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Mano J.,Japan National Agriculture and Food Research Organization | Harada M.,Japan National Agriculture and Food Research Organization | Takabatake R.,Japan National Agriculture and Food Research Organization | Furui S.,Japan National Agriculture and Food Research Organization | And 9 more authors.
Journal of AOAC International | Year: 2012

We have developed a real-time PCR array method to comprehensively detect genetically modified (GM) organisms. In the method, genomic DNA extracted from an agricultural product is analyzed using various qualitative real-time PCR assays on a 96-well PCR plate, targeting for individual GM events, recombinant DNA (r-DNA) segments, taxon-specific DNAs, and donor organisms of the respective r-DNAs. In this article, we report the single-laboratory validation of both DNA extraction methods and component PCR assays constituting the real-time PCR array. We selected some DNA extraction methods for specified plant matrixes, i.e., maize flour, soybean flour, and ground canola seeds, then evaluated the DNA quantity, DNA fragmentation, and PCR inhibition of the resultant DNA extracts. For the component PCR assays, we evaluated the specificity and LOD. All DNA extraction methods and component PCR assays satisfied the criteria set on the basis of previous reports. © 2012 Publishing Technology. Source


Shibata H.,Toyomi Center | Mutsuga M.,Japan National Institute of Health Sciences | Abe Y.,Japan National Institute of Health Sciences | Itou S.,Japan Food Hygiene Association | And 21 more authors.
Journal of the Food Hygienic Society of Japan | Year: 2015

Using six kinds of zinc solution in water and 4% acetic acid as samples, an interlaboratory study was performed to evaluate a zinc (Zn) test method for food-contact rubber products, based on the Japanese Food Sanitation Law. Eighteen laboratories participated, and quantified Zn in six test solutions as blind duplicates using flame atomic absorption spectrometry, induced coupled plasmaoptical emission spectrometry or induced coupled plasma-mass spectrometry. Statistical analysis revealed that the trueness, repeatability (RSDr) and reproducibility (RSDr) were 97-103%, 0.7- 4.9% and 1.7-8.9% by all measuring methods. The values of the performance parameter fulfilled the target value (trueness: 80-110%, RSDr: 10%, RSDr: 25%). The performance of these methods is sufficient for testing the adherence of samples to the specifications. Source


Murakami R.,Japan Food Hygiene Association | Mutsuga M.,Japan National Institute of Health Sciences | Abe T.,Japan Food Research Laboratories | Abe Y.,Japan National Institute of Health Sciences | And 21 more authors.
Journal of the Food Hygienic Society of Japan | Year: 2015

An interlaboratory study was performed to evaluate a migration test method of antimony (Sb) and germanium (Ge), based on the Japanese Food Sanitation Law for food- contact polyethylene terephthalate. Eighteen laboratories participated, and quantified Sb and Ge in three test solutions as blind duplicates using graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrometry (GF-AAS), inductively coupled plasma-optical emission spectrometry (ICP-OES) or induced coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). Statistical analysis revealed that the trueness, repeatability and reproducibility were 98-107%, 1.7-7.5% and 2.0-18.8% by using GF-AAS and ICP-OES. The performance of these methods is sufficient for testing the specifications. The performance parameters of ICP-MS were 99-106%, 0.7-2.2% and 2.2-10.5%, respectively. ICP-MS is available as an alternative measuring method. However, in some laboratories, the quantitative values of Sb were higher than the addition levels. We found that Sb in working solutions is absorbed on glass vessels. Careful control of concentration in working solutions is required for Sb analysis. © 2015, Food Hygienic Society of Japan. All rights reserved. Source


Mutsuga M.,Japan National Institute of Health Sciences | Abe T.,Japan Frozen Foods Inspection Corporation | Abe Y.,Japan National Institute of Health Sciences | Ishii R.,Saitama Prefectural Institute of Public Health | And 20 more authors.
Journal of the Food Hygienic Society of Japan | Year: 2014

Based on the Japanese Food Sanitation Law, the performances of official and alternative material test methods for cadmium (Cd) and lead (Pb) in food contact plastics were compared. Nineteen laboratories participated to an interlaboratory study, and quantified Cd and Pb in three PVC pellets. in the official method,a sample is digested with H2SO4, taken up in HCl, and evaporated to dryness on a water bath, then measured by atomic absorption spectrometry (AAS) or inductively coupled plasma-optical emission spectrometry (ICP-OES). Statistical treatment revealed that the trueness, repeatability (RSDr) and reproducibility (RSDR) were 86-95%, 3.1-9.4% and 8.6-22.1%, respectively. The values of the performance parameters fulfilled the requirements , and the performances met the test specifications. The combination of evaporation to dryness on a hot plate and measurement by AAS or ICP-OES is applicable as an alternative method. However, the trueness and RSDr were inferior to those of the official method. The performance parameters obtained by using the microwave digestion method (MW method) to prepare test solution were better than those of the official method. Thus, the MW method is available as an alternative method. Induced coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) is also available as an alternative method. However, it is necessary to ensure complete digestion of the sample. Source


Mutsuga M.,Japan National Institute of Health Sciences | Abe T.,Japan Frozen Foods Inspection Corporation | Abe Y.,Japan National Institute of Health Sciences | Ishii R.,Saitama Prefectural Institute of Public Health | And 19 more authors.
Journal of the Food Hygienic Society of Japan | Year: 2014

An interlaboratory study was performed to evaluate a migration test method of cadmium (Cd) and lead (Pb), based on the Japanese Food Sanitation Law for glassware, ceramicware, enamelware and metal cans. Seventeen laboratories participated, and quantified Cd and Pb in eight test solutions as blind duplicates using flame atomic absorption spectrometry (AAS), graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrometry (GF-AAS), inductively coupled plasma-optical emission spectrometry (ICP-OES) or induced coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). Statistical analysis revealed that the trueness, repeatability (RSDr) and reproducibility (RSDr) were 93-105%, 0.7-8.4% and 2.6-19.3% by using AAS, ICP-OES and ICP-MS (internal standard method). The performance of these methods is sufficient for testing specifications. However, some of the RSDr values exceeded 10% in GF-AAS, and careful control of accuracy is required. Source

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