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Nasrollahzadeh M.,University of Qom | Zahraei A.,Islamic Azad University at Qom | Ehsani A.,University of Qom | Khalaj M.,Islamic Azad University at Buinzahra
RSC Advances | Year: 2014

This paper reports on the synthesis and use of a nanopolymer supported copper(ii) complex, as a separable catalyst for the formamidation of arylboronic acids under aerobic conditions. The catalyst was characterized using powder XRD, SEM, EDS, TGA-DTG and FT-IR spectroscopy. This method has the advantages of high yields, elimination of homogeneous catalysts, simple methodology and easy work up. Catalytic efficiency remains unaltered even after several repeated cycles. The synthesized catalyst is found to be more highly toxic towards Gram-positive bacteria than Gram-negative bacteria. This journal is © the Partner Organisations 2014.

Moradi M.,Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences | Yazdanian M.,Islamic Azad University at Qom | Haghparast A.,Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences
Behavioural Brain Research | Year: 2015

Several lines of evidence have shown that stimulation of the lateral hypothalamus (LH) can induce antinociception. It has been indicated that hypothalamic orexinergic neurons send projections throughout the dopamine mesolimbic pathway. Functional interaction between the LH and the main area of the mesolimbic pathway such as the ventral tegmental area (VTA) and the nucleus accumbens (NAc) implicates in pain modulation. Thus, in this study, we investigated the role of D2-like dopamine receptors within the VTA and NAc in the LH stimulation-induced antinociception. Male Wistar rats weighing 230-280. g were unilaterally implanted with two separate cannulae into the LH and VTA or NAc. Animals received intra-VTA (0.25, 1 and 4. μg/0.3. μl DMSO) and intra-accumbal (0.125, 0.25, 1 and 4. μg/0.5. μl DMSO) infusions of sulpiride as a selective D2-like receptor antagonist, prior to intra-LH carbachol (125. nM/rat) administration. In the tail-flick test, the antinociceptive effects were measured using a tail-flick algesiometer and represented as maximal possible effect (%MPE) within 5, 15, 30, 45 and 60. min after injections. Our results showed that intra-VTA and intra-accumbal sulpiride dose-dependently attenuated the LH stimulation-induced antinociception. However, the blockade of D2-like receptors within the NAc was more significant than that of the VTA. These findings show that D2-like dopamine receptors in these regions play an important role in the LH-mediated modulation of nociceptive information in the acute model of pain in the rats. It seems that this pain modulating system is more relevant to D2-like receptors in the nucleus accumbens. © 2015 Elsevier B.V.

Yusofi E.,Islamic Azad University at Tehran | Mohsenzadeh M.,Islamic Azad University at Qom
Physics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics | Year: 2014

Recent Planck results motivated us to use non-Bunch-Davies vacuum. In this paper, we use the excited-de Sitter mode as non-linear initial states during inflation to calculate the corrected spectra of the initial fluctuations of the scalar field. First, we consider the field in de Sitter space-time as background field and for the non-Bunch-Davies mode, we use the perturbation theory to the second order approximation. Also, unlike conventional renormalization method, we offer de Sitter space-time as the background instead Minkowski space-time. This approach preserve the symmetry of curved space-time and stimulate us to use excited mode. By taking into account this alternative mode and the effects of trans-Planckian physics, we calculate the power spectrum in standard approach and Danielsson argument. The calculated power spectrum with this method is finite, corrections of it is non-linear, and in de Sitter limit corrections reduce to linear form that obtained from several previous conventional methods. © 2014 Elsevier B.V.

Mollaamin F.,Islamic Azad University at Qom | Monajjemi M.,Islamic Azad University at Tehran
Journal of Computational and Theoretical Nanoscience | Year: 2012

Polymer composites, in general, are made by incorporating filler particles into a polymer matrix. These materials are of major interest, especially when a combination of properties which cannot be obtained in a single material is required. carbon-nanotube (CNT) polymer composites have been a fertile area for modeling studies of microwave dynamics, percolation, and elasticity network formation. Nanocomposite materials have become increasingly important due to their extraordinary properties, which arise from the synergism between the properties of the parent components and their unique interfacial characteristics. Polymer Nanocomposites considerable interest because of the potential applications of these composites in many areas where a certain level of conductivity is required. The ubiquitous research that focus on multiscale modeling has broached different disciplines including solid mechanics, fluid mechanics, materials science, physics, mathematics, biological, and chemistry. In this work, the model has been considered for conductivity of carbonnanotube polymer composites (CNTC) focused on such polymer nanocomposites that can conduct electrical currents upon percolation theory and fractals. Copyright © 2012 American Scientific Publishers.

Monajjemi M.,Islamic Azad University at Tehran | Mollaamin F.,Islamic Azad University at Qom
Journal of Cluster Science | Year: 2012

One of the applications of nanotechnology is use of carbon nanotubes for the targeted delivery of drug molecules. To demonstrate the physical and chemical properties of biomolecules and identify new material of drug properties, the interaction of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) with biomolecules is a subject of many investigations. CNTs is a synthetic compound with extraordinary mechanical, thermal, electrical, optical, and chemical properties widely applied for technological purposes. In this article we have tried to investigate thermodynamic parameters and dielectric effects in different solvents for one of the most famous anticancer drug "cisplatin" combined to SWCNT, by Monte Carlo and density functional theory (DFT) calculations. Cause of platinum element in cisplatin we have done calculations as Gibbs free energy, thermal enthalpy, thermal energy and entropy at 6-31G** basis set with SCRF model of solvent. In this work, the major point has been embedded that results of both two methods of Monte Carlo and DFT can overlap with each other and cisplatin- SWCNT is a suitable compound for drug delivery in different media. © 2011 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC.

