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Chua K.,University of California at Los Angeles | Fung E.,University of California at Los Angeles | Fung E.,University of Southern California | Micewicz E.D.,University of California at Los Angeles | And 4 more authors.
Bioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry Letters | Year: 2015

Minihepcidins are in vitro and in vivo active mimetics of iron-regulatory hormone hepcidin. They contain various unusual amino acids including: N-substituted, β-homo-, and d-amino acids with their combination depending on particular minihepcidin. In the current study, we sought to limit the use of unusual/more expensive amino acids derivatives by peptide cyclization. Novel cyclic mimetics of hepcidin were synthesized and tested in vitro and showed activity at low nanomolar concentration. Nonetheless, the most active cyclic compound (mHS17) is approximately ten times less active than the parental minihepcidin PR73. Collectively, our findings suggest that cyclization is viable approach in the synthesis of hepcidin mimetics. © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Source


Desrivieres S.,Kings College London | Lourdusamy A.,Kings College London | Muller C.,Kings College London | Ducci F.,Kings College London | And 17 more authors.
Addiction Biology | Year: 2011

Onset of alcohol use at an early age increases the risk for later alcohol dependence. We investigated the role of the glucocorticoid receptor (GR) gene (NR3C1) in onset of alcohol use and abuse in 14-year-old adolescents (n = 4534). Several NR3C1 polymorphisms were associated with onset of alcohol drinking or drunkenness at this age. Strongest associations were observed in females, with one marker (rs244465) remaining significant after correction formultiple testing (P adj = 0.0067; odds ratio = 1.7, for drunkenness). Our data provide the first evidence that GR modulates initiation of alcohol abuse and reveal a polymorphism that might contribute to susceptibility to addiction. © 2010 The Authors, Addiction Biology © 2010 Society for the Study of Addiction. Source


Micewicz E.D.,University of California at Los Angeles | Bahattab O.S.O.,University of Leicester | Willars G.B.,University of Leicester | Waring A.J.,University of California at Los Angeles | And 7 more authors.
European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry | Year: 2015

Abstract A small library of truncated/lipid-conjugated neuromedin U (NmU) analogs was synthesized and tested in vitro using an intracellular calcium signaling assay. The selected, most active analogs were then tested in vivo, and showed potent anorexigenic effects in a diet-induced obese (DIO) mouse model. The most promising compound, NM4-C16 was effective in a once-weekly-dose regimen. Collectively, our findings suggest that short, lipidated analogs of NmU are suitable leads for the development of novel anti-obesity therapeutics. © 2015 Elsevier Masson SAS. Source


Micewicz E.D.,University of California at Los Angeles | Ratikan J.A.,University of California at Los Angeles | Waring A.J.,University of California at Los Angeles | Waring A.J.,University of California at Irvine | And 5 more authors.
Bioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry Letters | Year: 2015

A small library of monovalent and bivalent Smac mimics was synthesized based on 2 types of monomers, with general structure NMeAla-Xaa-Pro-BHA (Xaa = Cys or Lys). Position 2 of the compounds was utilized to dimerize both types of monomers employing various bis-reactive linkers, as well as to modify selected compounds with lipids. The resulting library was screened in vitro against metastatic human breast cancer cell line MDA-MB-231, and the two most active compounds selected for in vivo studies. The most active lipid-conjugated analogue M11, showed in vivo activity while administered both subcutaneously and orally. Collectively, our findings suggest that lipidation may be a viable approach in the development of new Smac-based therapeutic leads. © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. Source


Pillas D.,Imperial College London | Pillas D.,Economic and Social Research Council | Pillas D.,University College London | Hoggart C.J.,Imperial College London | And 39 more authors.
PLoS Genetics | Year: 2010

Tooth development is a highly heritable process which relates to other growth and developmental processes, and which interacts with the development of the entire craniofacial complex. Abnormalities of tooth development are common, with tooth agenesis being the most common developmental anomaly in humans. We performed a genome-wide association study of time to first tooth eruption and number of teeth at one year in 4,564 individuals from the 1966 Northern Finland Birth Cohort (NFBC1966) and 1,518 individuals from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC). We identified 5 loci at P<5×10 -8, and 5 with suggestive association (P<5×10-6). The loci included several genes with links to tooth and other organ development (KCNJ2, EDA, HOXB2, RAD51L1, IGF2BP1, HMGA2, MSRB3). Genes at four of the identified loci are implicated in the development of cancer. A variant within the HOXB gene cluster associated with occlusion defects requiring orthodontic treatment by age 31 years. © 2010 Pillas et al. Source

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