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Sahin I.,Bagcilar Research and Education Hospital | Gungor B.,Siyami Ersek Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery Center | Can M.M.,Bagcilar Research and Education Hospital | Avci I.I.,Bagcilar Research and Education Hospital | And 7 more authors.
Canadian Journal of Cardiology | Year: 2014

Background: Vitamin D deficiency may be associated with an increased risk of renovascular disease. We assessed the correlation between vitamin D levels and contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) in patients undergoing coronary angiography (CAG). Methods: Vitamin D and parathyroid hormone (PTH) levels were assessed before CAG in 403 patients. Estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) was calculated using the Cockcroft-Gault equation. Patients with eGFR < 60 mL/min/1.73 m2 were hydrated with 0.9%-saline at 1 mL/kg/h for 12 hours before and after CAG. CIN was defined as serum creatinine increase of > 0.5 mg/dL or > 25% within 48-72 hours after CAG. Results: CIN developed in 74 participants. Baseline eGFR, blood urea and creatinine in CIN (+) and (-) groups were not significantly different (P= 0.14, P= 0.07, and P= 0.61, respectively). Total volume of contrast medium (CM) was higher in the CIN (+) group (132 ± 64 mL vs 90 ± 41 mL; P= 0.01). Vitamin D levels were lower (median 8.5 [range, 0.5-26.6] ng/mL vs 14.9 [range, 1.9-93.5] ng/mL; P= 0.01) and PTH levels were higher (median 73.9 [range, 22-530] pg/mL vs 44.2 [range, 5-361] pg/mL; P= 0.01) in the CIN (+) group. Multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that lower vitamin D levels (odds ratio [OR], 1.18; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.11-1.26; P=0.01) and increased CM volume (OR, 1.01; 95% CI, 1.008-1.017; P=0.01) were independently correlated with CIN. In patients who had undergone percutaneous coronary intervention, lower levels of vitamin D were independently associated with CIN development. Conclusions: Lower vitamin D levels, implying possible vitamin D deficiency, are associated with a higher incidence of CIN. © 2014 Canadian Cardiovascular Society. Source

Demir B.,Baklrkoy Dr Sadi Konuk Education and Research Hospital | Onal B.,Cerrahpasa Medical Faculty | Ozyazgan S.,Cerrahpasa Medical Faculty | Kandaz C.,Cerrahpasa Medical Faculty | And 6 more authors.
Angiology | Year: 2016

We compared Turkish patients with cardiac syndrome X (CSX) and controls with respect to serum pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokine levels, as well as the single-nucleotide polymorphisms located in the promoter regions of their related genes. This study included 111 consecutive patients angiographically diagnosed with CSX and 111 healthy controls with similar demographic characteristics. Serum interleukin (IL) 6, tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α), and IL-10 levels were measured, and the genotypes of the patients and controls were determined using standard methods. Serum IL-6 and IL-10 levels were significantly higher in the CSX group than in the control group (P <.01, respectively). Serum TNF-α level was lower in the CSX group than in the control group (P <.001). On the other hand, participants with CSX and healthy controls were not significantly different with respect to the genotype distributions of IL-6, TNF-α, and IL-10 genes. As a result of our study, both pro-inflammatory and anti-inflammatory cytokines may play a role in the pathogenesis of CSX. In contrast, the studied gene polymorphisms did not influence CSX pathogenesis. © 2015 SAGE Publications. Source

Guler G.B.,Istinye State Hospital | Batgerel U.,Kartal Kosuyolu Training and Research Hospital | Guler E.,Istanbul University | Karaca O.,Istanbul University | And 5 more authors.
Cardiology Journal | Year: 2014

