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West Jerusalem, Israel

Barchana M.,Haifa University | Margaliot M.,Jerusalem Technology Institute | Liphshitz I.,Israel National Cancer registry
Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention | Year: 2012

Introduction: Mobile phones are in extensive use worldwide and concerns regarding their role in tumor formation were raised. Over the years multiple studies were published in order to investigate this issue using several approaches. The current study looks at secular trends of brain gliomas (low and high grade) incidence and changes in tumor's laterality over 30 years in a population extensively using this technology with a possible correlation to the spread of use of mobile phones. Materials and Methods: All brain gliomas that were diagnosed from 1980-2009 were included and subdivided into two groups - low and high grade. Secular and periodic time trend analyses of incidence rates and changes in laterality were performed. Preferred side of head using mobile phones was assessed with a questionnaire in a sample of adult individuals. Results: A decrease in incidence of low grade giomas (LGG) that correlated with introduction of mobile technology was found from 2.57, 2.34 and 2.79 for every 100,000 in the period 1980 to the end of 1994 to 1.72, 1.82 and 1.57, respectively, over the last three 5-years periods (1995-2009). High-grade glioma incidences increased significantly from 1980-2009 but in the period aftermobile phones were introduced (1994-2009) a lower, non significant, rate of increase was observed in males and a lower one (significant) in females. A shift towards left sided tumor location for all adult gliomas combined and separately for LGG and HGG was noted from 1995 onward. The shift was more marked for those who were diagnosed in ages 20-49 (p=0.03). Conclusions: We found a statistically significant decrease in LGG's over 30-years period that correlates with introducing of mobile phones technology and a shift in laterality towards left-sided tumors, the latter occurred in both low and high-grade gliomas. Source

Margel D.,Institute of Urology | Baniel J.,Institute of Urology | Wasserberg N.,Rabin Medical Center | Bar-Chana M.,Israel National Cancer registry | Yossepowitch O.,Institute of Urology
Annals of Surgery | Year: 2011

PURPOSE:: To assess whether radiation therapy for prostate cancer (PCa) increases the risk of metachronous rectal cancer (RCa) and compare outcomes of RCa after radiation therapy and surgery. PATIENTS AND METHODS:: The Israel Cancer Registry was queried to identify patients with PCa and RCa diagnosed between 1982 and 2005. The age adjusted standardized incidence ratio (SIR) of RCa was defined as the ratio between the observed and expected (calculated) RCa cases and compared among the following: overall Israeli male population, patients with PCa treated with radiation therapy, patients with PCa treated surgically. The medical records of men diagnosed with RCa were reviewed and clinical characteristics retrieved. RESULTS:: Of 29,593 men diagnosed with PCa, 2163 were treated with radiation therapy, 6762 were treated surgically and 20,068 patients were treated with either primary androgen deprivation therapy or offered watchful waiting. Of the entire study cohort, 194 (0.65%) patients were diagnosed with subsequent RCa. Compared to the overall male population and stratified by treatment modality, the risk of developing RCa after radiation therapy was significantly increased (SIR = 1.81, 95% CI 1.2-2.5), whereas it was not increased in those managed by surgery (SIR = 1.22, 95% CI 0.85-1.65). RCa after radiation therapy was diagnosed at a more advanced stage, translating into inferior disease specific survival. CONCLUSIONS:: Compared to men diagnosed with PCa managed by surgery, we observed an increased risk of RCa in patients treated with radiation therapy. Further studies are needed to validate these findings and assess whether routine colonoscopic surveillance is warranted after pelvic radiation. Copyright C © 2011 by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. Source

Barchana M.,Haifa University | Liphshitz I.,Israel National Cancer registry
Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention | Year: 2013

