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Dhaka, Bangladesh

Islamic University of Technology or IUT is an educational and research institution in Bangladesh run and funded by OIC. It is regarded as one of the prestigious institutions for engineering and technical education in Bangladesh. The main objective of IUT is to contribute in developing the human resources of the member states of the OIC, particularly in the fields of Engineering, Technology and Technical Education. IUT receives direct endowment from OIC member countries and offers scholarships to its students in the form of free tuition, boarding, lodging and medicare. The aesthetic campus was designed by Turkish architect Pamir Mehmet, an MIT graduate. Wikipedia.

Amin M.R.,Islamic University of Technology
IET Microwaves, Antennas and Propagation

Slow wave structure (SWS) is the vital component of slow wave type high-power microwave (HPM) devices where the kinetic energy of an axially streaming electron beam is resonantly extracted to produce microwave radiation. The frequency of the generated microwave predominantly depends on the beam energy and the dispersion characteristics of the SWS. Many types of SWSs have been investigated and implemented in real experiments. Among them, cylindrical metallic structures with sinusoidally rippled inner wall have gained popularity in backward wave oscillators. To enhance the efficiency of the devices, prolonged and stable interaction of the EM wave with electron beam is important. One of the possible techniques to improve the performance of the devices could be the use of non-uniform SWS. In this study, a doubly rippled inner wall SWS is considered. The radius of the structure is varied sinusoidally with two periods. Using linear theory, the dispersion relation of the EM wave inside the structure in the absence of electron beam has been analysed numerically. It has been observed that a single band of the conventional sinusoidally rippled SWS is decomposed into several sub-bands depending on the ratio of the length of two periods. Some of the sub-bands are so flat that the frequency of the microwave radiation can be made insensitive to the beam energy fluctuation. © The Institution of Engineering and Technology 2013. Source

Amin M.R.,Islamic University of Technology | Ogura K.,Niigata University
IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science

The temporal growth rate (TGR) in a trapezoidally corrugated slow-wave structure for a backward-wave oscillator is theoretically studied. An intense relativistic annular electron is used as the energy source for the device. The annular electron beam is assumed to be infinitesimally thin in the radial extent and guided by an infinitely strong magnetic field. The trapezoidal profile of the structure is approximated by a sinusoidal function using Fourier approximation, and the dispersion relation of the system is derived using the Rayleigh-Fourier method. To study the TGR of the electromagnetic wave inside the system, the dispersion equation is solved for different values of the beam parameters. The dimensions of sinusoidally corrugated comparable trapezoidal structure are determined by comparing their dispersion characteristics. For the TM01 mode, TGR of instability that gives a qualitative measure of the microwave generation is calculated. The peak TGR of the proposed structure is found to be on average 1.5% higher than that of the sinusoidally corrugated slow-wave structure for the same set of beam parameters. Apart from its improved growth rate, the proposed structure has an added advantage of easy fabrication. © 1973-2012 IEEE. Source

Sheikholeslami M.,Islamic University of Technology | Rashidi M.M.,Tongji University | Rashidi M.M.,ENN TongjiClean EnergyInstitute of Advanced Studies
Journal of the Taiwan Institute of Chemical Engineers

Effect of spatially variable magnetic field on ferrofluid flow and heat transfer is investigated. The enclosure is filled with Fe3O4-water nanofluid. Control volume based finite element method (CVFEM) is applied to solve the governing equations. The combined effects of ferrohydrodynamic and magnetohydrodynamic have been taken into account. The influences of Magnetic number, Hartmann number, Rayleigh number and nanoparticle volume fraction on the flow and heat transfer characteristics have been examined. Results show that enhancement in heat transfer decrease with increase of Rayleigh number while for two other active parameters different behavior is observed. Also it can be concluded that Nusselt number is an increasing function of Magnetic number, Rayleigh number and nanoparticle volume fraction while it is a decreasing function of Hartmann number. © 2015 Taiwan Institute of Chemical Engineers. Source

Ahiduzzaman M.,Bangladesh Institute of Technology | Islam A.K.M.S.,Islamic University of Technology
Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews

Bangladesh is an energy starving country. The country will be on one of the fast growing power markets with its population and growing energy demand per person, its fast growing urbanization, and its socio-economic development. At present the potential demand of power is 5569 MW and the supply is below 4000 MW. The country is dependent on the imported petroleum that is big burden on the economy. The per capita emission is only 0.2667 tonne per person still much below the world leading countries (19.8 tonne per person for USA). However, Bangladesh is one of the most vulnerable to climate change effect in the world. In this regard, renewable energy resources appear to be the one of the most efficient and effective solution for clean and sustainable energy development in Bangladesh. Biomass is the dominating source of energy in Bangladesh. Biomass energy is used in a very traditional way. Biomass conversion to energy in the form of liquid, gaseous and solid pellet or briquette could be a viable option to reduce the pressure on the conventional fossil fuel. The geographical location of Bangladesh has several advantages for extensive use of grid connected solar electricity and stand alone solar PV system. This article presents a review of the potential and utilization of the renewable energy sources in Bangladesh. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Source

Rahman M.S.,Bangladesh Atomic Energy Commission | Molla A.H.,University of Rajshahi | Saha N.,University of Rajshahi | Rahman A.,Islamic University of Technology
Food Chemistry

Concentrations of eight heavy metals (Pb, Cd, Ni, Cr, Cu, Zn, Mn, and As) in the muscles of ten species of fish collected from Bangshi River at Savar in Bangladesh were measured in two different seasons. The concentrations of the studied heavy metals, except Pb in Corica soborna, were found to be below the safe limits suggested by various authorities and thus gave no indication of pollution. The present study also showed that, Zn was the most and Cd was the least accumulated metal in the studied fish muscles. ANOVA analysis clearly revealed that there was a significant variation (CI = 95%) of the heavy metal concentrations in different fish species in the Bangshi River. Significant positive correlations between the heavy metal concentrations in fish muscles were also observed in both seasons. From the human health point of view, this study showed that there was no possible health risk to consumers due to intake of studied fishes under the current consumption rate. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Source

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