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Respati T.,Islamic University of Bandung | Raksanagara A.,Padjadjaran University | Djuhaeni H.,Padjadjaran University | Sofyan A.,Bandung Institute of Technology | Shandriasti A.,Kummara
IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering | Year: 2017

Dengue is still one of major health problem in Indonesia. Dengue transmission is influenced by dengue prevention and eradication program, community participation, housing environment and climate. The complexity of the disease coupled with limited resources necessitates different approach for prevention methods that include factors contribute to the transmission. One way to prevent the dengue transmission is by reducing the mosquito's breeding sites. Four factors suspected to influence breeding sites are dengue prevention and eradication program, community participation, housing environment, and weather condition. In order to have an effective program in reducing the breeding site it is needed to have a model which can predict existence of the breeding sites while the four factors under study are controlled. The objective of this study is to develop an Ecohealth model using system dynamic as a planning tool for the reduction of breeding sites to prevent dengue transmission with regard to dengue prevention and eradication program, community participation, housing environment, and weather condition. The methodology is a mixed method study using sequential exploratory design. The study comprised of 3 stages: first a qualitative study to 14 respondents using in-depth interview and 6 respondents for focus group discussion. The results from the first stage was used to develop entomology and household survey questionnaires for second stage conducted in 2036 households across 12 sub districts in Bandung City. Ecohealth system dynamic model was developed using data from first and second stages. Analyses used are thematic analysis for qualitative data; spatial, generalized estimating equation (GEE) and structural equation modeling for quantitative data; also average mean error (AME) and average variance error (AVE) for dynamic system model validation. System dynamic model showed that the most effective approach to eliminate breeding places was by ensuring the availability of basic sanitation for all houses. Weather factors such as precipitation can be compensated with the eradication of breeding sites activities which is conducted as scheduled and at the same time for the whole areas. Conclusion of this study is that dengue prevention and eradication program, community participation, and housing environment contributed to breeding places elimination influenced the existence of the breeding sites. The availability of basic sanitation and breeding places eradication program done timely and collectively are the most effective approach to eradicate breeding sites. Ecohealth dynamic system model can be used as a tool for the planning of breeding sites eradication program to prevent disease transmissions at city level. © Published under licence by IOP Publishing Ltd.

Sylviana N.,Padjadjaran University | Gunawan H.,Padjadjaran University | Lesmana R.,Padjadjaran University | Purba A.,Padjadjaran University | Akbar I.B.,Islamic University of Bandung
IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering | Year: 2017

Strenuous physical activity will induced higher Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS) level in human body that can be measured by serum Malondialdehyde (MDA) level. Malondialdehyde is product of lipid peroxidation process that define as oxidative damage of lipid biomolecule by reactivity of reactive oxygen species. Still, the dynamic pattern of Malondialdehyde (MDA) level under strenuous exercise is not fully understood. Potent antioxidant such as Astaxanthin and training may be altered the level of MDA. Thus, purpose of this study is to understand effect of astaxanthin to MDA dynamic pattern on training male after strenuous physical activity. It was a double blind, experimental study, conducted on thirty young male age, divided into untrained and trained groups. Supplement Astaxanthin was given to 15 subject as well as placebo for one week after supplementation, Subjects were tested with anaerobic strenuous physical activity. The values were analyzed with ANOVA test followed by Duncan test showed that in every groups, mean of MDA before test was similar, start increase significantly after tested, begin decrease at 6th hour post test and back to baseline at 24th hour post-test (p<0.05), except for group of untrained male with placebo still increase twice from baseline. The lowest mean of MDA was found on group of trained male with Astaxanthin supplementation and the highest was found on group of untrained male with placebo (p<0.05). These findings support that Astaxanthin and training might has positive effect to oxidative stress condition without altered its dynamic pattern in male after strenuous physical activity. © Published under licence by IOP Publishing Ltd.

Turnip A.,Indonesian Institute of Sciences | Suhendra M.A.,Islamic University of Bandung | Mada Sanjaya W.S.,Islamic University of Bandung
IEEE International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics | Year: 2015

In this paper, an extraction for brain-controlled wheelchair by applying nonlinear adaptive filter on EEG-SSVEP is proposed. A four-choice signal paradigm with differents frequencies (i.e., from 6 to 9 Hz for left, right, bottom, and top, respectively) is used to stimulate the four subjects (about 25±1 years old) in the experiment. The experimental results show that the application of the extraction method achieves a very significant statistical improvement in extracting peak amplitude features. © 2015 IEEE.

Ibrahim N.A.,University Putra Malaysia | Suliadi S.,Islamic University of Bandung
Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine | Year: 2011

Correlated ordinal data are common in many areas of research. The data may arise from longitudinal studies in biology, medical, or clinical fields. The prominent characteristic of these data is that the within-subject observations are correlated, whilst between-subject observations are independent. Many methods have been proposed to analyze correlated ordinal data. One way to evaluate the performance of a proposed model or the performance of small or moderate size data sets is through simulation studies. It is thus important to provide a tool for generating correlated ordinal data to be used in simulation studies. In this paper, we describe a macro program on how to generate correlated ordinal data based on R language and SAS IML. © 2011 Elsevier Ireland Ltd.

