is a joined product with a cemented carbide sintered compact serving as a first material to be joined and a cBN sintered compact serving as a second material to be joined, wherein: the first material to be joined and the second material to be joined are joined together via a joining material disposed therebetween and containing titanium (Ti); and a titanium nitride (TiN) compound layer having a thickness of 10-300 nm is produced at an interface between the second material to be joined and the joining material.


Patent
Sumitomo Electric Industries, Japan National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology | Date: 2014-09-17

A system includes: a splitter to branch an optical signal output by a wavelength-tunable light source into first to third optical signals; a first photodiode to perform an optical electrical conversion of the first optical signal transmitting a first etalon; a second photodiode to perform an optical electrical conversion of the second optical signal transmitting a second etalon, an FSR of the second etalon being identical to that of the first etalon, peak wavelengths of intensity of a transmitted light of the second etalon being different from those of the first etalon; a third photodiode to perform an optical electrical conversion of the third optical signal; and a controller to control the wavelength-tunable light source with use of a coefficient calculated by following formulas (1) or (2), Coefficient=(PD1APD3)/(PD2BPD3) (1) and Coefficient=(PD2BPD3)/(PD1APD3) (2).


Patent
Japan National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science, Technology, Sumitomo Seika Chemicals Co. and Japan Matex Co. | Date: 2012-08-22

Provided is a composite material which can be preferably used as alternative seal materials to asbestos seal materials or as a heat dissipation sheet with excellent thermal conductivity. The composite material comprises: (1) an inorganic filler-containing material containing an inorganic filler and any of the following: a polyimide film, a polyimide varnish consisting of a polyamide acid solution, an incompletely-imidized and self-standing polyimide precursor film obtained by drying a polyamide acid solution, a polybenzimidazole film, a varnish consisting of a polybenzimidazole solution, a polyazomethine film, a mixed film consisting of a polyimide resin and a polybenzimidazole resin, a mixed varnish consisting of a polyamide acid solution and a polybenzimidazole solution, a mixed film consisting of a polyimide precursor and polyazomethine, a polybenzoxazole film, etc; and (2) a molding consisting of any of expanded graphite, organic fiber and inorganic fiber.


Patent
Japan National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science, Technology and Miyama Giken Co. | Date: 2013-03-27

A gas sensor includes a light source 17 configured to emit light for gas component estimation and a light detector 18 configured to receive light transmitted while being reflected in a cell. The cell includes a parallel flat-plate-shaped cell body 11 and a parallel-flat-plate-shaped lid member 12 mounted on the cell body 11, the cell body 11 includes a flat ellipsoidal-column shaped cell space 13 having a constant depth, the lid member 12 or the cell body 11 is formed with openings 16A, 16B configured to encourage gas to be measured to flow in and flow out, the light source 17 is provided on one focal line L1 of the cell space 13, the light detector 18 is provided on the other focal line L2 of the cell space 13, and an entire surface surrounding the cell space 13 is formed into a light reflecting surface. Accordingly, even when the length of optical path is increased, the cell is prevented from becoming three-dimensionally bulky, the amount of gas required for filling up the cell may be small, and a compact gas sensor having high sensitivity is provided.


Patent
Sumitomo Electric Industries, Japan National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology | Date: 2010-11-30

An electrode substrate for a battery has nickel applied as a coat on the surface of a base constituted of crossing of a plurality of fibers including a core formed of synthetic resin and a coating of synthetic resin having a softening temperature lower than the softening temperature of the synthetic resin forming the core. The electrode substrate has the fibers of the base fusion-bonded at a cross point by heat treatment. The ratio of the coating occupying a II-II cross section of the fiber cross point is larger than the ratio of the coating occupying a fiber cross section (III-III cross section) at a site other than at the cross point.


Patent
Sumitomo Electric Industries, Japan National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology | Date: 2015-07-02

A laser apparatus for tuning the emission wavelength of a wavelength tunable laser diode will be described. The apparatus includes a tunable LD with heaters to tune the emission wavelength of the tunable LD, and a controller to control the power supplied to the heaters. A feature of the laser apparatus is that the controller supplies pre-emphasis power to the heaters before the supplement of the power corresponding to the re-tuned emission wavelength to accelerate the stability of the temperature of the heaters.


Patent
Japan National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science, Technology, Japan Matex Co. and Sumitomo Seika Chemicals Co. | Date: 2014-09-17

Provided is a composite material which can be preferably used as alternative seal materials to asbestos seal materials or as a heat dissipation sheet with excellent thermal conductivity, the composite material composed of:inorganic filler-containing materials containing an inorganic filler and any of the following: a polyimide film, a polyimide varnish consisting of a polyamide acid solution, an incompletely-imidized and self-standing polyimide precursor film obtained by drying the polyamide acid solution, a polybenzimidazole film, a varnish consisting of a polybenzimidazole solution, a polyazomethinefilm, a mixed film consisting of a polyimide resin and a polybenzimidazole resin, a mixed varnish consisting of the polyamide acid solution and the polybenzimidazole solution, a mixed film consisting of a polyimide precursor and polyazomethine, a polybenzoxazole film etc;and a molding consisting of any of expanded graphite, organic fiber, or inorganic fiber.


Green M.A.,University of New South Wales | Emery K.,National Renewable Energy Laboratory | Hishikawa Y.,Japan National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology | Warta W.,Fraunhofer Institute for Solar Energy Systems | Dunlop E.D.,European Commission - Joint Research Center Ispra
Progress in Photovoltaics: Research and Applications | Year: 2014

Consolidated tables showing an extensive listing of the highest independently confirmed efficiencies for solar cells and modules are presented. Guidelines for inclusion of results into these tables are outlined and new entries since January 2014 are reviewed. Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.


