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Xhelilaj E.,Ismail Qemali University of Vlora | Metalla O.,Parliamentary
Sustainable Maritime Transportation and Exploitation of Sea Resources - Proceedings of the 14th International Congress of the International Maritime Association of the Mediterranean, IMAM 2011 | Year: 2012

The legal regime of the contiguous zone, as articulated in article 33 of UNCLOS 1982, has brought a situation wherein its legislative and enforcement status continues to be vague and ambiguous. The contents of article 33 regarding the contiguous zone, lacks the clarification on the issues such as the enforcement and jurisdictional rights of a coastal state. Moreover, the ambiguous formulation of this article creates potential premises for misunderstanding and/or misinterpretation. Many coastal states have applied the legal regime of the contiguous zone in their waters, others have not established yet, and some states seems to have problems in appreciating the exact rights and powers to exert in their established contiguous zone. The authors, are of the opinion that there may be a need currently to seriously take under consideration these challenges of the legal nature, and that a revision of the legal regime of the contiguous zone in the international law may be necessary in order to find an appropriate solution for the aforementioned issues. © 2012 Taylor & Francis Group, London, UK.


Kotori P.,Ismail Qemali University of Vlora | Kotori Y.,Regional Hospital | Malollari I.,University of Tirana
Journal of Environmental Protection and Ecology | Year: 2015

Vlora city is situated in the Bay of Vlore in Albania southwest which represents the natural border between the waters of the Adriatic Sea and Ionian Sea. The Bay of Vlora presents attractive coastal areas of Albania, with a great potential for tourism. From the year 1967-1994, 4 km distance from the city has developed manufacture of soda by Solvay activity and production of chlorine and polyvinyl chloride. The technology, applied in the chemical plant, has been characterised by a very high loss of mercury as the products both in discharges of liquid and its solid. Liquid residues are directly discharged into the sea. Solid wastes are deposited in the open area, and shoreline during the entire territory of the former plant buildings. This plant, after its closure in 1994, is populated and has created a community of 130 families in its former buildings.


Lika M.,University of Tirana | Bakaj A.,Ismail Qemali University of Vlora | Malollari I.,University of Tirana
Journal of Environmental Protection and Ecology | Year: 2015

The urinary tract infection (UTI) is defned as colonisation of a pathogen occurring anywhere along the urinary tract - your kidneys, ureters, bladder and urethra. Most infections involve the lower urinary tract - the bladder and the urethra. Women are at greater risk of developing a UTI than men are. Infection limited to your bladder can be painful and annoying. However, serious consequences can occur if a UTI spreads to our kidneys. Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are caused by bacteria and are 10 times more common among women than men. More than 50% of women will have at least one UTI during their lifetime; for most of these infections, patients need to see a doctor and be treated with antibiotics. About 30-40% of UTIs recur within 6 months after the initial episode. When UTIs do recur, it is often because the treatments used to suppress bacteria seem to work at frst, but they do not produce a lasting cure. UTIs can also recur if a woman is infected by different bacteria. The study included all the patients who were admitted or visited the outpatient departments in the Public Health Institute and had urinary tract infection confrmed by positive urine culture reports. The study was conducted in 2014. As the ground for planting urine is used blood agar, endo agar, McConkey, etc. In the present study (35.75%) of the samples were found to have signifcant bacteriuria and remaining (64.25%) samples were found to have either nonsignifcant bacteriuria or very low bacterial count or sterile urine. The most common isolated pathogen was Escherichia coli (28.8%), followed by Staphylococcus saprophyticus (4.6%), Proteus vulgaris (2.8%), group B Streptococcus (2%), Klebsiella spp. (1.75%) and Pseudomonas aeruginosa (0.80 %). Women are more susceptible to urinary tract infections, especially against Escherichia coli, resulting positive in 44% of cases, while Staphylococcus saprophyticus has a female percentage of 4.2.


