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Morioka, Japan

Iwate Medical University is a private university in Morioka, Iwate, Japan. Wikipedia.

Tsunoda K.,Iwate Medical University
Journal of clinical and experimental hematopathology : JCEH

Blastic plasmacytoid dendritic cell neoplasm (BPDCN) is a clinically aggressive tumor derived from the precursor of plasmacytoid dendritic cells. We describe two cases of BPDCN. In case 1, the patient presented with multiple erythema on the trunk and arms. Histopathology of a skin biopsy specimen and immunohistochemistry demonstrated that the tumor cells were small to medium-sized with a blastoid morphology and positive for CD4, CD56, CD123 and T-cell leukemia-1 (TCL-1). In case 2, the patient presented with a solitary skin nodule and rapidly developed involvement of the bone marrow and peripheral blood. Although immunohistochemistry of the infiltrating tumor cells demonstrated positivity for CD4, CD56, CD123 and TCL-1, the cells were large with a distinct nucleolus, and different from those of typical BPDCN. The atypical morphological features of BPDCN may be diagnostically problematic, and should therefore be recognized correctly. Source

Background: There is a report that S100A12 is useful as an early marker of acute lung injury (ALI). The purpose of this study was to determine whether S100A12 or sRAGE is useful as a marker during the development of ALI in postoperative sepsis patients. Methods: The subjects were patients who underwent emergency surgery because of sepsis secondary to perforation of the lower gastrointestinal tract. We conducted a retrospective study comparing 2 groups of patients: a group of 9 patients who developed postoperative ALI, the ALI(+) group, and a group of 8 patients who did not develop postoperative ALI, the ALI(-) group. Their blood S100A12, sRAGE, IFN-γ, WBC count, and CRP values were measured immediately after surgery and on postoperative day 1 (D1). Results: The changes in S100A12 showed significantly higher values immediately postoperatively in the ALI(+) group (p < 0.05). The sRAGE values immediately postoperatively were similar, but on D1, they were significantly higher in the ALI(-) group (p < 0.05). Conclusions: S100A12 increases in the early stage of development of ALI. sRAGE production increases in patients who do not develop ALI. Copyright © 2010 S. Karger AG, Basel. Source

The C-857T promoter polymorphism of TNF-α gene is associated with obese type 2 diabetes, while the adiponectin G+276T gene polymorphism in intron 2 may influence the fat accumulation in the liver. In this study, we examined effects of these polymorphisms on clinical markers of insulin resistance and fatty liver (a liver/spleen CT ratio < 0.9). These polymorphisms were determined in 342 Japanese subjects with type 2 diabetes. The liver/spleen CT ratio was lower in the subjects with the adiponectin +276G/G genotype than that in the subjects with the +276T allele (P < 0.05), indicating that fat accumulation in the liver is associated with the +276G/G genotype. Multiple comparisons among the 4 combinations of each polymorphism of the TNF-α and adiponectin genes revealed a significant difference in the liver/spleen CT ratio (P < 0.05) among the 4 groups, indicating that the gene combinations influence the degree of fat accumulation in the liver. The subjects carrying the TNF-α -857T allele (C/T or T/T genotype) and the adiponectin +276G/G genotype had greater risks for fatty liver and insulin resistance that was evaluated by higher levels of fasting insulin and homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance, as compared with the other groups. Therefore, Japanese subjects with the TNF-α -857T allele and the adiponectin +276G/G genotype may be more susceptible to insulin resistance and fatty liver. The present study provides the evidence for the interaction between TNF-α and adiponectin genes in the insulin resistance and fatty liver in Japanese subjects with type 2 diabetes. Source

The aim of this article is to review how MR imaging and associated imaging modalities provide clinicopathologic information on brain damage after carbon monoxide poisoning. Initially, many authors documented typical findings of conventional MR imaging in the gray matter structures such as the globus pallidus and in various regions of cerebral white matter. The focus of investigation has since shifted to observation of cerebral white matter areas that are more frequently detected on MR imaging and are more responsible for chronic symptoms than the gray matter. DWI has dramatically contributed to the ability to quantitatively assess cerebral white matter damage. Subsequently, DTI has enabled more sensitive evaluation than DWI and can demonstrate progressive pathologic changes in the early stage, allowing prediction of chronic conditions. In addition, MR spectroscopy reveals changes in metabolite levels, offering quantitative clinicopathologic information on brain damage after carbon monoxide poisoning. Source

Nakamura Y.,Iwate Medical University
Inflammation and Allergy - Drug Targets

Severe or refractory bronchial asthma represents 5-10% of the asthmatic population that responds poorly to high doses of inhaled corticosteroids. Biopharmaceutical approaches have identified new therapies that target key cells and mediators, such as Th2-cells, cytokines, and chemokines. However, some of the clinical trials with these biologics in patients with asthma have been unsuccessful, thus some of these studies had to be discontinued. This article will review current therapeutic strategies of biological immune response modifiers in decreasing pathological immune responses. Therapies using cytokine inhibitors currently provide a way to elucidate the role of individual cytokines in the pathogenesis of human diseases and may yield new approaches to identifying asthma phenotypes. © 2013 Bentham Science Publishers. Source

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