Green M.A.,University of New South Wales | Emery K.,National Renewable Energy Laboratory | Hishikawa Y.,Japan National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology | Warta W.,Fraunhofer Institute for Solar Energy Systems | Dunlop E.D.,European Commission - Joint Research Center Ispra
Progress in Photovoltaics: Research and Applications | Year: 2014

Consolidated tables showing an extensive listing of the highest independently confirmed efficiencies for solar cells and modules are presented. Guidelines for inclusion of results into these tables are outlined, and new entries since July 2013 are reviewed. Copyright © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.


Green M.A.,University of New South Wales | Emery K.,National Renewable Energy Laboratory | Hishikawa Y.,Japan National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology | Warta W.,Fraunhofer Institute for Solar Energy Systems | Dunlop E.D.,European Commission - Joint Research Center Ispra
Progress in Photovoltaics: Research and Applications | Year: 2013

Consolidated tables showing an extensive listing of the highest independently confirmed efficiencies for solar cells and modules are presented. Guidelines for inclusion of results into these tables are outlined, and new entries since January 2013 are reviewed. Copyright © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Consolidated tables showing an extensive listing of the highest independently confirmed efficiencies for solar cells and modules are presented. Guidelines for inclusion of results into these tables are outlined, and new entries since January 2013 are reviewed. Copyright © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Copyright © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.


Green M.A.,University of New South Wales | Emery K.,National Renewable Energy Laboratory | Hishikawa Y.,Japan National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology | Warta W.,Fraunhofer Institute for Solar Energy Systems | Dunlop E.D.,European Commission - Joint Research Center Ispra
Progress in Photovoltaics: Research and Applications | Year: 2015

Consolidated tables showing an extensive listing of the highest independently confirmed efficiencies for solar cells and modules are presented. Guidelines for inclusion of results into these tables are outlined and new entries since July 2014 are reviewed. Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.


Green M.A.,University of New South Wales | Emery K.,National Renewable Energy Laboratory | Hishikawa Y.,Japan National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology | Warta W.,Fraunhofer Institute for Solar Energy Systems | Dunlop E.D.,European Commission - Joint Research Center Ispra
Progress in Photovoltaics: Research and Applications | Year: 2013

Consolidated tables showing an extensive listing of the highest independently confirmed efficiencies for solar cells and modules are presented. Guidelines for inclusion of results into these tables are outlined, and new entries since June 2012 are reviewed. Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.


Patent
Japan National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science, Technology, Oriental Yeast Co. and Nisshin Seifun Group Inc. | Date: 2013-05-08

A circadian rhythm regulatory agent having as an active ingredient an alkylresorcinol represented by general formula (I) below and a circadian rhythm regulatory agent containing as an active ingredient an alkylresorcinol-containing extract from a cereal or a nut containing an alkylresorcinol of the following general formula (I). In the following general formula (I), R_(1 )is a saturated or unsaturated alkyl group; and R_(2 )is hydrogen or methyl. In general formula (I), R_(1 )is preferably at the para-position with respect to R_(2), and R_(1 )is preferably a saturated or unsaturated alkyl group having 15 to 27 carbon atoms.


Patent
Mitsubishi Group, Japan National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology | Date: 2015-06-10

A normal temperature bonding device is provided with a first beam source, a second beam source, and a pressure welding mechanism. The first beam source outputs a first activation beam that irradiates a first surface of a first substrate, and independently thereof, the second beam source outputs a second activation beam that irradiates a second surface of a second substrate. The pressure welding mechanism joins the first substrate and the second substrate by contact between the first surface and the second surface after the first activation beam has irradiated the first surface and the second activation beam has irradiated the second surface. Thus, a plurality of substrates of different materials is appropriately joined.


Patent
System Instruments Co., Japan National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology | Date: 2016-07-06

In an embodiment, control is performed to operate a three-way valve (40) in accordance with a reaching ratio (f) of pH adjustment. When process of steps 128 and 136 is performed, bubbles of ammonia generated in a nebulizer (28) can be extruded by air so as to be injected from an injection port (28a) together with aqua ammonia remaining in the nebulizer (28). Therefore, the pH adjustment can be performed while a large amount of bubbles of ammonia are prevented from being generated in the nebulizer (28).


Patent
Japan National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science, Technology and Mitsubishi Group | Date: 2014-10-15

A multi-junction photovoltaic device and an integrated multi-junction photovoltaic device, having a two-terminal structure, in which subsequent layers can be stacked under conditions with minimal restrictions imposed by previously stacked layers. Also, processes for producing these photovoltaic devices. A plurality of photovoltaic cells having different spectral sensitivity levels are stacked such that at least the photovoltaic cells (2, 4) at the light-incident end and the opposite end have a conductive thin-film layer (5a, 5b, 5c, 5d) as the outermost layer that undergoes connection, the remaining photovoltaic cell (3) has conductive thin-film layers (16a, 16b) as the outermost layers that undergo connection, and the outermost layers are bonded via anisotropic conductive adhesive layers (6a, 6b) containing conductive microparticles within a transparent insulating material. The conductive microparticles in the anisotropic conductive adhesive layers (6a, 6b) electrically connect the layers in the stacking direction, and the conductive thin film layers (5a, 5b, 5c, 5d) electrically connect the photovoltaic layers (2, 3, 4) that function as bonding materials in the lateral direction (in-plane direction).


Patent
Mitsubishi Group, Japan National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology | Date: 2011-08-03

An exhaust gas treating catalyst further improved in denitrification performance is provided. It is an exhaust gas treating catalyst containing a complex oxide represented by the general formula ABO_(3), where the A-site is composed of a lanthanoid (La) and barium (Ba), and the B-site is composed of iron (Fe), niobium (Nb) and palladium (Pd).