Shiraz (Iran) we conducted a cohort analysis of meningiomas among Jews originating in Iran and residing in Israel. Materials and Methods: We use the population-based registry data of the Israeli National Cancer Registry (INCR) for the main analysis. All benign meningioma cases diagnosed in Israel from January 2000 to the end of 2009 were included. Patients that were born in Iran, Iraq, Turkey, Bulgaria and Greece were used for the analysis, whereby we calculated adjusted incidence rates per 100,000 people and computed standardized incidence ratios (SIRs) comparing the Iranian-born to each of the three other groups. Results: Iranian-born Jews had statistically significant higher meningioma rates rates compared to other Jews originating in Balkan states: 1.46 fold compared to Turkish Jews and 1.86 fold compared to the Bulgaria-Greece group. There was a small increase in risk for the Iranian born group compared to those who were born in Iraq (1.06, not significant). Conclusions: Higher rates of meningiomas were seen in Jews originating in Iran that are living in Israel as compared to rates in neighboring countries of origin. These differences can be in part attributed to early life environmental exposures in Iran but probably in larger amount are due to genetic and hereditary factors in a closed community like the Iranian Jews. Some support for this conclusion was also found in other published research. Source

Rozen P.,Haifa University | Rozen P.,Tel Aviv University | Liphshitz I.,Israel National Cancer registry | Barchana M.,Haifa University
European Journal of Cancer Prevention | Year: 2012

The semiquantitated immunochemical fecal occult blood test (I-FOBT) used for colorectal cancer (CRC) screening has had its long-term performance characteristics determined by clinical follow-up or sometimes by colonoscopy as the 'gold standard'. We reanalyzed a file of total colonoscopy patients who also prepared three I-FOBTs, processed by the OC-MICRO instrument, using at least 50 ng Hb/ml buffer threshold to determine a positive test. The performance of both tests was evaluated by the National Cancer Registry follow-up to identify new CRCs and by determining the effects of the number of tests prepared and their thresholds for analysis, sex, and age on results. A total of 1630 patients, mean age 62.7 years, SD 11.9, 50.1% men, having undergone both tests were followed up for a mean of 51.5 months, SD 13.4; 25 CRC patients were registered. At 36 months, I-FOBT sensitivity for CRC was 95.8% (95% confidence interval 87.8, 104), as was initial colonoscopy; within 48 months, it was 92% (95% confidence interval 81.4, 103) and 96%, respectively. I-FOBT identified 70 of the 122 (57.2%) colonoscopy-detected advanced adenoma patients. CRC and advanced adenomatous polyps were more common in men (P<0.01), whose risk increased at 51-73 years (odds ratio 4.639, P=0.056), but not among women (odds ratio 1.952). It then increased significantly (P<0.01) for both sexes aged at least 74 years. I-FOBTs identified most CRCs diagnosed within 36 months of follow-up with sensitivity similar to that of initial colonoscopy, with neither test identifying every CRC patient. Sex and age influence results and need consideration when planning population screening. © 2012 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. Source

Rabinowicz R.,Technion - Israel Institute of Technology | Barchana M.,Haifa University | Liphshiz I.,Israel National Cancer registry | Futerman B.,Epidemiology Unit | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Pediatric Hematology/Oncology | Year: 2012

Our goal was to describe childhood cancer incidence and survival in Israel and to identify demographic and epidemiologic variations among children and adolescents with cancer. We used data from the Israel National Cancer Registry to examine the incidence and survival of pediatric cancer in Israeli children aged 0 to 19 years, diagnosed during the years 1998 to 2007. Cases were analyzed according to sex, age, ethnicity, and geographic region. Among the 4255 cases of childhood cancer, there was a total age-adjusted incidence rate of 172.4 per million for children aged 0 to 19 years and 153.4 per million for children aged 0 to 14 years. The incidence rate for boys was higher than for girls (192.5 and 153.3, respectively) and higher for Jewish children than for Arab children (177.6 and 156.8, respectively). The largest groups were leukemias (22%), lymphomas (20.2%), and central nervous system tumors (17.4%). The number of new cases increased each year, but the incidence rate remained steady. The survival probability updated to December 2008 was estimated and the 5-year survival was calculated for the new cases until the end of 2003. The overall survival at 5 years was 80.8%, with 72.8% for the Arabic population and 83.2% for the Jewish population, and depended on the diagnosis. Incidence and survival in childhood cancer in Israel is at the same medium level compared with other parts of the world. This study may set the basis for investigating the genetic and environmental factors that cause pediatric cancer in Israel, delineating the genetic basis for ethnic origin disparities in survival. Copyright © 2012 by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. Source

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