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Torremolinos, Spain

Yuste M.,CSIC - Institute of Materials Science | Galindo R.E.,CSIC - Institute of Materials Science | Galindo R.E.,Autonomous University of Madrid | Sanchez O.,CSIC - Institute of Materials Science | And 3 more authors.
Thin Solid Films | Year: 2010

We have investigated the relation between the structure and morphology of TiN coatings with their optical properties. Samples were deposited by magnetron sputtering and, by changing the deposition parameters, different textures and chemical compositions can be obtained as measured by X-ray diffraction and glow discharge optical emission spectroscopy respectively. The transmittance in the visible range, measured by spectroscopic ellipsometry, and the emittance, derived from reflectance in the far infrared range as measured by Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy have been related to the nitrogen atomic content and the preferred crystalline orientations present in the TiN coatings. The visible transmittance of the coatings was found not to be dependent on the preferential orientation, while the emittance clearly improves with increasing the film thickness and the presence of both (111) and (200) crystal orientations. © 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. Source


Vazquez M.A.,ISOFOTON | Mihailetchi V.D.,International Solar Energy Research Center Konstanz | Connolly J.P.,Polytechnic University of Valencia | Cubero O.,Polytechnic University of Valencia | And 7 more authors.
Energy Procedia | Year: 2012

In this paper we show the results of the cost model developed in LIMA project (Seventh Framework Programme, CN: 248909). The LIMA project is entitled "Improve photovoltaic efficiency by applying novel effects at the limits of light to matter interaction". The project started in January 2010 and during this year a cost model of the device developed in the project has been developed to assess the industrial viability of this innovative approach to increase the efficiency and reduce the cost of photovoltaic solar cells. During 2011 the cost model has been actualized and a new scenario has been defined. The LIMA project exploits cutting edge photonic technologies to enhance silicon solar cell efficiencies with new concepts in nanostructured materials. It proposes nanostructured surface layers designed to increase the light absorption in the solar cell while decreasing the surface and interface recombination loss. The integration on a back contact solar cell further reduces these interface losses and avoids shading. The project improves light-matter interaction by the use a surface plasmonic nanoparticle layer. This reduces reflection and efficiently couples incident radiation into the solar cell where it is trapped by internal reflection. Surface and interface recombination are minimized by using silicon quantum dot superlattices in a passivating matrix. Source


Vazquez M.A.,ISOFOTON | Connolly J.P.,Polytechnic University of Valencia | Cubero O.,Polytechnic University of Valencia | Daly G.,Polytechnic University of Valencia | And 7 more authors.
Energy Procedia | Year: 2011

In this paper we show the results of the cost model developed in LIMA project (FP7-248909). The LIMA project is titled "Improve photovoltaic efficiency by applying novel effects at the limits of light to matter interaction". The project started in January 2010 and during this year a cost model of the device developed in the project has been developed to assess the industrial viability of this innovative approach to increase the efficiency and reduce the cost of photovoltaic solar cells. LIMA project exploits cutting edge photonic technologies to enhance silicon solar cell efficiencies with new concepts in nanostructured materials. It proposes nano-structured surface layers designed to increase light absorption in the solar cell while decreasing surface and interface recombination loss. Integration in a back contact design further reduces these interface losses and avoids shading. The project improves light-matter interaction by the use a surface plasmonic nanoparticle layer. This reduces reflection and efficiently couples incident radiation into the solar cell where it is trapped by internal reflection. Surface and interface recombination are minimized by using silicon quantum dot superlattices in a passivating matrix. The distance between quantum dots ensures wave-function overlap and good conductivity. © 2010 Published by Elsevier Ltd. Source


Pastore C.E.,University of Cadiz | Gutierrez M.,University of Cadiz | Araujo D.,University of Cadiz | Rodriguez-Messmer E.,ISOFOTON
Applied Surface Science | Year: 2013

Multijunction solar cell efficiency is highly sensitive to structural and chemical variations. These variations can be quantified at nm scale in InGaP/InGaAs/Ge multijunctions using transmission electron microscopy modes, e.g. diffraction contrast (DC-CTEM) and high angle annular dark field (STEM-HAADF). These studies determined the structure and the composition modulation of InGaP layers with sensitivity below 1% of In composition. To quantify the In-related variation, STEM-HAADF profiles are compared to numerically simulated ones. The fit with the experimental contrast shows local variations of 4.25%In for distances below 30 nm. © 2012 Elsevier B.V. Source


Martinez M.,ISFOC | Rubio F.,ISFOC | Sala G.,Technical University of Madrid | Pachon D.,Technical University of Madrid | And 16 more authors.
AIP Conference Proceedings | Year: 2012

Now it is the moment for CPV to become a reliable solution for large scale electricity generation, because it is one of the technologies with higher efficiency, and moreover, it has still margin for improvement. In order to continue with this development, it is important to introduce, in the design of the installations, all the lessons learned during the operation of pilot plants. This paper presents the operation results obtained at the ISFOC pilot plants, during the first three and a half years of operation, and the NACIR project. The CPV technology is not demonstrating signs of degradation which could reduce its high capability of transforming light into electricity. From the operation issues, valuable information is obtained in order to improve the design, turning CPV prototypes into an industrialized product ready to compete with other technologies, making a great effort in the reduction of the installation costs. © 2012 American Institute of Physics. Source

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