Patent
Japan National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science, Technology and Mitsubishi Group | Date: 2010-11-11

A high-efficiency triple-junction thin-film photovoltaic device in which the haze ratio is high and the short-circuit current values obtained from each of the photovoltaic layers are equalized. A thin-film photovoltaic device comprises a transparent electrode layer and three silicon-based photovoltaic layers stacked in sequence on a substrate. The transparent electrode layer has at least one opening formed by an etching treatment that exposes the surface of the substrate, and the haze ratio of the transparent electrode layer relative to light of a broad wavelength region is at least 60%.


Patent
Japan National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science, Technology, Kato Technology Co. and Ehime Prefectural Government | Date: 2016-08-31

The objective of the present invention is to provide novel method and apparatus for processing a fiber material, which are applicable to dyeing, an antibacterial/deodorizing treatment and the like. By having a fiber material impregnated with an electrolyte solution, a coating material that contains a dye, an antibacterial agent, a deodorant or the like can be efficiently applied to the fiber material by means of electrospray.


Patent
Japan National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science, Technology and Mitsubishi Group | Date: 2011-09-28

A process for producing a photovoltaic device that can improve the power generation characteristics of a solar cell having a heterojunction composed of a p-type crystalline Ge (substrate), an i-type amorphous silicon semiconductor layer, and an n-type amorphous silicon semiconductor layer. A process for producing a photovoltaic device (100) comprising a heterojunction cell (1) prepared by sequentially stacking an i-type amorphous silicon semiconductor layer (12) and an n-type amorphous silicon semiconductor layer (13) on top of a substrate (p-type crystalline Ge (11)), the process comprising a PH_(3 )exposure treatment stage of adjusting the temperature of the substrate (11), from which a surface oxide film has been removed, to a prescribed temperature, and subsequently placing the substrate in a vacuum chamber and exposing the substrate to PH_(3), an i-layer deposition stage of depositing the i-type amorphous silicon semiconductor layer (12) on the PH_(3)-exposed substrate, an n-layer deposition stage of depositing the n-type amorphous silicon semiconductor layer (13) on the i-type amorphous silicon semiconductor layer (12), and an electrode formation stage of forming electrodes (2, 3, 4) on the surface of the n-type amorphous silicon semiconductor layer, and on the back surface of the substrate (11).


Patent
Mitsubishi Group, Japan National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology | Date: 2013-09-25

A room temperature bonding apparatus includes a first beam source, a second beam source, and a press bonding mechanism. The first beam source emits a first activation beam that irradiates a first surface of a first substrate. Independently from the first beam source, the second beam source emits a second activation beam that irradiates a second surface of a second substrate. The press bonding mechanism bonds between the first substrate and the second substrate by contacting between the first surface and the second surface after the first surface is irradiated with the first activation beam and the second surface is irradiated with the second activation beam. Thus, a plurality of the substrates made of different materials is appropriately bonded.


Patent
Japan National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science, Technology and Mitsubishi Group | Date: 2014-06-27

A multi-junction photovoltaic device and an integrated multi-junction photovoltaic device, having a two-terminal structure, in which subsequent layers can be stacked under conditions with minimal restrictions imposed by previously stacked layers. A plurality of photovoltaic cells having different spectral sensitivity levels are stacked such that at least the photovoltaic cells at the light-incident end and the opposite end have a conductive thin-film layer as the outermost layer that undergoes connection, the remaining photovoltaic cell has conductive thin-film layers as the outermost layers that undergo connection, and the outermost layers are bonded via anisotropic conductive adhesive layers containing conductive microparticles within a transparent insulating material. The conductive microparticles in the anisotropic conductive adhesive layers electrically connect the layers in the stacking direction, and the conductive thin film layers electrically connect the photovoltaic layers that function as bonding materials in the lateral direction (in-plane direction).


Patent
Japan National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science, Technology and I.S.T. Corporation | Date: 2012-03-26

The invention addresses the problem of providing a polyimide precursor, a polyimide precursor solution, and a mixture slurry, each capable of more firmly binding active material particles to a current collecting body. The polyimide precursor solution according to the invention contains a tetracarboxylic acid ester compound, a diamine compound having an anionic group, and a solvent. The solvent dissolves the tetracarboxylic acid ester compound and the diamine compound. As the tetracarboxylic acid ester compound, a 3,3,4,4-benzophenonetetracarboxylic acid diester is particularly preferred. Examples of the diamine compound having an anionic group include 3,4-diaminobenzoic acid, 3,5-diaminobenzoic acid, and m-phenylenediamine-4-sulfonic acid. Further, the mixture slurry according to the invention contains active material particles in the polyimide precursor solution.


Patent
Nippon Oil Corporation, Japan National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology | Date: 2014-07-09

Disclosed is a computation device for optimizing photovoltaic power generation by computing a wire connection pattern of a plurality of photovoltaic modules, the computation device including a parameter acquisition unit configured to acquire a parameter including at least a current value from each of the photovoltaic modules; a class classification unit configured to perform class classification of the photovoltaic modules based on the parameter acquired by the parameter acquisition unit; and a wire connection pattern selection unit configured to select the wire connection pattern based on the class classification performed by the class classification unit.


Patent
I.S.T. Corporation, Japan National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology | Date: 2014-01-29

The invention addresses the problem of providing a polyimide precursor, a polyimide precursor solution, and a mixture slurry, each capable of more firmly binding active material particles to a current collecting body. The polyimide precursor solution according to the invention contains a tetracarboxylic acid ester compound, a diamine compound having an anionic group, and a solvent. The solvent dissolves the tetracarboxylic acid ester compound and the diamine compound. As the tetracarboxylic acid ester compound, a 3,3,4,4-benzophenonetetracarboxylic acid diester is particularly preferred. Examples of the diamine compound having an anionic group include 3,4-diaminobenzoic acid, 3,5-diaminobenzoic acid, and m-phenylenediamine-4-sulfonic acid. Further, the mixture slurry according to the invention contains active material particles in the polyimide precursor solution.


