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Kotori P.,Ismail Qemali University of Vlora | Kotori Y.,Regional Hospital | Malollari I.,University of Tirana
Journal of Environmental Protection and Ecology | Year: 2015

Vlora city is situated in the Bay of Vlore in Albania southwest which represents the natural border between the waters of the Adriatic Sea and Ionian Sea. The Bay of Vlora presents attractive coastal areas of Albania, with a great potential for tourism. From the year 1967-1994, 4 km distance from the city has developed manufacture of soda by Solvay activity and production of chlorine and polyvinyl chloride. The technology, applied in the chemical plant, has been characterised by a very high loss of mercury as the products both in discharges of liquid and its solid. Liquid residues are directly discharged into the sea. Solid wastes are deposited in the open area, and shoreline during the entire territory of the former plant buildings. This plant, after its closure in 1994, is populated and has created a community of 130 families in its former buildings.


Xhelilaj E.,Ismail Qemali University of Vlora | Metalla O.,Parliamentary
Sustainable Maritime Transportation and Exploitation of Sea Resources - Proceedings of the 14th International Congress of the International Maritime Association of the Mediterranean, IMAM 2011 | Year: 2012

The legal regime of the contiguous zone, as articulated in article 33 of UNCLOS 1982, has brought a situation wherein its legislative and enforcement status continues to be vague and ambiguous. The contents of article 33 regarding the contiguous zone, lacks the clarification on the issues such as the enforcement and jurisdictional rights of a coastal state. Moreover, the ambiguous formulation of this article creates potential premises for misunderstanding and/or misinterpretation. Many coastal states have applied the legal regime of the contiguous zone in their waters, others have not established yet, and some states seems to have problems in appreciating the exact rights and powers to exert in their established contiguous zone. The authors, are of the opinion that there may be a need currently to seriously take under consideration these challenges of the legal nature, and that a revision of the legal regime of the contiguous zone in the international law may be necessary in order to find an appropriate solution for the aforementioned issues. © 2012 Taylor & Francis Group, London, UK.


Bakaj A.,Ismail Qemali University of Vlora | Lika M.,University of Tirana | Malollari I.,University of Tirana
Journal of Environmental Protection and Ecology | Year: 2015

UTI is defined as bacteriuria along with urinary symptoms. It may involve only the lower urinary tract or may involve both the upper and lower tract. The prevalence of UTIs in the referral Public Health Directory was 38.07%. The incidence was higher in females with a prevalence rate of 54.25%, while in males the recorded value was 45.75%. Gram-negative isolates had a prevalence of 89.27%, while gram-positive isolates had 10.73%. The study was conducted in two years. As the ground for planting urine was used blood agar, endo agar, McConkey, etc. The bacteria isolated in order of ranking were E. coli (27.2%), S. saprophyticus (3.94%), P. vulgaris (2.51%), group B Streptococcus (2.39%), Klebsiella spp. (1.35%) and P. aeruginosa (0.68%). The highest proportion of isolates were E. coli (27.2%), S. saprophyticus (3.94%), P. vulgaris (2.51%), and group B Streptococcus (2.39%), accounting for 95.2% of the total number of isolates recovered from the urine samples. Other less-frequent isolates in aggregate caused 4.8% of infections. Women are more susceptible to urinary tract infections, especially against Escherichia coli, resulting positive in 34% of cases; while Staphylococcus saprophyticus has a female percentage of 2.5%. In this study are presented significant data showing univariante analysis that accompanying leukocyturia with Eschericia coli is significant.


Lika M.,University of Tirana | Bakaj A.,Ismail Qemali University of Vlora | Malollari I.,University of Tirana
Journal of Environmental Protection and Ecology | Year: 2015

The urinary tract infection (UTI) is defned as colonisation of a pathogen occurring anywhere along the urinary tract - your kidneys, ureters, bladder and urethra. Most infections involve the lower urinary tract - the bladder and the urethra. Women are at greater risk of developing a UTI than men are. Infection limited to your bladder can be painful and annoying. However, serious consequences can occur if a UTI spreads to our kidneys. Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are caused by bacteria and are 10 times more common among women than men. More than 50% of women will have at least one UTI during their lifetime; for most of these infections, patients need to see a doctor and be treated with antibiotics. About 30-40% of UTIs recur within 6 months after the initial episode. When UTIs do recur, it is often because the treatments used to suppress bacteria seem to work at frst, but they do not produce a lasting cure. UTIs can also recur if a woman is infected by different bacteria. The study included all the patients who were admitted or visited the outpatient departments in the Public Health Institute and had urinary tract infection confrmed by positive urine culture reports. The study was conducted in 2014. As the ground for planting urine is used blood agar, endo agar, McConkey, etc. In the present study (35.75%) of the samples were found to have signifcant bacteriuria and remaining (64.25%) samples were found to have either nonsignifcant bacteriuria or very low bacterial count or sterile urine. The most common isolated pathogen was Escherichia coli (28.8%), followed by Staphylococcus saprophyticus (4.6%), Proteus vulgaris (2.8%), group B Streptococcus (2%), Klebsiella spp. (1.75%) and Pseudomonas aeruginosa (0.80 %). Women are more susceptible to urinary tract infections, especially against Escherichia coli, resulting positive in 44% of cases, while Staphylococcus saprophyticus has a female percentage of 4.2.


Blanfune A.,Aix - Marseille University | Boudouresque C.F.,Aix - Marseille University | Verlaque M.,Aix - Marseille University | Beqiraj S.,University of Tirana | And 4 more authors.
Marine Pollution Bulletin | Year: 2016

The lower mid-littoral and shallow subtidal communities were studied in the district of Vlora (Albania), three years after the establishment of a Marine Protected Area, with particular attention to the long-lived species. The bioconstructions built in the mid-littoral zone by the calcified rhodobiont Lithophyllum byssoides were in poor condition and sometimes even dead. In contrast, the brown alga Cystoseira amentacea constituted lush stands. For assessing the ecological status of the studied area, the CARLIT method, based upon macroalgal communities, was applied. The observed range of ecological status was wide ('high' through 'bad') and was overall among the lowest assessed to date in the Mediterranean Sea. The occurrence of extensive sea-urchin barren-grounds, though not taken into consideration by the CARLIT index, confirmed the poor condition of large sectors of the study area. Overall, the CARLIT index is well correlated with anthropogenic pressures, as assessed by the LUSI index. © 2016.

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