IT Convergence Technology Research Laboratory

Daejeon, South Korea

IT Convergence Technology Research Laboratory

Daejeon, South Korea
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Kim Y.H.,IT Convergence Technology Research Laboratory | Baek N.S.,IT Convergence Technology Research Laboratory | Han Y.H.,IT Convergence Technology Research Laboratory | Chung M.-A.,IT Convergence Technology Research Laboratory | Jung S.-D.,IT Convergence Technology Research Laboratory
Journal of Neuroscience Methods | Year: 2011

We have prepared the poly-d-lysine (PDL) bound surfaces for neuron cell culture by covalent binding between the poly-d-Lysine and substrates and investigated neuronal cell adhesion properties and cell growth morphology. The number of neuronal cell and the number of neurite per neuronal cell on PDL bound surfaces was much more than those on PDL coated surfaces and also the neuronal cells on PDL bounded surfaces survived a longer time. On the pattern of covalently bound PDL, neuronal cells and their neurites are confined within the grid line leading to patterned neuronal networks with the long-term survival. © 2011 Elsevier B.V.


Kim M.,Korea University | Kim Y.,IT Convergence Technology Research Laboratory | Lee W.,Applied Technology Internet
ETRI Journal | Year: 2014

In this paper, we consider a resource allocation scheme for millimeter wave-based wireless personal area networks using directional antennas. This scheme involves scheduling the reservation period of medium access control for IEEE 802.15.3c. Objective functions are considered to minimize the average delay and maximize throughput; and two scheduling algorithms-namely, MInMax concurrent transmission and MAxMin concurrent transmission-Are proposed to provide a suboptimal solution to each objective function. These are based on an exclusive region and two decision rules that determine the length of reservation times and the transmission order of groups. Each group consists of flows that are concurrently transmittable via spatial reuse. The algorithms appropriately apply two decision rules according to their objectives. A real video trace is used for the numerical results, which show that the proposed algorithms satisfy their objectives. They outperform other schemes on a range of measures, showing the effect of using a directional antenna. The proposed scheme efficiently supports variable bit rate traffic during the reservation period, reducing resource waste. © 2014 ETRI.


Lee K.,IT Convergence Technology Research Laboratory | Cho D.-H.,KAIST
ETRI Journal | Year: 2014

To deal with the major challenges of embedded sensor networks, we consider the use of magnetic fields as a means of reliably transferring both information and power to embedded sensors. We focus on a power allocation strategy for an orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing system to maximize the transferred power under the required information capacity and total available power constraints. First, we consider the case of a co-receiver, where information and power can be extracted from the same signal. In this case, we find an optimal power allocation (OPA) and provide the upper bound of achievable transferred power and capacity pairs. However, the exact calculation of the OPA is computationally complex. Thus, we propose a low-complexity power reallocation algorithm. For practical consideration, we consider the case of a separated receiver (where information and power are transferred separately through different resources) and propose two heuristic power allocation algorithms. Through simulations using the Agilent Advanced Design System and Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator, we validate the magneticinductive channel characteristic. In addition, we show the performances of the proposed algorithms by providing achievable η-C regions. © 2014 ETRI.


Hong S.G.,IT Convergence Technology Research Laboratory | Kim N.S.,IT Convergence Technology Research Laboratory | Kim W.W.,Chungnam National University
ETRI Journal | Year: 2013

A passive infrared or pyroelectric infrared (PIR) sensor is mainly used to sense the existence of moving objects in an indoor environment. However, in an outdoor environment, there are often outbreaks of false alarms from environmental changes and other sources. Therefore, it is difficult to provide reliable detection outdoors. In this paper, two algorithms are proposed to reduce false alarms and provide trustworthy quality to surveillance systems. We gather PIR signals outdoors, analyze the collected data, and extract the target features defined as window energy and alarm duration. Using these features, we model target and false alarms, from which we propose two target decision algorithms: window energy detection and alarm duration detection. Simulation results using real PIR signals show the performance of the proposed algorithms. © 2013 ETRI.


