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Yamamoto T.,Japan Atomic Energy Agency | Hashimoto Y.,Japan Expert Clone Corporation | Kitazawa S.-I.,Japan Atomic Energy Agency | Yatsuka E.,Japan Atomic Energy Agency | And 6 more authors.
Fusion Engineering and Design | Year: 2015

Japan Domestic Agency (JADA) is responsible for six diagnostic systems in the ITER project. We have successfully developed a prototype instrumentation and control (I&C) system for the ITER divertor thermocouples system. The prototype I&C system includes a supervisory function, a sequencing management function, and a data acquisition function. The supervisory function, which was implemented using EPICS (Experimental Physics and Industrial Control System), manages internal operations for measurement such as health check of sensors. We developed a conversion tool from flowcharts to EPICS record source codes. The EPICS records generated by the conversion tool are used to trigger each operation step and to indicate the progress of the sequence. We also developed the sequencing management function that coordinates the execution of operation steps. Both the flowchart conversion tool and sequencing management function were developed to reduce designers' mistakes and to ensure rapid development. The prototype I&C system for the DTC was tested. We confirmed that the I&C system performed satisfying the requirements. This validated design will be applied to other ITER diagnostic systems procured by JADA. © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. Source


Patent
Japan Expert Clone Corporation, University of Tokyo and Tokyo Metroplitan University | Date: 2013-03-08

An alumina- or magnesia-reducing process in which a greenhouse gas or substance harmful to the human body is not emitted, which can achieve improved energy efficiency in comparison with the Hall-Heroult or Pidgeon methods. The process includes: introducing an alumina or magnesia powder with a carrier gas to the upstream side of a throat provided on a reducing unit; pressure-transferring the powder and carrier gas to the throat by an operative gas introduced to the upstream side of the throat; irradiating the throat with a laser beam to convert the alumina or magnesia into a plasma state and dissociate the alumina or magnesia thermally; jetting the thermally dissociated product through a nozzle provided on the downstream side of the throat at a supersonic speed to form a frozen flow; and isolating aluminum or magnesium. Hydrogen may be added to the operative gas to accelerate the reduction of alumina or magnesia.


Patent
Japan Expert Clone Corporation, University of Tokyo and Tokyo Metroplitan University | Date: 2013-03-08

A method to provide renewable energy by utilizing aluminum, which is easy to store and stably suppliable, as a fuel without harming the environment or human body. Aluminum powder and oxygen are introduced into a combustion chamber and subjected to stationary combustion. The stationary combustion of aluminum is conducted by controlling either or both amounts of aluminum powder and oxygen introduced into the chamber. The amount of the aluminum powder is controlled by the amount of aluminum powder sucked into a jet stream of a carrier gas that introduces the powder into the combustion chamber, or by the amount of an impurity to be mixed with the powder. The amount of oxygen is controlled by the mixing ratio of oxygen to a diluent gas introduced simultaneously. The alumina from the combustion is recovered, reduced to aluminum, and recycled as a fuel.


Matsui M.,University of Shizuoka | Fukuji N.,University of Shizuoka | Nakano M.,Tokyo Metropolitan College of Industrial Technology | Komurasaki K.,University of Tokyo | And 3 more authors.
Journal of Renewable and Sustainable Energy | Year: 2013

A novel alumina (Al2O3) reduction technique for a renewable energy cycling system based on aluminum is proposed. Al 2O3 powder was fed into laser-sustained plasma and thermally dissociated. The produced Al was expanded to supersonic speeds through a nozzle. From the Al and argon line distributions in the flow direction, it was found that Al remained in the dissociated state. A water-cooled copper tube was inserted in the flow to collect Al. X-ray analysis indicated that elemental Al was observed on the surface of the tube. The maximum value of the estimated reduction efficiency was 5%. © 2013 AIP Publishing LLC. Source


Yamamoto T.,Japan Atomic Energy Agency | Hashimoto Y.,Japan Expert Clone Corporation | Serizawa Y.,Japan Expert Clone Corporation | Inamoto S.,Hitachi Solutions | And 4 more authors.
Fusion Engineering and Design | Year: 2014

In ITER, it is important how the CODAC system conducts many plant systems including diagnostic systems. In order to establish necessary communications between the diagnostics systems and the CODAC system, Japan domestic agency (JADA) has proposed the new concept of supervisory system for the diagnostic system based on our experiences in operating plasma diagnostic systems. The supervisory system manages operation sequences, current state and configuration parameters for the measurement. JADA designed the supervisory system satisfying the requirements from both CODAC system and diagnostic systems. In our design, the tool which converts operational steps described as flowcharts into the EPICS (experimental physics and industrial control system) records source codes is introduced. This tool will ensure reduction of the system designers' efforts. We designed a communication protocol to configure measurement parameters and proposed configuration parameter validation function. We also analyzed the management of the central/local control mode for the diagnostic systems. The function which selects the adequate limit values and consistency check algorithms in accordance with the conditions of the diagnostics system is proposed. JADA will develop a prototype of the supervisory system and validate the design in 2013. © 2014 Elsevier B.V. Source

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