Patent
Nippon Oil Corporation, Japan National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology | Date: 2011-03-07

A defect-free hydrogen separation membrane includes a metal thin membrane. The metal thin membrane includes a first metal layer composed of palladium on a porous support without substantial penetration into surface pores of the porous support and a second metal layer on the first metal layer. The second metal layer is a product of palladium deposition and closes defects being open on the surface of the first metal layer.


Patent
Mitsubishi Group, Japan National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology | Date: 2013-01-02

Provided is a highly-efficient triple-junction thin-film photoelectric conversion device in which the short-circuit current value obtained at each photoelectric conversion layer is equalized, and which has a high haze factor. A thin-film photoelectric conversion device (100) is provided with a transparent electrode layer (2) and three silicon photoelectric conversion layers (91, 92, 93), in said order, on a substrate (1). The transparent electrode layer (2) has at least one opening section (5), which exposes the surface of the substrate (1) and which was formed by means of the etching process, and a haze factor of 60% or more in relation to the light in the broad wavelength region of the transparent electrode layer (2).


Patent
Japan National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science, Technology and Mitsubishi Group | Date: 2012-07-04

Disclosed are a multi-junction photoelectric converter and an integrated multi-junction photoelectric converter, having a two-terminal structure, of which layers are laminated under less constraint of the previously laminated layers. Also disclosed is a method for manufacturing such converters. A plurality of photoelectric conversion cells of which spectral sensitivities differ from each other are laminated. At least the photoelectric conversion cells (2, 4) located at a light receiving end and the other end have conductive thin film layers (5a and 5b, 5c and 5d), respectively, on the top layers to be connected thereof. Another photoelectric conversion cell (3) has conductive thin film layers (16a, 16b) at the top and bottom layers, respectively, to be connected thereof. The top and bottom layers are joined to the top and bottom layers of the other cells via anisotropic conductive adhesive layers (6a, 6b) containing conductive fine particles in a transparent insulating material. The conductive fine particles in the anisotropic conductive adhesive layers (6a, 6b) electrically connect the layers in a direction along which the layers are laminated, and the conductive thin film layers (5a, 5b, 5c, 5d) electrically connect the photoelectric conversion layers (2, 3, 4) serving as materials to be joined in lateral directions (in-plane direction).


Patent
Mitsui Engineering, Shipbuilding Co., Japan National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology | Date: 2014-02-05

[Problem] To provide a method of molding a gas hydrate pellet for improving convenience of handling of a natural gas hydrate during transportation and storage, and thereby improving the practical use of the natural gas hydrate. [Solution] Gas hydrate slurry is fed in a compression chamber 21, and pressure and compression are applied to the gas hydrate slurry by advancing a compression plunger 21e. At that time, a stroking speed of the compression plunger 21e is set minimum, preferably less than a value expressed by a stroke length of the compression plunger 21e at compression x 10^(-2) (m/min). By advancing the compression plunger 21e at low speed, binding between particles of the gas hydrate is tightened, thereby the gas hydrate pellet with increased shearing strength can be molded.


Patent
Japan National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science, Technology, Nisshin Seifun Group Inc. and Oriental Yeast Co. | Date: 2015-04-01

Disclosed are a method of preparation and method of application of a circadian rhythm regulatory agent having as an active ingredient an alkylresorcinol represented by general formula (I) below and a circadian rhythm regulatory agent containing as an active ingredient an alkylresorcinol-containing extract from a cereal or a nut containing an alkylresorcinol of the following general formula (I). In the following general formula (I), R_(1 )is a saturated or unsaturated alkyl group; and R_(2 )is hydrogen or methyl. In general formula (I), R_(1 )is preferably at the para-position with respect to R_(2), and R_(1 )is preferably a saturated or unsaturated alkyl group having 15 to 27 carbon atoms. [Chem. 1]


Patent
Mitsubishi Group, Japan National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology | Date: 2016-05-09

An inter-substrate material layer is formed between a first substrate and a second substrate to generate a bonding strength. A plurality of metal elements are present in the inter-substrate material layer. An interface element existence ratio of the plurality of metal elements is 0.07 or above. A device can be obtained in which substrates difficult to bond (for example, SiO_(2 )substrates) are bonded at room-temperature to have practical bonding strength.


Patent
Mitsubishi Group, Japan National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology | Date: 2010-11-10

A method of room-temperature bonding a plurality of substrates (4) via an intermediate member (20, 21), includes: forming the intermediate member (20, 21) on a surface to be bonded of the substrate (4) by physically sputtering a plurality of targets (7); and activating the surface to be bonded by an ion beam. In this case, it is preferable that the target (7) composed of a plurality of types of materials is physically sputtered. Since the materials of the intermediate member (20, 21) are sputtered from the plurality of targets (7) arranged in various directions from the surface to be bonded of the substrate (4), the intermediate member (20, 21) can be uniformly formed on the surface to be bonded. Further, since the intermediate member (20, 21) is composed of the plurality of types of materials, the room-temperature bonding of substrates difficult to bond together when an intermediate member is composed of a single type of material can be performed without heating and excessively pressing the substrates during bonding.


Patent
System Instruments Co., Japan National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology | Date: 2014-07-15

In an embodiment, control is performed to operate a three-way valve in accordance with a reaching ratio of pH adjustment. When process of certain steps is performed, bubbles of ammonia generated in a nebulizer can be extruded by air so as to be injected from an injection port together with aqua ammonia remaining in the nebulizer. Therefore, the pH adjustment can be performed while a large amount of bubbles of ammonia are prevented from being generated in the nebulizer.


