Gaza, Palestine

Islamic University of Gaza
Gaza, Palestine

The Islamic University of Gaza , also known as IUG, IU Gaza and The University of Gaza, is an independent Palestinian university established in 1978 in Gaza City, Palestinian territories. The university, according to its website, has 10 faculties capable of awarding B.A., B.Sc., M.A., and M.Sc. diplomas and higher diplomas in their respective disciplines. The Islamic University of Gaza is a member of four regional and international associations of higher education, which are the International Association of Universities, the Community of Mediterranean Universities, the Association of Arab Universities and the Association of Islamic Universities. As of August 2014, due to the 2014 Israel-Gaza conflict, Israeli forces have destroyed the Islamic University of Gaza by firing multiple missiles into the building. People were reported to be inside the university campus during the attack. A large part of the university has been destroyed. No casualties were reported in the strike. Wikipedia.

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Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: CSA | Phase: INT-02-2014 | Award Amount: 999.75K | Year: 2015

The MERID project (Middle East Research and Innovation Dialogue) proposes a comprehensive action to intensify and encourage research and innovation cooperation between the EU and the Middle East region, directly involving partners from Egypt, Iran, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon and Palestine, directly involving partners from Egypt, Iran, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon and Palestine. The project intends to build upon the experience carried out in countries of the region that have already participated in the previous framework programmes, and therefore are at a relatively advanced stage of research cooperation with Europe, like Egypt and Jordan. Attention is paid to calibrating in the most appropriate way the intervention logic of the project, adapting actions to the specific needs of the target countries and their research constituencies. The needs of Iran and Iraq will for sure prove different from those of countries where cooperation with the EU has a proven track record behind. The project is the first attempt to systematise support to the policy dialogue and involvement of research communities of Iran and Iraq in the H2020 programme, as well as an initiative that seeks to give continuity to collaboration frameworks already established between the EU and Middle East countries. The project has high potential to deliver long-lasting impact and structuring effects on cooperation between the EU and the Middle East region. It focuses on enhancing direct cooperation among researchers and on laying or consolidating preconditions, in the region, fostering joint research projects and initiatives with the EU, establishing optimal framework conditions for international cooperation and increasing coordination between policies and programmes. These objectives will be achieved through series of different on-line and in-person activities, among which are meetings of researchers, brokerage events, info-days, training and coaching, webinars and other tools, relevant for this project proposals.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP-SICA | Phase: ENV.2009. | Award Amount: 4.16M | Year: 2010

With regard to the objectives specified in ENV-2009., modeling capabilities must be improved and appropriate tools developed to advance the capability to assess climate effects on water resources and uses. The project consortium will employ a combination of novel field monitoring concepts, remote sensing techniques, integrated hydrologic (and biophysical) modeling and socioeconomic factor analyses to reduce existing uncertainties in climate change impact analysis and to create an integrated quantitative risk and vulnerability assessment tool. Together, these will provide the necessary information to design appropriate adaptive water resources management instruments and select suitable agricultural practices under climate change conditions. The integrated risk and vulnerability analysis tool will also enable assessment of risks for conflict-inducing actions, e.g. migration. The improved models, new assessment tools, and their results will be evaluated against current methodologies. Improvements will be communicated to stakeholders and decision makers in a transparent, easy-to-understand form, enabling them to utilize the new findings in regional water resource and agricultural management initiatives as well as in the design of mechanisms to reduce potential for conflict (linkage to SSH-2009.4.2.1).

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA | Phase: INFRA-2009-3.3 | Award Amount: 867.50K | Year: 2010

EUMEDGRID-Support aims at reinforcing the relevance of European e-Infrastructures in the Mediterranean and Middle-east regions. The project will build on the results obtained by EUMEDCONNECT/ EUMEDCONNECT2 and the preceding project EUMEDGRID, which successfully deployed a research and education network and a pilot Grid infrastructure, respectively, presently covering almost all the Mediterranean Area. An agreement has been signed among the EUMEDGRID partners to keep open, to the best of their capabilities, the existing Infrastructure and EUMEDGRID-Support wants, not only to consolidate and expand it, but also to make a step forward towards its sustainability.\nThe overarching objective of EUMEDGRID-Support is to retain the European and Mediterranean country dialogue achieved in the past as well as to increase stakeholders and community awareness on the fundamental importance of e-Infrastructures in the Mediterranean and on their sustainability.\nThe project will use the consolidated schema of a two-fold approach: A bottom-up, raising the awareness of researchers, students and technical personnel, which will exploit the usage of e-Infrastructures in their work and appreciate their value, and a top-down approach at the high policy-level highlighting the benefits and justifying the necessity of e-Infrastructures to influential stakeholders in order to push for a long term stability and sustainability of such e-Infrastructures.

