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Shibuya-ku, Japan

Wang W.,Dalian Medical University | Liu Q.,Dalian Medical University | Wang C.,Dalian Medical University | Meng Q.,Dalian Medical University | And 2 more authors.
Peptides | Year: 2011

To investigate the effect of JBP485 (an anti-inflammatory dipeptide) on PEPT1 in indomethacin-induced intestinal injury in rats and damage in Caco-2 cells, the activity and expression of PEPT1 were examined. The effects of treatment with indomethacin and co-treatment with JBP485 were examined in terms of intestinal histological changes, MDA and MPO levels in rats; as well as LDH-release and oxidative stress in Caco-2 cells. Uptake of glycylsarcosine (Gly-Sar) by PEPT1 was determined by in vivo, in vitro and in situ studies. RT-PCR and Western blot were used to assess the expression of PEPT1 in rat intestine and Caco-2 cells. JBP485 caused a significant decrease in MDA and MPO levels, and improved the pathological condition of rat intestine, while attenuating Caco-2 cells damage induced by indomethacin. Uptake of Gly-Sar by PEPT1 was decreased by indomethacin treatment, whereas the Gly-Sar plasma concentration was markedly increased in JBP485 co-treated rats. Indomethacin down-regulated the expression of PEPT1 mRNA and protein in rat intestine and Caco-2 cells, and the effects were reversed after administration of JBP485. These results indicated that JBP485 not only improved intestinal injury and cell damage but also partially blocked the down-regulation of PEPT1 expression and function induced by indomethacin. © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Guo X.,Dalian Medical University | Meng Q.,Dalian Medical University | Liu Q.,Dalian Medical University | Wang C.,Dalian Medical University | And 3 more authors.
Peptides | Year: 2012

The purpose of this study was to construct stably transfected HeLa cells with human peptide transporters (hPEPT1/hPEPT2) and to identify the function of the transfected cells using the substrate JBP485 (a dipeptide) and a typical substrate for PEPTs, glycylsarcosine (Gly-Sar). An efficient and rapid method was established for the preparation and transformation of competent cells of Escherichia coli. After extraction and purification, hPEPT1/hPEPT2-pcDNA3 was transfected into HeLa cells by the liposome transfection method, respectively. HeLa-hPEPT1/hPEPT2 cells were selected by measuring the protein expression and the uptake activities of JBP485 and Gly-Sar. A simple and rapid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) method was developed for the simultaneous determination of JBP485 and Gly-Sar in biological samples. The Michaelis-Menten constant (K m) values of Gly-Sar uptake by the hPEPT1 and hPEPT2-expressing transfectants were 1.03 mM and 0.0965 mM, respectively, and the K m values of JBP485 uptake were 1.33 mM for PEPT1 and 0.144 mM for PEPT2. The uptake of Gly-Sar was significantly inhibited by JBP485 with a K i value of 8.11 mM (for PEPT1) and 1.05 mM (for PEPT2). Maximal uptake of Gly-Sar were detected at pH 5.8 (for PEPT1) and pH 6.5 (for PEPT2), suggesting that both HeLa-hPEPT1 and HeLa-hPEPT2 were H + dependent transporters. Stably transfected HeLa-hPEPT1/HeLa-hPEPT2 cells were constructed successfully, and the functions of hPEPT1/hPEPT2 were identified using their substrates, JBP485 and Gly-Sar. The transfected cells with transporters were used to investigate drug-drug interactions (DDIs) between JBP485 and other substrates (cephalexin or lisinopril) of PEPT1 and PEPT2. © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Liu T.,Dalian Medical University | Guo X.,Dalian Medical University | Meng Q.,Dalian Medical University | Wang C.,Dalian Medical University | And 5 more authors.
Peptides | Year: 2012