Cho S.Y.,IT Convergence Technology Research Laboratory | Lee H.K.,Korea Aerospace University
ETRI Journal | Year: 2012

In this paper, an error compensation technique for a dead reckoning (DR) system using a magnetic compass module is proposed. The magnetic compass-based azimuth may include a bias that varies with location due to the surrounding magnetic sources. In this paper, the DR system is integrated with a Global Positioning System (GPS) receiver using a finite impulse response (FIR) filter to reduce errors. This filter can estimate the varying bias more effectively than the conventional Kalman filter, which has an infinite impulse response structure. Moreover, the conventional receding horizon Kalman FIR (RHKF) filter is modified for application in nonlinear systems and to compensate the drawbacks of the RHKF filter. The modified RHKF filter is a novel RHKF filter scheme for nonlinear dynamics. The inverse covariance form of the linearized Kalman filter is combined with a receding horizon FIR strategy. This filter is then combined with an extended Kalman filter to enhance the convergence characteristics of the FIR filter. Also, the receding interval is extended to reduce the computational burden. The performance of the proposed DR/GPS integrated system using the modified RHKF filter is evaluated through simulation. © 2012 ETRI.


Cho S.Y.,Kyungil University | Kim J.Y.,IT Convergence Technology Research Laboratory | Enkhtur M.,Korean University of Science and Technology
ETRI Journal | Year: 2013

The problem of pedestrian localization using mobile nodes containing impulse radio ultra wideband (IR-UWB) is considered. IEEE 802.15.4a-based IR-UWB can achieve accurate ranging. However, the coverage is as short as 30 m, owing to the restricted transmit power. This factor may cause a poor geometric relationship among the mobile nodes and anchor nodes in certain environments. To localize a group of pedestrians accurately, an enhanced cooperative localization method is proposed. We describe a sequential algorithm and define problems that may occur in the implementation of the algorithm. To solve these problems, a batch algorithm is proposed. The batch algorithm can be carried out after performing the sequential algorithm to linearize the nonlinear range equation. When a sequential algorithm cannot be performed due to a poor geometric relationship among nodes, a batch algorithm can be carried out directly. Herein, Monte Carlo simulations are presented to illustrate the proposed method and verify its performance. © 2013 ETRI.


Han S.-J.,IT Convergence Technology Research Laboratory | Choi J.,IT Convergence Technology Research Laboratory
ETRI Journal | Year: 2014

Autonomous vehicle technology based on information technology and software will lead the automotive industry in the near future. Vehicle localization technology is a core expertise geared toward developing autonomous vehicles and will provide location information for control and decision. This paper proposes an effective vision-based localization technology to be applied to autonomous vehicles. In particular, the proposed technology makes use of numerical maps that are widely used in the field of geographic information systems and that have already been built in advance. Optimum vehicle ego-motion estimation and road marking feature extraction techniques are adopted and then combined by an extended Kalman filter and particle filter to make up the localization technology. The implementation results of this paper show remarkable results; namely, an 18 ms mean processing time and 10 cm location error. In addition, autonomous driving and parking are successfully completed with an unmanned vehicle within a 300 m x 500 m space. © 2014 ETRI.


Lee J.-H.,IT Convergence Technology Research Laboratory
ETRI Journal | Year: 2013

We provide a new solution for the projective reconstruction problem based on coupled line cameras (CLCs) and their geometric properties. The proposed solution is composed of a series of optimized steps, and each step is more efficient than those of the initial solution proposed in [1]. We also give a new determinant condition for rectangle determination, which leads to less ambiguity in implementation. The key steps of the proposed solution can be represented with more compact analytic equations due to the intuitive geometric interpretations of the projective reconstruction problem based on CLCs: the center of projection corresponds to the intersection point of the two solution circles of each line camera involved. © 2013 ETRI.


Son Y.-S.,IT Convergence Technology Research Laboratory | Moon K.-D.,IT Convergence Technology Research Laboratory
ICCE 2010 - 2010 Digest of Technical Papers International Conference on Consumer Electronics | Year: 2010

This paper describes a home energy management system (HEMS) based on power line communication. Smart metering and power line communication can provide detailed information of energy consumption patterns and intelligent controlling to appliances at home. We propose a HEMS that can provide easy-to-access information on home energy consumption in real time, intelligent planning for controlling appliances, and optimization of power consumption at home. The HEMS consists of three modules: an advanced power control planning engine, a device control module, and a power resource management server. Our prototype system reduces the cost of power consumption by about 10%. ©2010 IEEE.


Lee J.-H.,IT Convergence Technology Research Laboratory
ETRI Journal | Year: 2012

We present an analytic solution to the projector pose estimation problem for the pinhole projection model in which the source image is a centered rectangle with an unknown aspect ratio. From a single quadrilateral given as a target image, our solution gives the position and orientation of a projector as well as the aspect ratio of a source image. The proposed method decomposes the problem into two pose estimation problems of coupled line projectors aligned at each diagonal of the given quadrilateral and then computes the common solution that satisfies the relevant geometric constraints. The solution is formulated as simple analytic equations. We also provide a determinant of projectability of an arbitrary quadrilateral. © 2012 ETRI.

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