Navarro-Esbri J.,ISTENER Research Group |
Moles F.,ISTENER Research Group |
Peris B.,ISTENER Research Group |
Barragan-Cervera A.,ISTENER Research Group |
And 3 more authors.
Applied Thermal Engineering
This work presents a model of a shell-and-tube evaporator using R1234yf and R134a as working fluids. The model uses the effectiveness-NTU method to predict the evaporation pressure and the refrigerant and secondary fluid temperatures at the evaporator outlet, using as inputs the geometry of the evaporator, the refrigerant mass flow rate and evaporator inlet enthalpy, and the secondary fluid volumetric flow rate and evaporator inlet temperature. The model performance is evaluated using different two-phase flow heat transfer correlations through model outputs, comparing predicted and experimental data. The output parameter with maximum deviations between the predicted and experimental data is the evaporating pressure, being the deviations in outlet temperatures less than 3%. The evaporator model using Kandlikar's correlation obtains the highest precision and the lowest absolute mean error, with 4.87% in the evaporating pressure, 0.45% in the refrigerant outlet temperature and 0.03% in the secondary fluid outlet temperature. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Source