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Raritan, NJ, United States

Nicolle L.E.,University of Manitoba | Capuano G.,University of Manitoba | Fung A.,University of Manitoba | Usiskin K.,Janssen Research & Development LLC
Postgraduate Medicine | Year: 2014

Background: Canagliflozin, a sodium glucose co-transporter 2 inhibitor, lowers plasma glucose in individuals with hyperglycemia by inhibiting renal glucose reabsorption and increasing glucosuria. Urinary tract infections (UTIs) were characterized in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus enrolled in Phase III studies of canagliflozin. Methods: Analyses were performed in 2 pooled datasets: Population 1 (N = 2313; mean exposure [weeks]: canagliflozin, 24.3; placebo, 23.8) including patients from 4 placebo-controlled studies; Population 2 (N = 9439; mean exposure [weeks]: canagliflozin, 68.1; control, 64.4) including patients from 8 placebo- and active-controlled studies (including patients with renal impairment or high risk of cardiovascular disease, and older patients). Individual studies in special patient populations and 2 active-controlled studies were analyzed separately. Patients with a prior history of UTIs were not excluded from these studies. Urinary tract infection frequency and characteristics were systematically collected, with additional information for each event collected using supplemental electronic case report forms. Results: In Populations 1 and 2, canagliflozin 100 and 300 mg were associated with small increases in the incidence of UTIs compared with control, with no dose-dependence. Urinary tract infections with canagliflozin were similar to those with control in severity, and upper UTIs were infrequent across groups. No increase in serious events or those leading to discontinuation were seen with canagliflozin versus control. Time to the first occurrence of symptomatic UTIs tended to be earlier with canagliflozin than placebo in Population 1, and similar with canagliflozin and control in Population 2; median duration of events was similar across groups in both populations. The proportion of patients with recurrent events was low across groups. Conclusion: Canagliflozin was associated with a small increase in incidence of UTIs in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus, with no increase in serious or upper UTIs. © Postgraduate Medicine Source


Patent
Ethicon Endo Surgery Inc. and Janssen Research & Development LLC | Date: 2015-08-31

An apparatus for delivering therapeutic agent to an eye comprises a body, a cannula, a hollow needle, a cannula actuation assembly, and a needle actuation assembly. The cannula extends distally from the body and is sized and configured to be insertable between a choroid and a sclera of a patients eye. The cannula actuation assembly is operable to actuate the cannula relative to the body. The needle actuation assembly is operable to actuate the needle relative to the cannula. The cannula may be inserted through a sclerotomy to position a distal end of the cannula at a posterior region of the eye, between the choroid and sclera. The needle may be advanced through the choroid to deliver the therapeutic agent adjacent to the potential space between the neurosensory retina and the retinal pigment epithelium layer, adjacent to the area of geographic atrophy.


Patent
Ethicon Endo Surgery Inc. and Janssen Research & Development LLC | Date: 2015-08-31

An apparatus for delivering therapeutic agent to an eye comprises a body, a cannula, a hollow needle, and an automated actuation assembly. The cannula extends distally from the body and is sized and configured to be insertable between a choroid and a sclera of a patients eye. The actuation assembly is operable to actuate the needle relative to the cannula to thereby drive a distal portion of the needle along an exit axis that is obliquely oriented relative to the longitudinal axis of the cannula. The cannula may be inserted through a sclerotomy to position a distal end of the cannula at a posterior region of the eye, between the choroid and sclera. The needle may be advanced through the choroid to deliver the therapeutic agent adjacent to the potential space between the neurosensory retina and the retinal pigment epithelium layer, adjacent to the area of geographic atrophy.


Patent
Ethicon Endo Surgery Inc. and Janssen Research & Development LLC | Date: 2015-06-01

An apparatus includes a body, a needle, a catheter, and an actuator assembly. The needle extends distally from the body. The needle has an inner wall defining a needle lumen. The needle lumen is in fluid communication with a fluid port of the body. The catheter is slidably disposed in the needle lumen. The catheter has a catheter lumen. The first actuator assembly is configured to translate the catheter within and relative to the needle. The apparatus may also include an actuator assembly that is configured to rotate the needle relative to the body. The apparatus may be used to first deliver a leading bleb of fluid to the subretinal space in a patients eye via the needle. The apparatus may then be used to deliver a therapeutic agent to the subretinal space in the patients eye via the catheter.


Patent
Ethicon Endo Surgery Inc. and Janssen Research & Development LLC | Date: 2015-02-11

An apparatus for delivering therapeutic agent to an eye comprises a body, a cannula, a hollow needle, and an actuation assembly. The cannula extends distally from the body and is sized and configured to be insertable between a choroid and a sclera of a patients eye. The actuation assembly is operable to actuate the needle relative to the cannula to thereby drive a distal portion of the needle along an exit axis that is obliquely oriented relative to the longitudinal axis of the cannula. The cannula may be inserted through a sclerotomy incision to position a distal end of the cannula at a posterior region of the eye, between the choroid and sclera. The needle may be advanced through the choroid to deliver the therapeutic agent adjacent to the potential space between the neurosensory retina and the retinal pigment epithelium layer, adjacent to the area of geographic atrophy.

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