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Pazyar N.,Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences | Feily A.,Jahrom University of Medical Sciences | Yaghoobi R.,Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences
Current Clinical Pharmacology | Year: 2012

Interleukin (IL)-1 is a pivotal proinflammatory cytokine consisting of two molecular species, IL-1α and IL-1β. Anakinra (Kineret), a recombinant human IL-1 receptor antagonist, is regarded as a biological agent which blocks the inflammatory effects of IL-1. The aim of this review was to search the literatures and summarizes in vivo, in vitro and human studies on anakinra uses in dermatological disorders. The results show that anakinra is currently used clinically for the treatment of a variety of skin conditions such as psoriasis, atopic dermatitis, photoagaing, melanoma, Schnitzler syndrome, pyoderma gangraenosum, PAPA syndrome, hidradenitis suppurativa, lamellar ichthyosis, Sweet's syndrome, panniculitis, Muckle-Wells syndrome, familial Mediterranean fever, SAPHO syndrome and other disorders. Notably, anakinra is expensive to produce and administer. Injection is the route of therapy and allergic reaction is most possible. © 2012 Bentham Science Publishers.

Mosalanejad L.,Jahrom University of Medical Sciences
Global journal of health science | Year: 2014

Menopause is beyond the lack of menstruation and fertility decline in estrogen. Menopause is associated with at least three types of crisis: Biological, psychological and social. The aim of this study was to investigate psychiatric problems related to menopausal stress and experiences about psychological conditions related to menopause as a developmental crisis. This mixed-method study (by triangulation approach) was done on 300 women in menopause age (44-54 years) by consensus sampling. Data gathering was from questionnaire conclude psychosomatic listed and hypochondria's criterion that has been specified by DSMIV. The severity of the disorder was also collected by self-reported question. In the qualitative part, as a phenomenology study, data were gathered with Purposive sampling by a deep semi-structured interview. Data analysis was from content analysis). Results showed that most of the disorders from psychosomatic listed experienced by women conclude: sexual problems 101(33.7%), hypertension 39(13%), and constipation 30(10%); 2.9% had experienced hypochondrias disorder. In the qualitative part, 5 themes were driven from the results of this study which described the structures of psychological experiences of the menopause as follows: change in emotion and mood, change in attitude, change in self-concept and change in interpersonal relationships. Menopause is a physiological process in women's life, but due to many symptoms and complications, it requires culturally appropriate education, appropriate coping with problems and mental health promotion in this sexual crisis.

Emamghorashi F.,Jahrom University of Medical Sciences
Saudi journal of kidney diseases and transplantation : an official publication of the Saudi Center for Organ Transplantation, Saudi Arabia | Year: 2011

The aim of present study was to determine the prevalence of O serogroups of Escherichia coli (E. coli) strains that cause community-acquired urinary tract infections (UTI) in children. In this study, 96 children with UTI referred to two Jahrom University-affiliated Hospitals in Iran were enrolled, during the period from August 2005 to August 2006. Drug sensitivity was tested by disk diffusion method and serotyping done by slide agglutination method. A total of 96 E. coli strains were isolated from urine samples of the study children whose age ranged from one month to 14 years. Cystitis was diagnosed in 49.2% and pyelonephritis in 50.8% of the study patients. Maximum drug resistance was seen with ampicillin (80.2%) and the least with imipenem (1.1%). The most common type of O antigen was O1 (12.2%). There was significant correlation between the presence of O antigens and sensitivity to nalidixic acid and gentamicin (P < 0.05). This is the first report of E. coli serotyping in children with UTI from the south of Iran and their relation to antibiotic resistance and clinical presentation. Further studies from other parts of Iran and on other serotypes are recommended.

Ghavi F.,Jahrom University of Medical Sciences
Global journal of health science | Year: 2014

There are a wide variety of non- pharmacologic pain relief techniques for labor which include pelvic movement, upright position, back massage and partner support during the first stage of labor. The effectiveness of dance labor- which is a combination of these techniques- has not been evaluated. This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of dance labor in pain reduction and woman's satisfaction during the first stage of labor. 60 primiparous women aged 18-35 years old were randomly assigned to dance labor and control groups. In the dance labor group, women were instructed to do standing upright with pelvic tilt and rock their hips back and forth or around in a circle while their partner massaged their back and sacrum for a minimum of 30 minutes. In the control group, the participants received usual care during physiologic labor. Pain and satisfaction scores were measured by Visual Analogue Scale. Data were analyzed by using the t. test and Chi-square. Mean pain score in the dance labor group was significantly lower than the control group (P < 0.05). The mean satisfaction score in the dance labor group was significantly higher than in the control group (P < 0.05). Dance labor which is a complementary treatment with low risk can reduce the intensity of pain and increase mothers, satisfaction with care during the active phase of labor.

The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of acute swimming stress on plasma corticosterone and leptin levels in female and male rats. Thirty- seven adult male (n=20) and female (n=20) Sprague Dawley rats (200-250 g weight) were used. The leptin and corticosterone levels were measured following swimming stress (10 minutes) or no stress. Plasma leptin and corticosterone were measured by ELISA system. The plasma leptin and corticosterone levels were significantly increased in female and male rats by swimming stress. Plasma leptin level was not correlated significantly with plasma corticosterone in all groups. There were no sex differences in leptin level among stressed and non stressed rats. The results suggest that changes in plasma leptin level could not be associated with stimulation of corticosterone secretion from adrenal glands and leptin secretion is not sex dependent.

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