Time filter

Source Type

Tomiyama N.,Izumi General Medical Center | Hidaka M.,Kyushu University of Health and Welfare | Hidaka H.,Kagoshima City Hospital | Kawano Y.,Izumi General Medical Center | And 4 more authors.
Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology | Year: 2010

Purpose: The safety and efficacy of S-1 in hemodialysis patients have not been established. We evaluated the safety and efficacy and pharmacokinetics of S-1 in a hemodialysis patient with advanced gastric cancer. Patient: A 66-year-old Japanese man with chronic renal failure, who had undergone hemodialysis three times a week for 3 years. Based on the diagnosis of stage IV gastric cancer, S-1 therapy was started. S-1 was administered 11 times at a daily dose of 23.5 mg/m2 (40 mg/body) after hemodialysis, followed by a rest. One course was a period of 28 days. Blood samples were obtained after the first administration of S-1 and before beginning the fourth course. The concentration of 5-FU was determined by high-performance liquid chromatography. Results: Area under the concentration-time curve (AUC) of 5-FU was 2647.2 ng h/mL after administration of S-1 of 23.5 mg/m2 (40 mg/body). During the S-1 treatment, serious adverse events such as neutropenia were not observed; however, decreases in hemoglobin level were observed (grade 3). The treatment was well tolerated. After the second course of chemotherapy, the primary lesion showed a partial response and lymph node metastases and liver metastases showed stable disease. Conclusions: Our results suggest that S-1 is an important treatment option for patients with hemodialysis with advanced gastric cancer. © 2009 Springer-Verlag.


Shinojima N.,Kumamoto University | Nakamura H.,Kumamoto University | Tasaki M.,Kumamoto University | Kameno K.,Kumamoto University | And 4 more authors.
Journal of Neurosurgery: Pediatrics | Year: 2014

Medulloblastoma is the most frequent malignant brain tumor of the posterior fossa in children and is considered an embryonal tumor. It has been suggested that medulloblastomas be categorized into 4 distinct molecular subgroups-WNT (DKK1), SHH (SFRP1), Group 3 (NPR3), or Group 4 (KCNA1)-since each subgroup is distinct and there is no overlap. The authors report on a 13-year-old boy with medulloblastoma. He presented with sudden-onset nausea and vomiting due to intratumoral hemorrhage. The medulloblastoma was thought to be in an early developmental stage because the tumor volume was extremely small. Immunohistochemical analysis showed that the tumor was mainly composed of DKK1-and NPR3-positive areas. The individual areas of the tumor stained only for DKK1 or NPR3, with no overlap-that is, DKK1 and NPR3 expression were mutually exclusive. Samples obtained by laser microdissection of individual areas and subjected to mass spectrometry confirmed that the expression patterns of proteins were different. Fluorescence in situ hybridization for chromosome 6 showed there were 2 distinct types of cells that exhibited monosomy or disomy of chromosome 6. These results demonstrated that distinct subtypes of medulloblastoma may be present within a single tumor, an observation that has not been previously reported. Our findings in this case indicate that early-stage medulloblastoma may include more than 1 distinct subtype and hint at factors involved in the origin and development of medulloblastomas.


Motozato K.,Fukuoka University | Miura S.-I.,Fukuoka University | Miura S.-I.,Izumi General Medical Center | Shiga Y.,Fukuoka University | And 7 more authors.
Clinical and Experimental Hypertension | Year: 2016

Background: There is some controversy regarding which single-pill fixed-dose combinations of angiotensin II type 1 receptor blockers (ARBs) and calcium channel blockers (CCBs) are effective at reducing blood pressure (BP). Methods: Sixty hypertensive patients who received a single-pill fixed-dose combination of valsartan 80 mg/day and amlodipine 5 mg/day were enrolled (UMIN Registration 000013460). They were randomly divided into two treatment groups [single-pill fixed-dose combination therapy with valsartan 80 mg/day and amlodipine 5 mg/day (Val/Am group), or irbesartan 100 mg/day and amlodipine 5 mg/day (Irb/Am group)] and treated for 16 weeks. If the patient did not reach the target office BP at 8 weeks, they received double doses of amlodipine (10 mg/day). Results: In the Irb/Am group, systolic BP (SBP) and diastolic BP (DBP) were significantly decreased at 16 weeks. There were no significant changes in SBP or DBP in the Val/Am group. In the Irb/Am group, serum uric acid (UA) was significantly decreased at 8 weeks and patients who had hyperuricemia showed significantly decreased serum UA at 16 weeks. In addition, the levels of triglycerides (TG) were significantly decreased at 16 weeks in the Irb/Am group. Conclusion: A single-pill fixed-dose combination therapy with irbesartan 100 mg/day and amlodipine 5 mg/day was superior to the combination of valsartan 80 mg/day and amlodipine 5 mg/day with respect to significant decreases in BP, serum UA and TG in patients with hypertension. © 2016 Taylor and Francis Group, LLC.


