Jahrom University of Medical Sciences

Parsabad, Iran
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Sotoodeh Jahromi A.,Jahrom University of Medical Sciences
Global journal of health science | Year: 2015

Pregnancy is related to change in glucose metabolism and insulin production. The aim of our study was to determine the association of serum IFN-γ and TGF- β levels with insulin resistance during normal pregnancy. This cross sectional study was carried out on 97 healthy pregnant (in different trimesters) and 28 healthy non-pregnant women. Serum TGF-β and IFN- γ level were measured by ELISA method. Pregnant women had high level TGF-β and low level IFN-γ as compared non-pregnant women. Maternal serum TGF-β concentration significantly increased in third trimester as compared first and second trimester of pregnancy. Maternal serum IFN-γ concentration significantly decreased in third trimester as compared first and second trimester of pregnancy. Pregnant women exhibited higher score of HOMA IR as compared non-pregnant women. There were association between gestational age with body mass index (r=0.28, P=0.005), TGF-β (r=0.45, P<0.001) and IFN-γ (r=-0.50, P<0.001). There was significant association between Insulin resistance and TGF-β (r=0.17, p=0.05). Our findings suggest that changes in maternal cytokine level in healthy pregnant women were anti-inflammatory. Furthermore, Tumor Growth Factor-β appears has a role in induction insulin resistance in healthy pregnant women. However, further studies needed to evaluate role of different cytokines on insulin resistance in normal pregnancy.

Pazyar N.,Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences | Feily A.,Jahrom University of Medical Sciences | Yaghoobi R.,Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences
Current Clinical Pharmacology | Year: 2012

Interleukin (IL)-1 is a pivotal proinflammatory cytokine consisting of two molecular species, IL-1α and IL-1β. Anakinra (Kineret), a recombinant human IL-1 receptor antagonist, is regarded as a biological agent which blocks the inflammatory effects of IL-1. The aim of this review was to search the literatures and summarizes in vivo, in vitro and human studies on anakinra uses in dermatological disorders. The results show that anakinra is currently used clinically for the treatment of a variety of skin conditions such as psoriasis, atopic dermatitis, photoagaing, melanoma, Schnitzler syndrome, pyoderma gangraenosum, PAPA syndrome, hidradenitis suppurativa, lamellar ichthyosis, Sweet's syndrome, panniculitis, Muckle-Wells syndrome, familial Mediterranean fever, SAPHO syndrome and other disorders. Notably, anakinra is expensive to produce and administer. Injection is the route of therapy and allergic reaction is most possible. © 2012 Bentham Science Publishers.

Emamghorashi F.,Jahrom University of Medical Sciences
Saudi journal of kidney diseases and transplantation : an official publication of the Saudi Center for Organ Transplantation, Saudi Arabia | Year: 2011

The aim of present study was to determine the prevalence of O serogroups of Escherichia coli (E. coli) strains that cause community-acquired urinary tract infections (UTI) in children. In this study, 96 children with UTI referred to two Jahrom University-affiliated Hospitals in Iran were enrolled, during the period from August 2005 to August 2006. Drug sensitivity was tested by disk diffusion method and serotyping done by slide agglutination method. A total of 96 E. coli strains were isolated from urine samples of the study children whose age ranged from one month to 14 years. Cystitis was diagnosed in 49.2% and pyelonephritis in 50.8% of the study patients. Maximum drug resistance was seen with ampicillin (80.2%) and the least with imipenem (1.1%). The most common type of O antigen was O1 (12.2%). There was significant correlation between the presence of O antigens and sensitivity to nalidixic acid and gentamicin (P < 0.05). This is the first report of E. coli serotyping in children with UTI from the south of Iran and their relation to antibiotic resistance and clinical presentation. Further studies from other parts of Iran and on other serotypes are recommended.

The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of acute swimming stress on plasma corticosterone and leptin levels in female and male rats. Thirty- seven adult male (n=20) and female (n=20) Sprague Dawley rats (200-250 g weight) were used. The leptin and corticosterone levels were measured following swimming stress (10 minutes) or no stress. Plasma leptin and corticosterone were measured by ELISA system. The plasma leptin and corticosterone levels were significantly increased in female and male rats by swimming stress. Plasma leptin level was not correlated significantly with plasma corticosterone in all groups. There were no sex differences in leptin level among stressed and non stressed rats. The results suggest that changes in plasma leptin level could not be associated with stimulation of corticosterone secretion from adrenal glands and leptin secretion is not sex dependent.

