Jacobus Pharmaceutical Company

Princeton, NJ, United States

Jacobus Pharmaceutical Company

Princeton, NJ, United States
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Dennis Shanks G.,Australian Army Malaria Institute | Dennis Shanks G.,University of Queensland | Edstein M.D.,Australian Army Malaria Institute | Edstein M.D.,University of Queensland | Jacobus D.,Jacobus Pharmaceutical Company Inc.
Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene | Year: 2014

Drug combinations are used to treat multiple-drug resistant malaria parasites and to attempt to further delay the evolution of drug resistance. Most current antimalarial combinations are binary but it is likely that new triple drug combinations will be required in the future. A review of previous triple combinations of antimalarial drugs was done to focus attention on past problems and possible future combinations. The advantages of such triple drug combinations include greater efficacy against multiple-drug resistant strains, synergistic action between the different medications and simplification of the regimen so that it could be administered under direct observation and possibly as single-dose therapy. The disadvantages of poly-pharmacy include increased cost of medication, difficulty preparing robust regulatory packages and problems constructing combined formulations due to drug-drug interactions. Given the arrival of artemisinin tolerance/resistance in Southeast Asia, it is likely that new drugs introduced for malaria treatment will be in triple drug combinations. © The Author 2014.


Birrell G.W.,Australian Army Malaria Institute | Chavchich M.,Australian Army Malaria Institute | Ager A.L.,University of Miami | Shieh H.-M.,Jacobus Pharmaceutical Company | And 10 more authors.
Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy | Year: 2015

4-(tert-Butyl)-2-((tert-butylamino)methyl)-6-(6-(trifluoromethyl)pyridin-3-yl)-phenol (JPC-2997) is a new aminomethylphenol compound that is highly active in vitro against the chloroquine-sensitive D6, the chloroquine-resistant W2, and the multidrugresistant TM90-C2B Plasmodium falciparum lines, with 50% inhibitory concentrations (IC50s) ranging from 7 nM to 34 nM. JPC-2997 is >2,500 times less cytotoxic (IC50s > 35 μM) to human (HepG2 and HEK293) and rodent (BHK) cell lines than the D6 parasite line. In comparison to the chemically related WR-194,965, a drug that had advanced to clinical studies, JPC-2997 was 2-fold more active in vitro against P. falciparum lines and 3-fold less cytotoxic. The compound possesses potent in vivo suppression activity against Plasmodium berghei, with a 50% effective dose (ED50) of 0.5 mg/kg of body weight/day following oral dosing in the Peters 4-day test. The radical curative dose of JPC-2997 was remarkably low, at a total dose of 24 mg/kg, using the modified Thompson test. JPC-2997 was effective in curing three Aotus monkeys infected with a chloroquine- and pyrimethamine-resistant strain of Plasmodium vivax at a dose of 20 mg/kg daily for 3 days. At the doses administered, JPC-2997 appeared to be well tolerated in mice and monkeys. Preliminary studies of JPC-2997 in mice show linear pharmacokinetics over the range 2.5 to 40 mg/ kg, a low clearance of 0.22 liters/h/kg, a volume of distribution of 15.6 liters/kg, and an elimination half-life of 49.8 h. The high in vivo potency data and lengthy elimination half-life of JPC-2997 suggest that it is worthy of further preclinical assessment as a partner drug. © 2015, American Society for Microbiology. All Rights Reserved.


Zhao W.,Jacobus Pharmaceutical Company | Chen F.-E.,Fudan University
Current Organic Synthesis | Year: 2012

Compared with conventional batch-wise process, one-pot synthesis is the "condensation" of two or more steps into one-pot operation and increasingly used in chemical process research and development in order to achieve the desired molecular complexity in ecologically and economically efficient way. One-pot synthesis can be achieved via multicomponent reaction (MCR), cascade reaction, tandem reaction, or telescoping synthetic steps. This review summarizes recent progresses in this field, covering mainly four approaches developed for the application towards one-pot organic synthesis. © 2012 Bentham Science Publishers.


Patent
Jacobus Pharmaceutical Company | Date: 2014-11-25

The present invention relates to antimalarial compounds and their use against protozoa of the genus Plasmodium, including drug-resistant Plasmodia strains. This invention further relates to compositions containing such compounds and a process for making the compounds.


