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Gifu-shi, Japan

Wada K.,Gifu University | Ueno T.,Otsuka Pharmaceutical Factory Inc. | Uchiyama S.,Otsuka Pharmaceutical Factory Inc. | Abiru Y.,Otsuka Pharmaceutical Factory Inc. | And 9 more authors.
European Journal of Nutrition | Year: 2016

Purpose: The factors responsible for the production of isoflavone metabolites have not yet been identified. We aimed to examine the relationships of equol production between mother and child in a birth cohort in Japan. Methods: Subjects were a part of the participants in a longitudinal study on pregnant women and their offspring. When children were 5–7 years old, mothers and children were asked to reply to a questionnaire on lifestyles and a 3-day child’s dietary record. Mothers and children were given a bar-shaped soy snack (Soyjoy®) daily on two consecutive days (soy challenge). The snack contained 14 mg of overall soy isoflavones as the sum of aglycones and the glucosides for mothers and 7.5 mg for children. On the morning of day 0 and 3, they were asked to mail their first-void urines. Urinary isoflavone metabolites of 159 mother–child pairs were measured by a high-performance liquid chromatography method. Results: Equol producers were 35.5 % among mothers and 13.8 % among children. Equol producer status of a child was neither associated with dietary intake nor with urinary levels of daidzein and genistein. After multiple adjustments for potential confounders, the estimated relative risk of equol producer was 2.75 (95 % confidence interval 1.00, 7.52) among children whose mother was an equol producer, compared with children whose mother was a non-producer. Conclusion: Child’s equol production was associated with the mother’s equol producer status. The effects of maternal factors on child’s equol production should be studied further. © 2016 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg

Wada K.,Gifu University | Nagata C.,Gifu University | Nakamura K.,Gifu University | Iwasa S.,Iwasa Maternity | And 3 more authors.
Endocrine Journal | Year: 2012

The association between light exposure at night and sex hormone levels in utero has scarcely reported. We assessed the associations between sleep duration or being awake in the late evening hours, which can be as indicator of light exposure at night, and the maternal and umbilical blood hormone levels during pregnancy and at delivery among Japanese women. The data for 236 women and their newborns who visited a maternal clinic in Gifu, Japan, between May 2000 and October 2001 were analyzed. Maternal blood samples were obtained at approximately the 10th weeks, 29th weeks of gestation, and at delivery. Umbilical cord artery blood was immediately drawn after birth. Information for sleep during pregnancy was obtained by a self-administered questionnaire. The levels of estradiol and testosterone were measured using radioimmunoassay. Maternal serum testosterone level in the 10th week was higher among those who were awake at or after 1:00 a.m. than among those who were asleep at that time (P = 0.032). Maternal estradiol level in the 29th week was inversely associated with sleep duration on weekends (P = 0.043). Umbilical testosterone level at delivery inversely correlated with sleep duration on weekdays (P = 0.030). These associations were somewhat stronger among mothers with female offspring than those with male offspring. These results suggested that exposure to light at night might increase sex hormone levels during pregnancy. © The Japan Endocrine Society.

Wada K.,Gifu University | Konishi K.,Gifu University | Tamura T.,Gifu University | Shiraki M.,Iwasa Maternity | And 2 more authors.
Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research | Year: 2016

