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Petrini C.,Italian National Institute of Health | Farisco M.,Institute of Research Gaetano Salvatore
Blood Transfusion | Year: 2011

Background and objectives. Umbilical cord blood (CB) banking and therapeutic use raise several ethical issues: medical indications, legal framework, public versus private biobanks, autologous versus allogeneic use, ownership, commercialisation, quality assurance and many others. Surrogate informed consent is one of the most notable controversial ethical issues. The aim of this study was to analyse and compare informed consent forms for CB collection, storage and use in the 18 accredited biobanks of the Italian Network. Material and methods. The first part of the article gives a brief overview of the scientific framework, the comparison of allogeneic and autologous use and Italian regulations. In the second part the contents of the consent forms from the 18 Italian biobanks are compared with the "NetCord-FACT International Standards for Cord Blood Collection, Banking, and Release for Administration". Results. Most of the Italian consent forms differ significantly from the NetCord-FACT Standards, with regards both to formal and substantial aspects. Conclusion. Italian forms for CB collection, storage and use need standardisation to meet international criteria. © SIMTI Servizi Srl.

Costa A.N.,Italian National Institute of Health
Euro surveillance : bulletin européen sur les maladies transmissibles = European communicable disease bulletin | Year: 2011

We report four cases of West Nile virus (WNV) transmission following a single multiorgan donation in north-eastern Italy. The transmissions were promptly detected by local transplant centres. The donor had been tested for WNV by nucleic acid amplification test (NAT) prior to transplantation and was negative. There were no detected errors in the nationally implemented WNV safety protocols.

Bochicchio F.,Italian National Institute of Health
Radiation Protection Dosimetry | Year: 2011

On the basis of recent epidemiological findings, many international and national organisations have revised their recommendations and regulations on radon exposure in dwellings and workplaces, or are in the process to do it. In particular, new recommendations and regulations were recently published (or are going to be) by World Health Organization, Nordic Countries, International Commission on Radiological Protection, International, Atomic Energy Agency (and the other international organisations sponsoring the International Basic Safety Standards), European Commission. Although with some differences, these new documents recommend lower radon concentrations in indoor air, especially in dwellings, compared with previous ones. Moreover, preventive measures in all new buildings are more and more considered as one of the most cost-effective way to reduce the radon-related lung cancers, compared with previous approach restricting preventive measures in radon-prone areas only. A comprehensive national action plan, involving several national and local authorities, is generally considered a necessary tool to deal with the many complex actions needed to reduce the risk from radon exposure in an effective way. © The Author 2011. Published by Oxford University Press. All rights reserved.

"Never really known as a friendly group, the Italian mafia has been brutally murdering people for hundreds of years. Most of the time, these killings are quick—some henchmen waylay the target, squeeze a trigger a few times and make their getaway. Yet according to a new report released last week by the Italian National Institute of Health, a few local Italian mobs have been slowly killing dozens of innocent people for decades by way of a multibillion dollar toxic waste disposal racket. In 2014, the Italian parliament mandated that the National Institute of Health conduct an investigation into the higher than normal rates of death and cancer in 55 municipalities of the Naples and Caserta regions of southern Italy. This region has garnered the nicknames “the Land of Fires” thanks to the frequency with which toxic waste is burned by the local Camorra mob, a practice which gave rise to the region’s other nickname: the Triangle of Death. The Camorra mob has been running a multi-billion dollar racket in which they dispose of toxic waste for businesses in Italy’s industrial north since at least the early 1990s. By skirting environmental regulations the mob is able to dispose of these hazardous industrial materials for a fraction of the cost of legal disposal, and the industrialists in the north are smart enough to not ask questions about what happens to their garbage once it leaves their hands."

Gatta G.,Evaluative Epidemiology Unit | Mallone S.,Italian National Institute of Health | van der Zwan J.M.,Comprehensive Cancer Center the Netherlands | Trama A.,Evaluative Epidemiology Unit | And 3 more authors.
Annals of Oncology | Year: 2013

Background: Complete cancer prevalence data in Europe have never been updated after the first estimates provided by the EUROPREVAL project and referred to the year 1993. This paper provides prevalence estimates for 16 majorcancers in Europe at the beginning of the year 2003.Patients and methods: We estimated complete prevalence by the completeness index method. We usedinformation on cancer patients diagnosed in 1978-2002 with vital status information available up to 31December 2003, from 76 European cancer registries.Results: About 11.6 millions of Europeans with a history of one of the major considered cancers were alive on1 January 2003. For breast and prostate cancers, about 1 out of 73 women and 1 out of 160 men were living with aprevious diagnosis of breast and prostate cancers, respectively. The demographic variations alone will increase thenumber of prevalent cases to nearly 13 millions in 2010.Conclusions: Several factors (early detection, population aging and better treatment) contribute to increase cancerprevalence and push for the need of a continuous monitoring of prevalence indicators to properly plan needs, resourceallocation to cancer and for improving health care programs for cancer survivors. Cancer prevalence should beincluded within the EU official health statistics. © The Author 2013. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the European Society for Medical Oncology. All rights reserved.

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