Japan Home Center | Date: 2008-04-29
Glassware, porcelain, household or kitchen utensils and containers, namely, cups, bowls, plates, combs and hair brushes.
Shumer G.,University of Michigan |
Warber S.,University of Michigan |
Motohara S.,University of Michigan |
Yajima A.,University of Michigan |
And 7 more authors.
BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine | Year: 2014
Background: There is growing interest in the use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) throughout the world, however previous research done in Japan has focused primarily on CAM use in major cities. The purpose of this study was to develop and distribute a Japanese version of the International Complementary and Alternative Medicine Questionnaire (I-CAM-Q) to assess the use of CAM among people who visit rural Japanese family medicine clinics.Methods: Using a Japanese version of the International Complementary and Alternative Medicine Questionnaire (I-CAM-Q), a cross-sectional survey was conducted in three rural family medicine clinics. All patients and those accompanying patients who met inclusion criteria were eligible to participate. Data were entered into SPSS Statistics and analyzed for use by age, gender, and location.Results: Of the 519 respondents who participated in the project, 415 participants reported CAM use in the past 12 months (80.0%). When prayer is excluded, the prevalence of CAM use drops to 77.3% in the past year, or 403 respondents. The most common forms of CAM used by respondents were pain relief pads (n = 170, 32.8%), herbal medicines/supplements (n = 167, 32.2%), and massage by self or family (n = 166, 32.0%). Female respondents, individuals with higher levels of education, and those with poorer overall health status were more likely to use CAM than respondents without these characteristics. Only 22.8% of CAM therapies used were reported to physicians by survey participants.Conclusions: These data indicate that CAM use in rural Japan is common. The results are consistent with previous studies that show that Japanese individuals are more interested in forms of CAM such as pain relief pads and massage, than in mind-body forms of CAM like relaxation and meditation. Due to the high utilization of certain CAM practices, and given that most CAM users do not disclose their CAM use to their doctors, we conclude that physicians in rural Japan would benefit by asking about CAM use during patient interviews, and by familiarizing themselves with the potential benefits and risks of commonly used CAM modalities. © 2014 Shumer et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. Source
Numata T.,Tohoku University |
Takayama S.,Tohoku University |
Tobita M.,National Yonezawa Hospital |
Ishida S.,Ishinomaki Rehabilitation Hospital |
And 10 more authors.
Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine | Year: 2014
Poststroke patients with functional constipation, assessed by the Rome III criteria, from 6 hospitals were recruited in a study on the effects of the traditional Japanese medicine Daikenchuto (DKT) on constipation. Thirty-four patients (17 men and 17 women; mean age: 78.1 ± 11.6 years) were randomly assigned to 2 groups; all patients received conventional therapy for constipation, and patients in the DKT group received 15 g/day of DKT for 4 weeks. Constipation scoring system (CSS) points and the gas volume score (GVS) (the measure of the intestinal gas volume calculated from plain abdominal radiographs) were recorded before and after a 4-week observation period. The total score on the CSS improved significantly in the DKT group compared to the control (P < 0.01). In addition, scores for some CSS subcategories (frequency of bowel movements, feeling of incomplete evacuation, and need for enema/disimpaction) significantly improved in the DKT group (P < 0.01, P = 0.049, and P = 0.03, resp.). The GVS was also significantly reduced in the DKT group compared to the control (P = 0.03). DKT in addition to conventional therapy is effective in treating functional constipation in poststroke patients. This study was a randomized controlled trial and was registered in the UMIN Clinical Trial Registry (no. UMIN000007393). © 2014 Takehiro Numata et al. Source
Nakamura M.,Hamamatsu University School of Medicine |
Ojima T.,Hamamatsu University School of Medicine |
Nakade M.,Nagoya University |
Ohtsuka R.,Japan Home Center |
And 3 more authors.
Journal of Epidemiology | Year: 2016
Background: Involuntary weight loss and underweight increase the risks of mortality and disability in older people. However, the association and interaction of poor oral health and dietary intake with body mass index (BMI) have not been elucidated. Methods: Data were analyzed for 96 794 respondents aged > 65 years who were randomly selected from 31 Japanese municipalities in the Japan Gerontological Evaluation Study. Weight loss was defined as ≥2-3 kg of loss over the preceding 6 months. BMI was evaluated in respondents without weight loss. Multiple logistic regression analysis was performed with weight loss, underweight, and obesity as dependent variables and having fewer teeth (<20) and infrequent food intake as independent variables, with adjustment for potential confounders. Results: Weight loss was associated with having fewer teeth (men: odds ratio [OR] 1.3; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.2-1.3; women: OR 1.2; 95% CI, 1.1-1.3) and infrequent fruit/vegetable intake (men: OR 1.1; 95% CI, 1.1-1.2; women: OR 1.4; 95% CI, 1.3-1.5) and fish/meat intake (OR 1.2; 95% CI, 1.1-1.3 for both sexes). No interaction was observed between having fewer teeth and food intake. Obesity was associated with the same factors: having fewer teeth (ORs 1.2 and 1.3 for men and women, respectively) and infrequent intake of fruit/vegetables (ORs 1.1 and 1.2 for men and women, respectively) and fish/meat (OR 1.1 for both sexes). Infrequent fruit/vegetable intake showed a higher OR for underweight in women with fewer teeth than for others. Conclusions: Having fewer teeth and infrequent food intake were associated with both weight loss and obesity. A significant interaction was observed in the associations of having fewer teeth and infrequent food intake with underweight in women. © 2016 Mieko Nakamura et al. Source
Yabe K.,Vacuum Cleaner Design Group |
Sasaki S.,Japan Home Center |
Saito N.,Japan Home Center
Hitachi Review | Year: 2013
OVERVIEW: When designing home appliances, Hitachi's Design Division aims to create devices that support people's everyday lives and are easy to use. Its traditional approach had been based on a process of observing actual appliance use to gain ideas, and then building and testing prototypes to create a potential product. This approach was also adopted for a project to design a new vacuum cleaner that began in the summer of 2010. The carbon-fiber-reinforced plastic head and pipe and easy grip vacuum cleaner, launched in July 2011, was designed and developed by using the experience design approach to home appliances, which involves the use of specific methods for discovering issues and solving problems. Source