Bakaj A.,Ismail Qemali University of Vlora | Lika M.,University of Tirana | Malollari I.,University of Tirana
Journal of Environmental Protection and Ecology | Year: 2015

UTI is defined as bacteriuria along with urinary symptoms. It may involve only the lower urinary tract or may involve both the upper and lower tract. The prevalence of UTIs in the referral Public Health Directory was 38.07%. The incidence was higher in females with a prevalence rate of 54.25%, while in males the recorded value was 45.75%. Gram-negative isolates had a prevalence of 89.27%, while gram-positive isolates had 10.73%. The study was conducted in two years. As the ground for planting urine was used blood agar, endo agar, McConkey, etc. The bacteria isolated in order of ranking were E. coli (27.2%), S. saprophyticus (3.94%), P. vulgaris (2.51%), group B Streptococcus (2.39%), Klebsiella spp. (1.35%) and P. aeruginosa (0.68%). The highest proportion of isolates were E. coli (27.2%), S. saprophyticus (3.94%), P. vulgaris (2.51%), and group B Streptococcus (2.39%), accounting for 95.2% of the total number of isolates recovered from the urine samples. Other less-frequent isolates in aggregate caused 4.8% of infections. Women are more susceptible to urinary tract infections, especially against Escherichia coli, resulting positive in 34% of cases; while Staphylococcus saprophyticus has a female percentage of 2.5%. In this study are presented significant data showing univariante analysis that accompanying leukocyturia with Eschericia coli is significant.


Lapa K.,Ismail Qemali University of Vlora | Xhelilaj E.,Ismail Qemali University of Vlora | Cacaj P.,Ismail Qemali University of Vlora
Developments in Maritime Transportation and Exploitation of Sea Resources - Proceedings of IMAM 2013, 15th International Congress of the International Maritime Association of the Mediterranean | Year: 2014

The flags of convenience or the open registration system has been for many years criticised and disapproved based on significant matters such as safety, security, labour as well as financial and legal issues. Implementing strict regulations as regards to ownership, manning, management and administration, close registration are by definition those registries which involve a genuine connection by virtue of national, economical and social ties among the ship-owner and its State. During the past decades both regimes have exposed many issues which have worried the international maritime community. These authors are of the opinion that indeed there are issues concerning registration and nationality of vessels, and that several States implementing close or open registries have been efficient in safety and security matters; in contrast to other States which have shown many problems regarding the aforementioned issues. © 2014 Taylor & Francis Group, London.


Mico S.,Ismail Qemali University of Vlora | Mandili J.,Ismail Qemali University of Vlora
AIP Conference Proceedings | Year: 2010

In many countries the levels of social and economic development are also the determinants of education policies. During the last 10 years Albania had new developments in social and economic environment, but the education policies has remain the same or have been almost insignificantly enhanced. It isn't our intention discussing these policies, but just expressing some considerations according to the most recent experience and our vision. These considerations regard the teaching physics quality in all the school levels. It's truth that students have serious difficulty in understanding physics. We have tried to understand why this happens and how we can help them? In this paper we identify some teaching and learning problems and argue importance of using of educational philosophy, cognitive theory and pedagogical research to change our teaching of physics. © 2009 American Institute of Physics.


Vozga I.,Polytechnic University of Tirana | Kacani J.,Polytechnic University of Tirana | Kasemi V.,Ismail Qemali University of Vlora
Metalurgia International | Year: 2013

90s of last century found Albania with a not very clean environment because, among other things, the recycling as a process was rudimentary and the recycling technology not developed. At that time, in our country began a difficult and intensive urbanization. The growth of urban population increased the amount of waste. In these conditions, it is important to consider the engineering treatment of solid plastic urban waste, which includes aspects of economic, environmental etc. Implementation of plastic materials, which replaced traditional ones, generated relevant wastes. Most of food packaging is made from plastic materials. Introducing the country to a consumer society brought increasing of solid urban plastic wastes. During these years, committees and agencies have been created and they have developed policies and strategies for managing of these wastes. Recycling in Albania is still in the first stages. Materials widely recycled are HDPE, PVC etc., mainly producing bags, pipes and bottles. There are two mandatory requirements: firstly, it is necessary to improve legislation, mainly for the further expansion and power for the business in the field of recycling, and secondly, the need to undertake concrete initiatives to implement the existing national strategy in this area.


