Islam M.S.,University of Bath |
Fisher C.A.J.,Japan Fine Ceramics Center
Chemical Society Reviews | Year: 2014
Energy storage technologies are critical in addressing the global challenge of clean sustainable energy. Major advances in rechargeable batteries for portable electronics, electric vehicles and large-scale grid storage will depend on the discovery and exploitation of new high performance materials, which requires a greater fundamental understanding of their properties on the atomic and nanoscopic scales. This review describes some of the exciting progress being made in this area through use of computer simulation techniques, focusing primarily on positive electrode (cathode) materials for lithium-ion batteries, but also including a timely overview of the growing area of new cathode materials for sodium-ion batteries. In general, two main types of technique have been employed, namely electronic structure methods based on density functional theory, and atomistic potentials-based methods. A major theme of much computational work has been the significant synergy with experimental studies. The scope of contemporary work is highlighted by studies of a broad range of topical materials encompassing layered, spinel and polyanionic framework compounds such as LiCoO2, LiMn2O4 and LiFePO4 respectively. Fundamental features important to cathode performance are examined, including voltage trends, ion diffusion paths and dimensionalities, intrinsic defect chemistry, and surface properties of nanostructures. © 2014 The Royal Society of Chemistry. Source
Japan Fine Ceramics Center and Kabushiki Kaisha Toyota Jidoshokki | Date: 2014-03-19
This invention is a sunlight-to-heat converting member containing chromium silicide having an element ratio of Cr to Si from 1:1.6 to 1:4.7. This invention is also a sunlight-to-heat converting stack including a layer of the sunlight-to-heat converting member and a metal layer. This invention is also a sunlight-to-heat converting device including a light collecting part, either or both of a container and a flow path where sunlight is collected by the light collecting part, and a heating medium housed in either or both of the container and the flow path. The sunlight-to-heat converting member or the sunlight-to-heat converting stack is formed on a surface of either or both of the container and the flow path. The sunlight-to-heat converting member, the sunlight-to-heat converting stack, and the sunlight-to-heat converting device of this invention can convert light to heat efficiently.
Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha and Japan Fine Ceramics Center | Date: 2012-11-30
A main object of the present invention is to provide a CZTS-based compound semiconductor whose band gap is different from that of a conventional CZTS-based compound semiconductor and a photoelectric conversion device prepared with the CZTS-based compound semiconductor. The present invention is a CZTS-based compound semiconductor in which a ratio of the number of moles of Cu to the total number of moles of Cu, Zn and Sn is larger than a ratio of the number of moles of Cu to the total number of moles of Cu, Zn and Sn configuring Cu
Kabushiki Kaisha Toyota Jidoshokki and Japan Fine Ceramics Center | Date: 2013-10-11
The present invention addresses the problem of providing a heat conversion member capable of efficiently converting light to heat. This heat conversion member is characterized in that it includes a composite material of at least one type of semiconductor and at least one type of metal material.
Japan Fine Ceramics Center and Kabushiki Kaisha Toyota Jidoshokki | Date: 2013-10-28
The present invention addresses the issue of providing an optical selective film that contributes to efficiently converting light into heat. This optical selective film is characterized in that: the optical selective film includes at least an Ag-containing layer, and an Ag diffusion prevention layer that is disposed adjacent to the Ag-containing layer; and the Ag diffusion prevention layer contains FeSi