Yasseen Z.G.,Islamic University of Gaza
Journal of Chemical and Pharmaceutical Research | Year: 2012

The interactions of bovine serum albumin (BSA) with one anionic, sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS), cationic Surfactant cetyl trimethylammonium bromide (CTAB), and a nonionic triton X-100 (TX-100), at 25 °C in aqueous media containing phosphate buffer (20 mM, 0.1 M NaCl, pH 7.0) have been studied through the conductivity method. A novel and simple mathematical model was used for calculation of mole fractions for each surfactant interacted with BSA. The results revealed that SDS interact more strongly than CTAB and TX-100. The results indicated that the SDS, CTAB and TX-100 comprise 98%, 88% and 31% interaction with BSA, respectively. The results were interpreted on basis of hydrophobic interactions of side chain of surfactant with BSA hydrophobic surface patches on BSA.

News Article | February 27, 2017

Mossab Abo Toha (L) and his friend Shafi Salem, want to open the first English-language library in the beleaguered Palestinian territory (AFP Photo/MOHAMMED ABED) Gaza City (Palestinian Territories) (AFP) - Mossab Abu Toha has never actually left Gaza, instead devouring books as an escape. Now he is struggling to open the first English-language library in the beleaguered Palestinian territory. "Send us books in English, new or used," says the 24-year-old reading enthusiast on his Facebook page. Abu Toha, like so many Gazans effectively trapped in the Palestinian enclave by Israeli and Egyptian restrictions, dreams of travelling. "Freedom begins when one frees one's mind," said the young graduate in English literature from the Islamic University of Gaza, who shares his passion by teaching Shakespeare at a United Nations school. "I have read dozens of books in English, and with them I can travel to every country in the world and through all periods. I feel like I am in another world." Israel has maintained a blockade on Gaza for a decade, while the border with Egypt is also largely closed. Those who manage to take advantage of the rare Egyptian openings never really know when they will be able to return. In a territory where even the delivery of basic necessities is anything but simple, literature is also a victim of politics. "There are few books in English," Abu Toha said, and they "arrive well after their publication because of the blockade". Even the idea of falling back on electronic versions is problematic. "The electricity cuts all the time," said Shadi Salem, who is helping Abu Toha set up the project. Gaza receives only a few hours of power per day due to chronic energy shortages. Since the July launch of their "Library & Bookshop for Gaza" page, which has nearly 2,500 followers, the two friends say they have collected more than 200 books, including from American and European donors, as well as $2,000 (1,890 euros). But delivery has again been an issue. For months in 2016, Israel blocked the arrival of parcels into the Gaza Strip because they alleged its Islamist rulers Hamas were using it to send equipment for weapons. The transfer was restored in December, with Abu Toha announcing joyfully on Facebook: "You can now send your books." For the time being, the 200 books received and his personal library -- about 400 -- stand on shelves in the family home in Beit Lahia in northern Gaza. The goal is a thousand more books. Of all his books he highlighted three from American philosopher Noam Chomsky, who sent them to him personally. In 2014, the Israeli military launched its third assault on Gaza since Hamas came to power in 2007. Among the sites hit was the Islamic University, with its English bookshop badly damaged. "I was shocked: The Israeli army, backed by the West, bombed books in English," recalled the young man who sports a trim black beard. According to Mohammed al-Sherif of the Hamas-run culture ministry, around 30 libraries were partially or totally destroyed during the three wars. There are 18 libraries in Gaza, with the vast majority of books Arabic. "Israel has allowed books to be imported into Gaza for the past year, but political books, for example, are still banned," Sherif said.

