Rotherham, United Kingdom
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Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: NMP-2008-3.2-1 | Award Amount: 16.82M | Year: 2009

The ultimate ambition of COPIRIDE is to develop a new modular production and factory concept for the chemical industry using adaptable plants with flexible output. This concept will be superior, intellectual property (IP) protected, and enable a much wider spread of know-how and education of this skill-intensive technology. Key functional enabling units are new production-scale, mass-manufactured microstructured reactors as well as other integrated process intensification (PI) reactors realising integrated processes. This will lead to a substantial reduction in costs, resources & energy and notably improves the eco-efficiency. To ensure the competitiveness of European (EU) manufacturing businesses, PI technology / know-how is transferred from leaders to countries (and respective medium & small industries) with no exposure in PI so far, but with a track record in sustainability, and to the explorative markets food and biofuels. A deeply rooted base will be created for IP rights (Copyright, = COPIRIDE) by generic modular reactor & plant design and new generic processes via Novel Process Windows, facilitating patent filing. Due to the entire modular plant concept comprising all utilities far beyond the reaction & processual parts - a holistic PI concept is provided, covering the whole development cycle with, e.g., safety & process control & plant approval. Features, inter alia, are fast plant start-up and shut-down for multipurpose functionality (flexibility in products), sustainable & safe production, and fast transfer from lab to production & business (time-to-market). Industrial demonstration activities up to production scale with five field trials present a good cross-section of reactions relevant to the EU chemical industry. The economic impact in COPIRIDE is 10 Mio /a (cautiously optimistic) to 30 Mio /a (optimistic) by direct exploitation. Indirect exploitation might sum up to 800 Mio /a (very optimistic) by other companies via technology transfer.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-CA | Phase: REGIONS-2009-1 | Award Amount: 1.60M | Year: 2009

Project WASTEKIT anticipates on three drivers: 1. Societal & economic attention for sustainability & specific waste management; 2. Waste management-related regional economic development; 3. Network of networks for European innovation and competitiveness excellence. It has the following objectives: 1. Expand ambitions of regions with respect to regional economic development based on waste management RTD, innovation & business creation; 2. Expand international & mentoring roles of waste management-related actors; 3. Create an international role as a European network of (regional) waste management-related clusters. Result indicators are linked to the objectives. Four regions particpate: Emilia-Romagna region (Italy), Yorkshire & Humber region (UK), Sofia region (Bulgaria) and Amsterdam region (the Netherlands). Regions of Knowledge experiences gave the consortium argument that 4 regions will lead to high (regional) impact potentials looking at characteristics of waste management infrastructures and RTD & innovation processes. Each region is represented via triple helix actors: regional/local authority or related organisation, knowledge institution and company, including linkages with intermediary actors. 19 consortium partners contribute to WASTEKIT. AIM is proposed coordinator. This partner has coordinating experiences regarding a Regions of Knowledge project. The consortium sees fruitful waste domains like waste to energy, recycling, agricultural/bio waste, and waste prevention & minimisation. The consortium invests in mentoring mechanisms; this leads to a focus on mentoring regions on waste disposal. The consortium acknowledges the methodologies & approaches (like Joint Action Plan definition & activation) as suggested in the call for proposal Regions of Knowledge. The project has three phases: Analysis Phase (WP2), Synthesis Phase & Measures (WP3, WP4), Mentoring & Dissemination Phase (WP5, WP6 & WP7). WP1 contains project management.

Jordan C.A.,ITI Energy Ltd | Akay G.,Northumbria University | Fordham T.,ITI Energy Ltd
CHISA 2012 - 20th International Congress of Chemical and Process Engineering and PRES 2012 - 15th Conference PRES | Year: 2012

The gasification of various low heating value wastes including miscanthus, wood chip, and refuse derived fuel for the production of electricity was performed in a novel 2 Mw up-down-side draft gasifier developed by ITI Energy and Newcastle University using air as the gasifying agent. Operation of the gasifier system was evaluated in terms of synthesis (syngas) heating value, syngas yield, equivalence ratio, stability of the gasifier operating zones, and cold and hot gas efficiency. Optimal gasification of all of the fuels occurred within a narrow range of equivalence ratios from 0.25-0.27. The quality of the syngas generated from this novel gasifier and the potential for the production of commodity chemicals are presented. This is an abstract of a paper presented at the CHISA 2012 - 20th International Congress of Chemical and Process Engineering and PRES 2012 - 15th Conference on Process Integration, Modelling and Optimisation for Energy Saving and Pollution Reduction (Prague, Czech Republic 8/25-29/2012).