Patent
Japan National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science, Technology and Nippon Oil Corporation | Date: 2013-02-06

The present invention provides a defect-free hydrogen separation membrane with high hydrogen selectivity and hydrogen permeability, a method for producing the same, and a method for separating hydrogen using the defect-free hydrogen separation membrane. The present invention relates to a defect-free hydrogen separation membrane including a metal thin membrane that has a first metal layer of palladium formed on a porous support without substantial penetration into surface pores of the porous support and a second metal layer formed on the first metal layer by depositing palladium which also closes defects being open on the surface of the first metal layer.


Patent
Mitsubishi Group, Japan National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology | Date: 2010-07-14

A device is provided with: a first substrate mainly containing silicon dioxide; a second substrate mainly containing silicon, compound semiconductor, silicon dioxide or fluoride; and a bonding functional intermediate layer arranged between the first substrate and the second substrate. The first substrate is bonded to the second substrate thorough room temperature bonding in which a sputtered first surface of the first substrate is contacted with a sputtered second surface of the second substrate via the bonding functional intermediate layer. Here, the material of the bonding functional intermediate layer is selected from among optically transparent materials which are oxide, fluoride, or nitride, the materials being different from the main component of the first substrate and different from the main component of the second substrate.


Patent
Mitsubishi Group, Japan National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology | Date: 2015-09-17

An exhaust gas treating catalyst further improved in denitrification performance is provided. It is an exhaust gas treating catalyst containing a complex oxide represented by the general formula ABO_(3), where the A-site is composed of a lanthanoid (La) and barium (Ba), and the B-site is composed of iron (Fe), niobium (Nb) and palladium (Pd).


Patent
Japan National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science, Technology and Nippon Oil Corporation | Date: 2012-08-30

Disclosed is a computation device for optimizing photovoltaic power generation by computing a wire connection pattern of a plurality of photovoltaic modules, the computation device including a parameter acquisition unit configured to acquire a parameter including at least a current value from each of the photovoltaic modules; a class classification unit configured to perform class classification of the photovoltaic modules based on the parameter acquired by the parameter acquisition unit; and a wire connection pattern selection unit configured to select the wire connection pattern based on the class classification performed by the class classification unit.


News Article | February 15, 2017
Site: www.eurekalert.org

Vitamin D supplements protect against acute respiratory infections including colds and flu, according to a study led by Queen Mary University of London (QMUL) Vitamin D supplements protect against acute respiratory infections including colds and flu, according to a study led by Queen Mary University of London (QMUL). The study provides the most robust evidence yet that vitamin D has benefits beyond bone and muscle health, and could have major implications for public health policy, including the fortification of foods with vitamin D to tackle high levels of deficiency in the UK. The results, published in the BMJ, are based on a new analysis of raw data from around 11,000 participants in 25 clinical trials conducted in 14 countries including the UK, USA, Japan, India, Afghanistan, Belgium, Italy, Australia and Canada. Individually, these trials yielded conflicting results, with some reporting that vitamin D protected against respiratory infections, and others showing no effect. Lead researcher Professor Adrian Martineau from QMUL said: "This major collaborative research effort has yielded the first definitive evidence that vitamin D really does protect against respiratory infections. Our analysis of pooled raw data from each of the 10,933 trial participants allowed us to address the thorny question of why vitamin D 'worked' in some trials, but not in others. "The bottom line is that the protective effects of vitamin D supplementation are strongest in those who have the lowest vitamin D levels, and when supplementation is given daily or weekly rather than in more widely spaced doses. "Vitamin D fortification of foods provides a steady, low-level intake of vitamin D that has virtually eliminated profound vitamin D deficiency in several countries. By demonstrating this new benefit of vitamin D, our study strengthens the case for introducing food fortification to improve vitamin D levels in countries such as the UK where profound vitamin D deficiency is common." Vitamin D - the 'sunshine vitamin' - is thought to protect against respiratory infections by boosting levels of antimicrobial peptides - natural antibiotic-like substances - in the lungs. Results of the study fit with the observation that colds and 'flu are commonest in winter and spring, when levels of vitamin D are at their lowest. They may also explain why vitamin D protects against asthma attacks, which are commonly triggered by respiratory viruses. Daily or weekly supplementation halved the risk of acute respiratory infection in people with the lowest baseline vitamin D levels, below 25 nanomoles per litre (nmol/L). However, people with higher baseline vitamin D levels also benefited, although the effect was more modest (10 per cent risk reduction). Overall, the reduction in risk of acute respiratory infection induced by vitamin D was on a par with the protective effect of injectable 'flu vaccine against 'flu-like illnesses. Acute respiratory infections are a major cause of global morbidity and mortality. Upper respiratory infections such as colds and 'flu are the commonest reason for GP consultations and days off work. Acute lower respiratory infections such as pneumonia are less common, but caused an estimated 2.65 million deaths worldwide in 2013. Vitamin D supplementation is safe and inexpensive, so reductions in acute respiratory infections brought about by vitamin D supplementation could be highly cost-effective. The study was conducted by a consortium of 25 investigators from 21 institutions worldwide* and funded by the National Institute for Health Research. Joel Winston, Public Relations Manager (School of Medicine and Dentistry) Queen Mary University of London j.winston@qmul.ac.uk Tel: +44 (0)20 7882 7943 / +44 (0)7970 096 188 * Institutions involved in the research: Edmond and Lily Safra Children's Hospital (Tel Hashomer, Israel), Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth (NH, USA), Harvard School of Public Health (Boston, MA, USA), Jikei University School of Medicine (Tokyo, Japan), Karolinska Institutet (Stockholm, Sweden), Massachusetts General Hospital (Boston, MA, USA), McMaster University (Hamilton, Ontario, Canada), Medical University of Lodz (Poland), QIMR Berghofer Medical Research Institute (Queensland, Australia), Queen Mary University of London (UK), The Pennsylvania State University (Hershey, PA, USA), Università degli Studi di Milano (Milan, Italy), Universitair ziekenhuis Leuven (Belgium), University of Auckland (New Zealand), University of Birmingham (UK), University of Colorado School of Medicine (Aurora, CO, USA), University of Delhi (India), University of Otago (Christchurch, New Zealand), University of Tampere (Finland), University of Tasmania (Australia), Winthrop University Hospital (Mineola, NY, USA). Research paper: 'Vitamin D supplementation to prevent acute respiratory infections: systematic review and meta-analysis of individual participant data'. Martineau et al. BMJ 2017 Queen Mary University of London (QMUL) is one of the UK's leading universities, and one of the largest institutions in the University of London, with 23,120 students from more than 155 countries. A member of the Russell Group, we work across the humanities and social sciences, medicine and dentistry, and science and engineering, with inspirational teaching directly informed by our research. In the most recent national assessment of the quality of research, we were placed ninth in the UK (REF 2014). As well as our main site at Mile End - which is home to one of the largest self-contained residential campuses in London - we have campuses at Whitechapel, Charterhouse Square, and West Smithfield dedicated to the study of medicine, and a base for legal studies at Lincoln's Inn Fields. We have a rich history in London with roots in Europe's first public hospital, St Barts; England's first medical school, The London; one of the first colleges to provide higher education to women, Westfield College; and the Victorian philanthropic project, the People's Palace at Mile End. Today, as well as retaining these close connections to our local community, we are known for our international collaborations in both teaching and research. QMUL has an annual turnover of £350m, a research income worth £125m (2014/15), and generates employment and output worth £700m to the UK economy each year. The National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) is funded by the Department of Health to improve the health and wealth of the nation through research. The NIHR is the research arm of the NHS. Since its establishment in April 2006, the NIHR has transformed research in the NHS. It has increased the volume of applied health research for the benefit of patients and the public, driven faster translation of basic science discoveries into tangible benefits for patients and the economy, and developed and supported the people who conduct and contribute to applied health research. The NIHR plays a key role in the Government's strategy for economic growth, attracting investment by the life-sciences industries through its world-class infrastructure for health research. Together, the NIHR people, programmes, centres of excellence and systems represent the most integrated health research system in the world. For further information, visit the NIHR website (http://www. ).


