JA Hiroshima General Hospital

JA Hiroshima General Hospital

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PubMed | Red Cross, Hiroshimakinen Hospital, Higashihiroshima Medical Center, Hiroshima City Asa Citizens Hospital and 9 more.
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of gastroenterology | Year: 2016

The risk for lymph node metastasis and the prognostic significance of pedunculated-type T1 colorectal carcinomas (CRCs) require further study. We aimed to assess the validity of the 2014 Japanese Society for Cancer of the Colon and Rectum (JSCCR) guidelines based on long-term outcomes of pedunculated-type T1 CRCs.In this multicenter retrospective cohort study, we examined 176 patients who underwent resection endoscopically or surgically at 14 institutions between January 1990 and December 2010. Patients meeting the JSCCR curative criteria were defined as endoscopically curable (e-curable) and those who did not were non-e-curable. We evaluated the prognosis of 116 patients (58 e-curable, 58 non-e-curable) who were observed for>5years after treatment.Overall incidence of lymph node metastasis was 5% (4/81; 95% confidence interval 1.4-12%: three cases of submucosal invasion depth1000m [stalk invasion] and lymphatic invasion, one case of head invasion and budding grade 2/3). There was no local or metastatic recurrence in the e-curable patients, but six of them died of another cause (observation period, 80months). There was no local recurrence in the non-e-curable patients; however, distant metastasis was observed in one patient. Death due to the primary disease was not observed in non-e-curable patients, but six of them died of another cause (observation period, 72months).Our data support the validity of the JSCCR curative criteria for pedunculated-type T1 CRCs. Endoscopic resection cannot be considered curative for pedunculated-type T1 CRC with head invasion alone.

PubMed | Yamaguchi Grand Medical Center, Nagato General Hospital, Kurashiki Municipal Hospital, JA Hiroshima General Hospital and 8 more.
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Drug research | Year: 2016

Clinical evidences of inhaled salmeterol/fluticasone propionate combination (SFC) therapy are insufficient in early childhood asthma.To examine the effects of SFC50, a combination product of salmeterol xinafoate (50g/day) and fluticasone propionate (100g/day), in infants and preschool children with asthma.The study was conducted at 31 sites in Japan. 35 patients (6 months to 5 years old) with asthma insufficiently controlled by inhaled corticosteroids (100g/day) were initiated to treat with SFC50 twice a day for 12 weeks with pressurized metered dose inhalers. The efficacy of SFC50 was assessed using nighttime sleep disorder score as the primary endpoint and the other efficacy measurements. The safety measurement included the incidences of adverse event (AE).Mean patient age was 3.1 years, and 94.2% had mild-to-moderate persistent asthma (atopic type: 65.7%). Nighttime sleep disorder scores, assessed by a nighttime sleep diary, significantly decreased after treatment with SFC50 throughout the study period (p<0.01). SFC50 also significantly improved other efficacy outcomes including asthma symptom score, frequency of short-acting beta-agonist treatment, frequency of unscheduled visits to clinic, frequency of exacerbation due to virus infection, asthma control score and patient QOL score (p<0.01). AEs of cold, upper respiratory inflammation and asthmatic attack occurred in each of the 3 patients (8.6%); however, these were not regarded as treatment-related AEs.SFC50 improved nighttime sleep disorder score and other efficacy outcome measures with no safety concerns. The results suggest that SFC50 treatment is useful to control the mild-to-moderate asthma in infant and preschool-aged children.

PubMed | Red Cross, Fukuoka University, Gifu University, Tohoku University and 32 more.
Type: | Journal: Journal of intensive care | Year: 2016

Severe sepsis is a major concern in the intensive care unit (ICU), although there is very little epidemiological information regarding severe sepsis in Japan. This study evaluated 3195 patients with severe sepsis in 42 ICUs throughout Japan. The patients with severe sepsis had a mean age of 7015years and a mean Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation II score of 239. The estimated survival rates at 28 and 90days after ICU admission were 73.6 and 56.3%, respectively.