Qarri F.,Ismail Qemali University of Vlora | Kane S.,Ismail Qemali University of Vlora | Lazo P.,University of Tirana
Fresenius Environmental Bulletin | Year: 2014

This study was carried out in Vlora Bay, Adriatic Sea, to evaluate the environmental status and estimate the pollution of different contamination sources in this area. Vlora Bay is a half-closed bay, positioned from the mouth of the Vjosa River delta to Karaburuni Peninsula. The total dissolved metal concentrations (Cd, Cu, Cr, Fe, Hg, Mn, Ni, Pb, Zn) of seawater samples were analyzed by graphite furnace AAS after the pre-concentration with CHELEX-100. The samples from 8 stations of Vlora Bay coastal areas, Albania, were collected during February 2012. There is little information available regarding the nutrient and heavy metal contamination level of Vlora Bay. Our analytical data were subjected to statistical analysis. Good correlations between Ni and Pb; Mn and Zn; Fe and Zn; Hg and Zn were found. Statistical analysis of the data was carried out using EXCEL and MINITAB-15 package programs. Based on the heavy metals concentrations and UK standards for the protection of saltwater life (SACs Project 2001) [32], and Sweden Environmental Quality Criteria (2002) [33], the seawater quality of Vlora Bay is quite good. The levels of trace metals were found to be lower than the Swedish guidelines (Cu, Cr, Mn, Ni and Zn) for coastal water. The seasonal weather conditions of February were characterized by heavy rains, strong wind and high seawater waves. These conditions are distinguished as the main factors that affect the concentration of trace elements in coastal water of Vlora Bay during our monitoring period. © by PSP.


Muharremi O.,Ismail Qemali University of Vlora | Madani F.,Ismail Qemali University of Vlora | Pelari E.,Ismail Qemali University of Vlora
Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences | Year: 2013

Today citizens of the modern world are living in an economy that is increasingly based on services. The service sector is not anymore a minor part of the overall economy, but a major sector adding lots of value to the economy. The service industry represents the fastest growing economic sector. The objective of the paper is to analyze the service sector in Albania for the past few years and compare it with other countries within the European Union and countries in the Balkan area. Most of the work force in Albania is employed in the service sector, marketing numerous types of services to customers such as: food, personal care, entertainment, banking, insurance, transport, consultancy, tourism, office services, professional services, etc. Over the last 20 years, Albania has transformed from an agricultural economy to a service-oriented economy. The service sector in Albania is new and dynamic. Two main services where foreign direct investment is oriented are telecommunications and financial intermediation, 23% and 33% respectively. Telecommunications is the most dynamic service sector in the Albanian economy. The main aim of this research paper is to portray an analytical view of the Albanian service sector, their quality and the future development. The paper will provide information on services which are not well developed and have huge growth potential. The methodology employed in the paper is secondary research of accessible literature, statistic reports for OCED countries, EU countries from Euro stat, World Bank, Albanian Statistics Institute (INSTAT), as well as the Albanian Ministry of Finance and other recognized institutions.


PubMed | University of Tirana, Aix - Marseille University and Ismail Qemali University of Vlora
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Marine pollution bulletin | Year: 2016

The lower mid-littoral and shallow subtidal communities were studied in the district of Vlora (Albania), three years after the establishment of a Marine Protected Area, with particular attention to the long-lived species. The bioconstructions built in the mid-littoral zone by the calcified rhodobiont Lithophyllum byssoides were in poor condition and sometimes even dead. In contrast, the brown alga Cystoseira amentacea constituted lush stands. For assessing the ecological status of the studied area, the CARLIT method, based upon macroalgal communities, was applied. The observed range of ecological status was wide (high through bad) and was overall among the lowest assessed to date in the Mediterranean Sea. The occurrence of extensive sea-urchin barren-grounds, though not taken into consideration by the CARLIT index, confirmed the poor condition of large sectors of the study area. Overall, the CARLIT index is well correlated with anthropogenic pressures, as assessed by the LUSI index.

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