Patent
Konica Minolta, Japan National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology | Date: 2013-07-01

Provided is a micro chamber chip for cell expansion, with which the non-specific adsorption of cells onto a surface other than a micro chamber can be suppressed, and a rare cell from a substance that contains a large quantity of cells, such as a blood, can be stored, held and observed without a leakage of the rare cell. A micro chamber chip for cell expansion is provided with a micro chamber chip in which a micro chamber configured to store and hold one or more cells is formed on an upper surface of a substrate, wherein an upper surface of the micro chamber chip and an inner wall surface of the micro chamber are coated with a blocking agent that can suppress a non-specific adsorption of a cell on the upper surface.


Patent
Kabushiki Kaisha Kobe Seiko Sho, Japan National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology | Date: 2010-03-24

A blast treatment method capable of performing blast treatment of a treatment subject with a simple structure, with high efficiency, and at low cost, while inhibiting scattering of harmful substances or the like to the outside. The method includes: inside disposing an inside explosive for blasting a treatment subject around the treatment subject; disposing an outside explosive having a detonation velocity greater than that of the inside explosive at a position outside the inside explosive; and detonating the outside explosive using an initiation device, and initiating the inside explosive by detonation of the outside explosive, thereby performing blast treatment of the treatment subject by initiation of the inside explosive. The outside explosive disposing includes arranging a cord-like explosive member containing the outside explosive and having a shape extending in one direction so that a detonation propagation velocity in a specific direction of the inside explosive initiated by the outside explosive is greater than a detonation propagation velocity in the specific direction of the inside explosive.


Patent
Konica Minolta, Japan National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology | Date: 2015-05-13

It is an object of the present invention to provide a cell-spreading device which has a high recovery ratio of cells when a cell suspension containing large amounts of various kinds of cells, such as blood, is spread onto the surface of a microchamber chip in the detection of rare cells from the cell suspension and which has a microchamber chip capable of being mass-produced by a mold. The cell-spreading device is a cell-spreading device (10) comprising at least a microchamber chip (1) having, on its surface, a microchamber (6) for retaining a cell, a channel-forming frame (2) that is united with the microchamber chip (1) so that a channel (5) may be formed on the microchamber (6), and an inlet (3) and an outlet (4) that are provided in order to allow a cell suspension to flow into the channel (5) and flow out therefrom, wherein the void ratio that is a ratio of a void (40) to a longitudinal width (2) of the microchamber chip (1) is not more than 5%.


Patent
Sakai Chemical Industry Co., Japan National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology | Date: 2016-02-03

The present invention aims to provide a mechanoluminescent material which is excellent in mechanoluminescent properties and can achieve a mechanoluminescence intensity sufficiently suited to practical use, a raw material composition for producing the mechanoluminescent material, and a method for producing a mechanoluminescent material. The mechanoluminescent material of the present invention includes strontium aluminate as a base material, a Eu ion, and at least one ion selected from the group consisting of Nd, Dy, and Ho. An amount of the Eu ion contained in the mechanoluminescent material is 0.0001 to 0.1 mol per mole of the strontium aluminate. An amount of the at least one ion selected from the group consisting of Nd, Dy, and Ho contained in the mechanoluminescent material is, as the sum of amounts of the three ions Nd, Dy, and Ho, 0.0001 to 0.01 mol per mole of the strontium aluminate. The present invention also provides a raw material composition for a mechanoluminescent material used for synthesizing the mechanoluminescent material, a mechanoluminescent coating composition and a resin composition each containing the mechanoluminescent material, and applied articles such as mechanoluminescent articles formed from the resin composition.