Background: Although alcohol consumption has been suggested to have an effect on the immune system, it is unknown whether alcohol consumption has a role in developing allergic diseases. We aimed to examine the associations of total alcohol intake during pregnancy with the risks of childhood asthma and atopic eczema in a birth cohort in Japan. Methods: Pregnant women were recruited at a maternal clinic from May 2000 to October 2001. The children who were born to these mothers were followed until November 2007. Total alcohol intake, including alcohol as a cooking ingredient, was assessed using 5-day dietary records. Mother reports of physician-diagnosed asthma and atopic eczema were annually obtained from the questionnaires. Asthma assessed by the American Thoracic Society Division of Lung Diseases questionnaire and atopic eczema assessed by International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood questions were also obtained in 2007. A total of 350 children participated in the follow-up survey. Results: Maternal total alcohol intake during pregnancy was associated with increased risks of atopic eczema before age 3. The positive association with atopic eczema was also observed when it was defined as before age 5. In the high versus the low tertile of maternal total alcohol intake, the estimated hazard ratios (HRs) of child's eczema were 1.90 (95% CI: 0.96 to 3.76) before age 3 and 1.74 (95% CI: 0.93 to 3.24) before age 5, respectively. The estimated HRs of child's asthma before age 3 was 1.61 (95% CI: 0.70 to 3.69) in the high versus the low of maternal total alcohol intake and 2.11 (95% CI: 0.93 to 4.81) among children having drinking mothers versus nondrinking mothers in pregnancy, although maternal alcohol intake during pregnancy was not significantly associated with the risk of asthma before age 5. Conclusions: Alcohol consumption during pregnancy might have an effect on developing atopic eczema in offspring. © 2016 Research Society on Alcoholism.

Kawamoto N.,Gifu University | Fukao T.,Gifu University | Kaneko H.,Gifu University | Kaneko H.,Nagara Medical Center | And 13 more authors.
Allergy and Asthma Proceedings | Year: 2013

Some patients with infantile atopic dermatitis (AD) achieve remission around 1 year old, but in others it persists. The difference between them is unclear. We performed a birth cohort study to find the markers predicting the outcome of infantile AD. We followed up a cohort (n = 314) from birth to 14 months of age, and cord blood was taken from the participants. Some of them (n = 144) had a physical examination and a blood test at 6 and 14 months of age. The subjects who had AD at 6 months (n = 34) were divided into two groups, named the transient group (those who had no AD at 14 months of age; n = 16) and the persistent group (those who still had AD at 14 months of age; n = 18). Then, laboratory data were compared between these two groups. Percentage of CD8 in cord blood lymphocytes and total IgE at 6 months of age in the persistent group was significantly higher than those of the transient group. The area under the curves of a receiver operating characteristic analysis were 0.792 (p = 0.007) and 0.722 (p = 0.027). In the persistent group, total IgE, percentages of T-helper (Th) 2 and phytohemagglutinin-induced IL-4 production from peripheral blood mononuclear cells at 14 months of age were also significantly higher than those of the transient group. Thus Th2 polarization in the persistent group was confirmed. In clinical use, total IgE at 6 months of age is the most useful predictive marker to know the outcome of infantile AD. The clinical trial registration ID is UMIN000002926. © 2013, OceanSide Publications, Inc., U.S.A.

Kawamoto N.,Gifu University | Fukao T.,Gifu University | Kaneko H.,Gifu University | Kaneko H.,Nagara Medical Center | And 24 more authors.
Journal of Investigational Allergology and Clinical Immunology | Year: 2012

Background: The pathogenic mechanisms of atopic dermatitis (AD) and recurrent wheezing (RW) during infancy are not fully understood. Objective: We evaluated immunological markers associated with AD and RW during infancy. Methods: We followed a cohort (n=314) from birth to 14 months of age. Some of the participants underwent a physical examination and blood test at 6 and 14 months of age. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis and receiver operating characteristic curve analysis were performed to find which immunological markers could be risk factors for AD and RW. Results: Of 16 immunological markers found in cord blood, only immunoglobulin (Ig) E was associated with AD at 6 months of age (adjusted OR [aOR], 1.607). None of the markers was associated with AD or RW at 14 months of age. Of 23 immunological markers at 6 months of age, total IgE (aOR, 1.018) and sensitization to egg white (aOR, 23.246) were associated with AD at 14 months of age. Phytohemagglutinin (PHA)-induced production of interleukin (IL) 4 from peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) (aOR, 1.043) was associated with RW at 14 months of age. Conclusion: Cord blood IgE was a risk factor for AD at 6 months of age. Total IgE and sensitization to egg white at 6 months of age were risk factors for AD at 14 months of age. PHA-induced IL-4 production in PBMCs at 6 months of age was a risk factor for RW at 14 months of age. © 2012 Esmon Publicidad.

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