Allais G.,University of Turin |
D'Andrea G.,Research and Innovation R and I |
Maggio M.,Ivrea Hospital |
Benedetto C.,University of Turin
Neurological Sciences | Year: 2013
In this open trial we evaluated the possible efficacy of Ginkgolide B in the treatment of acute aura in a group of patients suffering from migraine with aura, considering in particular the effect of the treatment on aura duration. Twenty-five patients (16 females, 9 males, mean age 39.7 ± 13.5 years, range 18-65) suffering from migraine with aura were enrolled in the study. The diagnosis was made according to the diagnostic criteria of the international classification of headache disorders, second edition (ICHD-II), for typical aura with migraine headache (n = 19) or typical aura without headache (n = 6). Patients were asked to use a diary card to register the exact duration of the aura symptoms in two consecutive attacks of aura. In the first one, they only took note of the duration of neurological symptoms in minutes. In the following attack, they were instructed to take orally, immediately at the onset of the first symptoms of aura, two capsules of a combination of 60 mg Ginkgo biloba terpenes phytosome, 11 mg coenzyme Q 10 and 8.7 mg vitamin B2 (Migrasoll®). Aura duration (expressed in minutes) was significantly (p<0.001) reduced by Migrasoll® intake, being 33.6 ± 11.5 in the first untreated attack and 21.9 ± 11.8 during the second attack. In general, there was a marked amelioration of the features of the neurological symptoms of aura in the treated attack. In four patients (18.1 %) suffering from typical aura with migraine, the pain phase disappeared. Among the patients who completed the study no serious adverse events were reported. © Springer-Verlag Italia 2013.
PubMed | Maria Vittoria Hospital, Mauriziano Hospital, Rimini Hospital, SSCVD Epidemiologia Clinica e Valutativa and 12 more.
Type: | Journal: International journal of cardiology | Year: 2015
The epidemiology of infective endocarditis (IE) is changing due to a number of factors, including aging and health related comorbidities and medical procedures. The aim of this study is to describe the main clinical, epidemiologic and etiologic changes of IE from a large database in Italy.We prospectively collected episodes of IE in 17 Italian centers from July 2007 to December 2010.We enrolled 677 patients with definite IE, of which 24% health-care associated. Patients were male (73%) with a median age of 62 years (IQR: 49-74) and 61% had several comorbidities. One hundred and twenty-eight (19%) patients had prosthetic left side IE, 391 (58%) native left side IE, 94 (14%) device-related IE and 54 (8%) right side IE. A predisposing cardiopathy was present in 50%, while odontoiatric and non odontoiatric procedures were reported in 5% and 21% of patients respectively. Symptoms were usually atypical and precocious. The prevalent etiology was represented by Staphylococcus aureus (27%) followed by coagulase-negative staphylococci (CNS, 21%), Streptococcus viridans (15%) and enterococci (14%). CNS and enterococci were relatively more frequent in patients with intravascular devices and prosthesis and S. viridans in left native valve. Diagnosis was made by transthoracic and transesophageal echocardiography in 62% and 94% of cases, respectively. The in-hospital mortality was 14% and 1-year mortality was 21%.The epidemiology is changing in Italy, where IE more often affects older patients with comorbidities and intravascular devices, with an acute onset and including a high frequency of enterococci. There were few preceding odontoiatric procedures.
Puzziello A.,University of Salerno |
Rosato L.,Ivrea Hospital |
Innaro N.,University of Catanzaro |
Orlando G.,University of Catanzaro |
And 4 more authors.
Endocrine | Year: 2014
Postoperative hypocalcemia is the most frequent complication of total thyroidectomy. It may have a delayed onset, and therefore delays the discharge from the hospital, requiring calcium replacement therapy to alleviate clinical symptoms. During a 7-month period, 2,631 consecutive patients undergoing primary or completion thyroidectomy were prospectively followed up and underwent analysis regarding postoperative hypoparathyroidism. Data were prospectively collected by questionnaires from 39 Italian endocrine surgery units affiliated to the Italian Endocrine Surgery Units Association (Club delle Unità di EndocrinoChirurgia—UEC), where thyroid surgery is routinely performed. The incidence of hypoparathyroidism was 28.8 % (757 patients), including transient hypocalcemia (27.9 %—734 patients) and permanent hypocalcemia (0.9 %—23 patients). The rate of asymptomatic hypocalcemia was 70.80 %. The incidence of permanent hypocalcemia was higher in the symptomatic hypocalcemia group (7.5 %) than in asymptomatic one (1.5 %). Female patients experienced a transient postoperative hypocalcemia more frequently than male patients (29.7 and 21.2 %, respectively; p < 0.0001). The percentage developing hypocalcemia in patients in which parathyroid glands were intraoperatively identified and preserved was higher than in the patients in which the identification of parathyroid glands was not achieved (29.2 vs. 18.7 %, p < 0.01). This prospective study confirmed the main risk factors for postoperative hypocalcemia: thyroid cancer, nodal dissection, and female gender. It farther showed that identifying parathyroids has an important role to prevent permanent hypocalcemia though with a higher risk of transient hypocalcemia. A suitable informed consent should especially emphasize the importance of some primary factors in increasing the risk of hypocalcemia after thyroid surgery. © 2014, Springer Science+Business Media New York.