Encephalotoxin produced by activated mononuclear phagocytes is present in individuals having neurological disease including neurodegenerative and neuro-inflammatory diseases, such as Alzheimers disease (AD), HIV-1-associated dementia (HAD), Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease, Mild Cognitive Impairment, prion disease, minor cognitive/motor dysfunction, acute stroke, acute trauma, or neuro-AIDS. Biochemical detection of encephalotoxin according to the methods of the invention will allow diagnosis of neurological disease in early, presymptomatic stages, thereby allowing early intervention in disease progression as well as identification of subjects or populations at risk for developing neurodegenerative disease. The methods of the invention also provide a mechanism for monitoring progression and treatment of neurological disease.


Patent
Jacobus Pharmaceutical Company | Date: 2013-11-08

The present invention relates to antimalarial compounds and their use against protozoa of the genus Plasmodium, including drug-resistant Plasmodia strains. This invention further relates to compositions containing such compounds and a process for making the compounds.


Patent
Jacobus Pharmaceutical Company | Date: 2013-11-08

The present invention relates to antimalarial compounds and their use against protozoa of the genus Plasmodium, including drug-resistant Plasmodia strains. This invention further relates to compositions containing such compounds and a process for making the compounds.


PubMed | Australian Army Malaria Institute, University of Miami and Jacobus Pharmaceutical Company
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Antimicrobial agents and chemotherapy | Year: 2014

4-(tert-Butyl)-2-((tert-butylamino)methyl)-6-(6-(trifluoromethyl)pyridin-3-yl)-phenol (JPC-2997) is a new aminomethylphenol compound that is highly active in vitro against the chloroquine-sensitive D6, the chloroquine-resistant W2, and the multidrug-resistant TM90-C2B Plasmodium falciparum lines, with 50% inhibitory concentrations (IC50s) ranging from 7 nM to 34 nM. JPC-2997 is >2,500 times less cytotoxic (IC50s > 35 M) to human (HepG2 and HEK293) and rodent (BHK) cell lines than the D6 parasite line. In comparison to the chemically related WR-194,965, a drug that had advanced to clinical studies, JPC-2997 was 2-fold more active in vitro against P. falciparum lines and 3-fold less cytotoxic. The compound possesses potent in vivo suppression activity against Plasmodium berghei, with a 50% effective dose (ED50) of 0.5 mg/kg of body weight/day following oral dosing in the Peters 4-day test. The radical curative dose of JPC-2997 was remarkably low, at a total dose of 24 mg/kg, using the modified Thompson test. JPC-2997 was effective in curing three Aotus monkeys infected with a chloroquine- and pyrimethamine-resistant strain of Plasmodium vivax at a dose of 20 mg/kg daily for 3 days. At the doses administered, JPC-2997 appeared to be well tolerated in mice and monkeys. Preliminary studies of JPC-2997 in mice show linear pharmacokinetics over the range 2.5 to 40 mg/kg, a low clearance of 0.22 liters/h/kg, a volume of distribution of 15.6 liters/kg, and an elimination half-life of 49.8 h. The high in vivo potency data and lengthy elimination half-life of JPC-2997 suggest that it is worthy of further preclinical assessment as a partner drug.


PubMed | Australian Army Malaria Institute, University of Miami and Jacobus Pharmaceutical Company
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Antimicrobial agents and chemotherapy | Year: 2016

Structure-activity relationship studies of trifluoromethyl-substituted pyridine and pyrimidine analogues of 2-aminomethylphenols (JPC-2997, JPC-3186, and JPC-3210) were conducted for preclinical development for malaria treatment and/or prevention. Of these compounds, JPC-3210 [4-(tert-butyl)-2-((tert-butylamino)methyl)-6-(5-fluoro-6-(trifluoromethyl)pyridin-3-yl)phenol] was selected as the lead compound due to superior in vitro antimalarial activity against multidrug-resistant Plasmodium falciparum lines, lower in vitro cytotoxicity in mammalian cell lines, longer plasma elimination half-life, and greater in vivo efficacy against murine malaria.


Trademark
Jacobus Pharmaceutical Company | Date: 2010-04-30

Pharmaceutical preparations for the treatment of myasthenia.

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