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Yamaguchi E.,Izumo City General Medical Center | Makino Y.,Matsue Seikyo Hospital | Sato T.,Matsue Seikyo Hospital | Uchida M.,Matsue Seikyo Hospital | And 2 more authors.
Surgery Today | Year: 2014

Measuring tumor marker levels following cancer treatment can be useful. Although serum thyroglobulin is a useful marker after total thyroidectomy for papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC), it is not a reliable marker for patients with a high titer of anti-thyroglobulin antibodies or when transformation to undifferentiated carcinoma has occurred. The female patient in this case report underwent total thyroidectomy and oral I-131 therapy for PTC at the age of 47 years, followed by cervical lymph node and lung resections for metastases, 3 and 11 years later, respectively. She also received oral I-131 therapy and external beam radiotherapy for mediastinal lymph node metastases. The lymphadenopathy lesions progressed and multiple lung metastases were detected when she was 61 years of age. She died at the age of 62 years. The serum CA19-9 level had gradually increased in association with enlargement of the recurrent lesions and immunostaining of CA19-9 in the pulmonary metastasis was intense. Thus, we consider that measuring the level of serum CA19-9 is an effective tool for evaluating disease status after surgery for PTC. © 2014, The Author(s). Source


Yuki M.,Izumo City General Medical Center | Komazawa Y.,Izumo City General Medical Center | Kobayashi Y.,Izumo City General Medical Center | Kusunoki M.,Izumo City General Medical Center | And 6 more authors.
Current Therapeutic Research - Clinical and Experimental | Year: 2015

Background: Daikenchuto (DKT), a traditional Japanese herbal medicine, is widely used for treatment of gastrointestinal disorders. We evaluated the efficacy and safety of DKT for abdominal bloating in patients with chronic constipation. Objective: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of DKT for the treatment of abdominal bloating. Methods: After discontinuing as-needed use of laxatives, 10 patients received oral DKT for 14 days (15 g/d). To evaluate small intestinal bacteria overgrowth (SIBO), a glucose breath test was performed before and after treatment with DKT. Before beginning the treatment, 4 patients (40%) had a diagnosis of SIBO based on a positive glucose breath test result. In both the SIBO and non-SIBO groups, bowel movement frequency and stool form remained unchanged after DKT treatment. Results: For all patients, median total Gastrointestinal Symptoms Rating Scale score and the median Gastrointestinal Symptoms Rating Scale indigestion and constipation subscales were significantly decreased, whereas the median visual analog score for decreased abdominal bloating was significantly increased. Improvements of those symptoms were the same in both the SIBO and non-SIBO groups, indicating that DKT does not have effects on small intestine bacteria. No serious side effects were reported. Conclusions: DKT treatment improved quality of life for patients with chronic constipation regardless of the presence of SIBO and showed no effects on small intestine bacteria. UMIN Clinical Trial Registry identifier: UMIN000008070. © 2015 The Authors. Source


Ohara S.,The University of Shimane | Furuta K.,The University of Shimane | Adachi K.,The University of Shimane | Shimura S.,The University of Shimane | And 5 more authors.
Journal of Gastroenterology | Year: 2012

Background Esophageal mucosal breaks in patients with Los Angeles (LA) grade A or B esophagitis are mainly found in the right anterior wall of the distal esophagus. The aim of this study was to reveal radial acid exposure in the distal esophagus and determine whether radial asymmetry of acid exposure is a possible cause of radially asymmetric distribution of the lesions. Methods We developed a novel pH sensor catheter using a polyvinyl chloride catheter equipped with 8 antimony pH sensors radially arrayed at the same level. Four healthy volunteers, 5 patients with non-erosive reflux disease (NERD), and 10 with LA grade A or B esophagitis were enrolled. The sensors were set 2 cm above the upper limit of the lower esophageal sphincter, and post-prandial gastroesophageal acid reflux was monitored for 3 h with the subjects in a sitting position. Results We successfully examined radial acid exposure in the distal esophagus in all subjects using our novel pH sensor catheter. Radial variations of acid exposure in the distal esophagus were not observed in the healthy subjects. In contrast, the patients with NERD and those with reflux esophagitis had radial asymmetric acid exposure that was predominant on the right wall of the distal esophagus. In the majority of patients with reflux esophagitis, the directions of longer acid exposure coincided with the locations of mucosal breaks. Conclusions Radial acid exposure could be examined using our novel 8-channel pH sensor catheter. We found that the directions of longer acid exposure were associated with the locations of mucosal breaks. © Springer 2012. Source


Ishihara S.,The University of Shimane | Yashima K.,Tottori University | Kushiyama Y.,Red Cross | Kawashima K.,Matsue Seikyo Hospital | And 14 more authors.
Journal of Gastroenterology | Year: 2012

Background: It remains unknown whether the Rome III criteria can exclude organic colonic lesions prior to the diagnosis of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). We evaluated the colonoscopy results of patients meeting the Rome III criteria for the diagnosis of IBS to determine the presence of organic colonic lesions. Methods: This study was prospectively conducted at 17 centers in Japan. We enrolled 4528 patients who underwent diagnostic colonoscopy examinations. The diagnosis of IBS was evaluated by questionnaire results according to the Rome III criteria. Results: We evaluated 4178 patients (350 were excluded because of incomplete data or previous colonic surgery), of whom 203 met the Rome III criteria (mean age 57.9 years; range 14-87 years) prior to the diagnostic colonoscopy examination. We identified organic colonic diseases in 21 of these 203 patients (10.3 %), and these disease were also identified in 338 (8.5 %) of 3975 patients who did not fulfill the Rome III criteria. There were no differences in regard to the prevalence of organic colonic diseases between patients who did and did not fulfill the Rome III criteria. Conclusions: The prevalence of organic colonic diseases in patients who met the Rome III criteria was at an acceptably low level, indicating that the Rome III criteria are adequately specific for the diagnosis of IBS without performing a colonoscopy examination. © 2012 Springer. Source


Shizuku T.,Izumo City General Medical Center | Adachi K.,The University of Shimane | Furuta K.,The University of Shimane | Niigaki M.,Masuda Medical Association Hospital | And 7 more authors.
Journal of Clinical Biochemistry and Nutrition | Year: 2011

Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy tube feeding is widely used for patients with swallowing dysfunction and a history of repeated aspiration pneumonitis. However, liquid nutrient feeding via percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy is not effective enough to prevent aspiration pneumonitis and related inflammatory responses. We performed this prospective multi-centre study to clarify the efficacy of half-solidification of nutrients to prevent fever possibly caused by aspiration pneumonitis in elderly patients with percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy. The study subjects were 42 elderly patients undergoing percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy feeding (mean age 85.8 years). All subjects were fed half-solid as well as liquid nutrients for 8 weeks respectively in a cross over design. We counted the number of days with fever caused by pneumonitis and unidentified origin. Thirty-wo of 42 patients were successfully observed in both nutrient periods. Fever was frequently observed in both nutrient periods, however, the percentage of observational days with fever during half-solid nutrient feeding was significantly lower than that during liquid nutrient feeding (15.3 ± 0.3 vs 19.8 ± 0.4%, p = 0.030). The percentage of observational days when patients had diarrhea was not significantly different (10.1 ± 3.8 vs 7.2 ± 3.2%, p = 0.357). In conclusion, half-solid nutrient feeding was determined to be effective for reducing fever in patients with percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy feeding. ©2011 JCBN. Source

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