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Haghighi M.,Islamic Azad University at Kazeroon | Abbasi R.,Islamic Azad University at Kazeroon
International Journal of Pediatrics | Year: 2015

Introduction Breastfeeding is one of the most effective ways to promote children's health. The purpose of this study is to determine the relationship between Emotional Intelligence (EI) and success of breastfeeding. Materials and Methods In a cross-sectional study in referring of multiple health centers in Shiraz, sample of 150 mothers with children aged one to three 3 years were selected using convenience sampling method and divided to breast fed and formula fed children groups, they obtained Bar-on and demographic questionnaire. Data were analyzed by SPSS software and significant level for all tests was considered as 5%. Results Mean age of mothers was 28.8±4.3 and the mean age of children was 19.80±5.8 months in breast fed and 18.98±6.25 in formula fed infants (p=0.406) ; 45.3% of mothers were high school graduates or low literate, and the rest of them were college educated. 71.3% of the women were housewives and most of them were nulliparous. 71.3% of all women had cesarean delivery. The mean duration of breastfeeding in children were 14.80±4.35 months in breast fed and 3.98±1.25 months in formula fed infants (p < 0.001). In terms of the average age, education and child birth rank, the two groups were not significantly different (P > 0.05). Emotional intelligence in the group of lactating mothers was significantly higher than non-lactating mothers (347 versus 296; P < 0.001). Conclusion Mothers who success in breastfeeding have higher EQ than non-lactating mothers. Since it is possible to identify and promote EQ, therefore, we can help to breastfeeding success of mothers.


Derakhshanfar A.,Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman | Mozaffari A.A.,Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman | Zadeh A.M.,Islamic Azad University at Kazeroon
Research Journal of Parasitology | Year: 2010

Trypanosoma evansi is the cause of trypanosomiasis (Surra) which multiplies in the blood and body fluids of camel. Based on author knowledge, outbreak of trypanosomiasis has not been reported in Iran yet. Camels in Southern Fars province of Iran, suffering from mortalities and abortions, were examined clinically. Blood samples were prepared from affected camels. Haematologic indices were measured. Dead camels and aborted fetuses were necropsied and macroscopic findings were recorded. Sick animals were treated by Quinapyrmine sulfate (quinaject). Clinical signs such as weakness, lethargy, tachycardia, fever, pale mucosa, subcutaneous edema in brisket and eyelids, nasal and ocular discharges and weight loss were observed. Here we describe an outbreak of trypanosomiasis in South of Fars province of Iran. © 2010 Academic Journals Inc.


Matboo F.,Islamic Azad University at Kazeroon | Modaresi M.,Islamic Azad University at Khorasgan
Der Pharma Chemica | Year: 2016

Spinach (Spionacia oleracea L.) is from chenopodiaceae family.This plant has many medicinal effects which are the most important aspects. This plant is really important because of having antioxidants and the highest absorption potential among vegetables for oxygen radicals. 75 male mice weredividedrandomly in five groups including control, placebo, and three experimental groups (50, 100, and 200mg/kg of the extract). The extract was injected in peritoneum for 20 days. Normal saline was used for placebo group. At the end of period, blood samples were taken and testosterone, LH and FSH amounts were measured. Obtained data were analyzed using SPSS program and one way ANOVA. Results showed that FSH and LH amounts were increased by 200 mg/kg group.Testosterone was increased in 50 and 100mg/kg groups but not in 200 mg/kg group.On the whole, results showed dose dependent effect of spinach extract on pituitary-gonadal axis of male sex which can affect reproduction potential.


Shaker H.R.,Aalesund University College | Shaker F.,Islamic Azad University at Kazeroon
Journal of Process Control | Year: 2014

An appropriate control configuration selection is identified as one of the key prerequisites for attaining the control objectives in industrial practices. To select a suitable control configuration, it is important to determine which variables should be measured and how the process should be actuated. Therefore, the first step is to determine the optimal locations for the sensors and actuators. For the multivariable processes, this step is followed by choosing the appropriate input and output pairs for the design of SISO (or block) controllers. This is due to the popularity of the distributed and decentralized control in industrial control systems. These issues, which have been studied extensively for deterministic systems, have not been closely studied for stochastic systems. In this paper however the problem of control configuration selection is studied for the linear stochastic systems. The problem of selecting the sensor locations for stochastic systems is viewed as the problem of maximizing the output energy generated by a given state and for the actuator locations is viewed as the problem of minimizing the input energy required to reach a given state. Furthermore, a gramian-based interaction measure for control structure selection of multivariable stochastic systems is proposed. This interaction measure can be used to propose a richer (sparse or block diagonal) controller structure for distributed and partially decentralized control. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.