El-Daly A.A.,Zagazig University | El-Taher A.M.,Zagazig University | Dalloul T.R.,Islamic University of Gaza
Materials and Design | Year: 2014

In this paper, the tensile tests were conducted to investigate the effect of adding a small amount of Ni on the microstructure, thermal and mechanical properties of 3.0Ag-0.5Cu(SAC 305) solder. The results indicated that addition of Ni can effectively decrease both the undercooling and the onset melting temperature of SAC(305) solder alloy. The strength and ductility of the SAC(305) solder depend significantly on Ni content. In general, the SAC(305)-0.5%Ni solder reveals superior mechanical properties in terms of maximum strength and ductility when compared to the high Ni-content or plain solders. Microstructure analysis revealed that a new η-(Cu,Ni)6Sn5 intermetallic compound (IMC) phase containing large amount of Ni was generated, while the initial Cu6Sn5 phase was converted into (Cu,Ni)6Sn5 phase after 0.5%Ni addition. Besides, the fine fiber-like Ag3Sn and finer dot-shaped precipitates rather than needle-like morphology have occurred at the surface of β-Sn matrix easily, which could provide more obstacles for dislocation pile up in the adjacent grains and enhanced the mechanical property. With increasing Ni addition, the Ni-doped SAC(305) solder showed a corresponding deterioration in their mechanical property due to the coarsening of (Cu,Ni)6Sn5 IMCs and increasing the inter-particle spacing of Ag3Sn IMCs in the eutectic colony. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.

Taya S.A.,Islamic University of Gaza
Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials | Year: 2015

In this paper, surface waves excited at the interface between left-handed and right-handed materials are employed for sensing applications. The propagation of p-polarized (TM) surface waves in a three-layer slab waveguide structure with air core layer as an analyte and anisotropic left-handed materials as claddings is investigated for detection of any changes in the refractive index of the analyte. The dispersion equations and the sensitivity of the effective refractive index to any change in the air layer index are derived, plotted, and discussed in details. The field profile is also explored. It is found that the sensitivity of the proposed surface wave sensor is almost independent of the wavelength of the propagating wave. A considerable sensitivity improvement can be obtained with the increase of transverse components of the left-handed material permittivity. © Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Asfour O.S.,Islamic University of Gaza
Energy and Buildings | Year: 2010

The idea of utilising natural ventilation for passive cooling has increasingly attracted the attention of researchers. In urban areas, this is intended to improve the outdoor and indoor thermal conditions without compromising the principles of sustainable building design. This study investigates the effect of building grouping pattern on the resulting wind environment in the outdoor spaces and the resulting ventilation potential of these buildings. A parametric three-dimensional modelling study has been carried out using computational fluid dynamics (CFD). Several configurations of housing blocks exposed to different wind directions have been modelled and compared considering the hot climate of Gaza. It has been found that grouping pattern of buildings as well as their orientation with respect to wind has a dramatic effect on the resulting airflow behaviour and pressure fields. Configurations that contain a central space articulated by buildings and oriented towards the prevailing wind can offer better exposure to air currents and better containment of wind. Such configurations are recommended for better wind-driven ventilation, where the main design objective is passive cooling. © 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Taya S.A.,Islamic University of Gaza
Opto-electronics Review | Year: 2014

A three-layer slab waveguide with air core layer and anisotropic left-handed material claddings is investigated for sensing applications. Different from the waveguide mode sensors and surface plasmon resonance sensors in which the analyte is placed in the evanescent field region, the proposed sensor contains the sample in the core region that supports the oscillating field. Due to the strong concentration of the electromagnetic field in the analyte medium, the proposed device exhibits unusual sensitivity enhancement. The simulations revealed that the sensitivity improvement of TE3 mode compared to conventional evanescent wave sensor is approximately a factor of 20. © 2014, Versita Warsaw and Springer-Verlag Wien.

Sahmoud S.A.,Islamic University of Gaza | Abuhaiba I.S.,Islamic University of Gaza
Pattern Recognition | Year: 2013

Recently, iris recognition systems have gained increased attention especially in non-cooperative environments. One of the crucial steps in the iris recognition system is the iris segmentation because it significantly affects the accuracy of the feature extraction and iris matching steps. Traditional iris segmentation methods provide excellent results when iris images are captured using near infrared cameras under ideal imaging conditions, but the accuracy of these algorithms significantly decreases when the iris images are taken in visible wavelength under non-ideal imaging conditions. In this paper, a new algorithm is proposed to segments iris images captured in visible wavelength under unconstrained environments. The proposed algorithm reduces the error percentage even in the presence of types of noise include iris obstructions and specular reflection. The proposed algorithm starts with determining the expected region of the iris using the K-means clustering algorithm. The Circular Hough Transform (CHT) is then employed in order to estimate the iris radius and center. A new efficient algorithm is developed to detect and isolate the upper eyelids. Finally, the non-iris regions are removed. Results of applying the proposed algorithm on UBIRIS iris image databases demonstrate that it improves the segmentation accuracy and time. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.

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