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Iwakuni, Japan

Takuma Y.,Kurashiki Central Hospita | Takuma Y.,National Hospital Organization Iwakuni Center | Nousot K.,Okayama University of Science | Makino Y.,National Hospital Organization Iwakuni Center | And 2 more authors.
Alimentary Pharmacology and Therapeutics | Year: 2010

Background Hepatic encephalopathy has a negative effect on patient health-related qual ity of life (HRQOL). Zinc supplementation has been effective with regard to altered nitrogen metabolism. Aim To investigate the effectiveness of oral zinc supplementation on hepatic encephalopathy and HRQOL. Methods Seventy-nine cirrhotic patients with hepatic encephalopathy were randomized to receive 225 mg of polaprezinc in addition to standard therapies of a protein-restricted diet including branched-chain amino acid and lactulose, or to continue only standard therapies for 6 months. The change of HRQOL by Short Form-36, hepatic encephalopathy grade, laboratory parameters, and neuropsychological (NP) tests were compared at baseline and at 6 months. We also evaluated via multivariate analysis whether zinc supplementation and clinical variables correlated with the changes in physi cal component scale (PCS) and mental component scale (MCS) between the two visits. Results Zinc supplementation significantly improved the PCS (P = 0.04), but not the MCS (P = 0.95). Zinc supplementation significantly decreased hepatic encephalopathy grade and blood ammonia levels (P = 0.03 and P = 0.01), and improved Child-Pugh score and NP tests compared with standard therapy (P = 0.04 and P = 0.02). In multivariate analysis, zinc supplementation was significantly associated with improvement in PCS (P = 0.03), whereas it was not significantly associated with change in MCS (P = 0.98). Conclusion Zinc supplementation is effective in hepatic encephalopathy and consequently improves patients HRQOL. © 2010 Blackwell Publishing Ltd . Source

Ninomiya T.,Iwakuni Clinical Center
Gan to kagaku ryoho. Cancer & chemotherapy | Year: 2013

We report a case of advanced colon cancer with multiple liver metastases treated by two-stage laparoscopic surgery. An 82-year-old woman, whose main complaint was constipation, was diagnosed with stage IV sigmoid colon cancer. With the aim of decompressing the colon, a transanal decompression tube was inserted. She underwent laparoscopic-assisted sigmoidectomy and D3 lymph node dissection, and an ileostomy was created. Systemic chemotherapy was administered immediately after the operation. After 4 courses of chemotherapy, she underwent the second operation, i.e., laparoscopic- assisted partial hepatectomy and radiofrequency ablation of liver metastases. Cases of obstructive colon cancer are more advanced than cases of non-obstructive colon cancer. Systemic treatments are required after the resection of primary tumors. We aim to improve the prognosis of patients with obstructive colon cancer by the use of laparoscopic surgery. Source

Aoki H.,Iwakuni Clinical Center | Takakura N.,Fukuyama City Hospital | Shiozaki S.,Hiroshima City Hospital | Matsukawa H.,Hiroshima City Hospital
Digestive Surgery | Year: 2010

Background/Purpose: The incidence and natural history of postoperative chylous ascites are not well understood. This complication causes malnutrition and prolonged hospital stay. We investigated our institution's experience involving chylous ascites, especially following pancreatectomy. Additionally, we designed a new intraoperative method dubbed the 'milk test' for preventing chylous ascites. Methods: Five cases of chylous ascites following pancreatectomy from April 2001 through March 2004 were studied retrospectively. The milk test was carried out prospectively. Such rates as positivity and incidence of ascites were examined. Results: Of 65 cases (40 pancreatoduodenectomy; 25 distal pancreatectomy), 5 (7.7%) developed chylous ascites following pancreatic resection. All cases underwent octreotide and total parenteral nutrition treatment. From April 2004 through March 2009, the milk test was used in 104 cases. Surgical procedures comprised pancreatoduodenectomy (n = 78) and distal pancreatectomy (n = 23). Of these cases, 23 (22.1%) tested positive. No significant difference in positive rates was observed between the procedures and diseases. After initiation of the milk test, chylous ascites incidence decreased from 7.7 to 2.9%. Conclusions: For chylous ascites, octreotide and total parenteral nutrition treatments are useful. However, the milk test was found to be a safe and effective method for prevention of chylous ascites following pancreatectomy. Copyright © 2010 S. Karger AG, Basel. Source

Otani S.,Iwakuni Clinical Center
Kyobu geka. The Japanese journal of thoracic surgery | Year: 2013

A 50-year-old man was admitted because of enlargement in diameter of the descending thoracoabdominal aorta. Seven years previously, he had undergone Bentall operation and graft replacement of the aortic arch due to an acute dissecting aneurysm, and he had also received graft replacement of the descending aorta due to a rupture of dissecting aneurysm 2 years before. The surgical stress of conventional repair under left lateral thoracotomy and laparotomy was considered to be excessive, and the 3-dimensional computed tomography (3D-CT) image revealed the reconstruction of intercostals artery was difficult. Hence, extra-anatomic bypasses were created to perfuse the visceral and renal vessels, and endovascular thoracic stent-grafts were deployed into the false lumen, because of the severe narrowing of the true lumen( hybrid-procedure). The postoperative course was uneventful and the patient was discharged on postoperative 30 days. Hybrid-procedure of aortic aneurysm is feasible, and may be an alternative to standard open procedures in high-risk patients and emergency cases. Source

Noncompaction of the left ventricular myocardium (NCLV) is a rare congenital cardiomyopathy resulting from an arrest in normal endomyocardial embryogenesis, and has been known as a disease of infants. However, some cases of NCLV in adults have been recently reported. We experienced an adult NCLV case repeating heart failure, and controlled it by surgery. The patient was 75-year-old man with NCLV and he had repeated heart failure and hospitalization. His heart failure had been barely control by infusion of human atrial natriuretic peptide (hANP). Coronary angiography revealed double vessel disease( #2 100%, #6 90).We performed coronary artery bypass grafting(CABG) with intraoperative cardiac resynchronization therapy. The heart failure was dramatically improved and the patient was discharged on foot 32 days after operation. However, careful observation of cardiac function is vital because of the possibility of progression to heart failure of NCLV. Source

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