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Berretta M.,Centro Of Riferimento Oncologico | Cappellani A.,University of Catania | Fiorica F.,Azienda Ospedaliero Universitaria di Ferrara Arcispedale na Corso Giovecca 203 | Nasti G.,Istituto Nazionale per lo Studio e la Cura dei Tumori Fondazione Pascale | And 13 more authors.
Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics | Year: 2011

Elderly patients constitute a subpopulation with special characteristics that differ from those of the general population and have been under-represented in clinical trials. We, prospectively, analyzed the toxicity and efficacy of the original FOLFOX4-regimen in the treatment of elderly patients affected by metastatic (m) colorectal cancer (CRC). Thirty-six consecutive patients aged 67-82 years (median age 72 years), 22 males and 14 females, with mCRC and measurable disease, were enrolled in the study. The primary site of metastases was the liver (36.1% of patients). The median ECOG Performance Status (PS) was 1. The main hematological and extra-hematological (grade 3 or 4) toxicities were neutropenia (38.9%) and neurological (13.9%), respectively. A total of 36 patients, aged 67-82 years were included. Twenty-two and 14 patients were male and female, respectively. The median age was 72 years (range 67-82). The primary site of metastases was the liver (36.1% of patients). The median ECOG Performance Status (PS) was 1. The overall response rate (ORR) was 44.4% and similar to original study. Median progression-free survival (PFS) was 7.5 months and median overall survival (OS) was 16 months. The main hematological and extra-hematological (grade 3 or 4) toxicities were neutropenia (38.9%) and neurological (13.9%), respectively. Tolerability, however, was manageable and no toxic death occurred. FOLFOX4-regimen maintains its efficacy, and safety ratio in elderly patients with mCRC and good performance status. It would be considered the treatment of choice in the treatment of this particular setting of patients. © 2010 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. Source


Clavarezza M.,E.O. Ospedali Galliera | Bordonaro R.,ARNAS Ospedale Garibaldi | Daniele B.,Azienda Ospedaliera G. Rummo | Ferrandina G.,Catholic University of the Sacred Heart | And 10 more authors.
Oncologist | Year: 2013

Background. Ixabepilone is an effective chemotherapy in metastatic breast cancer that has been pretreated with anthracyclines and is resistant or refractory to taxanes. Adjuvant dose-dense (DD) chemotherapy is more effective than regimens administered every 3 weeks, especially in hormonal receptor (HR)-negative tumors. Methods. A feasibility study of neoadjuvant DD ixabepilone was conducted in breast cancer patients with tumors measuring at least 2 cm. Patients received 5-fluorouracil 600 mg/m2, epirubicin 90 mg/m22, and cyclophosphamide 600 mg/m2 ("FEC" in combination) administered intravenously on day 1 every 14 days with granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (filgrastim) followed by ixabepilone 40 mg/m2 administered intravenously on day 1 every 14 days with granulocyte-colony stimulating factor. The study's primary endpoint was feasibility, and the secondary endpoint was pathologic complete response. A two-stage Simon's design was adopted. Results. Forty-seven patients were enrolled, and 42 were evaluable. For 10 of 42 patients, DD ixabepilone was not feasible. Six (14%) required ixabepilone interruption, and four (9.5%) required ixabepilone dose reduction of 25%. One toxic death occurred. Hematologic grade 3-4 toxicities included anemia (9.5%), grade 4 neutropenia (2.4%), febrile neutropenia (4.8%), and thrombocytopenia (2.4%). Nonhematologic grade 3-4 toxicities consisted of fatigue (14.3%), mucositis (14.3%), sensory neuropathy (7.1%), onychopathy (7.1%), and liver toxicity (4.8%). Grade 2 sensory neuropathy lasting longer than 7 days was recorded in 11.9% of patients. Pathologic complete response was observed in 16 of 42 patients (38.1%), including 11 of 23 (47.8%) with HR-negative tumors and 5 of 19 (26.3%) with HR-positive tumors. Conclusion. Despite high activity, DD ixabepilone after DD FEC is poorly tolerated. ©AlphaMed Press 2013. Source


Berretta M.,Italian National Cancer Institute | Zanet E.,Italian National Cancer Institute | Zanet E.,University of Catania | Nasti G.,Istituto Nazionale per lo Studio e la Cura dei Tumori Fondazione Pascale | And 12 more authors.
Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics | Year: 2012

Elderly patients constitute a subpopulation with special clinical features that differ from those of the general population and are under-represented in clinical trials. We retrospectively analyzed the toxicity and efficacy of oxaliplatin-based chemotherapy in the treatment of elderly patients affected by metastatic (m) CRC. Seventy-five consecutive patients aged 65-75 years (median age 71 years), 51 males and 24 females, with mCRC and measurable disease, were analyzed. The primary site of metastases was the liver (38.6% of patients). The majority of patients had a performance status (PS) according to the Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) PS before treatment of 0-1 (96%). The overall response rate was 57.3%, median progression-free survival was 7 months and median overall survival was 27 months. The main hematological and extra-hematological toxicities (grade 3 or 4) were neutropenia (20.0%), and neurological toxicity or diarrhea (6.7%), respectively. No toxic death occurred. Oxaliplatin-based chemotherapy maintains its efficacy, and safety in elderly patients with mCRC and good PS. This regimen should be considered in the treatment of this particular setting of patients. © 2011 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. Source


Buonaguro F.M.,Istituto Nazionale per lo Studio e la Cura dei Tumori Fondazione Pascale | Tornesello M.L.,Istituto Nazionale per lo Studio e la Cura dei Tumori Fondazione Pascale | Buonaguro L.,Istituto Nazionale per lo Studio e la Cura dei Tumori Fondazione Pascale
Journal of Translational Medicine | Year: 2015

Vaccines are the most successful strategy developed in Medicine to prevent and even eradicate the most dreadful epidemic infectious diseases. The history of smallpox vaccination in Naples is quite unique. Although Galbiati established the retro-vaccination (1803) and developed the "calf" lymph vaccine, recognized and implemented since 1864 as the optimal smallpox vaccine in the following hundred years, Naples general population was mainly vaccinated with "human" lymph from abandoned children until 1893. Mini-epidemics of syphilis and serum hepatitis were periodically reported as results of arm-to-arm procedure. The risk of transmission of blood-related pathogens was higher in Naples where >80% of abandoned children, used as repository of cowpox virus, were dying in their first year of life. Recent vaccinology standards finally eliminated the risk of adventitious contaminating pathogens. Implementation of hepatitis B vaccination since 1991 eventually contributed to current HBV prevalence in Campania region <1%, within the range of the European Countries. © 2015 Buonaguro et al.. licensee BioMed Central. Source

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