Uchino R.,National Hospital Organization | Kusano S.,Izumi General Medical Center | Hanada N.,Izumi General Medical Center | Ohara C.,National Hospital Organization | And 2 more authors.
Japanese Journal of Cancer and Chemotherapy | Year: 2011

There are many reports that octreotide acetate (SMS) is effective for terminally ill cancer patients with malignant bowel obstructions such as nausea, vomiting and abdominal distension. We retrospectively found that the clinical efficacy of SMS in 23 patients with these symptoms depended on the early terminal stage (about six months until death) or middle terminal stage (within one month until death). SMS was more effective to relieve abdominal distension (p=0.01) and these bowel symptoms occurred among cancer patients in the early terminal stage rather than in the middle terminal stage (p<0.001).


Hanada N.,Izumi General Medical Center | Kawata K.,Izumi General Medical Center | Okamura S.,Izumi General Medical Center | Tomiyama N.,Izumi General Medical Center | Hori K.,Ohama Daiichi Hospital
Japanese Journal of Cancer and Chemotherapy | Year: 2013

Case 1: Recurrent tumors from gastric GIST in the liver and the abdominal wall showed partial response with 200 mg/day imatinib and maintained partial response at 100 mg/day. Case 2: Metastatic liver tumors from the jejunal GIST showed partial response with 200 mg/day imatinib. The tumors have been enlarged for interruption of imatinib administration, however, retreatment with imatinib resulted in partial response again and kept partial response at 100 mg/day of imatinib. The two cases seldom encountered adverse events at 100 mg/day of imatinib. There are some cases successfully treated with low-dose imatinib mesylate for recurrent GIST.


Inoue K.,Izumi General Medical Center | Sakiyama T.,Izumi General Medical Center | Setoyama K.,Izumi General Medical Center | Iwashita Y.,Izumi General Medical Center | And 6 more authors.
Nihon Shokakibyo Gakkai zasshi = The Japanese journal of gastro-enterology | Year: 2016

A 56-year-old man was admitted to our hospital with appetite loss, palpitations, orthostatic syncope, and hematochezia. Contrast-enhanced abdominal computed tomography (CT) revealed a proximal jejunal diverticulum with contrast extravasation. We immediately performed transoral double balloon enteroscopy (DBE) to treat the bleed in the jejunum, and this revealed a small ulcer with an exposed vessel at the opening of the jejunal diverticulum. Hemostasis was achieved endoscopically with argon plasma coagulation (APC) and hemoclips. During subsequent surgery, the diverticulum was found on the mesenteric side of the jejunum. We performed laparoscopy-assisted partial resection of the jejunum, and pathological examination showed that the diverticulum shared a common proper muscle layer with the jejunum and was covered by jejunal mucosa with no ectopic mucosa. Therefore, we diagnosed jejunal duplication. After hospital discharge, the patient had no recurrence of hematochezia or anemia. We report a rare case of jejunal duplication presenting with hematochezia, which was diagnosed as jejunal diverticular bleeding by CT and DBE before surgery. Pathological analysis confirmed jejunal duplication after surgery. We suggest that intestinal diverticular bleeding, as well as duplication of the gastrointestinal tract, should be considered as part of the differential diagnosis of obscure gastrointestinal bleeding.


PubMed | Izumi General Medical Center
Type: Case Reports | Journal: Gan to kagaku ryoho. Cancer & chemotherapy | Year: 2010

We report a case of recurrent breast cancer with solitary lung metastasis that has shown no recurrence with treatment by trastuzumab alone after partial resection of the right lung upper lobe. A 56-year-old woman, who presented with left breast cancer, underwent quadrantectomy and axillar lymph node dissection in March 2004. Pathological findings were as follows: invasive ductal carcinoma, 3. 7 cm in size, histological grade 3, positive invasion of lymphatic and blood vessels, negative nodal status, negative ER/PgR status, and overexpression of HER2/ neu. She had received adjuvant radiotherapy followed by cyclophosphamide, methotrexate and fluorouracil combination chemotherapy; however, a lung nodule developed 14 months after first operation, which had grown gradually. Partial resection of the lung with thoracoscope assistance revealed metastatic lung cancer from breast cancer. Trastuzumab treatment for 6 months after second operation has maintained no recurrence for 4 years.