Hashemi Z.,Islamic Azad University at Kazeroon
Proceedings of the 9th WSEAS International Conference on Applications of Electrical Engineering, AEE '10 | Year: 2010

A solution for high power, high voltage converter is multi-level cascade converter. In this paper a five-level cascade converter is simulated. To reduce the switching losses a soft-switching technique named auxiliary resonant commutated pole (ARCP) is utilized. The effects of non-ideal factors are analyzed and simulated and based on the simulation results the guideline for designing is introduced.


Kafilzadeh F.,Islamic Azad University at Jahrom | Farsimadan F.,Islamic Azad University at Kazeroon
Biomedical Research (India) | Year: 2016

Objective: To investigate antibiotic resistance pattern of Escherichia coli strains isolated from patients admitted to the Shahid Mostafa Khomeini hospital in Behbahan city and survey its relationship with the presence of efflux pumps. Methods: In this study, 180 isolates of E. coli were collected from Shahid Mostafa Khomeini hospital. After confirmation of strains by standard culturing methods and biochemical tests, their antibiotic resistance was evaluated with agar diffusion test and CLSI standards guidelines. The genes encoding the AcrA-AcrB-TolC efflux pump were identified with PCR. Results: The percentages of resistance of the E. coli isolates to some antibiotics were as follow: novobiocin and rifampin, 68.9%; erythromycin, 52.8%; tetracycline, 52.2% and nalidixic acid, 51.7%. Isolates were sensitive to amikacin, 89.4%; tobramycin, 85.6%; meropenem, 81.7%; chloramphenicol, 77.8% and piperacillin, 65.6%, respectively. 110 (61.1%) strains from 180 taken isolates were found with multidrug- resistance (MDR) but no pandrug-resistance (PDR) was observed. 51.1%, 75.0% and 69.4% of isolates had genes acrA, acrB and tolC, respectively. Comparison of the results of antibiogram obtained from PCR with the two-way correlation test showed that there is a significant positive correlation between the presence of efflux pumps and resistance to antibiotics (excluding carbenicillin, meropenem, chloramphenicol, cefotaxime, rifampin and novobiocin). Conclusion: Due to differences in antibiotic resistance in different strains is required using antibiotic resistance pattern for experimental and specific treatment of patients. © 2016, Scientific Publishers of India. All rights reserved.


Sarkaki A.,Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences | Rezaiei M.,Islamic Azad University at Kazeroon | Gharibnaseri M.K.,Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences | Rafieirad M.,Islamic Azad University at Izeh
Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences | Year: 2013

Background: This study aimed to evaluate the effect of two weeks oral administration of pomegranate seed extract (PGSE) on active and passive avoidance memories after permanent bilateral common carotid artery occlusion (2CCAO) to induce permanent cerebral ischemia in adult female rats. Methods: Seventy adult female Wistar rats (250 ± 20 g) were used. Animals were divided randomly into seven groups with 10 in each: 1) Sham-operated; 2) Ischemic; 3-6) Ischemic received PGSE (100, 200, 400 and 800 mg/2mL/kg, p.o.) for 14 days; 7) Ischemic received vehicle. In order to create 2CCAO, carotid arteries were ligatured and then cut bilaterally. Active and passive avoidance task were measured using criterion condition responses (CCRs) in Y-maze and step-through latency (STL) in two-way shuttle box in all female rats. Results: Both active and passive avoidance memories were significantly impaired in rats after CHI (P < 0.001). PGSE treatment significantly improved passive and active memory impairments with 2CCAO (P < 0.05, P < 0.01 and P < 0.001). No toxicity was observed even with high-dose PGSE consumption (800 mg/kg, for 14 days). Conclusion: PGSE exhibits therapeutic potential for avoidance memories, which is most likely related at least in part to its antioxidative and free radical scavenging actions. © Penerbit Universiti Sains Malaysia, 2013.