Migita T.,Hiroshima University | Mukaida K.,Hiroshima Prefectural Rehabilitation Center | Kobayashi M.,JA Hiroshima General Hospital | Hamada H.,Hiroshima University | Kawamoto M.,Hiroshima University
Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica | Year: 2012

Background Malignant hyperthermia (MH) is a potentially fatal complication of general anesthesia triggered by volatile anesthetics. In animal studies, sevoflurane has been reported to be a weak triggering agent. The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical severity of sevoflurane-induced MH compared to isoflurane. Methods From the Japanese MH database containing information for 520 MH cases since 1961, we analyzed 147 cases classified by the MH Clinical Grading Scale (CGS) as 'very likely' or 'almost certain', accumulated from 1990 to 2009. Sevoflurane without succinylcholine (S-SCh (-) group) was given to 48 cases, and isoflurane without succinylcholine (I-SCh (-) group) was given to 30. Variables studied were outcome, CGS score, CGS rank, the first MH sign, and time from induction to onset of MH (occurrence time). Clinical signs and maximum laboratory data from six processes of the CGS were also analyzed. Each of the Mann-Whitney U-test or the unpaired t-test was used for group comparisons. Results Mortality was 8.3% in the S-SCh (-) group and 10.0% in the I-SCh (-) group (P = 0.803). The CGS scores were 53.4 (SD, 12.2) and 52.3 (11.7) (P = 0.691), respectively. The five processes of the CGS did not differ between groups. Median occurrence times were 72.5 minutes (range, 36.3-127.5) and 65.0 minutes (30.0-131.3), respectively (P = 0.890). Conclusion There were no clinically apparent differences between MH triggered by sevoflurane and isoflurane, and thus no evidence to support the postulate that sevoflurane is a weak or weaker MH triggering agent. © 2011 The Authors Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica.

Ishitobi T.,Hiroshima University | Hyogo H.,Hiroshima University | Tokumo H.,JA Hiroshima General Hospital | Arihiro K.,Hiroshima University | Chayama K.,Hiroshima University
Hepatology Research | Year: 2014

Aim: Oxidative stress plays a pivotal role in the transition from simple steatosis to non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). Probucol is a lipid-lowering agent with strong antioxidant properties, and is reported to be effective for the treatment of NASH in several studies. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the efficacy of probucol for the treatment of NASH with dyslipidemia. Methods: Twenty-six patients with biopsy-proven NASH accompanied by dyslipidemia were treated with 500mg of probucol daily for 48 weeks. Body mass index, visceral fat area, liver function tests, serum lipids, fibrosis markers, ferritin, adiponectin, leptin, urinary 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine (U-8OHdG) and elasticity were measured periodically during the study. Follow-up liver biopsy was performed in 18 patients. Results: Serum levels of aminotransferases, total cholesterol and U-8OHdG significantly decreased (P<0.01). Levels of hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c), the Homeostasis Model of Assessment - Insulin Resistance index and serum levels of ferritin, type IV collagen 7S and hyaluronic acid significantly decreased (P<0.05). The serum levels of adiponectin tended to be increased. Liver stiffness significantly decreased from 8.8±6.8 to 6.6±4.0kPa (P<0.01). Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease activity scores were significantly improved from 4.2±1.4 to 3.4±1.6 (P<0.05) and fibrotic stages tended to be improved from 1.6±0.8 to 1.3±1.1, respectively. No adverse effects of this treatment were noted. Conclusion: Probucol improved clinical and histological findings probably through its ability to reduce insulin resistance and oxidative stress. Probucol therapy was safe and effective for Japanese NASH patients with dyslipidemia. © 2013 The Japan Society of Hepatology.