PubMed | Izumi General Medical Center
Type: Case Reports | Journal: Cancer chemotherapy and pharmacology | Year: 2010

The safety and efficacy of S-1 in hemodialysis patients have not been established. We evaluated the safety and efficacy and pharmacokinetics of S-1 in a hemodialysis patient with advanced gastric cancer.A 66-year-old Japanese man with chronic renal failure, who had undergone hemodialysis three times a week for 3 years. Based on the diagnosis of stage IV gastric cancer, S-1 therapy was started. S-1 was administered 11 times at a daily dose of 23.5 mg/m(2) (40 mg/body)after hemodialysis, followed by a rest. One course was a period of 28 days. Blood samples were obtained after the first administration of S-1 and before beginning the fourth course. The concentration of 5-FU was determined by high-performance liquid chromatography.Area under the concentration-time curve (AUC)of 5-FU was 2647.2 ng h/mL after administration of S-1 of 23.5 mg/m(2) (40 mg/body). During the S-1 treatment,serious adverse events such as neutropenia were not observed; however, decreases in hemoglobin level were observed (grade 3). The treatment was well tolerated. After the second course of chemotherapy, the primary lesion showed a partial response and lymph node metastases and liver metastases showed stable disease.Our results suggest that S-1 is an important treatment option for patients with hemodialysis with advanced gastric cancer.


PubMed | Fukuoka University and Izumi General Medical Center
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of clinical medicine research | Year: 2016

Guidelines for the management of hypertension recommend the use of drugs with different mechanisms of action in antihypertensive regimens that include single-pill fixed-dose combinations of medications. There is some controversy regarding which single-pill fixed-dose combinations of angiotensin II type 1 receptor blockers (ARBs) and calcium channel blockers (CCBs) are effective at reducing blood pressure (BP).Forty hypertensive patients who were receiving a single-pill fixed-dose combination of valsartan 80 mg/day and amlodipine 5 mg/day or irbesartan 100 mg/day and amlodipine 5 mg/day were enrolled. They were randomly divided into two treatment groups, a group that changed to a single-pill fixed-dose combination of azilsartan 20 mg/day and amlodipine 5 mg/day (changeover group) and a group that continued to receive valsartan 80 mg/day and amlodipine 5 mg/day or irbesartan 100 mg/day and amlodipine 5 mg/day (control group), and treated for 16 weeks.There were no significant differences in systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP) or pulse rate (PR) at 16 weeks between the control and changeover groups. In addition, there were no significant changes in biochemical parameters throughout the study period in both groups.The ability of a single-pill fixed-dose combination of azilsartan and amlodipine to reduce BP may be comparable to that of a combination of valsartan and amlodipine or irbesartan and amlodipine.


PubMed | Fukuoka University and Izumi General Medical Center
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of clinical medicine research | Year: 2015

Visit-to-visit variability (VVV) in blood pressure (BP) in addition to high BP has been shown to be a strong predictor of coronary events and stroke. Therefore, we investigated the associations between VVV in BP or BP levels and cardiovascular events after successful percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI).We enrolled 176 hypertensive patients who had undergone successful PCI and who had four clinic visits to measure BP until follow-up coronary angiography (CAG) at 6 - 9 months after PCI. The patients were divided into those with acute coronary syndrome (ACS group; n = 50) and those with stable angina pectoris (SAP group; n = 126). We determined VVV in BP expressed as the standard deviation (SD) of average BP, average, and the maximum and minimum BP during the follow-up period. Major adverse cardiovascular events (MACEs) (myocardial infarction (MI), target lesion revascularization (TLR) and all-cause death) were also analyzed.There were no significant differences in VVV in BP, average BP or maximum or minimum BP between the patients with and without MACE in all patients, the ACS and SAP groups. Interestingly, in the ACS group, VVV in SBP and maximum SBP in patients with MI were significantly higher than those in patients without MI. The cut-off levels for VVV in BP and maximum SBP that gave the greatest sensitivity and specificity for MI in the ACS group were 15.1 and 138 mm Hg, respectively.Higher VVV in SBP and maximum SBP in patients with ACS after successful PCI were associated with the onset of MI.

Loading Izumi General Medical Center collaborators
Loading Izumi General Medical Center collaborators