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Hamburg, Germany

Cinotti G.,University of Rome La Sapienza | Sessa P.,University of Rome La Sapienza | Ripani F.R.,University of Rome La Sapienza | Postacchini R.,Israelitic Hospital | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Anatomy | Year: 2012

The aim of this study was to address, in normal knees, the variability of posterior offset of femoral condyles and tibial slope, and the presence of any correlation between the two that might be needed to achieve an adequate joint motion in flexion. Magnetic resonance images of normal knees of 80 subjects, 45 males and 35 females, with a mean age of 38.9years, were analysed. Measurements were performed by two independent observers using an imaging visualization software. The tibial slope averaged 8 and 7.7°, on the medial and lateral sides, respectively (P=0.2); the mean posterior offset of femoral condyles was 27.4 and 25.2mm on the two sides, respectively (P=0.0001). The variation coefficient of the condylar offset and tibial slope was 11.5 and 38%, respectively. In the medial compartment, a significant correlation was found between the femoral condylar offset and the tibial slope, while the same was not observed in the lateral compartment of the knee. Magnetic resonance imaging allows the assessment of tibial slope and femoral condylar offset in the medial and lateral side separately, taking into account any difference between the two compartments. The sagittal tibial slope exhibits a greater variability compared with the posterior offset of femoral condyles. The correlation found, in the medial compartment, between the tibial slope and femoral condylar offset suggests that the reconstitution of the proper morphology of the posterior part of the knee joint may be necessary to obtain a full range of motion in flexion after total knee replacement. © 2012 The Authors. Journal of Anatomy © 2012 Anatomical Society. Source

Layer P.,Israelitic Hospital in Hamburg | Bronisch H.-J.,Katholisches Krankenhaus St. Nepomuk | Henniges U.M.,Israelitic Hospital in Hamburg | Koop I.,Amalie Sieveking Krankenhaus | And 5 more authors.
Pancreas | Year: 2011

Objectives: Intravenous local anesthetics may ameliorate pain and clinical course in patients with major abdominal surgery. Aim: To investigate their effects in acute pancreatitis. Methods: Forty-six consecutive patients with acute pancreatitis randomly received intravenous procaine (2 g/24 h) or placebo for 72 hours in a double-blind fashion. Pain severity (visual analog scale, 0-100), on-demand pain medication (metamizole and/or buprenorphine), and the clinical course were monitored every 24 hours. Results: Data of 44 patients were subjected to intention-to-treat analysis. Although there were no differences between groups before treatment, procaine treatment was associated with a stronger decrease in pain compared with placebo (median visual analog scale decrement, -62 vs -39, P = 0.025). Moreover, there was a greater proportion of patients with adequate (≥67%) pain reduction (75% vs 43%, P = 0.018), less use of additional analgesics (P = 0.042), and overall analgesic superiority (P = 0.015). Compared with placebo, the proportion of patients hospitalized after 2 weeks was reduced by 80% after procaine treatment (P = 0.012). Conclusions: These findings support the hypothesis that systemic administration of local anesthetics might improve pain and accelerate clinical recovery in acute pancreatitis. Copyright © 2011 by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. Source

Mathus-Vliegen E.,University of Amsterdam | Pellise M.,University of Barcelona | Heresbach D.,University Hospital | Fischbach W.,University of Wurzburg | And 9 more authors.
Current Medical Research and Opinion | Year: 2013

