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Bartoli B.,University of Naples Federico II | Bartoli B.,Complesso Universitario Of Monte Santangelo | Bernardini P.,National Institute of Nuclear Physics, Italy | Bi X.J.,CAS Institute of High Energy Physics | And 111 more authors.
Astrophysical Journal Letters | Year: 2012

We report the observation of TeV γ-rays from the Cygnus region using the ARGO-YBJ data collected from 2007 November to 2011 August. Several TeV sources are located in this region including the two bright extended MGRO J2019+37 and MGRO J2031+41. According to the Milagro data set, at 20 TeV MGRO J2019+37 is the most significant source apart from the Crab Nebula. No signal from MGRO J2019+37 is detected by the ARGO-YBJ experiment, and the derived flux upper limits at the 90% confidence level for all the events above 600 GeV with medium energy of 3 TeV are lower than the Milagro flux, implying that the source might be variable and hard to be identified as a pulsar wind nebula. The only statistically significant (6.4 standard deviations) γ-ray signal is found from MGRO J2031+41, with a flux consistent with the measurement by Milagro. © 2012. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.. Source


Bartoli B.,University of Naples Federico II | Bartoli B.,Complesso Universitario Of Monte Santangelo | Bernardini P.,University of Salento | Bernardini P.,National Institute of Nuclear Physics, Italy | And 127 more authors.
Astrophysical Journal | Year: 2011

ARGO-YBJ is an air shower detector array with a fully covered layer of resistive plate chambers. It is operated with a high duty cycle and a large field of view. It continuously monitors the northern sky at energies above 0.3 TeV. In this paper, we report a long-term monitoring of Mrk421 over the period from 2007 November to 2010 February. This source was observed by the satellite-borne experiments Rossi X-ray Timing Explorer and Swift in the X-ray band. Mrk421 was especially active in the first half of 2008. Many flares are observed in both X-ray and γ-ray bands simultaneously. The γ-ray flux observed by ARGO-YBJ has a clear correlation with the X-ray flux. No lag between the X-ray and γ-ray photons longer than 1 day is found. The evolution of the spectral energy distribution is investigated by measuring spectral indices at four different flux levels. Hardening of the spectra is observed in both X-ray and γ-ray bands. The γ-ray flux increases quadratically with the simultaneously measured X-ray flux. All these observational results strongly favor the synchrotron self-Compton process as the underlying radiative mechanism. © 2011. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved. Source


Bartoli B.,University of Naples Federico II | Bartoli B.,Complesso Universitario Of Monte Santangelo | Bernardini P.,University of Salento | Bernardini P.,National Institute of Nuclear Physics, Italy | And 110 more authors.
Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology | Year: 2014

The geomagnetic field causes not only the east-west effect on primary cosmic rays but also affects the trajectories of the secondary charged particles in the shower, causing their lateral distribution to be stretched. Thus, both the density of the secondaries near the shower axis and the trigger efficiency of detector arrays decrease. The effect depends on the direction of the showers, thus, introducing a modulation in the measured azimuthal distribution. The azimuthal distribution of the events collected by the ARGO-YBJ detector is deeply investigated for different zenith angles in light of this effect. © 2014 American Physical Society. Source

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