Background: The aim of the study was to examine the frequency of factor XIII polymorphism among patients with cardiac syndrome X (CSX). Methods: This study was designed as a cross-sectional and observational study. Forty-eight female patients with CSX and 36 controls matched by age, gender, diabetes, and hypertension were studied. CSX was defined as typical chest pain during rest or effort, abnormal test result for exercise ECG, and presence of angiographically normal epicardial coronary arteries after ruling out inducible spasm. Factor XIII gene polymorphism was investigated by using CVD Strip Assay (ViennaLab Diagnostic GmbH) commercial kit. Results: The frequency of factor XIII (Val/Leu + Leu/Leu) mutation was significantly higher in patients with CSX (43%) than in controls (19%) (p = 0.02). Frequency of the Leu allele was significantly higher in the patient group (23.5% vs. 11.1%, p = 0.04). Factor XIII (Val/ /Leu + Leu/Leu) mutation (p = 0.01, OR = 3.42; 95% CI 1.22-9.58) and smoking (p = 0.04, OR = 3.33, 95% CI 1.05-10.58) were identified as independent predictors of the disease in multivariate regression analysis. Conclusions: This study indicates that there is an evidence for association between factor XIII Val34Leu polymorphism and CSX. © 2014 Via Medica. Source

Ciftci T.,Dicle University | Kepekci A.B.,Kilis State Hospital | Yavasca H.P.,Istinye State Hospital | Daskaya H.,Bezmialem Foundation University | Inal V.,Trakya University Medical Faculty
BioMed Research International | Year: 2015

Obesity has a significant effect on the cephalic spread of a spinal block (SB) due to a reduction in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). SB is controlled by the tissue blood flow in addition to the CSF. Some positions and techniques of surgery used can cause changes in hemodynamics. We investigated effects of hemodynamic changes that may occur during Transurethral prostate resection (TUR-P) and lithotomy position (LP) at the SB level in obese versus nonobese individuals. Sixty patients who had undergone TUR-P operation under spinal anesthesia were divided into a nonobese (BMI < 25 kg/m2, Group N) or obese (BMI ≥ 30 kg/m2, Group O) group. SB assessments were recorded afterthe LP. SB at 6 and 120 min and the peak SB level were compared between two groups. Hemodynamics were recorded after LP. Peak and 6 min SB levels were similar between the groups, while 120 min SB levels were significantly higher for Group O (P < 0.05). Blood pressure (BP) after the LP was significantly higher for Group N (P < 0.05). LP and TUR-P increased the BP in Group N when compared to Group O. The increase in hemodynamics enhances the blood flow in the spinal cord and may form similar SB levels in nonobese patients to those in obese patients. However, SB time may be longer in obese patients. © 2015 Taner Ciftci et al. Source

Ucuncu Y.,Recep Tayyip Erdogan University | Celik N.,Biota laboratories | Ozturk C.,Family Physician | Turkoglu M.,Biota laboratories | And 8 more authors.
Life Sciences | Year: 2015

Abstract Aims This study investigates the effect of a new combination of glucosamine hydrochloride, chondroitin sulfate, methylsulfonylmethane, Harpagophytum procumbens root extract (standardized to 3% harpagoside) and bromelain extract (GCMHB) on formalin-induced damage to cartilage tissue in the rat knee joint and evaluates this combination in comparison with another combination of glucosamine hydrochloride, chondroitin sulfate and methylsulfonylmethane (GKM). Materials and methods Animals in the control group were injected with formalin into the knee joint (FCG). Animals in the GCMHB-500 group were given 500 mg/kg GCMHB + formalin, and those in the GKM-500 group were given 500 mg/kg GKM + formalin. Finally, a healthy group (HG) was also used. GCMHB and GKM were administered to rats orally once a day for 30 days. At the end of this period, the rats were sacrificed and the levels of MDA, NO, 8-OH/Gua, and tGSH in the knee joint tissue were measured. Analysis of IL-1β and TNF-α gene expression was done and the tissue was evaluated histopathologically. Key findings MDA, NO and 8-OH/Gua levels and IL-1β and TNF-α gene expression were significantly lower in the GCMHB-500 group compared to the FCG group, whereas tGSH was significantly higher in the GCMHB-500 group than in the FCG group. No significant difference was found for the IL-1β, TNF-α and oxidant/antioxidant parameters between the GKM and FCG groups. The histopathological analysis showed that GCMHB could prevent damage to the cartilage joint, whereas GKM could not. Significance GCMHB may be used clinically by comparing with GKM in the treatment of osteoarthritis. © 2015 Elsevier Inc. Source

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