Background: Adequate bowel preparation prior to colonic diagnostic procedures is essential to ensure adequate visualisation. Scope: This consensus aims to provide guidance as to the appropriate use of bowel preparation for a range of defined clinical circumstances. A consensus group from across Europe was convened and met to discuss appropriate bowel preparation. The use of polyethylene glycol (PEG), sodium picosulphate and sodium phosphate (NaP), together with other agents, prokinetics and simethicone, in colonoscopy and small bowel video capsule endoscopy were considered. A systematic review of the literature was carried out and additional unpublished data was obtained from the members of the consensus group where required. Recommendations were graded according to the level of evidence. Findings: PEG-based regimens are recommended first line for both procedures, since their use is supported by good efficacy and safety data. Sodium-picosulphate-based regimens are recommended second line as their cleansing efficacy appears less than PEG-based regimens. NaP is not recommended for bowel cleansing due to the potential for renal damage and other adverse events. However, the use of NaP is acceptable in patients in whom PEG or sodium picosulphate is ineffective or not tolerated. NaP should not be used in patients with chronic kidney disease, pre-existing electrolyte disturbances, congestive heart failure, cirrhosis or a history of hypertension. The timing of the dose, dietary restrictions, use in special patient groups and recording of the quality of bowel preparation are also considered for patients undergoing colonoscopy. During the development of the guidelines the European Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy (ESGE) issued guidance on bowel preparation for colonoscopy. The ESGE guidelines and these consensus guidelines share many recommendations; differences between the guidelines are reviewed. Conclusion: The use of bowel preparation should be tailored to the individual patient and their specific clinical circumstances. © 2013 Informa UK Ltd. Source

Bachmann K.,University of Hamburg | Freitag M.,Israelitic Hospital | Lohalm H.,University of Hamburg | Tomkotter L.,University of Hamburg | And 5 more authors.
Pancreas | Year: 2014

Objective: Severe acute pancreatitis is a life-threatening disease with a high mortality; so far, no causal treatment is known. The aim of this study was to evaluate the therapeutic potential of hydroxyethyl starch (HES) and cell-free hemoglobin in an experimental model. Methods: Thirty-nine pigs were randomly assigned into 3 groups. Severe acute pancreatitis was induced by intraductal injection of glycodeoxycholic acid in combination with intravenous administration of cerulein. All animals were kept in isovolemic conditions by application of Ringer solution, 10% HES, or cell-free hemoglobin. The pancreatic microcirculation was evaluated over 8 hours. Thereafter, the animals were observed for 6 days followed by killing of the animals and histopathologic examination. Results: The administration of HES and cell-free hemoglobin led to improved microcirculation and tissue oxygenation compared with the Ringer's group. Consequently, the histopathologic damage was reduced (5.5 [3-8.5] vs 9.5 [7.5-11]; P < 0.001). In addition, the mean survival was significantly longer at 121 hours (95% confidence interval, 102-139) versus the Ringer group's 57 hours (95% confidence interval, 32-82; P < 0.001). Conclusions: The administration of HES and cell-free hemoglobin can improve microcirculation in severe acute porcine pancreatitis, with consequent reduction in histopathologic damage and mortality. Therefore, this might represent an interesting therapeutic option in the treatment of severe acute pancreatitis. Copyright © 2014 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. Source

Burke T.R.,Columbia University | Fishman G.A.,The Pangere Center for Hereditary Retinal Diseases | Zernant J.,Columbia University | Schubert C.,Columbia University | And 12 more authors.
Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science | Year: 2012

Purpose. We evaluated the pathogenicity of the G1961E mutation in the ABCA4 gene, and present the range of retinal phenotypes associated with this mutation in homozygosity in a patient cohort with ABCA4-associated phenotypes. Methods. Patients were enrolled from the ABCA4 disease database at Columbia University or by inquiry from collaborating physicians. Only patients homozygous for the G1961E mutation were enrolled. The entire ABCA4 gene open reading frame, including all exons and flanking intronic sequences, was sequenced in all patients. Phenotype data were obtained from clinical history and examination, fundus photography, infrared imaging, fundus autofluorescence, fluorescein angiography, and spectral domain-optical coherence tomography. Additional functional data were obtained using the full-field electroretinogram, and static or kinetic perimetry. Results. We evaluated 12 patients homozygous for the G1961E mutation. All patients had evidence of retinal pathology consistent with the range of phenotypes observed in ABCA4 disease. The latest age of onset was recorded at 64 years, in a patient diagnosed initially with age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Of 6 patients in whom severe structural (with/without functional) fundus changes were detected, 5 had additional, heterozygous or homozygous, variants detected in the ABCA4 gene. Conclusions. Homozygous G1961E mutation in ABCA4 results in a range of retinal pathology. The phenotype usually is at the milder end of the disease spectrum, with severe phenotypes linked to the presence of additional ABCA4 variants. Our report also highlights that milder, late-onset Stargardt disease may be confused with AMD. © 2012 The Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology, Inc. Source

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