PubMed | General Surgery and Endocrine Surgical Unit, Ivrea Hospital, University of Salerno and University of Catanzaro
Type: Journal Article | Journal: American journal of surgery | Year: 2016
Specific complications after thyroid surgery, such as recurrent laryngeal nerve injury (RLN) or hypoparathyroidism, are feared because they may give rise to a lifelong disability for the patient. The aim of this study was to evaluate the possible association between the types of device used (bipolar vs ultrasound-based harmonic scalpel defined Harmonic Focus) and major postoperative complications.During a 1-year period, between October 2010 and October 2011, Italian Endocrine Surgery Units affiliated with the Italian Endocrine Surgery Units Association collected data on all consecutive patients older than 18years who had undergone primary total thyroidectomy, near total thyroidectomy, and completion thyroidectomy. The data were included in a dataset, listing demographic variables, details on the surgical procedure, and 2 major complications of the thyroid surgery: postoperative RLN palsy/hypomobility and hypocalcemia.Our population comprised 1,846 subjects (78.6% women, median age 52years). Six hundred four (32.7%) subjects underwent thyroidectomy by bipolar forceps and 1,242 (67.3%) by ultrasonic device. The risk of hypocalcemia in subjects undergoing thyroidectomy by ultrasonic device was similar to those undergoing thyroidectomy by bipolar after adjusting for sex, type of thyroidectomy, and central lymphadenectomy (odds ratio .94, 95% confidence interval .76 to 1.17). Subjects who underwent thyroidectomy by ultrasonic device had a lower risk of RLN paralysis compared with those undergoing thyroidectomy by bipolar forceps also after adjusting for central lymphadenectomy (odds ratio .39, 95% confidence interval .2 to .7).This multicenter study acknowledges the value of the ultrasonic device as a protective factor only for RLN palsy, confirming nodal dissection as a risk factor for postoperative hypocalcemia and vocal folds disorders.
PubMed | S Camillo Forlanini Hospital, University of Rome La Sapienza, University of Padua, University of Perugia and 12 more.
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of endocrinological investigation | Year: 2016
The diagnostic, therapeutic and health-care management protocol (Protocollo Gestionale Diagnostico-Terapeutico-Assistenziale, PDTA) by the Association of the Italian Endocrine Surgery Units (U.E.C. CLUB) aims to help treat the patient in a topical, rational way that can be shared by health-care professionals.This fourth consensus conference involved: a selected group of experts in the preliminary phase; all members, via e-mail, in the elaboration phase; all the participants of the XI National Congress of the U.E.C. CLUB held in Naples in the final phase. The following were examined: diagnostic pathway and clinical evaluation; mode of admission and waiting time; therapeutic pathway (patient preparation for surgery, surgical treatment, postoperative management, management of major complications); hospital discharge and patient information; outpatient care and follow-up.A clear and concise style was adopted to illustrate the reasons and scientific rationales behind behaviors and to provide health-care professionals with a guide as complete as possible on who, when, how and why to act. The protocol is meant to help the surgeon to treat the patient in a topical, rational way that can be shared by health-care professionals, but without influencing in any way the physician-patient relationship, which is based on trust and clinical judgment in each individual case.The PDTA in thyroid surgery approved by the fourth consensus conference (June 2015) is the official PDTA of U.E.C. CLUB.
PubMed | Moorfields Eye Hospital, Hospital Universitario Ramon y Cajal, Ivrea Hospital, Eye Institute and 9 more.