Patent
Japan National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science, Technology and A Gas Inc. | Date: 2011-07-13

The present invention provides a fixed bed reactor for carrying out a mixed gas/liquid phase reaction, wherein the reactor has a piping structure composed of microchannels, the cross-sectional area of the fixed bed is 0.0001 cm^(2) to 0.008 cm^(2), there being a single fixed bed or two or more fixed beds arranged in parallel, and the reactor has, in addition to the fixed beds, a gas phase distribution portion, a portion for introducing the gas phase to the fixed bed, a liquid phase distribution portion, a portion for introducing the liquid phase to the fixed bed, a packing material introduction portion and a fluid merging portion; a gas/liquid mixed phase reaction process for carrying out a gas/liquid mixed phase reaction using the fixed bed reactor described above; and further a process for producing hydrogen peroxide in which the reaction is started and stopped in a reducing atmosphere; and the present invention further provides a novel fixed bed gas/liquid mixed phase reactor which makes it possible to carry out gas/liquid mixed phase reactions stably and under steady state conditions by using microchannels.


Patent
Japan National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science, Technology and Toyo Tanso | Date: 2014-11-25

A positive electrode for an air battery and an air battery using the positive electrode are provided, that make it possible to inhibit an electrolyte solution decrease in the battery and prevent the problems associated with the electrolyte solution decrease without causing an increase in manufacturing costs. A positive electrode for an air battery includes an expanded graphite sheet. It is desirable that the expanded graphite sheet contain expanded graphite in an amount of 80 mass % or greater. It is desirable that the expanded graphite have a bulk density of from 0.2 Mg/m^(3 )to 2.0 Mg/m^(3). It is desirable that the expanded graphite sheet have a thickness of from 0.1 mm to 3.0 mm.


Patent
Japan National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science, Technology and Kabushiki Kaisha Kobe Seiko Sho | Date: 2012-02-08

Provided is a blast treatment method capable of performing blast treatment of a treatment subject with a simple structure, with high efficiency, and at low cost, while inhibiting scattering of harmful substances or the like to the outside. The method includes an inside explosive disposing step of disposing an inside explosive 20 for blasting a treatment subject 10 around the treatment subject 10; an outside explosive disposing step of disposing an outside explosive 34 having a detonation velocity greater than that of the inside explosive 20 at a position outside the inside explosive 20; and a blast step of detonating the outside explosive 34 using an initiation device 50, and initiating the inside explosive 20 by detonation of the outside explosive 34, thereby performing blast treatment of the treatment subject 10 by initiation of the inside explosive 20. The outside explosive disposing step includes an arrangement step of arranging a cord-like explosive member 30 containing the outside explosive 34 and having a shape extending in one direction so that a detonation propagation velocity in a specific direction of the inside explosive 20 initiated by the outside explosive 34 is greater than a detonation propagation velocity in the specific direction of the inside explosive 20.


Patent
Konica Minolta, Japan National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology | Date: 2013-07-01

A cell-spreading device may include a microchamber chip having a microchamber capable of enclosing and retaining a cell, a channel-forming frame united with the microchamber chip to form a channel on the microchamber, an inlet provided in the channel-forming frame to allow a cell suspension to flow into the channel, and an outlet provided in the channel-forming frame to allow the cell suspension, which has been allowed to flow into the channel through the inlet, to flow out from the channel. When an aperture of the microchamber is projected perpendicularly to a longitudinal width of the microchamber chip, the void ratio that is a ratio of the sum total of voids to the longitudinal width is not more than 5%, the void being a length of a portion where the projected aperture of the microchamber is not present against the longitudinal width.


Patent
Sakai Chemical Industry Co., Japan National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology | Date: 2014-03-26

The present invention aims to provide a mechanoluminescent material which is excellent in mechanoluminescent properties and can achieve a mechanoluminescence intensity sufficiently suited to practical use, a raw material composition for producing the mechanoluminescent material, and a method for producing a mechanoluminescent material. The mechanoluminescent material of the present invention includes strontium aluminate as a base material, a Eu ion, and at least one ion selected from the group consisting of Nd, Dy, and Ho. An amount of the Eu ion contained in the mechanoluminescent material is 0.0001 to 0.1 mol per mole of the strontium aluminate. An amount of the at least one ion selected from the group consisting of Nd, Dy, and Ho contained in the mechanoluminescent material is, as the sum of amounts of the three ions Nd, Dy, and Ho, 0.0001 to 0.01 mol per mole of the strontium aluminate. The present invention also provides a raw material composition for a mechanoluminescent material used for synthesizing the mechanoluminescent material, a mechanoluminescent coating composition and a resin composition each containing the mechanoluminescent material, and applied articles such as mechanoluminescent articles formed from the resin composition.


Patent
Japan National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science, Technology and Unex Corporation | Date: 2012-04-18

Providing a blood vessel function inspecting apparatus which is capable of obtaining an index value permitting evaluation of a blood state in a non-invasion manner, by measuring a blood flow velocity distribution within a blood vessel. First blood state index value calculating means 90 obtains estimated hematocrit values Hte at a plurality of points within a blood viscosity distribution DV and a blood shear rate distribution DSR, on the basis of values of a blood viscosity and values of a blood shear rate SR at the plurality of points, which are respectively extracted from the blood viscosity distribution DV and the blood shear rate distribution DSR, and according to reference relationships between a hematocrit value Ht and the blood viscosity , which reference relationships respectively correspond predetermined different values of the blood shear rate SR. Second blood state index value calculating means 92 calculates, as a blood state index value X1, a value relating to an amount of difference of the estimated hematocrit values Hte with respect to each other, which amount is minimized by transforming the reference relationships at the same ratio for all of the values of the shear rate SR. Thus, the blood state index value X1 permitting the blood state evaluation can be obtained in the non-invasion manner, to permit objective and easy evaluation of the blood state.