Mosalanejad L.,Jahrom University of Medical Sciences
Global journal of health science | Year: 2014

Menopause is beyond the lack of menstruation and fertility decline in estrogen. Menopause is associated with at least three types of crisis: Biological, psychological and social. The aim of this study was to investigate psychiatric problems related to menopausal stress and experiences about psychological conditions related to menopause as a developmental crisis. This mixed-method study (by triangulation approach) was done on 300 women in menopause age (44-54 years) by consensus sampling. Data gathering was from questionnaire conclude psychosomatic listed and hypochondria's criterion that has been specified by DSMIV. The severity of the disorder was also collected by self-reported question. In the qualitative part, as a phenomenology study, data were gathered with Purposive sampling by a deep semi-structured interview. Data analysis was from content analysis). Results showed that most of the disorders from psychosomatic listed experienced by women conclude: sexual problems 101(33.7%), hypertension 39(13%), and constipation 30(10%); 2.9% had experienced hypochondrias disorder. In the qualitative part, 5 themes were driven from the results of this study which described the structures of psychological experiences of the menopause as follows: change in emotion and mood, change in attitude, change in self-concept and change in interpersonal relationships. Menopause is a physiological process in women's life, but due to many symptoms and complications, it requires culturally appropriate education, appropriate coping with problems and mental health promotion in this sexual crisis.

Pazyar N.,Jahrom University of Medical Sciences
Skinmed | Year: 2012

The purpose of this brief review is to summarize all in vitro, in vivo, and controlled clinical trials on green tea preparations and their uses in dermatology. An extensive literature search was carried out to identify in vivo and in vitro studies as well as clinical trials. Twenty studies were assessed and the results suggest that oral administration of green tea can be effective in the scavenging of free radicals, cancer prevention, hair loss, and skin aging plus protection against the adverse effects associated with psoralen-UV-A therapy. Topical application of green tea extract should be potentially effective for atopic dermatitis, acne vulgaris, rosacea, androgenetic alopecia, hirsutism, keloids, genital warts, cutaneous leishmaniasis, and candidiosis. There are promising results with the use of green tea for several dermatologic conditions; however, the efficacy of oral and topical green tea has not always been confirmed.

Pourahmad M.,Jahrom University of Medical Sciences | Davami M.H.,Jahrom University of Medical Sciences | Jahromi A.R.S.,Jahrom University of Medical Sciences
Journal of Clinical Virology | Year: 2010

Background: Chickenpox during pregnancy can cause severe complications in both the mother and her baby. However, no complications will occur in a mother with proper immunity. Therefore, physicians and health systems can make better decisions when they know the immunologic status of the women in a community. Objectives: We conducted this study to clarify the Varicella zoster virus (VZV) immune status of engaged women in Iran. Study design: This cross-sectional descriptive study was carried out on 334 young women who intended to marry between 2006 and 2008. The subjects' VZV-immunoglobulin G (IgG) and demographic characteristics were evaluated. Results: The mean age of the subjects was 20.5±4.9 years and their mean anti-varicella value was 86.22±71.05Uml-1. Of 333 young women studied, 242 (72.7%) were positive, 89 (26.7%) were negative for anti-varicella antibody and two were equivocal (0.6%). The rate of immunity increased with increasing age; all of the subjects over 35 years of age were immune to varicella. The positive predictive value (PPV) for self-reported history of chickenpox in subjects was estimated to be 79.5% and the negative predictive value (NPV) of a negative or uncertain disease history was 30.5%. A higher immune ratio was seen in women with more siblings. Conclusions: The difference in the proportion of VZV-immune people in our country versus developed countries may be due to the introduction of varicella vaccine in developed nations. The mean age at first pregnancy in Iran is 25.7 years and the results of our study indicate that more than one-fourth of these women are not immune to varicella. We therefore recommend vaccination in women, especially those who are under 35 years of age. Number of siblings and positive history of varicella infection may be the indicators to determine the immunity level of a pregnant woman who has had contact with a patient with chickenpox. © 2010 Elsevier B.V.

