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Dhaka, Bangladesh

Jahangirnagar University is a public university in Bangladesh, located in Savar Upazila, Dhaka. It is the only one fully residential university in Bangladesh.The university was established in 1970 by the government of Pakistan by the Jahangirnagar Muslim University Ordinance, 1970. During the first two years, it operated as a project. Its first Vice-Chancellor, Professor Mafiz Uddin Ahmad took up office on September 24, 1970. The first group of students, a total of 150, was enrolled in four departments: Economics, Geography, Mathematics and Statistics. Its formal inauguration was delayed until January 12, 1971, when the university was launched by Rear Admiral S. M. Ahsan, the Chancellor.Until 1973, it operated as a project. In 1973 Jahangirnagar Muslim University Act was amended as Jahangirnagar University Act.In 2014 the university had a total of 14,500 students, 672 teachers, 206 staffs and 1,200 other employees. The university boasts to have the first ever female Vice-Chancellor of any public university in Bangladesh. Dr Farzana Islam, a professor of Anthropology department, was appointed the country’s first-ever female Vice Chancellor of Jahangirnagar University on Sunday, March 02, 2014 for four years. Wikipedia.

Mamun A.A.,Jahangirnagar University | Zobaer M.S.,Bangladesh University of Textiles
Physics of Plasmas

The properties of ion-acoustic shock waves and double layers propagating in a viscous degenerate dense plasma (containing inertial viscous ion fluid, non-relativistic and ultra-relativistic degenerate electron fluid, and negatively charged stationary heavy element) is investigated. A new nonlinear equation (viz. Gardner equation with additional dissipative term) is derived by the reductive perturbation method. The properties of the ion-acoustic shock waves and double layers are examined by the analysis of the shock and double layer solutions of this new equation (we would like to call it "M-Z equation"). It is found that the properties of these shock and double layer structures obtained from this analysis are significantly different from those obtained from the analysis of standard Gardner or Burgers' equation. The implications of our results to dense plasmas in astrophysical objects (e.g., non-rotating white dwarf stars) are briefly discussed. © 2014 AIP Publishing LLC. Source

Bashar K.,Jahangirnagar University | Tuno N.,Kanazawa University
Parasites and Vectors

Background: The relationship between climatic factors and mosquito abundance is very important to determine parasite activity levels and, therefore, disease risk. Therefore, this study was conducted to investigate the seasonal abundance of anophelines and their association with meteorological variables and disease transmission in two malaria endemic areas of Bangladesh. Methods: Monthly sampling was done from both indoors and outdoors in 12 selected houses using light traps (LTs) and pyrethrum spray (PS) during January, 2011 to January, 2012 in two malaria endemic areas of Bangladesh. Outdoor rainfall, temperature, and relative humidity data of the study areas were collected from the meteorological department of Bangladesh. Mosquitoes were killed with chloroform and identified morphologically under stereoscopic microscopes using taxonomic keys. Samples were tested for CSP of P. falciparum, P. vivax 210 and P. vivax 247 using ELISA. Pearson correlation and canonical correspondence analyses (CCA) were computed to investigate the associations with species abundance and rainfall, temperature, humidity and malaria cases. Results: A total of 2,443 female anophelines, representing 22 species were captured. Every female Anopheles were tested for P. falciparum, P. vivax 210 and P. vivax 247 CSP, of which 10 species were found positive. The CSP positive species were An. annularis, An. baimaii, An. barbirostris, An. jeyporiensis, An. karwari, An. minimus s.l., An. philippinensis, An. umbrosus, An. vagus and An. wilmori. Anopheles vagus and An. philippinensis were the dominant species present almost throughout the year with highest peaks in March and smallest peaks in September but An. baimaii and An. willmori were found during monsoon (July-September) only. Lag rainfall and relative humidity were the most significant variables influencing An. baimaii, An. willmori, An. vagus, and An. subpictus density in Kumari area. Abundance of these four species positively related to malaria cases. The effects of temperature were not found as a significant variable on the abundance of anophelines mosquitoes in Bangladesh. Conclusions: Our study demonstrates that the nature of relationship between malaria vector and climatic variables were multifaceted. Detailed studies of vector bionomics, continuous monitoring and malaria transmission dynamics is essential for predicting disease outbreaks and vector control in the region. © 2014 Bashar and Tuno; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. Source

Condensation of salicyldehyde with (R or S)-2-amino-2-phenylethanol or rac-2-amino-1-phenylethanol gives enantiopure (R or S)-2-(salicylaldimine)-2- phenylethanol (R- or S-H 2L1) or (rac)-2-(salicylaldimine)-1- phenylethanol (rac-H 2L2). The Schiff bases coordinate to [Rh(η 4- cod)(μ-O 2CCH 3)] 2 to afford mononuclear [Rh(η 4-cod){(R or S)-2-(salicylaldiminato)-2- phenylethanol-κ 2N,O}], [Rh(η 4-cod)(R- or S-HL1)] (1 or 2), or [Rh(η 4-cod){(rac)-2-(salicylaldiminato)- 1-phenylethanol-κ 2N,O}], [Rh(η 4-cod)(rac-HL2)] (3). The Schiff base and complexes are characterized by IR-, UV/Vis-, 1H/ 13C-NMR-, mass-spectroscopy, circular dichroism (CD), and polarimetry. The synthetic and spectroscopic results suggest that deprotonated Schiff base coordinates to [Rh(η 4-cod)] as a six-membered N,O-chelate with distorted square planar geometry at rhodium. CD and polarimetry measurements show the enantiopurity of the Schiff bases as well as the complexes in solution. The in situ system composed of [Rh(η 4-cod)Cl] 2 and S-H 2L1 has been used as a catalyst for the reduction of acetophenone into rac-1-phenylethanol with 85% conversion in diphenylsilane at 0-5°C. © 2012 Taylor & Francis. Source

Bloch H.,Curtin University Australia | Rafiq S.,Jahangirnagar University | Salim R.,Curtin University Australia
Energy Economics

This article investigates the relationship between coal consumption and income in China using both supply-side and demand-side frameworks. Cointegration and vector error correction modeling show that there is a unidirectional causality running from coal consumption to output in both the short and long run under the supply-side analysis, while there is also a unidirectional causality running from income to coal consumption in the short and long run under the demand-side analysis. The results also reveal that there is bi-directional causality between coal consumption and pollutant emission both in the short and long run. Hence, it is very difficult for China to pursue a greenhouse gas abatement policy through reducing coal consumption. Switching to greener energy sources might be a possible alternative in the long run. © 2011 Elsevier B.V. Source

Condensation of X-benzaldehyde with (R)-2-amino-2-phenylethanol gives the enantiopure Schiff bases (R)-2-(X-benzaldimine)-2-phenylethanol (X = H, HL1; 2,4-dimethoxy, HL2). The Schiff bases coordinate with dinuclear [Rh(η4-cod)(μ-O2CCH3)]2 to afford the cationic complexes [Rh(η4-cod){(R)-2-(benzaldimine)-2- phenylethanol-κ2N,O}](acetate), [Rh(η4-cod)(HL1) ](ac) (1) and [Rh(η4-cod){(R)-2-(2,4-dimethoxy-benzaldimine)-2- phenylethanol-κ2N,O}](acetate), [Rh(η4-cod)(HL2) ](ac) (2), respectively. The Schiff bases and complexes are isolated as solids in good yields and characterized by elemental analysis, IR, UV-Vis, 1H/13C-NMR, mass spectroscopy, and polarimetry. © 2011 Taylor & Francis. Source

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