Patent
Japan National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science, Technology and Toyo Tanso | Date: 2012-10-10

A nitrogen-containing carbon porous material, which has a nitrogen content of 0.5 to 30 mass%, and which has a specific surface area of 200 to 3,000 m^(2)/g.


Patent
Sharp Kabushiki Kaisha, Konica Minolta, Japan National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology | Date: 2012-02-01

An electrostatic attraction fluid jet device comprising an applied voltage control means (10) which is adapted to control a voltage applied to the fluid (2) in the nozzle (4), wherein a diameter of the fluid-ejecting hole (4b) of the nozzle (4) is equal to or less than 8 m. The applied voltage control means (10) is adapted to control a voltage applied to the fluid (2) so that the amount of electric charge, induced to the droplet (3) of the fluid (2) which droplet (3) has just been ejected from the fluid-ejecting hole (4b), is equal to or less than 90 % of the amount of electric charge corresponding to Rayleigh limit of the droplet (3).


Patent
Japan Vilene Company, Japan National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology | Date: 2010-06-02

Disclosed is a lithium ion secondary battery, in which a vinyl alcohol polymer or a derivative thereof is arranged inside the battery in an amount of 0.3 mg or more per 1 mAh of battery capacity in terms of a vinyl alcohol unit moiety content. The lithium ion secondary battery can decrease the battery voltage under high-temperature conditions, and cannot be recharged after being exposed to high-temperature conditions.


Patent
ROHM Semiconductor, Japan National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology | Date: 2011-01-12

Provided is photoelectric conversion device which has a high S/N ratio and can increase the detection efficiency even under a low luminance. The photoelectric conversion device generates an increased electric charge by impact ionization in a photoelectric conversion unit formed from a chalcopyrite type semiconductor, so as to improve dark current characteristic. The photoelectric conversion device includes: a lower electrode layer (25); a compound semiconductor thin film (24) of chalcopyrite structure disposed on the lower electrode layer (25) and having a high resistivity layer (242) on a surface; and a transparent electrode layer (26) disposed on the compound semiconductor thin film (24), wherein the lower electrode layer (25), the compound semiconductor thin film (24), and the transparent electrode layer (26) are laminated one after another, and a reverse bias voltage is applied between the transparent electrode layer (26) and the lower electrode layer (25), and the multiplication by the impact ionization of the electric charge generated by photoelectric conversion is generated within the compound semiconductor thin film (24). It is also possible to provide a fabrication method for such photoelectric conversion device, and a solid state imaging device using the photoelectric conversion device.


Patent
Japan National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science, Technology, Otsuka Pharmaceutical Factory Inc. and Hayashi Kasei Co. | Date: 2010-12-22

An object of the present invention is to provide a novel double-stranded RNA that has high resistance to nuclease and cellular uptake efficiency and that can produce an excellent RNA interference effect. The present invention provides a double-stranded lipid-modified RNA comprising a sense strand having a nucleotide sequence complementary to a target sequence in a target gene, and an antisense strand having a nucleotide sequence complementary to the sense strand, the double-stranded RNA being capable of suppressing the expression of the target gene, and the sense strand having a double-stranded lipid bound directly or via a linker to at least one of the first to sixth nucleotides from the 5 end.


Patent
ROHM Semiconductor, Japan National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology | Date: 2013-10-10

The inventive photoelectric conversion device includes a substrate, a lower electrode layer provided on the substrate, a CIGS compound semiconductor layer provided on the lower electrode layer as covering the lower electrode layer, and a transparent electrode layer provided on the compound semiconductor layer, wherein the compound semiconductor layer has a maximum Ga content variation of not less than 5% as measured in a layer thickness direction, and a maximum In content variation of not less than 6% as measured in the layer thickness direction.


Patent
Konica Minolta, Japan National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology | Date: 2015-05-13

Provided is a micro chamber chip for cell expansion, with which the non-specific adsorption of cells onto a surface other than a micro chamber can be suppressed, and a rare cell from a substance that contains a large quantity of cells, such as a blood, can be stored, held and observed without a leakage of the rare cell. A micro chamber chip for cell expansion is provided with a micro chamber chip (20) in which a micro chamber (30) configured to store and hold one or more cells is formed on an upper surface (11) of a substrate (10), wherein an upper surface (11) of the micro chamber chip (20) and an inner wall surface (31) of the micro chamber (30) are coated with a blocking agent (50) that can suppress a non-specific adsorption of a cell on the upper surface (11).


Patent
Ohken Co., Japan National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science, Technology and Hyogo Prefecture | Date: 2011-06-15

The invention aims to provide a powder cosmetic in which the powder component causes no aggregation and the surface powder component causes no caking in press processing even if a large amount of oily component is contained therein. Said powder cosmetic is characterized by comprising oblate cellulose particles and an oily component.


Patent
Eiken Kagaku Kabushiki Kaisha, Japan National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology | Date: 2014-03-18

[Problem to be Solved] To provide a new lung-cancer biomarker, which has a high detection efficiency and determines the type (histological type) of lung cancer. [Solution] LIPH (lipase, member H), which is enhanced in a plurality of lung cancer-derived cell lines compared to that in normal lung-derived epithelial cells and is almost surely expressed highly in lung cancer.

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