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Saint Petersburg, Russia

Augland L.E.,University of Oslo | Augland L.E.,University of Quebec at Montreal | Andresen A.,University of Oslo | Corfu F.,University of Oslo | And 2 more authors.
Geological Society Special Publication | Year: 2014

This report presents new field observations and geochronology (isotope-dilution thermal ionization mass spectrometry/ID-TIMS and secondary-ion mass spectrometry/SIMS) on an igneous complex and its country rocks in the Bodø area, northern Norway, traditionally interpreted to represent the (par)autochthonous crust of Baltica (c. 1.8 Ga). Field observations however indicate that the rocks are allochthonous and comprise the uppermost tectonostratigraphic level in the area. The presence of a migmatitic megacrystic granite with an emplacement age of 946 Ma strongly supports such an interpretation and indicates that the Bratten-Landegode gneiss complex is exotic with respect to Baltica. The 946 Ma granite intrudes metasedimentary rocks. The rocks were metamorphosed in the Late Ordovician and intruded by granitic pegmatites and diorites at 430 and 427 Ma, respectively. The Bratten-Landegode gneiss complex shows a close correlation with Mesoproterozoic-Neoproterozoic rock complexes in the East Greenland Caledonides and we interpret it to be a Laurentian pre-Caledonian continental fragment. The discovery of Laurentian pre-Caledonian continental crust in the Uppermost Allochthon calls for a revision of the tectonostratigraphy of this part of the Caledonides and provides important constraints on the sequence of events on the Laurentian margin prior to continent-continent collision between Baltica and Laurentia as well as on intercontinental interactions during the Caledonian orogeny. © The Geological Society of London 2014. Source

Koreshkova M.Y.,Saint Petersburg State University | Downes H.,Birkbeck, University of London | Glebovitsky V.A.,Saint Petersburg State University | Rodionov N.V.,Isotope Research Center | And 2 more authors.
Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology | Year: 2014

Garnet granulite and pyroxenite xenoliths from the Grib kimberlite pipe (Arkhangelsk, NW Russia) represent the lower crust beneath Russian platform in close vicinity to the cratonic region of the north-eastern Baltic (Fennoscandian) Shield. Many of the xenoliths have experienced strong interaction with the kimberlite host, but in others some primary granulite-facies minerals are preserved. Calculated bulk compositions for the granulites suggest that their protoliths were basic to intermediate igneous rocks; pyroxenites were ultrabasic to basic cumulates. A few samples are probably metasedimentary in origin. Zircons are abundant in the xenoliths; they exhibit complex zoning in cathodoluminescence with relic cores and various metamorphic rims. Cores include oscillatory zircon crystallized in magmatic protoliths, and metamorphic and magmatic sector-zoned zircons. Recrystallization of older zircons led to the formation of bright homogeneous rims. In some samples, homogeneous shells are surrounded by darker convoluted overgrowths that were formed by subsolidus growth when a change in mineral association occurred. The source of Zr was a phase consumed during a reaction, which produced garnet. Late-generation zircons in all xenoliths show concordant U-Pb ages of 1.81-1.84 Ga (1,826 ± 11 Ma), interpreted as the age of last granulite-facies metamorphism. This event completely resets most zircon cores. An earlier metamorphic event at 1.96-1.94 Ga is recorded by some rare cores, and a few magmatic oscillatory zircons have retained a Neoarchaean age of 2,719 ± 14 Ma. The assemblage of metaigneous and metasedimentary rocks was probably formed before the event at 1.96 Ga. Inherited magmatic zircons indicate the existence of continental crust by the time of intrusion of magmatic protoliths in the Late Archaean. The U-Pb zircon ages correspond to major events recorded in upper crustal rocks of the region: collisional metamorphism and magmatism 2.7 Ga ago and reworking of Archaean rocks at around 1.95-1.75 Ga. However, formation of the granulitic paragenesis in lower crustal rocks occurred significantly later than the last granulite-facies event seen in the upper crust and correlates instead with retrograde metamorphism and small-volume magmatism in the upper crust. © 2014 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg. Source

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