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Lauzacco, Italy

Pianta A.,University of Udine | Fabbro D.,Istituto di Genetica | Damiani D.,Clinica Ematologica | Tiribelli M.,Clinica Ematologica | And 6 more authors.
Hematological Oncology | Year: 2010

Nucleophosmin 1 (NPM1) is an abundant phosphoprotein mainly located in the nucleolus but also shuttling between the nucleus and cytoplasm. NPM1 has been proposed to be involved in synthesis and processing of ribosomal RNA, regulation of chromatin structure and transport of rRNA and ribosomal proteins. NPM1 gene is considered to be implicated in human cancer as it is a frequent target of genetic alterations, primarily in haematopoietic neoplasms. We describe a case of a therapy-responder acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) patient bearing two novel NPM1 mutations. Cells' transfection studies indicate that the presence of one of these mutations is associated to an abnormal nucleolar structure, suggesting that NPM1 may contribute to the control of nucleolar integrity. Copyright © 2009 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Cesca F.,University of Udine | Bregant E.,Istituto di Genetica | Peterlin B.,University of Ljubljana | Zadel M.,University of Ljubljana | And 13 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2015

Abnormalities of intracellular Ca2+ homeostasis and signalling as well as the down-regulation of neurotrophic factors in several areas of the central nervous system and in peripheral tissues are hallmarks of Huntington's disease (HD). As there is no therapy for this hereditary, neurodegenerative fatal disease, further effort should be made to slow the progression of neurodegeneration in patients through the definition of early therapeutic interventions. For this purpose, molecular biomarker(s) for monitoring disease onset and/or progression and response to treatment need to be identified. In the attempt to contribute to the research of peripheral candidate biomarkers in HD, we adopted a multiplex real-time PCR approach to analyse the mRNA level of targeted genes involved in the control of cellular calcium homeostasis and in neuroprotection. For this purpose we recruited a total of 110 subjects possessing the HD mutation at different clinical stages of the disease and 54 sex- and age-matched controls. This study provides evidence of reduced transcript levels of sarco-endoplasmic reticulum-associated ATP2A2 calcium pump (SERCA2) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) of manifest and premanifest HD subjects. Our results provide a potentially new candidate molecular biomarker for monitoring the progression of this disease and contribute to understanding some early events that might have a role in triggering cellular dysfunctions in HD. © 2015 Cesca et al.

Damiani D.,Clinica Ematologica E Centro Trapianti E Terapie Cellulari C Melzi | Damiani D.,University of Udine | Tiribelli M.,Clinica Ematologica E Centro Trapianti E Terapie Cellulari C Melzi | Tiribelli M.,University of Udine | And 12 more authors.
Leukemia Research | Year: 2010

Over-expression of multidrug resistance (MDR) proteins PGP and BCRP has a negative prognostic impact in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients. Inclusion of fludarabine in induction chemotherapy increases remission rate in PGP over-expressing cases. We investigated the role of BCRP in 138 adult AML patients receiving induction therapy with fludarabine. None of the MDR-related proteins influenced complete remission attainment. Conversely, high levels of BCRP significantly affected disease-free survival, as higher relapse rates (48.5% vs 28.5%) and earlier relapse occurred in BCRP+ patients. Also overall survival was affected by BCRP positivity, and survival significantly worsened in case of concomitant PGP and BCRP over-expression. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd.

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