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Bal A.,Dskap Traning and Research Hospital | Ataman S.,Ankara University | Bodur H.,Ankara Numune Training and Research Hospital | Rezvani A.,Bezm i Alem Valide Sultan Vakf Gureba Training and Research Hospital | And 39 more authors.
Archives of Rheumatology

Objectives: This study investigates the demographic and clinical characteristics of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in Turkey, and attempts to identify strategies for the prevention, treatment, and support of RA. Patients and methods: A total of 2,359 patients (1,966 females, 393 males; mean age 51.6±12.5 years; range 18 to 75 years) with RA from 36 centers across Turkey, who were recorded in the Turkish League Against Rheumatism (TLAR) RA Registry between September 2007 and March 2011, were evaluated. Patients’ demographic and clinical data were recorded. Disease activity, functional status, and radiographic damage were measured using the Disease Activity Score 28, the Health Assessment Questionnaire, and van der Heijde modified Sharp scoring method. Results: The mean duration of academic education received was 5.2±3.8 years, and 74.6% of the patients were homemakers. Non-biological diseasemodifying anti-rheumatic drugs were used by 91.0% of the patients, while 10.2% used biological disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs. The mean Disease Activity Score 28, Health Assessment Questionnaire, and Sharp scores were 4.0±1.4, 0.38±0.37, and 31.2±57.1, respectively. Of the patients, 17.8% were in remission and 14.1% had low disease activity rates, while 42.7% and 25.5% had moderate and high disease activity rates. Conclusion: The majority of patients with RA in Turkey are middle-aged homemakers. Despite the high rates of disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs use, the majority of patients had moderate and high disease activity. These findings indicate that treatment needs of RA patients are not met sufficiently. © 2015 Turkish League Against Rheumatism. All rights reserved. Source

Bingol Z.,Istanbul University | Phtl A.,Istanbul Haydarpasa Numune Training and Research Hospital | Kyan E.,Istanbul University
Sleep and Breathing

Purpose: The STOP-BANG questionnaire (SBQ) has never been studied in the context of its ability to predict obesity hypoventilation syndrome (OHS). Our aim was to evaluate the predictive performance of the original and modified SBQs for OHS in obese subjects with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Methods: Demographics, polysomnographic data, body mass index (BMI), Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS) scores, arterial blood gases, spirometric measurements, and SBQ scores were recorded. The modified SBQ was created by dividing BMI into ranges and adding the serum bicarbonate ranges. Results: The study included 196 obese subjects, of whom 17 had normal polysomnography. Of the remaining subjects, 105 had pure OSA and 74 had OHS with OSA. Both the original and modified SBQs scores were higher for the OHS subjects than for those with pure OSA (p < 0.001). An original SBQ score of ≥6 gave a satisfactory discrimination for OHS diagnosis (sensitivity 71.6 %, specificity 59.1 %, positive predictive value (PPV) 55.2 %, and negative predictive value (NPV) 74.7 %). The diagnostic OR for an original SBQ score of ≥6 for predicting OHS was 3.7. The sensitivity and NPV were increased for the modified SBQ (sensitivity 89.2 %, specificity 47.6 %, PPV 54.6 %, NPV 86.2 %), and the OR was 7.5. Both the original and modified SBQ scores were moderately correlated with ESS, AHI, ODI, lowest SpO2, and sleep time spent with SpO2 <90 %. Conclusions: The modified SBQ can be used to screen for OHS in obese subjects. © 2015, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg. Source

Bingol Z.,Istanbul University | Kose M.,Istanbul University | Pihtili A.,Istanbul Haydarpasa Numune Training and Research Hospital | Akpinar T.,Istanbul University | And 2 more authors.
Biomarkers in Medicine

To investigate the level of endothelial cell specific molecule-1 (endocan) in obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Methods: Study group included subjects with OSA. Control group included subjects who had no OSA on polysomnography and nonobese healthy subjects from population who had no OSA symptoms. Endocan levels of OSA and non-OSA subjects were compared. Results: Totally 106 individuals (63 OSA, 43 non-OSA) were included. Endocan levels were higher in OSA subjects than controls (1.25 ± 0.4 ng/ml vs 0.93 ± 0.3 ng/ml, p < 0.001). Endocan levels were correlated with BMI (r = 0.456, p < 0.001) and daytime PaO2 (r =-0.266, p < 0.042). In linear regression analysis there was no factor related to endocan level. Conclusion: Serum endocan is significantly higher in OSA. Further studies should be performed to better understand the relationship between endocan and OSA. © 2016 Future Medicine Ltd. Source

