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Martinez-Pastor F.,ITRA ULE | Martinez-Pastor F.,University of León | Mata-Campuzano M.,ITRA ULE | Mata-Campuzano M.,University of León | And 8 more authors.
Reproduction in Domestic Animals | Year: 2010

Contents: Flow cytometry has become an important technique in sperm evaluation and is increasingly used both for routine assessment and for research in veterinary science. We have revised the literature, describing fluorescent probes that have been used for analysing spermatozoa by flow cytometry, regarding: viability, acrosomal status, capacitation, mitochondrial status, apoptotic markers, oxidative stress markers, DNA damage, sperm counting and sperm sizing. Details and problems of some techniques are reviewed, with special attention to the occurrence of non-sperm particles in the samples ('debris'). New and promising aspects of flow cytometry, such as sperm sorting using viability markers as selection criteria, are highlighted. The relationship between flow cytometry analyses and fertility and their future improvements are considered. © 2010 Blackwell Verlag GmbH.


Anel L.,ITRA ULE | Alvarez M.,ITRA ULE | Anel E.,ITRA ULE | Martinez-Pastor F.,ITRA ULE | And 4 more authors.
Reproduction in Domestic Animals | Year: 2011

Contents: The Cantabrian brown bear (Ursus arctos) constitutes an endangered subpopulation of the European brown bear in the north of Spain. We have carried out a post-mortem recovery of epididymal spermatozoa from a Cantabrian brown bear (7 years old, 170 kg; 30 min post-mortem), cryopreserving those recovered from the cauda epididymis (929 × 106 spermatozoa, 54% motile, 82% cytoplasmic droplets). For freezing, three extenders based on Test-Tris-Fructose + 4% glycerol were used: (1) 325 mOsm/kg and 10% egg yolk; (2) 430 mOsm/kg and 15% egg yolk; (3) 300 mOsm/kg, Equex-EDTA and 20% egg yolk. After thawing, we obtained higher motility for extender 3 (31%), but extender 2 yielded the highest viability (66.9%) and mitochondrial activity (67.1%). Caffeine stimulation showed that extender two rendered the highest recovery values of post-thawing motility with respect to the fresh sample. In conclusion, epididymal spermatozoa of brown bear can be frozen applying an extender with osmolality similar to epididymal environment. © 2010 Blackwell Verlag GmbH.

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