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Pulighe G.,Istituto Nazionale di Economia Agraria | Fava F.,University of Milan Bicocca
European Journal of Remote Sensing

The aim of this study is to analyze the accuracy of a Digital Elevation Model (DEM) created with photogrammetric techniques from stereoscopic pairs of aerial photos in areas with complex geomorphologic characteristics. The evaluation of DEM and derived geomorphometric parameters was conducted by comparison with other standard DEM products (i.e. TINITALY/01 and ASTER GDEM-V2) and by accuracy assessment based on Check Points (CPs). The validation process includes the comparison of elevation profiles, the calculation of DEM accuracies, and the evaluation of the effect of slope and aspect on the DEM accuracy. The produced DEM accurately represent complex terrain (RMSE = 4.90 m), thus providing information suitable for local-scale geomorphometric analysis. The obtained accuracy resulted slightly worse than TINITALY/01 (RMSE = 2.53 m), but significantly better than ASTER GDEM (RMSE = 12.95 m). These results confirm that photo-based DEM extraction can be a very competitive and precise methodology if other expensive high-resolution data are not accessible. Source

Carillo F.,Istituto Nazionale di Economia Agraria | Maietta O.W.,University of Naples Federico II
New Medit

Objectives of this paper is to verify whether the relationship between the level of per capita income and the environment quality, for the Italian regions, follows the prescription of an Environmental Kuznets Curve (EKC), taking into account the contribution of agriculture and rural areas. The Arellano-Bond two-step dynamic panel data GMM estimator has been applied to a data set of the 20 Italian administrative regions referred to the 2000-2006 period. The environment quality is represented by the level of per capita CO2 emissions from the whole economy and by the level of per capita CO2 emissions from agriculture. The regression results show that i) the EKC prescription holds for the Italian regions, ii) the more agricultural regions are found on the rising section of the curve; iii) a greater intensity of expenditure, under the RDP regional agro-environmental and forestry measures, is positively associated to a more degraded environment. Source

Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: KBBE-2007-1-4-11 | Award Amount: 3.26M | Year: 2008

The RuDI study will provide a thorough analysis of the design, delivery and impact of EU Rural Development Policy (incl. LEADER). The study combines quantitative and qualitative approaches starting with a critical review of the state-of-the-art in RD theory and the conceptual frameworks and approaches used in RD policy evaluation. In the study the Common Monitoring and Evaluation Framework (CMEF) and the underlying intervention and impact logics will be critically examined. The positive and negative effects of rural development policies on institutional, social, economic and environmental level will be identified and described in a set of carefully selected and framed case studies. The impact assessment will also include those impacts that have not been anticipated. The case studies will be representative of the structural differences that can be found in the characteristics of rural areas across the EU. Focus will be on different types and characteristics of territory, interrelations with RD programme priorities and measures, and an assessment of their 'hard' and 'soft' impacts. The comparative cross-national analysis of the case studies will provide a better understanding of driving forces in policy design, the strengths and weaknesses of different delivery and governance models, the positive and negative impacts of RD policies and, most importantly, a more convincing conceptual and methodological framework for evaluating RD policy. Consultations with RD policy actors and evaluators will ensure that the analyses are closely coordinated with the demands and possibilities of practitioners. The RuDI study will be concluded with recommendations for a more appropriate RD policy design, delivery, impact monitoring and assessment.

Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: KBBE-2007-1-4-14 | Award Amount: 2.90M | Year: 2008

The proposed project will provide EU policy makers with information, data, quantitative instruments (economic models) and empirical expertise on cost of production for various types of agricultural products using the FADN data. More specifically, the purpose is to offer first a general cost of production model that could be used to estimate cost of production for key agricultural commodities produced in the European Union. This model will be implemented and validated for a wide range of EU-member countries. Further, additional applications estimating costs of production in EU agriculture, using FADN data and based on different analytical tools, will be developed in this research project. The expected outputs include: (a) a review of experiences of estimating cost of production in the EU and other major agricultural producing countries; (b) the development of a general cost of production model for EU agriculture, (c) the application of the former model to several agricultural products (crop products, milk and pigs) and to several EU member countries using FADN data, (d) an operational computer tool with user-friendly interface that can be used by relevant services of the EU Commission to estimate costs of production, (e) extensions and further applications aimed at studying farm performance and analysing environmental aspects, and (f) an evaluation of the impact of agricultural policy measures on farm income and return to capital and labour using FADN data.

Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-CA | Phase: KBBE.2013.1.4-03 | Award Amount: 2.31M | Year: 2014

Agricultural research in the Mediterranean is characterised by three main features: it is scattered within the EU members and in Mediterranean Partner Countries as well as most of the problems and challenges that the Mediterranean agriculture is facing are shared by all the countries in the area and even further, its objectives are largely the same in the whole area, even if priorities can vary from one country to another; the conditions resulting from climate change as well as the objective of sustainable development and production need to rethink agricultural research in all the countries and to begin its alignment in the whole area to increase its impact. This situation allows and requires coordination at the level of the Mediterranean to fight again fragmentation in fostering the convergence of national programmes and in founding a new critical mass to address the key issues (such as the growing demand for safer, healthier and higher quality food; the sustainable production and use of renewable bio-resources; threats to the sustainability and security of agricultural and fisheries production resulting in particular from climate change), to increase excellence and relevance of research, to enhance and strengthen the cooperation within the region in sharing the objectives and the priorities. The ERA-Net ARIMNet has been working with this objective of enhancing scientific cooperation between EU members and Mediterranean Partner Countries (MPC) and will finish in March 2013. The action needs to be continued, deepened and enlarged. This is the aim of the proposal of an ERA-Net for Coordination of Agricultural Research in the Mediterranean (ARIMNet2), which gathers sixteen countries (8 EU members, 4 associated countries and 4 other Mediterranean countries). It bears clearly a double ambition: to enhance coordination of agricultural research programmes within the Mediterranean area and to improve the cooperation within the area.

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