Sakamoto S.,Hiroshima University | Kiura Y.,Hiroshima University | Kajihara Y.,Itsukaichi Memorial Hospital | Shibukawa M.,JA Hiroshima General Hospital | And 5 more authors.
Neurosurgical Review | Year: 2013

The treatment for patients with near occlusion of the cervical internal carotid artery (ICA) is controversial. The aim of this study was to examine the results of carotid artery stenting (CAS) as a surgical treatment for ICA near occlusion. Between April 2008 and September 2012, 14 patients (all men; mean age, 75.4 years) with ICA near occlusion were treated with CAS. This represents 5.2 % of a total of 267 patients treated with CAS during the study period. All patients were treated with CAS using an embolic protection device. The proximal balloon protection method was performed in five patients, and the dual protection method using a proximal balloon and distal filter protection was used in nine patients. We examined the change of stenotic lesion, hyperintensity spot in diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI), and perioperative complications after CAS. All near occlusions were successfully dilated. Among 2 of 14 patients, DWI showed 1 and 4 hyperintensity spots. Transient and persistent complications, including neurological deficits, did not occur in any patients. In this small number of cases, CAS using the proximal or dual embolic protection method seems to be a safe and beneficial treatment for ICA near occlusion. © 2013 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.

PubMed | Hiroshima University, JA Hiroshima General Hospital and Gothenburg University
Type: | Journal: Journal of orthopaedic science : official journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association | Year: 2017

With aging of the population, the numbers of osteoporotic vertebral fractures with intravertebral cleft have been increasing. However, the details of clinical symptoms of osteoporotic vertebral fractures with intravertebral cleft are poorly understood. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship between clinical symptoms of osteoporotic vertebral fractures with intravertebral cleft and radiographic findings.Two hundred seventeen patients with single-level osteoporotic vertebral fractures with intravertebral cleft were examined. Clinical symptoms were evaluated using Numerical Rating Scale for back pain and the Oswestry Disability Index for physical disability. The presence of delayed neurologic deficit was also detected. Radiography and computed tomography were used to measure local kyphotic angle and vertebral instability and to detect the presence of posterior wall fracture of the vertebral body. Correlations between clinical symptoms of osteoporotic vertebral fractures with intravertebral cleft and radiographic findings were investigated.Mean Numerical Rating Scale and Oswestry Disability Index were 7.4 and 58.0%, respectively. Delayed neurologic deficit occurred in 41 patients (19%). The mean local kyphotic angle, vertebral instability, and rate of posterior wall fracture of the vertebral body were 19.4, 7.3, and 91%, respectively. Numerical Rating Scale and Oswestry Disability Index were statistically correlated with vertebral instability but not with local kyphotic angle and presence of posterior wall fracture. In the patients with delayed neurologic deficit, vertebral instability was significantly higher and posterior wall fractures were significantly more frequent than in the patients without delayed neurologic deficit. Local kyphotic angle was not correlated with delayed neurologic deficit.Vertebral instability is a factor causing symptoms of osteoporotic vertebral fractures with intravertebral cleft. In addition, vertebral instability may be the predominant cause of delayed neurologic deficit. To manage osteoporotic vertebral fractures with intravertebral cleft and delayed neurologic deficit efficiently, it may be important to control vertebral instability of osteoporotic vertebral fractures.

Hamamoto M.,JA Hiroshima General Hospital | Kobayashi T.,JA Hiroshima General Hospital | Ozawa M.,JA Hiroshima General Hospital
European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery | Year: 2015

A 73-year old woman presented with progressive exertional dyspnoea. Echocardiography revealed severe regurgitation of the aortic, mitral and tricuspid valves, indicating the need for multiple valve surgery. The patient had a past history of oesophageal cancer that had been treated with chemoradiotherapy followed by oesophagectomy with presternal reconstruction using a gastric tube and a pedicled jejunum covered by the rectus abdominal muscle flap. She underwent aortic and mitral valve replacement with prostheses and tricuspid ring annuloplasty through a lower partial median sternotomy to avoid injury to the cervical oesophagus and a pedicled jejunum placed on the sternal manubrium. © The Author 2014, 2015. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the European Association for Cardio-Thoracic Surgery. All rights reserved.

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