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Franco P.,University of Turin | Mistrangelo M.,University of Turin | Arcadipane F.,University of Turin | Munoz F.,Medical Oncology 1 | And 12 more authors.
Cancer Investigation | Year: 2015

Purpose: To report the 4-year outcomes of a consecutive series of anal cancer patients treated with concurrent chemo-radiation delivered with intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT), employing a simultaneous integrated boost (SIB) approach. Methods: A consecutive series of 54 patients was enrolled between 2007 and 2013. Treatment schedule consisted of 50.4 Gy/28 fractions (1.8 Gy daily) to the gross tumor volume, while the elective nodal volumes were prescribed 42 Gy/28 fractions (1.5 Gy/daily) for patients having a cT2N0 disease. Patients with cT3-T4/N0-N3 tumors were prescribed 54 (T3) or 60 (T4) Gy/30 fractions (1.8-2 Gy daily) to the gross tumor volume; gross nodal volumes were prescribed 50.4 Gy/30 fr (1.68 Gy daily) if sized ≤ 3 cm or 54 Gy/30 fr (1.8 Gy daily) if > 3 cm; elective nodal regions were given 45 Gy/30 fractions (1.5 Gy daily). Chemotherapy was administered concurrently according to the Nigro's regimen. Primary endpoint was colostomy-free survival (CFS). Secondary endpoints were local control (LC), disease-free survival (DFS), cancer-specific survival (CSS), overall survival (OS), and toxicity profile. Results: Median follow up was 32.6 months (range 12-84). The actuarial probability of being alive at 4 years without a colostomy (CFS) was 68.9% (95% CI: 50.3%-84.7%). Actuarial 4-year OS, CSS, DFS, and LC were 77.7% (95% CI: 60.7-88.1%), 81.5% (95% CI: 64%-91%), 65.5% (95% CI: 47.7%-78.5%), and 84.6% (95% CI: 71.6%-92%). Actuarial 4-year metastasis-free survival was 74.4% (95% CI: 55.5%-86.2%). Maximum detected acute toxicities were as follows: dermatologic -G3: 13%; GI-G3: 8%; GU-G3: 2%; anemia-G3: 2%; neutropenia-G3:11%; G4: 2%; thrombocytopenia- G3:2%. Four-year G2 chronic toxicity rates were 2.5% (95% CI: 3.6-16.4) for GU, 14.4% (95% CI: 7.1-28) for GI, 3.9% (95% CI: 1%-14.5%) for skin, and 4.2% (95% CI: 1.1-15.9) for genitalia. Conclusions: Our study shows the feasibility of IMRT in the combined modality treatment of anal cancer, with comparable results to the literature with respect to LC, sphincter preservation and survival. Acute toxicity is lower if compared to series employing standard techniques. Our results support the use of IMRT on a routine basis for the treatment of anal cancer. © 2015 Informa Healthcare USA, Inc. Source

Cante D.,Ivrea Community Hospital | Franco P.,Ospedale Regionale U. Parini | Sciacero P.,Ivrea Community Hospital | Girelli G.,Ivrea Community Hospital | And 11 more authors.
Medical Oncology | Year: 2013

Accelerated hypofractionation (HF) using larger dose per fraction, delivered in fewer fractions over a shorter overall treatment time, is presently a consistent possibility for adjuvant whole breast radiation (WBRT) after breast-conserving surgery for early breast cancer (EBC). Between 2005 and 2008, we submitted 375 consecutive patients to accelerated hypofractionated WBRT after breast-conserving surgery for EBC. The basic course of radiation consisted of 45 Gy in 20 fractions over 4 weeks to the whole breast (2.25 Gy daily) with an additional daily concomitant boost of 0.25 Gy up to 50 Gy to the surgical bed. Overall survival (OS), cancer-specific survival (CSS), disease-free survival (DFS) and local control (LC) were assessed. Late toxicity was scored according to the CTCAE v3.0; acute toxicity using the RTOG/EORTC toxicity scale. Cosmesis was assessed comparing treated and untreated breast. Quality of life (QoL) was determined using EORTC QLQ-C30/QLQ-BR23 questionnaires. With a median follow-up of 60 months (range 42-88), 5 years OS, CSS, DFS and LC were 97.6, 99.4, 96.6 and 100 %, respectively. Late skin and subcutaneous toxicity was generally mild, with few events > grade 2 observed. Cosmetic results were excellent in 75.7 % of patients, good in 20 % and fair in 4.3 %. QoL, assessed both through QLQ-C30/QLQ-BR23, was generally favorable, within the functioning and symptoms domains. Our study is another proof of principle that HF WBRT with a concurrent boost dose to the surgical cavity represents a safe and effective postoperative treatment modality with excellent local control and survival, consistent cosmetic results and mild toxicity. © 2013 Springer Science+Business Media New York. Source