Haryadi S.,Bandung Institute of Technology | Riani W.,Islamic University of Bandung
2012 7th International Conference on Telecommunication Systems, Services, and Applications, TSSA 2012 | Year: 2012

One of the formulas that are used in telecommunications network planning is Kruithof's Double Factor KDF method. Kruithof's Double Factor method is used to calculate the distribution of traffic matrix point to point in year (t + n), which is known only the traffic distribution matrix in year (t) and the amount of traffic time in year (t + n). The Economic Input-Output (I-O) table is a statistical framework showing the interdependence between economic sectors in particular period. The table is presented in matrix form. Each row describes output of each sector distributed among intermediate and final demands, while each column shows the intermediate and primary inputs obtained from other sectors in a production process. The cost to compute input-output tables are very expensive, so in most countries of the world, such as Indonesia, input-output tables are only counted once every five years, whereas the input-output table is needed every year. In this research, we conducted multi-disciplinary research, the science of which is used in the field of telecommunications engineering utilized in the field of economics. We use Kruithof's Double Factor Method for calculation The Input-Output Table of Indonesia's Gross Domestic Product. © 2012 IEEE.

Darmawan D.,Indonesia University of Education | Harahap E.,Islamic University of Bandung
International Journal of Applied Engineering Research | Year: 2016

Improving the Quality of Education in Indonesia is not only done through formal education but have done also through non-formal education. As obtained in this study indicate that the competence of learners in thenon-formal educational environment is quite good. In particular, the results of measurements carried through Based Computer System Test (CBT) on the subjects of national test results are quite good. This finding is close enough to the results of competency tests conducted on learners in theformal educational environment. In particular, from 5 subjects tested participants vote non-formal education students averaged a score of 222 out of a maximum score of 300. The results are supported by qualitative data about the competency test with CBT majority of states strongly agree. The conclusion shows that the results of research on the use of CBT in measuring the quality of graduates of non-formal education in Indonesia are successful, especially in West Java. © Research India Publications.

Sodik D.M.,Islamic University of Bandung
Ocean Development and International Law | Year: 2012

As an archipelagic state, Indonesia is faced with a wide range of potential maritime security threats. This article analyzes the existing Indonesian legislation on baselines, archipelagic passage, and innocent passage in accordance with the 1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea. The article demonstrates the challenges that exist in implementing the key navigational rights laws. © Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.

Widyawati,Islamic University of Bandung
Advances in Natural and Applied Sciences | Year: 2012

One of the important rights human beings have is a freedom to marriage as stipulated in the United Nation Declaration of Human Rights. However, in some cases, this right cannot work smoothly mainly within religious traditions that since very beginning seemed to emphasize single religion-based family over family based on pluralistic religions. This is true in Islam due to the fact that Islamic law forbids interreligious marriage, especially a Muslim female with a non-Muslim male. The argument for this prohibition is that the happiness which is the core intention of marriage cannot easily reached by a couple of different religious traditions. This is apparent in the Compilation of Islamic Law in Indonesia (Kompilasi Hukum Islam Indonesia) which serves as an explanation of Marriage Law of 1974. According to Article 2 of Marriage Law, "Marriage is legitimate, if it has performed in accordance with the religion and belief of each party," while in the compilation it is stated that "Marriage is legitimate, if it has been performed according to Islamic law which is in line with the Article 2 of Marriage Law No. 1 of 1974." This article discusses the problem of interreligious marriage according to the compilation with human right perspective. By human right perspective it is meant the idea that the protection of certain individual and collective or group rights is a matter of international concern, rather than the exclusive internal affair of state. Meanwhile, the materials used in this article primarily are the Kompilasi Hukum Islam and other materials relevant to this issue. From this perspective this article argues that prohibition of interreligious marriage is contradictory to the universal human rights that maintain that every human being has a right to build a family regardless of religious consideration.

Suntana I.,Islamic University of Bandung
Advances in Natural and Applied Sciences | Year: 2012

Islamic law regards the presence of water is important. In fact, one of the basic technical terms in it correlated with the water, the word shari'ah. In etymological sense, shariah is the path to the springs. As the legal system, wich emerged in water scarce region, the Islamic law system should be made by the experts who prioritize the presence of water as something that is used generally by the public for their lives and interest and being considered as objects. There are number of fundamental problems in the Act No.7 of 2004, especially in matters of water rights and control of water resources. The Act No. 7 of 2004 divides water rights into two types, namely the right-to-use and right-to-cultivate, as stated in article 7, paragraph 1. Meanwhile, regarding the acquisition, the Act No.7 of 2004 states that the state should relinquish control to another party. These two issues become very important when associated with Islamic water law theory, especially in terms of water rights and state authority in controlling water resources.

Widyawati,Islamic University of Bandung
Advances in Natural and Applied Sciences | Year: 2012

Islamic philanthropy has a significant role in the spread of Islam and knowledge as well as in the establishment of institutions that suppot this religion and its activities. One type of Islamic philanthropy is waqf which is simply recommended but has played a role not less important than zakat which is obligatory. Waqf in Indonesia is a case in point. However, this type of philanthropy does not obtain a serious attention from the state. It is in what is known as refom era (era reformasi) that waqf is given an important attention through the issuance of Waqf Act in 2004 by the state. This paper analyzes the background of legislation of waqf in terms of economics, regulations and politics. To analyze the issues, this paper utilizes content analysis as its method accompanied by political, historical and theological approaches. Meanwhile, the materials used in this paper are documents related to the issues under discussion such as the Bill of Waqf Act, process of legislation of waqf and the 2004 Waqf Act, supported by other materials relevant to the issues. This paper argues that although waqf is religious matter, it cannot be separated from state affairs because it helpful to increase social welfare for which the state is responsible, and at the same time the legislation of waqf has accommodated Muslim interest.

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