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Nishi-Tokyo-shi, Japan

Mukoyama S.,Furukawa Electric Group | Yagi M.,Furukawa Electric Group | Mitsuhashi T.,Furukawa Electric Group | Nomura T.,Furukawa Electric Group | And 9 more authors.
IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity | Year: 2013

The REBCO high-temperature superconducting cable, rated at 275 kV and 3 kA, was developed in the Materials and Power Applications of Coated Conductors project in 2008. The cable is expected to be put to practical use as a backbone power line in the future because the transmission capacity is about the same as the UHV overhead transmission line. Transmission loss is significantly reduced by using superconducting wires instead of Cu or Al conductors. Furukawa Electric plans a demonstration of the 275 kV high-temperature superconducting cable. The cable system consists of a 30-m cable, terminations, a cable joint, and a cooling system. The 30-m cable has already been manufactured and installed on a test site. In this demonstration, various electrical evaluations will be conducted, such as a long-term test under a current of 3 kA, and the test voltage will be determined assuming 30 years of insulation degradation. © 2002-2011 IEEE.

Hayakawa N.,Nagoya University | Wang X.,Waseda University | Wang X.,High Energy Accelerator Research Organization | Ishiyama A.,Waseda University | And 5 more authors.
IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity | Year: 2015

A 30-m-long 275-kV 3-kA high-temperature superconducting (HTS) cable had been developed in a national project of the Materials and Power Applications of Coated Conductors project in Japan. The design of the cable was based on the design values obtained from ac loss properties, thermal behavior under short-circuit tests, and electrical properties, such as partial discharge properties, impulse withstand properties, and dielectric properties. Through the development, the material of the cable insulation was determined and designed on the basis of its design stresses and test conditions based on the IEC, JEC (Japan electrical standards), and other HTS demonstrations. This cable was also designed to withstand a short-circuit test of 63 kA for 0.6 s and to have low losses of 0.8 W/m at 3 kA, 275 kV, including ac loss and dielectric loss. Based on these designs, a 50-m cable was manufactured and tested. The short samples obtained from 50 m were confirmed to have the designed characteristics. Furukawa Electric constructed a demonstration system of a 30-m cable with two terminations and a cable joint. The demonstration had started since November 2012 at Shenyang in China. In this demonstration, a 30-day long-term test was conducted and monitored at a current of 3 kA and at a test voltage selected to verify a 30-year operational lifetime. Removal tests revealed the superior reliability of the 275-kV HTS cable system. © 2002-2011 IEEE.

Mukoyama S.,Furukawa Electric Group | Yagi M.,Furukawa Electric Group | Yonemura T.,Furukawa Electric Group | Nomura T.,Furukawa Electric Group | And 6 more authors.
IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity | Year: 2011

High-temperature superconducting (HTS) cables are considered the next generation transmission line because they are compact, lightweight, and demonstrate large capacity and low loss compared to conventional cables. In particular, since a coated conductor (YBCO wire) provides high critical current, high magneticfield property, low AC loss, and low cost, it is expected to make the HTS cable more attractive than other superconducting wire. In Japan, 66/77 kV HTS cables have developed for about 20 years. We started developing 275 kV class HTS cables three years ago based on 66/77 kV HTS cables. The goal is a 275 kV 3 kA cable with a capacity of 1.5 GVA, the same capacity as a typical overhead transmission line, which serves as the backbone of Japanese power networks. The following technical developments will be carried out: high current and low AC loss cable conductors and high voltage insulation and low dielectric loss cables. Regarding high current and low AC loss cable conductors, 3-kA cables have been fabricated, and AC losses have been measured. We found that using thin YBCO wire reduced AC losses in experiments. © 2011 IEEE.

Shiohara K.,Kyushu University | Higashikawa K.,Kyushu University | Kawaguchi T.,Kyushu University | Inoue M.,Kyushu University | And 3 more authors.
Physics Procedia | Year: 2012

Using a scanning Hall-probe microscopy, we have investigated in-plane distribution of critical current density in TFA-MOD processed YBCO coated conductors. We compared the distributions of critical current density for two kinds of coated conductors processed with different directions of gas flow at the calcinations. As a result, it was found that the direction of the gas flow largely influenced the distribution of critical current density. For example, the maximum value of critical current density was 1.5 times higher than the average for a sample processed with a gas flow in width direction. On the other hand, the distribution of critical current density was relatively uniform for the one with a gas flow in axial direction perpendicular to the surface of the conductor. These findings will be very important information for the optimization of the manufacturer processes for the conductors. Actually, a very uniform distribution of critical current density has been observed for a coated conductor produced by an optimized process. This demonstrates a high potential of TFA-MOD processed YBCO coated conductors for practical applications. © 2011 Published by Elsevier B.V. Selection and/or peer-review under responsibility of the Guest Editors.

Hayakawa N.,Nagoya University | Nishimachi S.,Nagoya University | Maruyama O.,ISTEC SRL | Ohkuma T.,ISTEC SRL | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Physics: Conference Series | Year: 2014

In the case of high temperature superconducting (HTS) power transmission cables at high voltage operation, the electrical insulation technique in consideration of the dielectric loss reduction becomes crucial. In this paper, we focused on a Tyvek/polyethylene (PE) sheet, instead of the conventional polypropylene laminated paper (PPLP). We obtained the dielectric characteristics (r, tanδ) and partial discharge inception strength (PDIE) of PPLP, Tyvek and Tyvek/PE. We pointed out that the dielectric loss of 275 kV HTS cable with Tyvek/PE insulation will be reduced to 21 % of that with PPLP, and the total electrical loss including the AC loss will be reduced to 41 %. © Published under licence by IOP Publishing Ltd.

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