Tucu M.,Istanbul Haydarpasa Numune Training and Research Hospital | Ruhi C.,Istanbul Haydarpasa Numune Training and Research Hospital | Boynueri B.,Istanbul Haydarpasa Numune Training and Research Hospital | Kasapolu U.,Istanbul Haydarpasa Numune Training and Research Hospital | And 4 more authors.
Transplantation Proceedings

Differential diagnosis of post-transplant infections should include rare/uncommon foci and pathogens. We present a rare case of life-threatening infection, a splenic abscess in a 53-year-old woman who was transplanted with a cadaveric kidney 5 months previously. The patient was admitted to our clinic with chills, shivering, and fever. She required a kidney transplant because of end-stage renal disease secondary to systemic lupus erythematosus, which had previously been treated by means of peritoneal dialysis for 7 years, until encapsulated sclerosing peritonitis developed, at which time therapy was changed to hemodialysis for 1 year. On physical examination, the patient was slightly lethargic and had tenderness in the left upper quadrant of the abdomen. Laboratory evaluation revealed leukocytosis and high acute phase reactant. Abdominal ultrasonography (US) revealed multiple abscesses in the spleen, but splenectomy was not recommended because of her history of sclerosing peritonitis. Percutaneous drainage catheters were placed under US guidance. Culture of blood and fluid drained from the abscess revealed imipenem-sensitive Escherichia coli and Klebsiella spp. Imipenem (500 mg IV q6hr) was initiated, and the drainage volume was 40 to 50 mL/day in the first week and gradually decreased through the third week. The abscess was completely drained over a period of 6 weeks, as confirmed by computed tomography; percutaneous catheters were then removed. Although splenic abscesses are life-threatening, especially for immunocompromised patients, this case suggests that percutaneous drainage guided by US or computed tomography is an efficient treatment alternative to splenectomy. © 2015 Published by Elsevier Inc. Source

Tucu M.,Istanbul Haydarpasa Numune Training and Research Hospital | Kasapolu U.,Istanbul Haydarpasa Numune Training and Research Hospital | Boynueri B.,Istanbul Haydarpasa Numune Training and Research Hospital | Can O.,Istanbul Haydarpasa Numune Training and Research Hospital | And 3 more authors.
Transplantation Proceedings

Background New-onset diabetes after transplantation (NODAT) is a common metabolic complication. Most conventional immunosuppressive medications, especially steroids and tacrolimus, are responsible for its development. NODAT may rarely be associated with severe, life-threating complications in kidney transplantation recipients. Case Report A 44-year-old man was admitted to our polyclinic for a routine post kidney transplantation visit. He reported polyuria, polydipsia, and general weakness. The patient had undergone preemptive, living-related kidney transplantation 5 weeks previously. Immunosuppressive treatment comprised tacrolimus, prednisolone, and mycophenolate mofetil. Physical examination revealed no abnormalities except signs of mild dehydration. Although he had no history of diabetes before kidney transplantation and his serum fasting glucose levels were within the reference range at the follow-up visits, his laboratory tests revealed high serum glucose and creatinine levels, ketosis, and metabolic acidosis. Our diagnosis was NODAT with diabetic ketoacidosis and prerenal azotemia. Initial treatment comprised intravenous saline and insulin infusion and subsequently involved intensive subcutaneous insulin administration. Despite the intensive insulin therapy and reduction of the tacrolimus dose, sufficient glucose regulation was not achieved. Tacrolimus was switched to everolimus on day 6 of hospitalization. The patient's insulin requirement gradually decreased to one-half of the primary dose over the following several days, and he was discharged on day 10 with successful serum glucose regulation. Although the diabetogenic potential of sirolimus is similar to that of tacrolimus, the impact of everolimus on glucose metabolism remains unclear. Conclusions We have reported a life-threating metabolic complication associated with tacrolimus and successful treatment of NODAT by switching from tacrolimus to everolimus. © 2015 Published by Elsevier Inc. Source

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