Mangnall J.,Jamestown |
Yurkovich E.,University of North Dakota
Journal of Forensic Nursing | Year: 2010
The purpose of this study was to explicate a definition of deliberate self-harm (DSH) and present a model that illustrates the DSH process as experienced by incarcerated women. Grounded theory was used to guide the collection and analysis of data. A circular process of DSH emerged. For the incarcerated women in this study anxiety caused a visceral build-up of tension that reached a critical level necessitating a need to act in some way to gain relief. DSH supplied the mechanism by which overwhelming tension was released. The temporary relief, however, was soon supplanted by the negative consequences of disciplinary detention imposed as a means of punishment that in turn, lead to more anxiety and anger. Implications: Nurses practicing in corrections need to work towards " decriminalizing" DSH and to develop a prison protocol that gives nurses permission to " just listen" and incarcerated women permission to " just talk" without fear of reprisal. ©2010 International Association of Forensic Nurses.
Journal of Wildlife Management | Year: 2010
As gray wolves (Canis lupus) are removed from the federal Endangered Species List, management reverts to the states. Eventually most states will probably allow public wolf harvesting. Open seasons between about 1 November and 1 March accord more with basic wolf biology than during other times. Managers who consider wolf biology and public sensitivities, adapt public-taking regulations accordingly, and adjust harvest regulations as they learn will be best able to maximize the recreational value of wolf harvesting, minimize public animosity toward it, and meet their harvest objectives. © 2010 The Wildlife Society.
Canadian Field-Naturalist | Year: 2015
The role of spatial memory in the movement of animals through landscapes remains elusive. To examine spatial memory and home range affinity of White-tailed Deer (Odocoileus virginianus) in northeastern Minnesota during 1995-2007,1 translocated 17 adult does with known home ranges to unfamiliar sites and radio-tracked them after their release. Twelve does wearing transmitting radio-collars returned to their home ranges. Death and collar expiration precluded determination of whether the remaining five does would have returned to home ranges. Three of five does wearing global positioning system collars traveled throughout hundreds of square kilometres, circling, backtracking, and returning to release sites, while two others exhibited directional movement for tens of kilometres. Four does that survived to parturition stopped traveling and moved at hourly rates similar to those of control does during the first three weeks of the typical fawn-rearing period, but continued traveling later. Their aberrant extensive travel before and after interruption by parturition suggests that they recognized they were in unfamiliar areas, demonstrating both their capacity and propensity to search for and occupy the familiar space of their individual home ranges. Their successful return to home ranges provided experimental evidence of spatial memory and further elucidated its pervasive role in White-tailed Deer spatial ecology.
Werre N.D.,Jamestown |
Boucher E.L.,St Alexius Medical Center |
Beachey W.D.,University of Mary
Respiratory Care | Year: 2015
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this retrospective medical record review was to compare the effects of therapist-directed (protocol RT) and physician-directed (non-protocol RT) respiratory therapy on hospital stay and 30-d post-discharge readmission in COPD subjects with acute bacterial pneumonia. METHODS: We reviewed 320 medical records; 244 records were usable. Information gathered included gender, age, RT protocol type (protocol RT or non-protocol RT), hospital stay, 30-d post-discharge readmission, and disease severity score. A 3-way analysis of variance and post hoc analysis were performed to determine the possible effects of disease severity, age, and RT protocol type on hospital stay and the possible interaction effects among these independent variables. A chi-square test for independence was computed to determine whether there was an association between RT protocol type and 30-d readmission. RESULTS: There were no significant interaction effects among RT protocol type, age, and disease severity on hospital stay. In addition, there were no significant effects of either RT protocol type (P = .41) or age (P = .85) on hospital stay in our subject sample. However, as expected, disease severity had a significant effect on hospital stay, increasing it by a mean of 2.6 d (95% CI 0.77–4.4, P = .005). The chi-square test for independence revealed that the frequency of 30-d readmission was significantly associated with RT protocol type (P = .02); fewer 30-d readmissions were associated with protocol RT. CONCLUSIONS: We interpreted the finding of no difference in mean hospital stay between protocol and non-protocol RT to indicate that protocol RT did not confer a disadvantage to subjects in terms of hospital stay. Additionally, the results suggest that treatment efficacy is not sacrificed when RT is directed by respiratory therapists rather than by physicians regardless of disease severity and that therapist-directed protocols may have been of some benefit in reducing 30-d post-discharge readmission. © 2015 by Daedalus Enterprises.
Journal of Offender Rehabilitation | Year: 2012
The number of mentally ill inmates in the criminal justice system has increased dramatically. This article evaluates the prevalence and causes of mental illness in the criminal justice system and describes the inadequate care that is provided, the effects of imprisonment, and the problem of rehabilitation. © 2012 Copyright Taylor and Francis Group, LLC.