The objective was to determine whether protective effects of JBP485 on biliary obstruction induced by alpha-naphthylisothiocyanate (ANIT) are mediated by the organic anion transporters Oat1, Oat3 and the multidrug resistance-associated protein Mrp2. The ANIT-induced increases in bilirubin (BIL), alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate transaminase (AST) in rat serum were inhibited significantly by oral administration of JBP485. The plasma concentration of JBP485 which is the substrate of Oat1 and Oat3 determined by LC-MS/MS was markedly increased after intravenous administration in ANIT-treated rats, whereas cumulative urinary excretion of JBP485 in vivo and the uptake of JBP485 in kidney slices were decreased remarkably. RT-PCR and Western blot showed the decreased expression of Oat1 and Oat3, increased expression of Mrp2 in ANIT-induced rats, meanwhile, the expression levels of Mrp2 and Oat1 were up-regulated after administration of JBP485. The up-regulation of Mrp2 and Oat1 was associated with a concomitant increase in urinary BIL after treatment with JBP485 in ANIT-treated rats. The mechanism for JBP485 to restore liver function might be related to improvement of the expression and function for Oat1 and Mrp2 as well as facilitation of urinary excretion for hepatoxic substance. © 2012 Elsevier Inc.

Liu Z.,Dalian Medical University | Wang C.,Dalian Medical University | Liu Q.,Dalian Medical University | Meng Q.,Dalian Medical University | And 4 more authors.
Peptides | Year: 2011

Cyclo-trans-4-l-hydroxyprolyl-l-serine (JBP485) is a dipeptide with anti-hepatitis activity that has been chemically synthesized. Previous experiments in rats showed that JBP485 was well absorbed by the intestine after oral administration. The human peptide transporter (PEPT1) is expressed in the intestine and recognizes compounds such as dipeptides and tripeptides. The purposes of this study were to determine if JBP485 acted as a substrate for intestinal PEPT1, and to investigate the characteristics of JBP485 uptake and transepithelial transport by PEPT1. The uptake of JBP485 was pH dependent in human intestinal epithelial cells Caco-2. And JBP485 uptake was also significantly inhibited by glycylsarcosine (Gly-Sar, a typical substrate for PEPT1 transporters), JBP923 (a derivative of JBP485), and cephalexin (CEX, a β-lactam antibiotic and a known substrate of PEPT1) in Caco-2 cells. The rate of apical-to-basolateral transepithelial transport of JBP485 was 1.84 times higher than that for basolateral-to-apical transport. JBP485 transport was obviously inhibited by Gly-Sar, JBP923 and CEX in Caco-2 cells. The uptake of JBP485 was increased by verapamil but not by cyclosporin A (CsA) and inhibited by the presence of Zn2+ or the toxic metabolite of ethanol, acetaldehyde (AcH) in Caco-2 cells. The in vivo uptake of JBP485 was increased by verapamil and decreased by ethanol in vivo, which was consisted with the in vitro study. PEPT1 mRNA levels were enhanced after exposure of the cells to JBP485 for 24 h, compared to control. In conclusion, JBP485 was actively transported by the intestinal oligopeptide transporter PEPT1. This mechanism is likely to contribute to the rapid absorption of JBP485 by the gastrointestinal tract after oral administration. © 2011 Elsevier Inc.

Meng Q.,Dalian Medical University | Liu Q.,Dalian Medical University | Wang C.,Dalian Medical University | Sun H.,Dalian Medical University | And 3 more authors.
Drug Metabolism and Pharmacokinetics | Year: 2010

Cefditoren, a third generation cephalosporin antibiotics, has been used in clinics extensively. Previous results have indicated that cefditoren is excreted into bile as unchanged form. To investigate whether canalicular membrane transporters of hepatocytes were involved in the biliary excretion of cefditoren, we examined the hepatobiliary disposition of cefditoren using probenecid, novobiocin and verapamil as inhibitors of Mrp2, Bcrp and P-gp respectively in perfused rat livers. The values for the hepatic extraction ratio had no statistical significance, whereas cumulative biliary excretion rates of cefditoren were significantly reduced to 43.8% and 79.5% over 25 min in the perfused probenecid and novobiocin rats, respectively. We further investigated the effects of cefditoren on the expression of hepatic transporters by RT-PCR and Western blot after oral administration of cefditoren one week. The expression levels of Mrp2, Bcrp, Oat2 mRNA were markedly increased, while P-gp and Oct1 mRNA were decreased. In concordance with RT-PCR results, Mrp2 expression level increased by Western blotting. These results indicate that Mrp2 and Bcrp may be involved in the biliary excretion of cefditoren. Cefditoren can up-regulate the expression levels of Mrp2, Bcrp and Oat2, and down-regulate P-gp and Oct1 mRNA expression. These results provide important data for drug-drug interactions.

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