Akay G.,Northumbria University | Akay G.,ITI Energy Ltd | Jordan C.A.,Northumbria University
Energy and Fuels | Year: 2011

Gasification of fuel cane bagasse briquettes and pellets was carried out in a novel 50 kWe downdraft autothermal gasifier to evaluate the most suitable densified form for use in downdraft gasifiers. The results showed that the calorific value of the syngas produced from the briquettes was low, ranging from 1.95 to 3.12 MJ/mn 3, and ballooning of the briquettes accompanied by bridging of the fuel repeatedly occurred in the pyrolysis and throat zones. In contrast, gasification of pelletized bagasse under similar operating conditions produced syngas ranging in calorific value from 4.90 to 5.94 MJ/mn 3, the syngas yield increased by 65%, and bridging was non-existent. Investigation of the lignocellulose composition of the bagasse found that this high-fiber cane has a high lignin/cellulose ratio with a typical lignin content of 33 ± 4%. Scanning electron microscopy studies of the partially pyrolyzed and expanded briquettes showed that extensive porous structures had developed during pyrolysis. Because cellulose devolatilizes at a faster rate than lignin, this suggested that, during pyrolysis, the rapid production of volatile gases within the briquettes resulted in ballooning and cracking of these structures. This increase in volume coupled with the reduced mass of the briquette resulted in reduced bulk density, which restricted the capacity of the fuel bed to flow under gravity and ultimately led to bridging in the reactor, poor syngas composition, and low yield. © 2011 American Chemical Society.

Jordan C.A.,Northumbria University | Jordan C.A.,ITI Energy Ltd | Akay G.,Northumbria University | Akay G.,ITI Energy Ltd
Fuel Processing Technology | Year: 2013

Granular calcium oxide was used in syngas conditioning to investigate its impact on tar composition, concentration, dew point and syngas yield during gasification of fuel cane bagasse (FCB). The results showed that the use of 2, 3 and 6 wt.% in-bed CaO promoted the conversion of Class1, 4 and 5 tars to Class 3 tars to varying degrees. Overall, this resulted in a decrease in tar yield ranging from 16 to 35%, a decrease in the tar concentration in syngas of 44-80%, an increase in syngas yield of 17-37%, and a decrease in tar dew point of 37-60°C as the CaO concentration was increased from 2 to 6 wt.%. © 2012 Elsevier B.V.

Akay G.,Northumbria University | Jordan C.A.,ITI Energy Ltd | Mohamed A.H.,Northumbria University
Journal of Energy Chemistry | Year: 2013

Sulphonated nano-structured micro-porous ion exchange polymers, known as sulphonated PolyHIPE Polymers (s-PHPs) were used in syngas cleaning to investigate their impact on tar composition, concentration and dew point depression during the gasification of fuel cane bagasse as a model biomass. The results showed that the s-PHPs used as a secondary syngas treatment system, was highly effective at adsorbing and reducing the concentration of all class of tars in syngas by 95%-80% which resulted in tar dew point depression from 90 °C to 73 °C. It was shown that tars underwent chemical reactions within s-PHPs, indicating that tar diffusion from syngas was driven by chemical potential. It was also observed that s-PHPs also captured ash forming elements from syngas. The use of s-PHPs in gasification as well as in an integrated thermochemical biorefinery technology is discussed since the tar loaded s-PHPs can be used as natural herbicides in the form of soil additives to enhance the biomass growth and crop yield. Copyright © 2013, Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences.

Jordan C.A.,Northumbria University | Jordan C.A.,ITI Energy Ltd. | Akay G.,Northumbria University
Biomass and Bioenergy | Year: 2012

Gasification of pelletised fuel cane bagasse a waste residue from an energy crop known as fuel cane was investigated to evaluate the potential of fuelling solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) with the raw fuel gas produced. Tars produced during gasification of the bagasse in a 50kWe air-blown downdraft autothermal gasifier were collected, quantified and characterised and the tar dew point evaluated. The concentration of tar collected was 376±27mgm-3 of dry syngas (at 273K, 101kPa), emphasising the efficiency of the tar cracking reactions in the oxidation zone of the gasifier. However, although tar production was low, the typical mixture of tar compounds produced exhibited a high tar dew point of 90±5°C and was dominated by Class 2 and 5 tars which condense readily even at low concentrations. Additionally Class 1 tars had a mass fraction of 8% of the total tar produced. Therefore the calculated tar dew point underestimates the actual tar dew point and a high potential for fouling of SOFC anodes exists. Consequently primary or secondary gas cleaning treatment measures targeting the production or occurrence of Class 1, 2 and 5 tars will be essential for long term operation of SOFC power generating systems fuelled by raw fuel gas from fuel cane bagasse. © 2012.

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