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Azad Jammu and Kashmir, Pakistan

Basharat M.,Jammu University | Shah H.R.,Jammu University | Hameed N.,Azad Jammu and Kashmir
Arabian Journal of Geosciences | Year: 2016

Landslide susceptibility map is very important for engineers, geologist, and land use planner for prevention and mitigation of landslide hazard in the area. This paper presents landslide susceptibility analysis for the part of tehsil Balakot, NW Himalayas, Pakistan. In this study, topographical, geological and remote sensing data were collected and processed using geographic information system (GIS) and ERDAS Imagine software. Nine influential causative factors for landslide occurrence were used for this purpose. The causative factors that influence the landslide occurrence include slope, aspect, curvature, elevation, lithology, land cover, faults, road network, and hydrology. These factors were analyzed for construction of thematic data layers. Numerical weight for each factor was assigned by the Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) using Pairwise Comparison Method. The landslide susceptibility indices were derived using weighted overlay method (WOM). As a result, landslide susceptibility map was produced in GIS. The susceptibility map classified the study area into very high, high, moderate, and low susceptible zones. The results of the susceptibility mapping were verified using the landslide occurrence. The verification results revealed 76 % accuracy. The validated results showed good agreement between landslide occurrence and produced susceptibility map of the area. Susceptibility map prepared by weighted overlay method is validated for landslide hazard, mitigations, and land use planning for future construction in the area. © 2016, Saudi Society for Geosciences. Source

Qamar Q.Z.,Azad Jammu and Kashmir | Ali U.,Jammu University | Minhas R.A.,Jammu University | Dar N.I.,Azad Jammu and Kashmir | Anwar M.,Pmas Arid Agriculture University
Pakistan Journal of Zoology | Year: 2012

Woolly flying squirrel (Eupetaurus cinereus) is among the least recorded mammals of the world. Most records come from Pakistan's northern mountainous regions. Presence of this species has not been reported in Azad Jammu and Kashmir in the existing literature. Present study investigated the presence of this species in Shounthar Valley of district Neelum, Azad Jammu and Kashmir. Local residents, hunters and Salaajeet collectors were consulted to identify the probable habitat of woolly flying squirrel in the study area. After preliminary consultation, nine sites were selected in Shounthar Valley for further field investigation through attempts at direct observation of the animal in its natural habitat as well as indirect evidence. Evidence suggesting the presence of woolly flying squirrel was found in all nine sites; these lay between 3270m and 3660m elevation. A live animal captured from the study area was confirmed by measurements and photographs to be a woolly flying squirrel, and presence at the other sites is provisionally recorded based on calls, collection of hairs, faecal material, etc. Occupied habitat was characterized by steep slopes, difficult to approach cliffs and mixed vegetation including Abies pindrow, Betula utilis, Juniperus macropoda, Pinus wallichiana, Taxus wallichiana, Skimmia laureola, Potentilla eriocarpa, Poa bactriana, Bergenia stracheyi, Artemisia vulgaris and Bistorta affinis. Habitat degradation due to deforestation and livestock grazing may be the major factors adversely affecting the general habitat in the study area and this species might have negative consequences. Copyright 2012 Zoological Society of Pakistan. Source

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