Ibrahim N.A.,University Putra Malaysia |
Suliadi S.,Islamic University of Bandung
Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine | Year: 2011
Correlated ordinal data are common in many areas of research. The data may arise from longitudinal studies in biology, medical, or clinical fields. The prominent characteristic of these data is that the within-subject observations are correlated, whilst between-subject observations are independent. Many methods have been proposed to analyze correlated ordinal data. One way to evaluate the performance of a proposed model or the performance of small or moderate size data sets is through simulation studies. It is thus important to provide a tool for generating correlated ordinal data to be used in simulation studies. In this paper, we describe a macro program on how to generate correlated ordinal data based on R language and SAS IML. © 2011 Elsevier Ireland Ltd.
Haryadi S.,Bandung Institute of Technology |
Riani W.,Islamic University of Bandung
2012 7th International Conference on Telecommunication Systems, Services, and Applications, TSSA 2012 | Year: 2012
One of the formulas that are used in telecommunications network planning is Kruithof's Double Factor KDF method. Kruithof's Double Factor method is used to calculate the distribution of traffic matrix point to point in year (t + n), which is known only the traffic distribution matrix in year (t) and the amount of traffic time in year (t + n). The Economic Input-Output (I-O) table is a statistical framework showing the interdependence between economic sectors in particular period. The table is presented in matrix form. Each row describes output of each sector distributed among intermediate and final demands, while each column shows the intermediate and primary inputs obtained from other sectors in a production process. The cost to compute input-output tables are very expensive, so in most countries of the world, such as Indonesia, input-output tables are only counted once every five years, whereas the input-output table is needed every year. In this research, we conducted multi-disciplinary research, the science of which is used in the field of telecommunications engineering utilized in the field of economics. We use Kruithof's Double Factor Method for calculation The Input-Output Table of Indonesia's Gross Domestic Product. © 2012 IEEE.
Sodik D.M.,Islamic University of Bandung
Ocean Development and International Law | Year: 2012
As an archipelagic state, Indonesia is faced with a wide range of potential maritime security threats. This article analyzes the existing Indonesian legislation on baselines, archipelagic passage, and innocent passage in accordance with the 1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea. The article demonstrates the challenges that exist in implementing the key navigational rights laws. © Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.
Widyawati,Islamic University of Bandung
Advances in Natural and Applied Sciences | Year: 2012
Islamic philanthropy has a significant role in the spread of Islam and knowledge as well as in the establishment of institutions that suppot this religion and its activities. One type of Islamic philanthropy is waqf which is simply recommended but has played a role not less important than zakat which is obligatory. Waqf in Indonesia is a case in point. However, this type of philanthropy does not obtain a serious attention from the state. It is in what is known as refom era (era reformasi) that waqf is given an important attention through the issuance of Waqf Act in 2004 by the state. This paper analyzes the background of legislation of waqf in terms of economics, regulations and politics. To analyze the issues, this paper utilizes content analysis as its method accompanied by political, historical and theological approaches. Meanwhile, the materials used in this paper are documents related to the issues under discussion such as the Bill of Waqf Act, process of legislation of waqf and the 2004 Waqf Act, supported by other materials relevant to the issues. This paper argues that although waqf is religious matter, it cannot be separated from state affairs because it helpful to increase social welfare for which the state is responsible, and at the same time the legislation of waqf has accommodated Muslim interest.
Suntana I.,Islamic University of Bandung
Advances in Natural and Applied Sciences | Year: 2012
Islamic law regards the presence of water is important. In fact, one of the basic technical terms in it correlated with the water, the word shari'ah. In etymological sense, shariah is the path to the springs. As the legal system, wich emerged in water scarce region, the Islamic law system should be made by the experts who prioritize the presence of water as something that is used generally by the public for their lives and interest and being considered as objects. There are number of fundamental problems in the Act No.7 of 2004, especially in matters of water rights and control of water resources. The Act No. 7 of 2004 divides water rights into two types, namely the right-to-use and right-to-cultivate, as stated in article 7, paragraph 1. Meanwhile, regarding the acquisition, the Act No.7 of 2004 states that the state should relinquish control to another party. These two issues become very important when associated with Islamic water law theory, especially in terms of water rights and state authority in controlling water resources.