Cante D.,Ivrea Community Hospital | Petrucci E.,ASL TO | Piva C.,Ivrea Community Hospital | Borca V.C.,ASL TO | And 6 more authors.
Radiologia Medica | Year: 2016

Aims: To evaluate the usefulness of a contouring course in reducing inter- and intraobserver variability in the definition of the larynx as organ at risk (OAR). Methods: Within the “Rete Oncologica Piemonte-Valle d’Aosta” network, a contouring course focusing on larynx delineation was proposed. Twenty-six radiotherapist technicians (RTTs) experienced in delineating OARs were asked to contour larynx before and after the training. An expert radiation oncologist defined the reference volume for educational purpose. The contoured volumes obtained before and after the course were compared using descriptive statistics (mean value, standard deviation—SD, and coefficient of variation—COV) of volumes and maximum diameters. Conformity index (CI), dice coefficient (DC), and percentage of overlap were used to evaluate the spatial accuracy of the different volumes compared to the reference. Further analysis regarding the variation in the centre of mass (COM) displacement was performed. Results: The mean volume was 40.4 cm3 before and 65.9 cm3 after the course, approaching the reference value. Mean anteroposterior, laterolateral, and craniocaudal diameters improved, getting each closer to the reference. Moreover, the COM moved approaching reference coordinates. Mean percentage of intersection and DC strongly increased after the course, rising from 57.76 to 93.83 % and from 0.68 to 0.89, respectively. CI enhanced from 0.06 to 0.31. Conclusions: This study shows an improvement in larynx definition after the contouring course with lower interobserver variability and major consistency compared to the reference volume. Other specific educational activities may further increase the quality of radiation therapy contouring in this setting. © 2016 Italian Society of Medical Radiology Source

Cante D.,Ivrea Community Hospital | Franco P.,University of Turin | Sciacero P.,Ivrea Community Hospital | Girelli G.,Ivrea Community Hospital | And 5 more authors.
Tumori | Year: 2016

Aims: To report the 5- and 10-year results of accelerated hypofractionated whole-breast radiotherapy (WBRT) with concomitant boost to the tumor bed in 83 consecutive patients with early breast cancer aged >70 years. Methods: All patients were treated with breast conservation and hypofractionated WBRT. The prescription dose to the whole breast was 45 Gy (2.25 Gy/20 fractions) with an additional daily concomitant boost of 0.25 Gy to the surgical cavity (2.5 Gy/20 fractions up to 50 Gy). The maximum detected toxicity was scored according to the Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events, version 3.0. We considered as skin toxicity: erythema, edema, desquamation, ulceration, hemorrhage, necrosis, telangiectasia, fibrosis-induration, hyperpigmentation, retraction and atrophy. Cosmetic results were assessed as set by the Harvard criteria. Results: With a median follow-up of 60 months (range 36-88), no local recurrence was observed. The maximum detected acute skin toxicity was G0 in 57% of patients, G1 in 40% and G2 in 3%. Late skin and subcutaneous toxicity was generally mild with no ≥G3 events. The cosmetic results were excellent in 69% of patients, good in 22%, fair in 5%, and poor in 4%. Conclusions: The present results support the use of hypofractionation employing a concomitant boost to the lumpectomy cavity in women aged >70 years. This is a convenient treatment option for both this type of population and health-care providers. © 2015 INTM, Italy. Published by Wichtig Publishing. Source

Girelli G.,Ivrea Community Hospital | Franco P.,University of Turin | Sciacero P.,Ivrea Community Hospital | Cante D.,Ivrea Community Hospital | And 6 more authors.
Anticancer Research | Year: 2015

Aim: To report on clinical outcomes of prostate cancer patients treated with hypofrationated radiotherapy employing a simultaneous integrated boost strategy. Patients and Methods: A consecutive series of 104 patients affected with prostate cancer was treated with intensity-modulated radiotherapy using a hypofractionated schedule and a simultaneous integrated boost consisting of 70 Gy (2.5 Gy daily) to the prostate gland, 63 Gy to the seminal vescicles (2.25 Gy daily) and 53.2 Gy to the pelvic nodes (1.9 Gy daily) when needed, delivered in 28 fractions. All patients underwent image-guided radiotherapy procedure consisting of daily cone-beam computed tomography. Results: After a median observation time of 26 (range=15-48) months, the 3-year biochemical failure-free survival was 96.5% [95% confidence interval (CI)=89%-98%], 3-year cancer-specific survival was 98.5% (95% CI=91%-99%) and 3-year overall survival was 96.5% (95% CI=89%-98%). The gastrointestinal and genitourinary toxicity profiles were mild with fewer than 2% of grade 3 events. Erectile function was partially affected by radiation in men potent at baseline. Conclusion: Hypofractionation delivered with intensity-modulated radiotherapy and a simultaneous integrated boost approach proved to be a safe and effective treatment option for patients with prostate cancer. Patients with a preserved baseline erectile function experience a decrease in functionality correlated with the mean dose received by penile bulb. Source

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