Panahi-Kalamuei M.,University of Kashan | Mousavi-Kamazani M.,Islamic Azad University at Kashan | Salavati-Niasari M.,University of Kashan | Hosseinpour-Mashkani S.M.,Islamic Azad University at Qom
Ultrasonics Sonochemistry | Year: 2015

Selenium (Se) nanostructures were synthesized by a sonochemical method using SeCl4 as a new precursor for Se nanostructures. Moreover, hydrazine, potassium borohydride, and thioglycolic acid were used as reducing reagents in aqueous solution. Ultrasonic power, irradiation time, reducing agent, solvent, HCl, NaOH, and the surfactant were changed in order to investigate the effect of preparation parameters on the morphology and particle size of selenium. The obtained Se with different morphologies and sizes was characterized by XRD, SEM, TEM, EDS, and DRS. The selenium nanostructures exhibited enhanced photocatalytic activity in the degradation of methylene blue (MB) under visible light irradiation. Furthermore, to examine the solar cell application of as-synthesized selenium nanostructure, FTO/TiO2/Se/Pt-FTO and FTO/Se/CdS/Pt-FTO structures were created by deposited selenium film on top of the TiO2 layer and FTO glass prepared by Doctor's blade method, respectively. © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Mollaamin F.,Islamic Azad University at Qom
Journal of Computational and Theoretical Nanoscience | Year: 2014

A Nano biofuel cell employing a Boron nitride nanotube (BNNT) and flavin adenine dinucleotide (FAD) based on the direct electron transfer principle has been investigated using HF and DFT theoretical methods. FAD was immobilized on the BNNT together by combining water molecules in box model. We have performed the quantum chemical model to evaluate the effect of BNNT in direction of electron transfer, stability, electric properties including resistance, voltage, current, conductivity, limiting conductivity, power and nuclear magnetic resonance parameters and thermochemical properties as a biofuel cell. The data exhibited that the BNNT biofuel cell model can be applied for generating electric power in lower resistances with the best agreement in linear correlation of voltage-current directly from sustainable fuel substrate such as FAD. In this paper, the results illustrated that together with the feasibility of using BNNT and FAD to become the norm in electrochemical bio system applications.Copyright © 2014 American Scientific Publishers Copyright © 2014 American Scientific Publishers.

Najafi G.R.,Islamic Azad University at Qom
Chinese Chemical Letters | Year: 2010

Primary and secondary benzylic alcohols were oxidized to the corresponding carbonyl compounds in good to high yields by environmentally friendly and green oxidant, H2O2 catalyzed by Montmorillonite-K10 supported manganese(II) chloride. © 2010 Gholam Reza Najafi.

Sharif M.A.,Islamic Azad University at Qom | Najafi G.R.,Islamic Azad University at Qom
Acta Chimica Slovenica | Year: 2013

[Cd(C7H3NO4)(H2O)1.5] n or [Cd(2,6-pydc)(H2O)1.5] n, (1) (2,6-pydc = pyridine-2,6-dicarboxylate) was obtained from the reaction of pyridine-2,6-dicarboxylic acid and 4-hydroxypyridine-2,6-dicarboxylic acid with cadmium(II) nitrate tetrahydrate in the presence of piperazine and characterized by elemental analysis, IR spectra and X-ray single crystal diffraction. Complex (1) is a novel carboxylate-bridged one-dimensional pincer-shaped helical chain of cadmium(II) polymer. Each Cd atom is seven-coordinate and exhibits an approximately pentagonal-bipyramidal CdNO6 coordination geometry. The metal fragments are linked via the central four-membered Cd2O2 ring and the structural analysis showed that 4-hydroxypyridine-2,6-dicarboxylic acid and piperazine do not appear in the structure.

Farahani F.,Islamic Azad University at Qom
Plant Archives | Year: 2014

Although, several pineapple micropropagation protocols have already been published, significant improvement could be achieved, if the stages of in vitro culture were better defined. Our work concerned several experiments aiming at the mass production of high quality plantlets. Tissue culture experiments were therefore conducted to develop rapid multiplication procedures for Ananas comosus L. (Merr). Terminal buds from suckers were treated with 0.025% (w/v) mercuric chloride for 2 minutes and placed in different media. Explants were transferred to MS medium supplemented with NAA (2 mgl-1) and BA (0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 mgl-1) and kept for 2-4 months under 16/8 h photoperiod (40 μmol m-2 s-1) and 25 plusmn; 2°C. Results showed that higher multiplication rates for Ananas comosus L. were obtained with BA concentrations of 5 mgl-1 at 3 months. The in vitro proliferated shoots produced roots with maximum frequency (84%) on MS medium without growth regulator at 6 weeks intervals. Using the protocol described in this work, it is possible to obtain 1 million rooted plantlets after 12 months from a single bud, with a 45 day subculture interval.

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