Type: Journal Article | Journal: JAMA ophthalmology | Year: 2015
Antibiotic stewardship is important in controlling resistance, adverse reactions, and cost. The literature regarding antibiotic use for eyelid surgery is lacking.To determine standard care and assess factors influencing antibiotic prescribing practices for eyelid surgery.A survey study was conducted from February 2, 2014, to March 24, 2014. The survey was distributed to 2397 oculoplastic surgeons in private and academic oculoplastic surgery practices in 43 countries. All surgeons were members of ophthalmic plastic and reconstructive surgery societies. Data were analyzed by geographic location. Linear regression was performed to quantify contributions to rates of prescribing postoperative antibiotics for routine eyelid surgical procedures.Rates of prescribing prophylactic intravenous, oral, and topical antibiotics as well as factors that influence surgeons prescribing practices.A total of 782 responses were received from 2397 surgeons (average response rate, 36.7%; 2.5% margin of error) from 43 countries. Topical antibiotic use was common in all regions (85.2%). Perioperative intravenous antibiotic use was uncommon in all regions (13.5%). Geographic location was the greatest predictor of antibiotic prescribing practices (range, 2.9% in the United Kingdom to 86.7% in India; mean, 24%). Within Europe, Italy had the highest rate of antibiotic prescriptions for eyelid surgery (41.7%) and the United Kingdom had the lowest rate (2.9%.) In South America, Venezuela had the highest rate of antibiotic prescriptions for eyelid surgery (83.3%) and Chile had the lowest rate (0%). The practice locations that were associated with routinely prescribing postoperative oral antibiotics were India (odds ratio [OR], 15.83; 95% CI, 4.85-51.68; P<.001), Venezuela (OR, 13.47; 95% CI, 1.43-127.19; P=.02), and Southeast Asia (OR, 2.80; 95% CI, 1.15-6.84; P=.02). Conversely, practice location in the United Kingdom (OR, 0.048; 95% CI, 0.0063-0.37; P=.004), Australia and New Zealand (OR, 0.15; 95% CI, 0.033-0.67; P=.01), and the United States and Canada (OR, 0.41; 95% CI, 0.23-0.72; P=.002) were associated with decreased rates of postoperative oral antibiotic use. Surgeons concern for allergic reactions was associated with decreased rates of prescribing antibiotics (OR, 0.34; 95% CI, 0.23-0.49; P<.001), while surgeons concern for infection was associated with increased rates of prescribing antibiotics (OR 1.80; 95% CI, 1.45-2.23; P<.001).These results from members of ophthalmic plastic and reconstructive surgery societies confirm that antibiotic prescribing practices for routine eyelid surgical procedures vary widely throughout the world. No standard of care has been established that would require the routine use of postoperative prophylactic antibiotics following eyelid surgery.
PubMed | University of Naples Federico II, University of Padua, University of Genoa, Policlinico Universitario Of Monserrato and 12 more.
Type: | Journal: Endocrine | Year: 2016
The most appropriate surgical management of follicular neoplasm/suspicious for follicular neoplasm lesions (FN), considering their low definitive malignancy rate and the limited predictive power of preoperative clinic-diagnostic factors, is still controversial. On behalf of the Italian Association of Endocrine Surgery Units (U.E.C. CLUB), we collected and analyzed the experience of 26 endocrine centers by computerized questionnaire. 1379 patients, surgically treated after a FN diagnosis from January 2012 and December 2103, were evaluated. Histological features, surgical complications, and medium-term outcomes were reported. Total thyroidectomy (TT) was performed in 1055/1379 patients (76.5%), while hemithyroidectomy (HT) was carried out in 324/1379 cases (23.5%). Malignancy rate was higher in TT than in HT groups (36.4 vs. 26.2%), whereas the rates of transient and definitive hypoparathyroidism following TT were higher than after HT. Consensual thyroiditis (16.8 vs. 9.9%) and patient age (50.9 vs. 47.9%) also differed between groups. A cytological FN diagnosis was associated to a not negligible malignancy rate (469/1379 patients; 34%), that was higher in TT than in HT groups. However, a lower morbidity rate was observed in HT, which should be considered the standard of care in solitary lesions in absence of specific risk factors. Malignancy could not be preoperatively assessed and clinical decision-making is still controversial. Further efforts should be spent to more accurately preoperatively classify FN thyroid nodules.
Gentile I.,University of Naples Federico II |
Rosato L.,Ivrea Hospital |
Avenia N.,University of Perugia |
Testini M.,University of Bari |
And 3 more authors.