Rahmanian K.,Jahrom University of Medical Sciences | Shojaie M.,Jahrom University of Medical Sciences
BMC Research Notes | Year: 2012

Background: Pre-hypertension is associated with an increased risk of the development of hypertension and subsequent cardiovascular disease and raises mortality risk. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of pre-hypertension and to explore the associations between pre-hypertension and established cardiovascular risk factors in a population-based sample of Iranian adults. Methods. In this cross-sectional study a representative sample of 892 participants aged 30years was selected using a multistage cluster sampling method. After completion of a detailed demographic and medical questionnaire (gender, age, history of diabetes mellitus and hypertension, taking antihypertensive or hypoglycemic agents and history of smoking), all participants were subjected to physical examination, blood lipid profile, blood glucose, anthropometric and smoking assessments, during the years 2009 and 2010. Variables were considered significant at a p-value0.05. Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS version 11.5 software. Results: Pre-hypertension was observed among 300 (33.7%) subjects, 36.4% for men and 31.4% for women (p>0.05). The pre-hypertensive group had higher levels of blood glucose and triglycerides, higher body mass index and lower percentage of smoking than did the normotensive group. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that obesity and overweight were the strongest predictors of pre-hypertension [odds ratio, 2.74: 95% CI (Confidence Interval), 1.62 to 4.62 p<0.001; odds ratio, 2.56, 95% CI, 1.74 to 3.77, p<0.001 respectively]. Conclusions: Overweight and obesity are major determinants of the high prevalence rate of pre-hypertension detected in Iranian population. Therefore, primary prevention strategies should concentrate on reducing overweight and obesity if the increased prevalence of pre-hypertension is to be diminished in Iranian adults. © 2012 Rahmanian and Shojaie; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.

Ghavi F.,Jahrom University of Medical Sciences
Global journal of health science | Year: 2014

There are a wide variety of non- pharmacologic pain relief techniques for labor which include pelvic movement, upright position, back massage and partner support during the first stage of labor. The effectiveness of dance labor- which is a combination of these techniques- has not been evaluated. This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of dance labor in pain reduction and woman's satisfaction during the first stage of labor. 60 primiparous women aged 18-35 years old were randomly assigned to dance labor and control groups. In the dance labor group, women were instructed to do standing upright with pelvic tilt and rock their hips back and forth or around in a circle while their partner massaged their back and sacrum for a minimum of 30 minutes. In the control group, the participants received usual care during physiologic labor. Pain and satisfaction scores were measured by Visual Analogue Scale. Data were analyzed by using the t. test and Chi-square. Mean pain score in the dance labor group was significantly lower than the control group (P < 0.05). The mean satisfaction score in the dance labor group was significantly higher than in the control group (P < 0.05). Dance labor which is a complementary treatment with low risk can reduce the intensity of pain and increase mothers, satisfaction with care during the active phase of labor.

Mehraban S.,Jahrom University of Medical Sciences | Feily A.,Jahrom University of Medical Sciences
Journal of Lasers in Medical Sciences | Year: 2014

308nm xenon-chloride excimer laser, a novel mode of phototherapy, is an ultraviolet B radiation system consisting of a noble gas and halide. The aim of this systematic review was to investigate the literature and summarize all the experiments, clinical trials and case reports on 308-nm excimer laser in dermatological disorders. 308-nm excimer laser has currently a verified efficacy in treating skin conditions such as vitiligo, psoriasis, atopic dermatitis, alopecia areata, allergic rhinitis, folliculitis, granuloma annulare, lichen planus, mycosis fungoides, palmoplantar pustulosis, pityriasis alba, CD30+ lymphoproliferative disorder, leukoderma, prurigo nodularis, localized scleroderma and genital lichen sclerosus. Although the 308-nm excimer laser appears to act as a promising treatment modality in dermatology, further large-scale studies should be undertaken in order to fully affirm its safety profile considering the potential risk, however minimal, of malignancy, it may impose.

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