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Lee K.,IT Convergence Technology Research Laboratory | Cho D.-H.,KAIST
ETRI Journal | Year: 2014

To deal with the major challenges of embedded sensor networks, we consider the use of magnetic fields as a means of reliably transferring both information and power to embedded sensors. We focus on a power allocation strategy for an orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing system to maximize the transferred power under the required information capacity and total available power constraints. First, we consider the case of a co-receiver, where information and power can be extracted from the same signal. In this case, we find an optimal power allocation (OPA) and provide the upper bound of achievable transferred power and capacity pairs. However, the exact calculation of the OPA is computationally complex. Thus, we propose a low-complexity power reallocation algorithm. For practical consideration, we consider the case of a separated receiver (where information and power are transferred separately through different resources) and propose two heuristic power allocation algorithms. Through simulations using the Agilent Advanced Design System and Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator, we validate the magneticinductive channel characteristic. In addition, we show the performances of the proposed algorithms by providing achievable η-C regions. © 2014 ETRI. Source


Kim M.,Korea University | Kim Y.,IT Convergence Technology Research Laboratory | Lee W.,Applied Technology Internet
ETRI Journal | Year: 2014

In this paper, we consider a resource allocation scheme for millimeter wave-based wireless personal area networks using directional antennas. This scheme involves scheduling the reservation period of medium access control for IEEE 802.15.3c. Objective functions are considered to minimize the average delay and maximize throughput; and two scheduling algorithms-namely, MInMax concurrent transmission and MAxMin concurrent transmission-Are proposed to provide a suboptimal solution to each objective function. These are based on an exclusive region and two decision rules that determine the length of reservation times and the transmission order of groups. Each group consists of flows that are concurrently transmittable via spatial reuse. The algorithms appropriately apply two decision rules according to their objectives. A real video trace is used for the numerical results, which show that the proposed algorithms satisfy their objectives. They outperform other schemes on a range of measures, showing the effect of using a directional antenna. The proposed scheme efficiently supports variable bit rate traffic during the reservation period, reducing resource waste. © 2014 ETRI. Source


Lee J.-H.,IT Convergence Technology Research Laboratory
ETRI Journal | Year: 2013

We provide a new solution for the projective reconstruction problem based on coupled line cameras (CLCs) and their geometric properties. The proposed solution is composed of a series of optimized steps, and each step is more efficient than those of the initial solution proposed in [1]. We also give a new determinant condition for rectangle determination, which leads to less ambiguity in implementation. The key steps of the proposed solution can be represented with more compact analytic equations due to the intuitive geometric interpretations of the projective reconstruction problem based on CLCs: the center of projection corresponds to the intersection point of the two solution circles of each line camera involved. © 2013 ETRI. Source


Cho S.Y.,Kyungil University | Kim J.Y.,IT Convergence Technology Research Laboratory | Enkhtur M.,Korean University of Science and Technology
ETRI Journal | Year: 2013

The problem of pedestrian localization using mobile nodes containing impulse radio ultra wideband (IR-UWB) is considered. IEEE 802.15.4a-based IR-UWB can achieve accurate ranging. However, the coverage is as short as 30 m, owing to the restricted transmit power. This factor may cause a poor geometric relationship among the mobile nodes and anchor nodes in certain environments. To localize a group of pedestrians accurately, an enhanced cooperative localization method is proposed. We describe a sequential algorithm and define problems that may occur in the implementation of the algorithm. To solve these problems, a batch algorithm is proposed. The batch algorithm can be carried out after performing the sequential algorithm to linearize the nonlinear range equation. When a sequential algorithm cannot be performed due to a poor geometric relationship among nodes, a batch algorithm can be carried out directly. Herein, Monte Carlo simulations are presented to illustrate the proposed method and verify its performance. © 2013 ETRI. Source


Cho S.Y.,IT Convergence Technology Research Laboratory | Lee H.K.,Korea Aerospace University
ETRI Journal | Year: 2012

In this paper, an error compensation technique for a dead reckoning (DR) system using a magnetic compass module is proposed. The magnetic compass-based azimuth may include a bias that varies with location due to the surrounding magnetic sources. In this paper, the DR system is integrated with a Global Positioning System (GPS) receiver using a finite impulse response (FIR) filter to reduce errors. This filter can estimate the varying bias more effectively than the conventional Kalman filter, which has an infinite impulse response structure. Moreover, the conventional receding horizon Kalman FIR (RHKF) filter is modified for application in nonlinear systems and to compensate the drawbacks of the RHKF filter. The modified RHKF filter is a novel RHKF filter scheme for nonlinear dynamics. The inverse covariance form of the linearized Kalman filter is combined with a receding horizon FIR strategy. This filter is then combined with an extended Kalman filter to enhance the convergence characteristics of the FIR filter. Also, the receding interval is extended to reduce the computational burden. The performance of the proposed DR/GPS integrated system using the modified RHKF filter is evaluated through simulation. © 2012 ETRI. Source

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