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Jacksonville Beach, FL, United States

Jacksonville University is a private university in Jacksonville, Florida, United States. The school was founded in 1934 as a two-year college and was known as Jacksonville Junior College until 1958, when it shifted its focus to four-year university degrees and adopted its present name. It is a member of the Independent Colleges and Universities of Florida and is accredited by the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools and the Association to Advance Collegiate Schools of Business . Its sports teams are known as the Jacksonville Dolphins. Wikipedia.

Bautista R.E.D.,Jacksonville University
Epilepsy and Behavior | Year: 2013

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine whether racial differences exist in the coping styles of individuals with epilepsy. Methods: This study utilized a survey of patients with epilepsy, including the Brief-COPE. Results: One hundred thirteen Caucasians and 70 African-Americans comprised the study population. On univariate analysis, annual household income (p. <. 0.01), receiving disability benefits (p. <. 0.01), and number of AEDs being currently used (p=0.04) significantly distinguished Caucasians from African-Americans. African-Americans reported higher utilization of religion (p. <. 0.01), denial (p. <. 0.01), emotional support (p=0.02), positive reframing (p. <. 0.01), and planning (p. <. 0.01) as coping reactions compared to Caucasians. Using ordinal logistic regression, the association between being African-American and the higher utilization of religion, positive reframing, planning, and denial as coping strategies remained statistically significant. Conclusion: Among individuals with epilepsy, African-Americans appear to utilize more engagement-type coping reactions when compared to Caucasians but also utilize more denial. © 2013 Elsevier Inc. Source

Ackerman M.B.,Jacksonville University
Orthodontics : the art and practice of dentofacial enhancement | Year: 2011

Removable retainer wear is most related to patient comfort and acceptance. Patient compliance is essential for retention and maintenance of the orthodontic treatment results. Even though patients are educated about the need for prolonged retention after active treatment and asked to sign informed consent regarding the risk of noncompliance (relapse) prior to treatment, most orthodontists would estimate that at least half of their teenage patients do not comply at optimal levels. The aim of the present study was to quantify teenage patient compliance with removable maxillary retention and compare actual usage vs prescribed usage between subjects who knew they were being monitored via an implanted microsensor in the retainer and those subjects who were unaware of any monitoring. The final sample consisted of 9 subjects in the test group (5 males and 4 females) and 10 subjects in the control group (4 males and 6 females). The evidence suggests that individuals who were made aware of the orthodontist's ability to monitor compliance wore the device for a significantly larger number of hours per day than those who were unaware of this fact. Patients reporting full usage of the retainer wore the appliance a mean of 4.3 hours more per day than those reporting less than full usage, holding all other variables constant. Patients who misrepresented their retainer use (reported full usage but wore the device less than 19 hours per day) wore the appliance a mean 12.4 hours less than the more honest patients who participated in the study. Source

Bates E.R.,University of Michigan | Lau W.C.,University of Michigan | Angiolillo D.J.,Jacksonville University
Journal of the American College of Cardiology | Year: 2011

Multidrug therapy increases the risk for drugdrug interactions. Clopidogrel, a prodrug, requires hepatic cytochrome P450 (CYP) metabolic activation to produce the active metabolite that inhibits the platelet P2Y 12 adenosine diphosphate (ADP) receptor, decreasing platelet activation and aggregation processes. Atorvastatin, omeprazole, and several other drugs have been shown in pharmacodynamic studies to competitively inhibit CYP activation of clopidogrel, reducing clopidogrel responsiveness. Conversely, other agents increase clopidogrel responsiveness by inducing CYP activity. The clinical implications of these pharmacodynamic interactions have raised concern because many of these drugs are coadministered to patients with coronary artery disease. There are multiple challenges in proving that a pharmacodynamic drugdrug interaction is clinically significant. To date, there is no consistent evidence that clopidogreldrug interactions impact adverse cardiovascular events. Statins and proton pump inhibitors have been shown to decrease adverse clinical event rates and should not be withheld from patients with appropriate indications for therapy because of concern about potential clopidogreldrug interactions. Clinicians concerned about clopidogreldrug interactions have the option of prescribing either an alternative platelet P2Y12 receptor inhibitor without known drug interactions, or statin and gastro-protective agents that do not interfere with clopidogrel metabolism. © 2011 American College of Cardiology Foundation. Source

Laparoscopic pancreaticoduodenectomy is a technically demanding procedure. In this video, we demonstrate the technical aspects of performing the procedure. In a 50-year-old male with ascending cholangitis, endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography was unsuccessful, and percutaneous transhepatic cholangiography was carried out for biliary decompression. Endoscopic ultrasound plus fine-needle aspiration showed pancreatic head adenocarcinoma. The procedure was carried out using five trocars, and extensive lymphadenectomy was undertaken. The uncinate process was skeletonized off the superior mesenteric artery. The right lateral aspect of the superior mesenteric vein-portal vein confluence was involved with the cancer. The laparoscopic linear stapler was used to transect part of the vein en bloc with the specimen. All margins were negative and all the anastomoses were done using laparoscopic intracorporeal suturing. Operative time was 8 h 20 min, and hospital stay was 5 days. Final pathology was T3 N1 (one lymph node out of 40 was positive). Conclusion Laparoscopic pancreaticoduodenectomy can be performed safely in selected cases of pancreatic head cancer with vascular involvement. Skilled laparoscopic skills are necessary to execute such procedures safely. © 2014 Society of Surgical Oncology. Source

Hausenblas H.A.,Jacksonville University
Journal of integrative medicine | Year: 2013

Due to safety concerns and side effects of many antidepressant medications, herbal psychopharmacology research has increased, and herbal remedies are becoming increasingly popular as alternatives to prescribed medications for the treatment of major depressive disorder (MDD). Of these, accumulating trials reveal positive effects of the spice saffron (Crocus sativus L.) for the treatment of depression. A comprehensive and statistical review of the clinical trials examining the effects of saffron for treatment of MDD is warranted. The purpose of this study was to conduct a meta-analysis of published randomized controlled trials examining the effects of saffron supplementation on symptoms of depression among participants with MDD. We conducted electronic and non-electronic searches to identify all relevant randomized, double-blind controlled trials. Reference lists of all retrieved articles were searched for relevant studies. The criteria for study selection included the following: (1) adults (aged 18 and older) with symptoms of depression, (2) randomized controlled trial, (3) effects of saffron supplementation on depressive symptoms examined, and (4) study had either a placebo control or antidepressant comparison group. Using random effects modeling procedures, we calculated weighted mean effect sizes separately for the saffron supplementation vs placebo control groups, and for the saffron supplementation vs antidepressant groups. The methodological quality of all studies was assessed using the Jadad score. The computer software Comprehensive Meta-analysis 2 was used to analyze the data. Based on our pre-specified criteria, five randomized controlled trials (n = 2 placebo controlled trials, n = 3 antidepressant controlled trials) were included in our review. A large effect size was found for saffron supplementation vs placebo control in treating depressive symptoms (M ES = 1.62, P < 0.001), revealing that saffron supplementation significantly reduced depression symptoms compared to the placebo control. A null effect size was evidenced between saffron supplementation and the antidepressant groups (M ES = -0.15) indicating that both treatments were similarly effective in reducing depression symptoms. The mean Jadad score was 5 indicating high quality of trials. Findings from clinical trials conducted to date indicate that saffron supplementation can improve symptoms of depression in adults with MDD. Larger clinical trials, conducted by research teams outside of Iran, with long-term follow-ups are needed before firm conclusions can be made regarding saffron's efficacy and safety for treating depressive symptoms. Source

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