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Chūō-ku, Japan

Kawamura H.,JA Sapporo Kosei Hospital | Ishii C.,Hosei University
Surgical Laparoscopy, Endoscopy and Percutaneous Techniques | Year: 2012

Background: The aim of this study is to demonstrate a shaft formation of forceps and scope which provides higher degree of freedom of motion for single-port laparoscopic surgery (SPLS). The key to smoothly performing SPLS lies in understanding the formation in which the shaft conflict is minimized. However, there have been no reported studies on conflict reduction in SPLS from a shaft formation perspective. Methods: When performing SPLS, 3 instruments are passed into a narrow space, only 2 patterns of shaft formation can be obtained: a formation in which the 3 instruments rotate clockwise or counterclockwise (rotation formation) or a formation in which 1 instrument passes between the other 2 (cross formation). So motion spaces of the instruments in rotation formation compared with that in cross formation were tested using engineering methods. The range of the forceps' motion was assumed to be the space covered by the forceps till collision occurred between the moving forceps and either the other fixed forceps or the fixed scope. Examination of the range of movement of the scope was conducted in the same manner. The motion space with the area on the x-y horizontal is evaluated, as viewed from the peritoneal umbilicus port entry area. Results: The motion area of each instrument in rotation formation is 1.9 to 2.6 times wider than that in cross formation. Conclusions: Rotation formation provides high degree of freedom of motion for SPLS. Copyright © 2012 by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

Kawamura H.,Hokkaido University | Shibasaki S.,Hokkaido University | Yoshida T.,Hokkaido University | Homma S.,Hokkaido University | And 2 more authors.
Surgical Laparoscopy, Endoscopy and Percutaneous Techniques | Year: 2015

Laparoscopic partial gastrectomy is the standard surgical treatment for gastric gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST). However, to reduce gastric deformation, the tumor margins should be secured so as to minimize the size of the resection as much as possible. This is the report on the 3 laparoscopic resection techniques for gastric GIST depending upon the growth pattern and location of the tumor, and their results. We performed laparoscopic partial gastrectomy for 41 gastric GISTs between 2004 and 2012. Simple resection was used on exophytic or small GISTs. Seromuscular resection was used on exoendophytic (intramural) and relatively small endophytic tumors. Transgastric resection was used in cases of large endophytic tumors. We performed simple resection on 24 lesions (58.5%), seromuscular resection on 14 lesions (34.1%), and transgastric resection on 3 lesions (7.3%). There were no intraoperative complications. Postoperative complications included 1 case (2.5%) of bleeding from the staple line. Copyright © 2015 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.

We investigated potential advantages of laparoscopy-assisted distal gastrectomy (LADG) in high-risk gastric cancer patients. We examined the differences among various risk groups by comparing the incidence of postoperative complications and invasiveness of LADG with those of open distal gastrectomy (ODG) based on the American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) criteria. A total of 639 patients with stage IA or IB gastric cancer were included in this study. ODG was performed between 2003 and 2005, and LADG was performed between 2006 and 2011. The incidence of postoperative complications in the LADG group (ASA1, 5.6%; ASA2, 3.8%; and ASA3, 5.7%) was significantly lower than that in the ODG group in all the ASA classes (ASA1, 16.9%; ASA2, 12.5%; and ASA3, 20%). Changes in the pain scores, body temperatures and blood analyses revealed that LADG was less invasive than ODG in all ASA classes. However, as the ASA class increased, the less invasive nature of LADG decreased. LADG may be less invasive than ODG, even in ASA3 patients. Hence, LADG may reduce the incidence of postoperative complications in ASA1, ASA2, and ASA3 patients. © 2013 Japan Society for Endoscopic Surgery, Asia Endosurgery Task Force and Wiley Publishing Asia Pty Ltd.

Kawamura H.,JA Sapporo Kosei Hospital | Takahashi N.,Hokkaido University | Takahashi M.,JA Sapporo Kosei Hospital | Taketomi A.,Hokkaido University
Surgery Today | Year: 2014

Purposes: Sepsis caused by Gram-negative bacilli (GNB) is the most serious catheter-related bloodstream infection. However, the cause(s) of GNB propagation on the skin around needle or catheter insertion sites remain unclear. This observational study aimed to assess the differences in the microbial growth among various types of dressings used to cover injection sites, with a particular focus on GNB.Methods: We analyzed the bacterial populations on three types of surgical dressings; Tegaderm I.V. (semi-permeable, 27 sheets), IV3000 (highly permeable, 34 sheets) and Tegaderm CHG (chlorhexidine-impregnated, 26 sheets). The peripheral catheter site dressing was replaced every 3 days or when there was leakage or pain at the catheter site.Results: Bacterial growth was observed in all Tegaderm I.V. and IV3000 sheets and in only one (3.8 %) Tegaderm CHG sheet. The GNB detection rate was significantly lower in the IV3000 group (2.9 %) than in the Tegaderm I.V. group (63.0 %). No GNB growth was identified in the Tegaderm CHG group.Conclusions: Semi-permeable dressings were insufficient to prevent GNB infections, whereas highly permeable or chlorhexidine-impregnated dressings could prevent GNB infections. Chlorhexidine-impregnated dressings can control almost all bacterial growth. © 2014, Springer Japan.

Einama T.,Hokkaido University | Kamachi H.,Hokkaido University | Nishihara H.,Hokkaido University | Homma S.,Hokkaido University | And 10 more authors.
Pancreas | Year: 2011

Objectives: Recent studies have shown that the high affinity of mesothelin-CA125 interaction might cause intracavitary tumor metastasis. We examined the clinicopathologic significance and prognostic implication of mesothelin and CA125 expression in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma. Methods: Tissue samples from 66 pancreatic ductal adenocarcinomas were immunohistochemically examined. Proportion and intensity of constituent tumor cells with mesothelin and CA125 expression were analyzed and classified as high-level expression, defined as expression by more than 50% of tumor cells and/or moderate to strong staining, or low-level expression otherwise. Results: A high level of mesothelin was correlated with a higher histological grade (P = 0.049) and the level of blood vessel permeation (P = 0.0006), whereas a high level of CA125 expression was correlated with a higher recurrence rate (P = 0.015). The expression of mesothelin was strongly correlated with that of CA125 (P = 0.0041). Co-expression of mesothelin and CA125 were associated with an unfavorable patient outcome (P = 0.0062). Conclusions: This is the first report showing that co-expression of mesothelin and CA125 were in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma, and such co-expression is associated with a poor prognosis. Our finding suggests that co-expression of these two factors plays a significant role in the acquisition of aggressive clinical behavior. © 2011 by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

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