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Morioka-shi, Japan

Liu W.,University of Illinois at Springfield | Xing F.,University of Illinois at Springfield | Iiizumi-Gairani M.,University of Illinois at Springfield | Okuda H.,University of Illinois at Springfield | And 9 more authors.
EMBO Molecular Medicine | Year: 2012

Wnt signalling has pivotal roles in tumour progression and metastasis; however, the exact molecular mechanism of Wnt signalling in the metastatic process is as yet poorly defined. Here we demonstrate that the tumour metastasis suppressor gene, NDRG1, interacts with the Wnt receptor, LRP6, followed by blocking of the Wnt signalling, and therefore, orchestrates a cellular network that impairs the metastatic progression of tumour cells. Importantly, restoring NDRG1 expression by a small molecule compound significantly suppressed the capability of otherwise highly metastatic tumour cells to thrive in circulation and distant organs in animal models. In addition, our analysis of clinical cohorts data indicate that Wnt+/NDRG-/LRP+ signature has a strong predictable value for recurrence-free survival of cancer patients. Collectively, we have identified NDRG1 as a novel negative master regulator of Wnt signalling during the metastatic progression, which opens an opportunity to define a potential therapeutic target for metastatic disease. © 2012 EMBO Molecular Medicine.

Yoshida M.,Osaka University | Saeki M.,Osaka University | Egusa H.,Osaka University | Irie Y.,Iwate Medical School | And 5 more authors.
Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications | Year: 2013

We previously characterized RNA polymerase II-associated protein 3 (RPAP3) as a cell death enhancer. Here we report the identification and characterization of splicing isoform of RPAP3, isoform 1 and 2. We investigated the interaction between RPAP3 and PIH1 domain containing protein 1 (PIH1D1), and found that RPAP3 isoform 1, but not isoform 2, interacted with PIH1D1. Furthermore, knockdown of RPAP3 isoform 1 by small interfering RNA down-regulated PIH1D1 protein level without affecting PIH1D1 mRNA. RPAP3 isoform 2 potentiated doxorubicin-induced cell death in human breast cancer T-47 cells although isoform 1 showed no effect. These results suggest that R2TP complex is composed of RPAP3 isoform 1 for its stabilization, and that RPAP3 isoform 2 may have a dominant negative effect on the survival potency of R2TP complex. © 2012 Elsevier Inc.

Niino M.,Hokkaido Medical Center | Mifune N.,Kochi University of Technology | Kohriyama T.,Hiroshima City Hospital | Mori M.,Chiba University | And 17 more authors.
Clinical and Experimental Neuroimmunology | Year: 2014

Objective The aim of the present study was to investigate the association of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings and social activity with cognitive function in Japanese patients with multiple sclerosis (MS).Methods The Brief Repeatable Battery of Neuropsychological tests (BRB-N) was carried out in 184 Japanese patients with MS, and 163 controls matched for age, sex and education. MRI findings of cerebral, brainstem, and cerebellar lesions and social activities of MS patients were further examined.Results MS patients with higher numbers of cerebral lesions on MRI had lower scores in most BRB-N tests. BRB-N scores in the majority of tests were significantly lower in patients with brainstem and cerebellar lesions. Data from an analysis of variance model in which only the main effects of cerebral, brainstem and cerebellar lesions were hypothesized showed an association of cerebral lesions with decreased scores in all BRB-N tests, except symbol digit modalities test (SDMT) and paced auditory serial addition test (PASAT). In contrast, cerebellar lesions were associated with decreased SDMT and PASAT scores. Patients categorized as "unemployed because of MS" had lower BRB-N scores than other social activity groups. Lower SDMT scores had an effect on the "unemployed because of MS" group, whereas the Expanded Disability Status Scale had a significantly greater negative impact on patients in this social category.Conclusions Higher numbers of brain lesions on MRI could have an impact on cognitive function in patients with MS, and impairment of information processing appears significantly associated with cerebellar lesions. Cognitive impairment affects the employment status of patients with MS. © 2014 Japanese Society for Neuroimmunology.

Niino M.,Hokkaido Medical Center | Mifune N.,Kochi University of Technology | Kohriyama T.,Hiroshima City Hospital | Mori M.,Chiba University | And 19 more authors.
BMC Neurology | Year: 2014

Background: Cognitive impairment could affect quality of life for patients with multiple sclerosis (MS), and cognitive function may be correlated with several factors such as depression and fatigue. This study aimed to evaluate cognitive function in Japanese patients with MS and the association between cognitive function and apathy, fatigue, and depression.Methods: The Brief Repeatable Battery of Neuropsychological tests (BRB-N) was performed in 184 Japanese patients with MS and 163 healthy controls matched for age, gender, and education. The Apathy Scale (AS), Fatigue Questionnaire (FQ), and Beck Depression Inventory Second Edition (BDI-II) were used to evaluate apathy, fatigue, and depression, respectively. Student's t-test was used to compare MS patients and healthy controls. Correlations between two factors were assessed using the Pearson correlation test, and multiple regression analysis was used to evaluate how much each factor affected the BRB-N score.Results: In all BRB-N tests, patients with MS scored significantly lower than controls, and the effect size of symbol digit modalities test was the highest among the 9 tests of the BRB-N. Patients with MS had higher AS (p < 0.001), FQ (p < 0.0001), and BDI-II (p < 0.0001) scores than controls. In patients with MS, scores on most of the BRB-N tests correlated with scores on the AS and BDI-II; however, there was little correlation between scores on the BRB-N tests and those on the FQ.Conclusions: Cognitive function was impaired, particularly information-processing speed, and decreased cognitive function was correlated with apathy and depression in Japanese patients with MS. Despite the association between cognitive variables and depression/apathy, cognitive function was impaired beyond the effect of depression and apathy. However, subjective fatigue is not related with cognitive impairment. Taken together, this suggests that different therapeutic approaches are needed to improve subjective fatigue and cognition, and thereby quality of life, in patients with MS. © 2014 Niino et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.

Irie Y.,Iwate Medical School | Irie Y.,Osaka University | Saeki M.,Osaka University | Tanaka H.,Osaka University | And 9 more authors.
Cell and Tissue Research | Year: 2011

We examined the toxicity of methamphetamine and dopamine in CATH.a cells, which were derived from mouse dopamine-producing neural cells in the central nervous system. Use of the quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction revealed that transcripts of the endoplasmic reticulum stress related gene (CHOP/Gadd153/ddit3) were considerably induced at 24-48 h after methamphetamine administration (but only under apoptotic conditions), whereas dopamine slightly induced CHOP/Gadd153/ddit3 transcripts at an early stage. We also found that dopamine and methamphetamine weakly induced transcripts for the glucose-regulated protein 78 gene (Grp78/Bip) at the early stage. Analysis by immunofluorescence microscopy demonstrated an increase of CHOP/Gadd153/ddit3 and Grp78/Bip proteins at 24 h after methamphetamine administration. Treatment of CATH.a cells with methamphetamine caused a re-distribution of dopamine inside the cells, which mimicked the presynaptic activity of neurons with cell bodies located in the ventral tegmental area or the substantia nigra. Thus, we have demonstrated the existence of endoplasmic reticulum stress in a model of presynaptic dopaminergic neurons for the first time. Together with the recent evidence suggesting the importance of presynaptic toxicity, our findings provide new insights into the mechanisms of dopamine toxicity, which might represent one of the most important mechanisms of methamphetamine toxicity and addiction. © 2011 The Author(s).

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