Olyaei A.,Islamic Azad University at Kazeroon | Hajivandi L.,Islamic Azad University at Kazeroon
Global Veterinaria | Year: 2013

The study was carried out to determine the level of prasitological contamination of markets and farms vegetables consumed in southern Iran. A total of 270 markets and farms vegetable samples from 32 farms in 11 cities in Fras province, southern Iran (Shiraz, Kazeroon, Fasa, Jahrom, Noorabad mamassani, Firoozabad, Farrashband, Arsenjan, Zarghan, Marvdasht). The vegetables (leek, parsley, lettuce, coriander, radish, tarragon, basil, mint and cress) during 12 months between 2011-2012 were examined. The vegetable samples were washed with water and tested microscopically after performance of sedimentation method for presence of metazoan and protozoan parasitic contaminations. Fifty two out of 135 markets vegetables (38.5%) and sixty six out of 135 farms vegetables (48.9%) were found to have parasitic contamination. The presence of helminth eggs such as Ascaris lumbricoides, Trichuris trichiura, Trichostrongylus sp. Toxocara cati, Toxocara canis, Toxascaris leonina, Taenia sp, Entrobius vermicularis, Hymenolepis nana, Dicrocoelium, fasciola and Larvae of Nematodes, protozoa cysts like Giardia lamblia was seen. The highest rate of contamination were detected in Lettuce and Cress. The importance of vegetables in the transmission of intestinal parasites in stressed and it is necessary to improve the sanitary conditions of these kinds of food. © IDOSI Publications, 2013.


Tabatabaee M.,Islamic Azad University at Kazeroon
Journal of Medicinal Plants | Year: 2011

Background: The increase in the use of herbal products is noticed all over the world. The safety of herbal drugs becomes particularly important in pregnant women and children. Despite the fact that available data are insufficient to justify herbal use during pregnancy, exposure to herbal products is frequent in these subjects. Some of the more complex reasons for preference of herbal medicine are associated with cultural and personal beliefs and philosophical views toward life and health. The present study was conducted to evaluate drug utilization pattern during pregnancy in Kazeroon, south of Iran. Methods: In all, 530 women fulfilling study inclusion criteria were interviewed at the postnatal ward of Valiasr hospital in Kazeroon, from September to October 2009. Results: In all, 158 out of the 513 women (30.8%) had used herbal drugs during pregnancy. The most commonly used herbs in pregnancy in this study were Ammi, Saatar and Sweet Basil. The most usuall period of using herbal drugs was throughout the first trimester of pregnancy. There was no statistical difference between women using and those not using herbal drugs in pregnancy. In most instances, the women reported to have been recommended herbal drug use by family (87.3%). Conclusion: In spite of the fact that side effects and teratogenic potentials of most herbal products are poorly understood, indiscriminate use of herbal remedies in different forms is very rampant. Pregnancy care providers should be aware of the common herbal supplements used by women, and of the evidence regarding potential benefits or harm.


Sepehr-Ara L.,Islamic Azad University at Kazeroon | Mohajeri S.A.,Mashhad University of Medical Sciences | Mahmoudian M.,Tehran University of Medical Sciences
Pathophysiology | Year: 2011

Background and aims: Calcium channel blockers (CCBs) are powerful drugs in the treatment of hypertension. These agents also preserve or improve renal function in patients with essential hypertensive renal disease or diabetic renal disease. There is increasing experimental evidence for the beneficial effects of dihydropyridine-type CCBs. In previous researches mebudipine and dibudipine two newly synthesized CCBs, improved normal rat kidney perfusion. The study was designed to investigate the effects of these new drugs on vascular flow of isolated kidney from diabetic rats comparing to nifedipine, also to test that the effects of the new DHPs and nifedipine on renal blood flow in the isolated perfused kidney might be altered in experimental diabetic rats. Methods: In this study normal and STZ-induced 6- to 7-week diabetic rats were used. Following the establishment of renal perfusion with a constant baseline pressure of 85-95mmHg, the renal vasculature was constricted by phenylephrine (PE) injection. Changes in the baseline perfusion pressure were recorded. Then DHP CCBs prepared in perfusion medium was fed to the kidney for 30min. Finally alterations in the baseline pressure arising from PE administrations in the presence of DHPs were recorded and data analyses were done. Results: Mebudipine and dibudipine (1-10μM) were more effective in the inhibition of phenylephrine (PE)-induced perfusion pressure in isolated kidney of diabetic rats compared to nifedipine at similar concentrations. Based on the obtained EC 50 values for DHPs-induced inhibition of prefusion pressure, it is referred that lower concentrations of mebudipine and dibudipine are needed to inhibit PE-evoked increments of renal perfusion pressure in diabetic rats. Conclusion: Mebudipine and dibudipine have more potency in inhibiting PE-elicited perfusion pressure in isolated kidney from diabetic rats compared to normal rats. © 2010.

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