Annali Italiani di Chirurgia | Year: 2014
Thyroid surgery is a clean procedure and therefore antibiotic prophylaxis is not routinely recommended by most international guidelines. However, antibiotics are often used in clinical practice. We enrolled 2926 patients who performed a thyroid surgical operation between the years 2009 and 2011 in the 38 centers of endocrine surgery that joined the UEC - Italian Endocrine Surgery Units Association. Antibiotic prophylaxis was used in 1132 interventions (38.7%). In case of antibiotic prophylaxis, cephalosporins or aminopenicillins ± beta lactamase inhibitors were employed. At logistic regression analysis the use of drainage or device and the presence of malignancy were independent predictors of antibiotic prophylaxis employment. In conclusion our study shows that antibiotic prophylaxis was not rarely used in clinical practice in the setting of thyroid surgery. Drainage apposition, use of device, and malignant disease were independent predictors for antibiotic prophylaxis employment. More data on everyday practice and infection rate in well-designed studies are warranted to provide definitive recommendations on the utility of antibiotic prophylaxis in this setting. According to our experience, we don't consider to be strictly necessary the antibiotic prophylaxis employment in order to reduce infection rate in thyroid surgery.
Peruzzo Cornetto A.,U Parini Regional Hospital |
Pasquino M.,Ivrea Hospital |
Aimonetto S.,U Parini Regional Hospital |
Zenone F.,U Parini Regional Hospital |
And 6 more authors.
Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology | Year: 2012
Purpose: To investigate the exposure parameters, effective dose, frequency, and collective dose for interventional radiology (IR) procedures performed at a single institution during a 9-year period. Materials and Methods: According to the anatomic region imaged, seven diagnostic and 16 therapeutic IR procedures performed between 2002 and 2010 were retrospectively investigated with regard to exposure setting parameters and frequency. Dose-area products (DAPs), cumulative doses (CDs), and irradiation time values were analyzed on a sample of 1,100 examinations. DAP distributions (median, mean, and percentiles) were adjunctively determined by using bootstrap resampling in PCXMC software to estimate patient effective dose. Data provided by the Radiological Information System allowed collective effective and per-capita doses to obtained. Results: The exposure parameters showed widespread variability. The median DAP values for pelvic arteriography and pelvic arterial angioplasty/stent placement were 10,015 and 19,424 cGy·cm2, respectively. For the 23 procedures studied, the estimated average per-procedure effective dose ranged from 0.34 to 104.9 mSv. The pelvis (37%) was the region most often imaged in diagnostic procedures, and angioplasty/stent treatment of vessels was the most frequently performed therapeutic procedure (44%). During the study period, IR procedures increased in frequency (+137%), with a consequent increase in the per-capita dose (0.172 to 0.461 mSv) and collective dose (21 to 58 man-Sv/y). Conclusions: A comprehensive Monte Carlo-aided analysis, which allowed evaluation of contributions in terms of per-procedure and collective doses to the population for the practice of IR, showed a significant growth rate during the study period. © 2012 SIR.
Rosato L.,Ivrea Hospital
Il Giornale di chirurgia | Year: 2011
Anomalies of the gallbladder position in the biliary tract are rare, but they could be very dangerous during cholecystectomy. A 48-year-old man presented with a 2-week history of intermittent epigastric pain, scleral jaundice and elevation of liver function tests. After a magnetic resonance cholangiogram and an endoscopic retrograde cholangiogram with sphincterotomy, he was submitted to laparoscopic cholecystectomy, the conversion to laparotomy was decided for the suspect of gallbladder interposition. The anatomical anomaly was confirmed and a Roux-en-Y hepaticojejunostomy was executed, with end-to-side anastomosis between the confluence of the hepatic ducts and the fourth loop of jejunum, on a biliary stent. This catheter was removed in the tenth postoperative day; after cholangiography and CT abdominal scan the patient was discharged, without complications. The gallbladder interposition is a rare malformation which seems to arise from an embryonic anomaly occurring between the 4th and the 5th week and whose potential causes have not been detected. A similar outcome could be also determined by a Mirizzi syndrome, but in our case it is excluded because intra-operatively there was no inflammatory reaction that could justify the presence of a fistula between the gallbladder and the common hepatic duct. Once the gallbladder interposition is found, the surgical treatment consists in removing the gallbladder itself and the corresponding part of the common hepatic duct. The reconstruction is carried out by a Roux-en-Y hepaticojejunostomy with anastomosis at the hepatic hilum, positioning a biliary stent.