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Islam M.S.,University of Bath | Fisher C.A.J.,Japan Fine Ceramics Center
Chemical Society Reviews | Year: 2014

Energy storage technologies are critical in addressing the global challenge of clean sustainable energy. Major advances in rechargeable batteries for portable electronics, electric vehicles and large-scale grid storage will depend on the discovery and exploitation of new high performance materials, which requires a greater fundamental understanding of their properties on the atomic and nanoscopic scales. This review describes some of the exciting progress being made in this area through use of computer simulation techniques, focusing primarily on positive electrode (cathode) materials for lithium-ion batteries, but also including a timely overview of the growing area of new cathode materials for sodium-ion batteries. In general, two main types of technique have been employed, namely electronic structure methods based on density functional theory, and atomistic potentials-based methods. A major theme of much computational work has been the significant synergy with experimental studies. The scope of contemporary work is highlighted by studies of a broad range of topical materials encompassing layered, spinel and polyanionic framework compounds such as LiCoO2, LiMn2O4 and LiFePO4 respectively. Fundamental features important to cathode performance are examined, including voltage trends, ion diffusion paths and dimensionalities, intrinsic defect chemistry, and surface properties of nanostructures. © 2014 The Royal Society of Chemistry.


Patent
Kabushiki Kaisha Toyota Jidoshokki and Japan Fine Ceramics Center | Date: 2015-10-14

The present invention addresses the issue of providing an optical selective film that contributes to efficiently converting light into heat. This optical selective film is characterized in that: the optical selective film includes at least an Ag-containing layer, and an Ag diffusion prevention layer that is disposed adjacent to the Ag-containing layer; and the Ag diffusion prevention layer contains FeSi_(X) (X=1 to 2).


Patent
Kabushiki Kaisha Toyota Jidoshokki and Japan Fine Ceramics Center | Date: 2016-03-16

This invention is a sunlight-to-heat converting member containing chromium silicide having an element ratio of Cr to Si from 1 : 1.6 to 1 : 4.7. This invention is also a sunlight-to-heat converting stack including a layer of the sunlight-to-heat converting member and a metal layer. This invention is also a sunlight-to-heat converting device including a light collecting part, either or both of a container and a flow path where sunlight is collected by the light collecting part, and a heating medium housed in either or both of the container and the flow path. The sunlight-to-heat converting member or the sunlight-to-heat converting stack is formed on a surface of either or both of the container and the flow path. The sunlight-to-heat converting member, the sunlight-to-heat converting stack, and the sunlight-to-heat converting device of this invention can convert light to heat efficiently.


Patent
Takasago Industry Co. and Japan Fine Ceramics Center | Date: 2016-06-01

Provided is a regeneration rotary kiln capable of reducing the proportion of combustible gas in waste gas and capable of reducing cost for generating superheated steam. A regeneration rotary kiln (1) is characterized by including: a superheated steam generation unit (2) that generates superheated steam; a tube (3) capable of rotating about its axis and having a heating section (A) where, while the superheated steam is being supplied thereto, carbon fiber reinforced plastic (10) containing a matrix resin and carbon fibers is heated to generate combustible gas (10G) from the matrix resin to extract the carbon fibers (10S) from the carbon fiber reinforced plastic (10); a first combustion chamber (43a) that is placed outside the tube (3) and that burns the gas (10G) introduced from the heating section (A) to heat the heating section (A); and a second combustion chamber (43b) that burns the gas (10G) introduced from the first combustion chamber (43a) to supply heat for generating the superheated steam.


Patent
Japan Petroleum Exploration Co. and Japan Fine Ceramics Center | Date: 2015-05-13

The helium gas separator material includes a base portion and a gas separation portion joined to the base portion. The base portion is composed of a porous -alumina material which has communication holes with an average diameter of 50 nm to 1,000 nm; the gas separation portion has a porous -alumina portion containing a Ni element and a silica membrane portion which is disposed on the inner wall of the communication holes in the porous portion; and the average diameter of pores surrounded and formed by the silica membrane portion is 0.27 nm to 0.60 nm.


Patent
Kabushiki Kaisha Toyota Jidoshokki and Japan Fine Ceramics Center | Date: 2015-09-02

The present invention addresses the problem of providing a heat conversion member capable of efficiently converting light to heat. This heat conversion member is characterized in that it includes a composite material of at least one type of semiconductor and at least one type of metal material.


Patent
Japan Fine Ceramics Center and Toyota Motor Corporation | Date: 2016-01-13

The present teaching rekates to providing a NOx decomposition agent having an excellent NOx decomposition rate. The NOx decomposition agent containing a perovskite oxide represented by ABx-1MxO_(3), wherein A represents one or more elements selected from the group consisting of La, Sr, Mg, Ca and Ba, B represents Mn, M represents a combination of one or more first metal elements selected from the group consisting of Ti, Zr, Hf, Nb, Ta, Cr, Mo, W and Ce, and one or two second metal elements selected from the group consisting of Ca and Mg, and x represents a number greater than or equal to 0 and less than 1.


Patent
Toyota Motor Corporation and Japan Fine Ceramics Center | Date: 2016-06-17

A method for producing an SiC crystal, comprising supplying a raw material gas containing Si, C and N to vapor-grow an N-doped SiC crystal on an SiC substrate, wherein the SiC substrate is an SiC substrate on which La, Ce or Ti is deposited in part or whole of the surface or an SiC substrate in which La, Ce or Ti ion is implanted into part or whole of the surface.


Patent
Japan Fine Ceramics Center and Toyota Motor Corporation | Date: 2015-11-17

The present specification provides a NOx responsive element suitable for directly sensing NOx. The NOx responsive element an oxygen ion conductive layer has a first electrode layer having a nitrogen oxide decomposition catalyst phase composed of perovskite-type oxide, being in contact with the oxygen ion conductive layer, and being exposed to NOx, and a second electrode layer opposing the first electrode layer across the oxygen ion conductive layer. The nitrogen oxide decomposition catalyst phase has a nitrogen oxide adsorption stabilizing surface on its surface exposed to nitrogen oxide.


Patent
Japan Fine Ceramics Center and Toyota Motor Corporation | Date: 2016-05-18

The present specification provides a NOx responsive element suitable for directly sensing NOx. The NOx responsive element an oxygen ion conductive layer has a first electrode layer having a nitrogen oxide decomposition catalyst phase composed of perovskite-type oxide, being in contact with the oxygen ion conductive layer, and being exposed to NOx, and a second electrode layer opposing the first electrode layer across the oxygen ion conductive layer. The nitrogen oxide decomposition catalyst phase has a nitrogen oxide adsorption stabilizing surface on its surface exposed to nitrogen oxide.

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